Печат
Посещения: 2837

Nephrology/Нефрология
ACKD, renal cystic disease, renal cysts, kidney cysts, acquired renal cystic disease, ARCD, renal cell carcinoma ARF, kidney failure, acute tubular necrosis, ATN, chronic renal failure, tumor lysis syndrome, ethylene glycol poisoning, vasculitis, intrinsic renal failure, interstitial renal disease, renal dysfunction, oliguria, anuria, hypotension, congestive heart failure, unaccustomed exertion, blood loss, blood transfusions, connective tissue disorders, exposure to ethyl alcohol, exposure to ethylene glycol, exposure to mercury vapors, exposure to lead, exposure to cadmium, exposure to heavy metals, hypertension, diabetes, myeloma, chronic infection, myeloproliferative disorder, acute glomerulonephritis, severe glomerulonephritis, renal artery occlusion, urethral stricture, bladder outlet obstruction, prostate enlargement, interstitial nephritis, necrotizing vasculitis, ocular palsy, atheroembolic disease, endocarditis, renovascular disease, bladder cancer, epigastric bruit, prerenal ARF, Addison disease, diabetic ketoacidosis, pancreatitis, hypercalcemia, prostaglandin inhibition, cocaine use, intrarenal ARF, scleroderma, malignant hypertension, thrombotic angiopathy, ischemic tubular necrosis, chinese herb nephropathy, crescentic glomerulonephritis, postinfective glomerulonephritis, lupus nephritis, hepatitis, vasculitis-associated glomerulonephritides, postrenal ARF, prostatic hypertrophy ATN, acute renal failure, ARF, intrinsic renal disease, acute ischemic nephropathy, ischemic acute tubular necrosis, nephrotoxic acute tubular necrosis AS, hereditary nephritis, deafness, hematuria, type IV collagen, end-stage renal disease, ESRD, glomerular basement membrane, GBM, tubular basement membrane, TBM, autosomal dominant Alport syndrome, ADAS, autosomal recessive Alport syndrome, ARAS, X-linked Alport syndrome, XLAS, leiomyomatosis, anterior lenticonus, dot-and-fleck retinopathy, proteinuria dialysis-related amyloidosis, hemodialysis-associated amyloidosis, beta2-microglobulin amyloidosis, 2m amyloidosis, hemodialysis, HD, continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis, CAPD, near end-stage renal disease, carpal tunnel syndrome, flexor tenosynovitis, trigger finger, trigger thumb, scapulohumeral arthropathy, spondyloarthropathy, bone cysts, pathologic fractures, bone cysts amyloid, kidney disease, renal disease, kidney dysfunction, renal dysfunction, end-stage renal failure, ESRF, familial systemic amyloidosis, hereditary nonneuropathic amyloidosis, hereditary systemic amyloidosis, hereditary renal amyloidosis, Ostertag-type amyloidosis, apolipoprotein A-I amyloidosis, lysozyme amyloidosis, fibrinogen A alpha-chain amyloidosis, FRA, liver transplantation, hepatic transplantation, kidney transplantation, renal transplantation Goodpasture syndrome, Goodpasture's syndrome, GBM, anti-GBM disease, anti-GBM nephritis, renal failure, kidney failure, glomerulonephritis, lung hemorrhage, lung bleeding, pulmonary hemorrhage, glomerulonephritides, Alport syndrome, Alport's syndrome, kidney transplantation, kidney transplants, plasmapheresis, renal transplantation, renal transplant, fatal lung hemorrhage elevated urea nitrogen, elevated creatinine, acute or chronic renal failure, uremia salt-wasting disorder, salt-losing nephropathy, Gitelman syndrome, hyperplasia, juxtaglomerular complex, chloride channel, hyperaldosteronism, hypokalemic metabolic alkalosis, hypercalciuria, hypomagnesemia, nephrocalcinosis, kidney transplant, kidney transplantation, renal transplant, renal transplantation, end-stage renal disease, ESRD, growth hormone, GH, short stature, growth failure, growth retardation, renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system, RAAS CRF, chronic renal insufficiency, CRI, end-stage renal disease, ESRD, kidney disease, chronic renal impairment, glomerular filtration rate, GFR, systemic hypertension, proteinuria, hyperlipidemia, glomerulosclerosis, nephrotoxins, hyperphosphatemia, calcium phosphate deposition, type IV renal tubular acidosis, diabetes mellitus, hyperkalemia, metabolic acidosis, normochromic normocytic anemia, decreased synthesis of erythropoietin, uremia-induced platelet dysfunction, secondary hyperparathyroidism, osteitis fibrosa, renal osteodystrophy, osteomalacia, adynamic bone disease, dialysis-related amyloidosis, pericarditis, cardiac tamponade, encephalopathy, peripheral neuropathy, restless leg syndrome, systemic lupus erythematosus, severe arteriosclerosis, renal artery stenosis, cytoplasmic pattern antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibody, C-ANCA, perinuclear pattern antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibody–positive vasculitides, P-ANCA–positive vasculitides, antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibody–negative vasculitides, ANCA–negative vasculitides, atheroemboli, hypertensive nephrosclerosis, renal vein thrombosis, primary glomerular disease, membranous nephropathy, immunoglobulin A nephropathy, IgA nephropathy, focal segmental glomerulosclerosis, FSGS, membranoproliferative glomerulonephritis, rapidly progressive glomerulonephritis, crescentic glomerulonephritis, secondary glomerular disease, rheumatoid arthritis, mixed connective tissue disease, scleroderma, Goodpasture syndrome, Wegener granulomatosis, mixed cryoglobulinemia, postinfectious glomerulonephritis, endocarditis, hepatitis B, hepatitis C, syphilis, human immunodeficiency virus, HIV, parasitic infection, heroin use, penicillamine, gold, amyloidosis, light chain deposition disease, Alport syndrome, thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura, TTP, Henoch-Schönlein purpura, hemolytic-uremic syndrome, HUS, reflux nephropathy, tubulointerstitial disease, Sjögren syndrome, chronic hypokalemia, chronic hypercalcemia, sarcoidosis, multiple myeloma cast nephropathy, heavy metals, radiation nephritis, polycystic kidneys, cystinosis, urinary tract obstruction, urolithiasis, benign prostatic hypertrophy, retroperitoneal fibrosis, urethral stricture, neurogenic bladder diabetic glomerulosclerosis, persistent albuminuria, chronic renal failure, CRF, diabetes, diabetes mellitus, type 1 diabetes mellitus, type I diabetes mellitus, end-stage renal disease, ESRD, noninsulin-dependent diabetes mellitus, non-insulin-dependent diabetes, insulin dependent diabetes, insulin-dependent diabetes, NIDDM, IDDM, diabetic glomerulopathy, Kimmelstiel-Wilson lesions, Kimmelstiel-Wilson nodules, chronic renal insufficiency, cellular hypertrophy, enhanced collagen synthesis, systemic hypertension, kidney disease, renal disease, kidney failure
Encephalopathy, Dialysis
uremia, organic brain disorders, acute renal failure, end-stage renal disease, ESRD, dialysis, hyperparathyroidism, parathyroidectomy
segmental glomerulosclerosis, focal sclerosis, focal sclerosing glomerulonephritis, collapsing glomerulosclerosis, glomerular tip lesions, FSGS, heroin-associated FSGS, end-stage renal disease, ESRD, asymptomatic proteinuria, nephrotic syndrome, NS, nephrosis, renal disease, kidney disease acute nephritis, Bright disease, acute poststreptococcal glomerulonephritis, PSGN, acute postinfectious glomerulonephritis glomerulosclerosis, chronic renal failure, chronic kidney failure, CRF, end-stage renal disease, ESRD, end-stage kidney disease, ESKD, nephropathy, rapidly progressive glomerulonephritis, RPGN, focal segmental glomerulosclerosis, FSGS, glomerular fibrosis, tubulointerstitial fibrosis, lupus nephritis, azotemia, uremia, dialysis, renal replacement therapy, renal replacement, renal transplant, renal transplantation, kidney transplant, kidney replacement, kidney transplantation, renal dialysis, kidney dialysis, dialysis, hemodialysis, peritoneal dialysis GN, idiopathic crescentic glomerulonephritis, idiopathic rapidly progressive glomerulonephritis, RPGN, renal failure, kidney failure, acute nephritic syndrome, anti–glomerular basement membrane disease, anti-GBM disease, glomerulopathy, glomerular filtration rate, GFR, antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibody, ANCA, azotemia, oliguria, Goodpasture syndrome, Wegener granulomatosis, systemic lupus erythematosus, SLE, poststreptococcal glomerulonephritis, PSGN, membranoproliferative glomerulonephritis, MPGN lupus nephritis class IV, DPGN, autoimmune disorders, systemic lupus erythematosus, SLE, vasculitis syndromes, Wegener granulomatosis, microscopic polyangiitis, Churg-Strauss syndrome, essential mixed cryoglobulinemia, membranoproliferative glomerulonephritis, Henoch-Schönlein purpura, connective tissue diseases, rapidly progressive glomerulonephritis, RPGN, anti–glomerular basement membrane disease, anti-GBM disease, antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibody–associated glomerulonephritis, ANCA-associated glomerulonephritis, crescentic glomerulonephritis, Goodpasture syndrome, microscopic polyarteritis nodosa, PAN MPGN, mesangiocapillary glomerulonephritis, lobular glomerulonephritis, persistent hypocomplementemic glomerulonephritis, parietoproliferative glomerulonephritis, dense deposit disease, lobular nephritis membranous nephropathy, membranous glomerulonephritis glomerular diseases associated with infection, glomerular disease, infection-related glomerulonephritis, GN, postinfectious glomerulonephritis, PIGN, bacterial infection, viral infection, protozoal infection, helminth infection, bacterial endocarditis, shunt nephritis, visceral abscesses, syphilis, hepatitis B, hepatitis C, human immunodeficiency virus, HIV, cytomegalovirus, CMV, parvovirus B19, Hantavirus, malaria, schistosomiasis, leishmaniasis, filariasis, hydatid disease, toxoplasmosis, aspergillosis acute glomerulonephritis, acute nephritic syndrome, postinfectious glomerulonephritis, hematuria, proteinuria, red blood cell casts, poststreptococcal glomerulonephritis, APSGN, acute poststreptococcal glomerulonephritis, streptococcal infection, Streptococcus, streptococci, scarlet fever, nephritogenic streptococci, group A streptococci, GAS, pyodermatitis, throat infection, strep throat RPGN, rapidly progressive glomerulonephritis, Wegener granulomatosis, WG, Wegener's granulomatosis, Churg-Strauss disease, CS, Churg-Strauss syndrome, CSS, CSD, microscopic polyangiitis, MPA, circulating antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibody associated glomerulonephritis, ANCA disease, ANCA-associated disease, ANCA glomerulonephritis, ANCA-associated vasculitis, kidney disease, renal disease, kidney disorder, renal disorder, fibrinoid necrosis, extensive crescent formation, pauci-immune disease, pauciimmune disease, renal-limited necrotizing crescentic glomerulonephritis, NCGN, systemic lupus erythematosus, SLE, inflammatory bowel disease, IBD, sclerosing cholangitis, autoimmune hepatitis, rheumatoid arthritis, RA, Felty syndrome, Felty's syndrome, ANCA-associated vasculitides Goodpasture disease, anti–glomerular basement membrane disease, anti-GBM disease, pulmonary hemorrhage, glomerulonephritis, autoimmune disorders, end-stage renal disease, ESRD, diffuse pulmonary hemorrhage, glomerulonephritis, circulating antiglomerular basement membrane antibodies HIV associated nephropathy, HIV-associated nephropathy, HIVAN, HIV-related nephropathy, HIV infection, HIV disease, AIDS-related nephropathy, AIDS associated nephropathy, AIDS-associated nephropathy, renal disease, kidney disease, end-stage renal disease, ESRD, end-stage kidney disease, end stage renal disease, end stage kidney disease, kidney infection, pre-renal azotemia, prerenal azotemia, focal segmental glomerulosclerosis, FSGS, renal failure, kidney failure, anti-retroviral therapy, antiretroviral therapy, proteinuria, virus-induced renal injury, viral-induced renal injury, virus-induced kidney injury, viral-induced kidney injury calcium metabolism, excess calcium, hyperparathyroidism, calmodulin, vitamin D, neoplasm, malignancy, bony metastases renal tubular acidosis, anion gap, AG, AG acidosis, nonanion gap acidosis, normal anion gap acidosis, low plasma bicarbonate, low bicarbonate concentration, metabolic acidosis, chronic metabolic acidosis, bicarbonate-wasting acidosis, hyperchloremic metabolic acidosis, proximal renal tubular acidosis, pRTA, distal renal tubular acidosis, dRTA, hypokalemic distal renal tubular acidosis, RTA type I, type I RTA, hyperkalemic distal renal tubular acidosis, RTA type IV, type IV RTA, classic distal tubular acidosis, uremic acidosis, gastrointestinal bicarbonate loss, bicarbonaturia, bicarbonate wasting, potassium wasting, hypokalemia high potassium level excess magnesium, magnesium toxicity, magnesium overdose, magnesium overload, magnesium excess, renal failure, kidney failure, lithium therapy, hypothyroidism, Addison disease, familial hypocalciuric hypercalcemia, milk-alkali syndrome, milk alkali syndrome dehydration, hyperosmolality, inadequate fluid intake, water loss, electrolytes, poor water intake high blood pressure, HBP, coronary heart disease, CHD, congestive heart failure, CHF, left ventricular hypertrophy, LVH, heart failure, stroke, cerebrovascular accident, end-stage renal disease, ESRD, peripheral vascular disease, hypercholesterolemia, diabetes mellitus, pseudohypertension, white coat hypertension, cardiovascular system, silent killer, cardiac output, peripheral vascular resistance, vasoconstrictors, angiotensin, catecholamines, vasodilators, prostaglandins, kinins, atherogenesis, antihypertensive therapy, percutaneous transluminal renal angioplasty, PTRA, prehypertension, primary hypertension, essential hypertension, secondary hypertension, physiology of blood pressure regulation, pathogenesis of hypertension, pathophysiology of target organ damage in hypertension, left atrial enlargement, aortic root dilatation, atrial arrhythmias, atrial dysrhythmias, ventricular arrhythmias, ventricular dysrhythmias, systolic heart failure, diastolic heart failure, ischemic heart disease, sudden cardiac death, hemorrhagic stroke, atheroembolic stroke, hypertensive hemorrhage, hypertensive encephalopathy, lacunar-type infarctions, dementia, hypertensive nephrosclerosis, The National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey III, NHANES III, tobacco use, coarctation of aorta, subclavian artery stenosis, hypertensive retinopathy, renal artery bruit, renal artery stenosis, renal parenchymal disease, polycystic kidney disease, urinary tract obstruction, Liddle syndrome, renin-producing tumor, vasculitis, collagen vascular disease, oral contraceptives, hyperthyroidism, hypothyroidism, hypercalcemia, hyperparathyroidism, acromegaly, brain tumor, bulbar poliomyelitis, intracranial hypertension malignant hypertension, hypertensive emergency, hypertensive urgency, accelerated hypertension, papilledema, fibrinoid necrosis of arterioles and small arteries, microangiopathic hemolytic anemia, hypertensive encephalopathy, high blood pressure, elevated blood pressure gout, nephrolithiasis, uric acid, uric acid overproduction, uric acid underexcretion, uric acid under-excretion, renal insufficiency, renal failure, diuretic therapy, diabetes insipidus, diabetic ketoacidosis, ethanol intoxication, salicylate intoxication, starvation ketosis, Lesch-Nyhan syndrome, Kelley-Seegmiller syndrome, leukemia blast crisis, rhabdomyolysis, cytotoxic therapy, ethanol consumption, familial juvenile gouty nephropathy, FJGN, medullary cystic disease, chronic lead nephropathy, syndrome X, hypertension, preeclampsia, eclampsia, hyperparathyroidism, sarcoidosis, lead intoxication, lead poisoning, lead toxicity, lead exposure, occupational lead exposure, moonshine consumption, trisomy 21, purine-rich diet, tumor lysis syndrome, deficiency of aldolase B, aldolase B deficiency, glucose-6-phosphatase deficiency, G-6-P deficiency, glycogen storage disease, GSD, glycogenosis type I, von Gierke disease calcium, ionized calcium concentration, chronic renal failure, acute renal failure, vitamin D deficiency, magnesium deficiency, acute pancreatitis, hypoparathyroidism, pseudohypoparathyroidism low potassium, potassium homeostasis, potassium excretion, potassium intake magnesium, Mg, magnesium deficiency, magnesium depletion, mineral deficiency, dietary magnesium deprivation, primary intestinal hypomagnesemia, primary renal magnesium wasting, Gitelman syndrome, magnesium wasting, Bartter syndrome, diuretic therapy, diuretics, excessive lactation, severe sweating, hungry bone syndrome, hyperadrenergic states, acute alcoholism, chronic alcoholism, hypocalcemia electrolyte abnormality, low sodium, sodium deficiency, hypertonic hyponatremia, normotonic hyponatremia, hypotonic hyponatremia, normovolemic hypotonic hyponatremia, euvolemic hypotonic hyponatremia, volume depletion, volume overload, abnormal electrolyte level, abnormal electrolyte distribution, congestive heart failure, liver failure, renal failure, pneumonia, hyperlipidemia, paraproteinemia, pseudohyponatremia, liver cirrhosis, nephrotic syndrome, severe hypoproteinemia, syndrome of inappropriate ADH secretion, SIADH, severe hypothyroidism, adrenal insufficiency
 low phosphate, hereditary hypophosphatemic rickets, Fanconi syndrome, celiac sprue, renal tubular reabsorption, phosphate homeostasis, osteomalacia, vitamin D deficiency, parathyroid hormone, PTH, renal phosphate excretion, bone pain, rhabdomyolysis, altered mental status, phosphate-wasting syndromes, parathyroidectomy, hyperparathyroidism, Fanconi's syndrome, vitamin-D deficiency, alcoholism, diabetic ketoacidosis, sepsis, hypophosphatemic rickets, anorexia, bulimia, eating disorder, starvation, celiac disease, Crohn disease renal tubular acidosis type IV, RTA type IV, chronic kidney disease, CKD, hyperkalemia, hyperkalemic renal tubular acidosis, hyperkalemic RTA, tubular hyperkalemia, cortical collecting tubule, CCT, acidosis, Aldosterone immunoglobulin A nephropathy, Berger disease, mesangial glomerulonephritis, mesangial proliferative glomerulonephritis, Berger's disease, glomerular mesangium, mucosal immune system, end-stage renal disease, ESRD, acute renal failure, chronic renal insufficiency, glomerular lesions, Henoch-Schцnlein purpura, HSP, systemic lupus erythematosus, hepatitis, dermatitis herpetiformis, ankylosing spondylitis, episodic gross hematuria, persistent microscopic hematuria, synpharyngitic nephritis, Haemophilus parainfluenzae, H parainfluenzae, rapidly progressive glomerulonephritis, RPGN, renal transplantation, renal transplants, kidney transplantation, kidney transplants saturnine nephropathy, lead toxicity, lead poisoning, industrial lead exposure, lead exposure, lead paint, lead intoxication, nephrotoxicity, lead-induced nephropathy, acute lead poisoning, chronic lead nephropathy, interstitial nephritis, lead hypertension, lead encephalopathy, kidney transplant, renal replacement, chronic renal failure, CRF, end-stage renal disease, ESRD, end stage renal disease, pica, saturnine gout, hyperuricemia, hypertension, illegal corn whiskey, moonshine, huffing, gun shot wound, GSW, kohl, surma, Fanconi syndrome, Fanconi's syndrome
 light-chain deposition disease, Monoclonal Ig deposition disease (MIDD), LCDD, myeloma kidney, cast nephropathy, AL amyloidosis, primary amyloidosis, Fanconi's syndrome, Fanconi syndrome, proximal tubular dysfunction, Bence Jones proteinuria, BJP, light-chain proteinuria, light-chain glomerulopathy, mollities ossium, multiple myeloma lithium nephrotoxicity, lithium intoxication, nephrogenic diabetes insipidus, distal tubular function, urine-concentrating defects, tubular acidification defect, renal tubular acidosis, renal failure, uric acid calculi, depression, manic depression, melancholia, unipolar affective disorders, bipolar affective disorders, volume depletion, polyuria, nocturia, transient natriuresis, hypokalemia, hypercalcemia, antidiuretic hormone, ADH MSK, Cacchi-Ricci disease, tubular ectasia, cystic dilatation of the collecting ducts, renal stone disease, urinary tract infection, UTI acid-base balance, blood pH, acidemia, alkalemia, acidosis, alkalosis bicarbonate, chloride-resistant alkalosis, chloride-responsive alkalosis
 MCD, idiopathic nephrotic syndrome of childhood, lipoid nephrosis, minimal-change nephropathy, minimal-change nephrotic syndrome, MCNS, nil disease, steroid-sensitive nephrotic syndrome MCD, idiopathic nephrotic syndrome of childhood, lipoid nephrosis, minimal-change nephropathy, minimal-change nephrotic syndrome, MCNS, nil disease, steroid-sensitive nephrotic syndrome Rad Np, radiation nephropathy, radiation nephritis, ionizing radiation, kidney failure, renal failure, radionuclide therapy, bone marrow transplantation, BMT crystal-induced nephropathy, increase in renal calcium content, chemical nephrocalcinosis, microscopic nephrocalcinosis, macroscopic nephrocalcinosis, hypercalcemic nephropathy, medullary nephrocalcinosis acute interstitial nephritis, AIN, proteinuria, acute renal failure, acute tubular necrosis, ATN, renal dysfunction, tubulointerstitial nephritis-uveitis, TINU, Staphylococcus aureus, S aureus, Escherichia coli, E coli, Toxoplasma gondii, T gondii, Rickettsia rickettsii, R rickettsii, Leishmania donovani, L donovani, sarcoidosis, systemic lupus erythematosus, SLE, Sjögren syndrome, essential cryoglobulinemia uric acid nephropathy, urate nephropathy, tumor lysis syndrome, TLS, gouty nephropathy, uric acid nephrolithiasis, hyperuricemia, gout nephropathy, kidney disease, renal disease, renal disorder, kidney disorder, renal calculi, renal calculus, kidney stone, chemotherapy reaction, chemotherapy complication, uric acid nephrolithiasis, urate nephrolithiasis, cancer treatment reaction, leukemia treatment reaction, lymphoma treatment reaction, hyperuricemia, dialysis, chemotherapeutic reaction, HGPRT syndrome, HGPRT deficiency, Lesch-Nyhan syndrome HN, hypertension, hypertensive nephrosclerosis, hypertensive nephropathy, nephroangiosclerosis, end-stage renal disease, ESRD, end stage renal disease, end-stage kidney disease, end stage kidney disease, hypertensive retinopathy, left ventricular hypertrophy, minimal proteinuria, progressive renal insufficiency, benign nephrosclerosis, nephroangiosclerosis, blood pressure control, BP control nephrosis, nephropathy, heavy proteinuria, hypoalbuminemia, hypercholesterolemia, pediatric nephrotic syndrome, collagen vascular disease, systemic lupus erythematosus, SLE, rheumatoid arthritis, polyarteritis nodosa, Henoch-Schonlein purpura, hereditary nephritis, sickle cell disease, diabetes mellitus, amyloidosis, malignancy, leukemia, lymphoma, Wilms tumor, pheochromocytoma, toxins, bee sting, poison ivy, poison oak, snake venom, snake bite, heroin group A beta-hemolytic streptococci, syphilis, malaria, tuberculosis, viral infection, varicella, hepatitis B, HIV, human immunodeficiency virus, infectious mononucleosis, minimal-lesion nephrotic syndrome, diffuse mesangial hypercellularity, focal glomerulosclerosis, membranous glomerulonephritis, fibrillary glomerulosclerosis, membranoproliferative glomerulonephritis, infantile microcystic disease, Finnish type infantile microcystic disease, diffuse mesangial sclerosis, focal segmental glomerulosclerosis, FSGS, intrauterine infections, toxoplasmosis, cytomegalovirus, rubella, gonadal dysgenesis, nail-patella syndrome, Lowe syndrome uremic pericarditis, uremic pericardial serositis, renal failure, pericardium, dialysis-associated pericarditis, urea, creatinine, methylguanidine, guanidinoacetate, parathyroid hormone, beta2-microglobulin, uric acid, azotemia, hemorrhagic effusion, serous effusion, cardiac tamponade, arrhythmias, pleuritic chest pain, renal transplantation, idiopathic pericarditis, heparin-free hemodialysis, pericardiocentesis, subxiphoid pericardiotomy, pericardiectomy, pulsus paradoxus PKD, autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease, ADPKD, adult polycystic kidney disease, polycystic kidney disease type 1, PKD1, polycystic kidney disease type 2, PKD2, kidney failure, renal failure, dialysis-dependent kidney disease, renal cysts, kidney cysts, end-stage renal disease, ESRD, end-stage kidney disease, ESKD, renal transplantation, renal transplant, kidney transplantation, kidney transplant, hemodialysis, peritoneal dialysis, ADPKD type 1, ADPKD1, ADPKD type 2, ADPKD2 albuminuria, microalbuminuria, glomerular proteinuria, nephrotic syndrome infectious tubulointerstitial nephritis, kidney infection, renal infection, upper urinary tract infection, upper UTI, Escherichia coli, E coli, bacterial infection, gram-positive infection, uropathogens, urovirulent organisms, urinary obstruction, prostatic infection, calculi, urinary diversion procedure, infected cysts, urinary catheter, nephrostomy tubes, vesicoureteral reflux, neurogenic bladder, bladder abscess, renal abscess, perinephric abscess, diabetes mellitus, pregnancy complications, renal impairment, xanthogranulomatous pyelonephritis, XGP, malakoplakia, primary biliary cirrhosis, transplantation, neutropenia, AIDS, immunodeficiency, emphysematous pyelonephritis, sepsis areflux nephropathy, chronic pyelonephritis, kidney disease, renal injury, renal disease, kidney infection, renal infection, urinary tract obstruction, struvite calculi, renal dysplasia, vesicoureteral reflux, VUR, UTI, urinary tract infection, renal scar, renal scarring, flaccid bladder, end-stage renal disease, ESRD, end-stage kidney disease, intrarenal reflux, intra-renal reflux, progressive renal scarring, proteinuria, hypertension, focal glomerulosclerosis, FGS, xanthogranulomatous pyelonephritis, XPN, failure to thrive, Proteus, Escherichia coli, E coli, azotemia RAS, renovascular disease, ischemic nephropathy, atherosclerotic renovascular disease, renovascular hypertension, chronic renal insufficiency, end-stage renal disease, ESRD, atherosclerosis, ATH, RVD, renal artery occlusion, renal disease, kidney disease, ischemic renal disease, renal artery lesions end-stage renal disease, ESRD, renal replacement therapy, renal transplantation, renal failure, renal insufficiency, kidney transplantation, urinary tract infections, UTIs, asymptomatic bacteriuria, pyelonephritis, cystitis, gestational hypertension renovascular occlusive disease, atherosclerotic renal artery disease, atherosclerotic renovascular disease, renal artery stenosis, RAS, renal artery occlusive disease, RVHT, renal artery occlusion, renal arterial vascular disease, hyperreninemia, arterial occlusive disease, renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system, renal ischemia, angiotensin I, renin, angiotensin II, secondary hypertension, renal dysfunction
 SIADH, ADH, antidiuretic hormone disorder, arginine vasopressin, AVP, low serum osmolality, expanded extracellular volume, water balance, syndrome of inappropriate secretion of ADH, impaired water excretion, dilutional hyponatremia, hyponatremia azotemia, chronic renal failure, end-stage renal disease, ESRD, CRF, end-stage renal failure, renal failure, RF, kidney failure, chronic kidney failure, end-stage kidney disease, end-stage kidney failure, anemia, uremic syndrome, chronic kidney disease, CKD, uremic pericarditis, acidosis, hyperkalemia, uremic endocrine abnormality, uremic heart disease, uremic anorexia, uremic encephalopathy, primary glomerular disease, glomerulonephritis, focal segmental glomerulosclerosis, FSGS, rapidly progressive glomerulonephritis, systemic glomerular disorder, diabetes, lupus, amyloidosis, Goodpasture disease, Goodpasture's disease, thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura, TTP, hemolytic uremic syndrome, HUS, hypertension, glomerulonephritis, interstitial disease, cystitis, immunoglobulin A nephropathy, IgA nephropathy, glomerulonephropathies, glomerulonephropathy, United States Renal Data System, USRDS