Active Image

gallbladder inflammation, inflammation of the gallbladder, total parenteral nutrition, TPN, bile stasis, gallbladder stasis, stagnant bile, gallbladder dysmotility, sepsis with biliary tract infection, AIDS cholangiopathy, TPN-associated liver disease, cholecystectomy, percutaneous cholecystostomy biliary dyskinesia, acalculous cholecystitis, laparoscopic cholecystectomy, sphincter of Oddi dysfunction hypertensive nonrelaxed esophageal sphincter, primary esophageal motility disorder, lower esophageal sphincter, LES, esophageal peristalsis, dysphagia, regurgitation, chest pain, heartburn, weight loss
 gastric anacidity, hypoacidity, intragastric pH, acid-producing gastric mucosa, pernicious anemia, hypergastrinemia, autoimmune thyroid disease, Helicobacter pylori infection, mucolipidosis type IV, proton pump inhibitors, PPIs, basal acid secretion, gastric atrophy, gastric polyps acute liver failure, ALF, fulminant hepatic failure, FHF, subfulminant hepatic failure, late-onset hepatic failure, orthotopic liver transplantation, OLT, liver transplant, hepatic transplantation ALS, blind loop syndrome, proximal loop syndrome, postgastrectomy syndromes, late dumping syndrome, postvagotomy diarrhea, chronic gastric atony, Roux stasis syndrome, small gastric remnant syndrome, alkaline reflux gastritis, efferent loop syndrome, peptic ulcer disease, PUD, gastrojejunal loop obstruction, gastrojejunostomy, Billroth II-type gastrectomy, pancreaticoduodenectomy, esophagogastroduodenoscopy, EGD, Billroth I gastroduodenostomy, Roux-en-Y gastrojejunostomy alcoholic steatosis, alcoholism, fatty liver, alcohol-related fatty liver, alcoholic liver disease, alcohol-related liver disease, simple steatosis, alcohol-related steatosis, fatty acids, alcoholic complications, alcohol-induced steatosis, alcohol-induced fatty liver hepatic amebiasis, amebic liver abscess, Entamoeba histolytica, E histolytica, amebic colitis vascular ectasia, arteriovenous malformation, hemangioma, telangiectasia, vascular lesion of the gastrointestinal tract, gastrointestinal bleeding, GI bleeding, GI hemorrhage, gastrointestinal hemorrhage, rectal bleeding, blood in stool, colonoscopy fluid collection, fluid accumulation, fluid retention, distended abdomen, portal hypertension, hypoalbuminemia, hepatic congestion, congestive heart failure, constrictive pericarditis, tricuspid insufficiency, Budd-Chiari syndrome, liver disease, cirrhosis, alcoholic hepatitis, fulminant hepatic failure, massive hepatic metastases, nephrotic syndrome, protein-losing enteropathy, severe malnutrition, anasarca, chylous ascites, pancreatic ascites, bile ascites, nephrogenic ascites, urine ascites, ovarian disease, bacterial peritonitis, tuberculous peritonitis, fungal peritonitis, HIV-associated peritonitis, malignancy, peritoneal carcinomatosis, primary mesothelioma, pseudomyxoma peritonei, hepatocellular carcinoma, HCC, familial Mediterranean fever, vasculitis, granulomatous peritonitis, eosinophilic peritonitis, alcohol use, chronic viral hepatitis, jaundice, intravenous drug use, blood transfusions, alcoholic liver disease, obesity, hypercholesterolemia, type 2 diabetes mellitus, nonalcoholic steatohepatitis, gastrointestinal cancer, malignant ascites, cirrhotic ascites, nephrotic ascites, palmar erythema, spider angiomas, puddle sign, Sister Mary Joseph nodule, gastric malignancy, pancreatic malignancy, hepatic primary malignancy, left-sided supraclavicular node, Virchow node, anasarca AIH, chronic active hepatitis, lupoid hepatitis, plasma cell hepatitis, lobular hepatitis, chronic liver disease, cirrhosis BE, Barrett's esophagus, Barrett, Barrett's ulcer, specialized intestinal metaplasia, SIM, goblet cells, columnar lined esophagus, columnar-lined esophagus, Barrett's metaplasia, Barrett metaplasia, esophageal carcinoma, chronic gastroesophageal reflux, chronic GER, gastroesophageal reflux disease, GERD biliary stricture, biliary stenosis, operative trauma, surgical trauma, ascending cholangitis, liver abscess, secondary biliary cirrhosis, pancreatic cancer, benign strictures, malignant strictures, bile duct injury, pancreatitis, bile duct stones, primary sclerosing cholangitis, PSC, postoperative bile duct stricture, cholecystectomy, Charcot triad, cholangiocarcinoma gallstone attack, flatulent dyspepsia, bilious pain, cholelithiasis, choledocholithiasis, epigastric pain, gallstones, gallstone disease, sphincter of Oddi dysfunction, SOD, cholecystectomy abnormal bile composition, abnormal biliary anatomy, abnormal biliary function, gallstones, primary biliary cirrhosis, PBC, primary sclerosing cholangitis, PSC, acute cholecystitis, cholecystectomy, cholestasis, steatorrhea, cholelithiasis, papillary stenosis, pancreatitis, cholangiocarcinoma, postcholecystectomy syndrome, sphincter of Oddi dyskinesia, vanishing bile duct syndrome bile duct obstruction, biliary tract, biliary tree, cholelithiasis, gallstones, common bile duct, CBD, exocrine secretion, liver disease, biliary tract disorders, cholestasis, hepatocellular disease, viral hepatitis, drug-induced hepatitis, drug-induced cholestasis, biliary cirrhosis, alcoholic liver disease, biliary cirrhosis, malignancy, pancreatitis, hyperbilirubinemia, jaundice, icterus, stone disease, biliary stricture, parasites, primary sclerosing cholangitis, PSC, AIDS-related cholangiopathy, biliary tuberculosis, cystic duct stones, Mirizzi syndrome, sump syndrome
 Crigler-Najjar type II, type II Arias' syndrome, type II Arias syndrome spontaneous rupture of the esophagus, Boerhaave's syndrome, esophageal rupture, esophagus rupture, ruptured esophagus, forceful emesis, emesis complications, transmural perforation of the esophagus, esophageal perforation, perforated esophagus thrombotic hepatic vein obstruction, nonthrombotic hepatic vein obstruction, non-thrombotic hepatic vein obstruction, hepatic vein obstruction, obliterating hepatic vein endophlebitis, liver obstruction, liver disease, hepatic disease, hepatic obstruction, hepatomegaly, ascites, thrombotic diathesis, congestive hepatopathy, hepatic congestion, liver congestion, membranous webs, acute liver disease, subacute liver disease, fulminant liver disease, liver failure celiac disease, nontropical sprue, gluten-sensitive enteropathy, gluten, diarrhea, maldigestion, malabsorption, human leukocyte antigen, HLA-DR3, HLA-DQw2 gallstones, gallstone disease, gallbladder stones, pure cholesterol gallstones, pure pigment gallstones, mixed gallstones, biliary sludge, biliary colic, cholecystectomy, common bile duct stones, gall stones, choledocholithiasis, cholecystolithiasis inflammation of the gallbladder, cholelithiasis, acalculous cholecystitis, biliary stasis, sepsis, long-term total parenteral nutrition, TPN, prolonged fasting, sickle cell disease, SCD, Salmonella infections, diabetes mellitus, cytomegalovirus, cryptosporidiosis, microsporidiosis infections, stones in the cystic duct, calculous cholecystitis, cholecystectomy, obstruction of the cystic duct, obesity, emphysematous cholecystitis, gallstones, biliary pain, acalculous biliary colic, calculous biliary colic, jaundice, Murphy sign, major surgery, severe trauma, severe burns, sepsis, myocardial infarction bile duct cysts, congenital bile duct anomalies, biliary tree, extrahepatic biliary radicles, intrahepatic biliary radicles, upper abdominal mass, jaundice, Caroli disease, choledochocele, acholic stools common bile duct stones, CBD stones, cholelithiasis, cholecystectomy, gallstones, gallbladder stones, Ascaris lumbricoides, A lumbricoides, Clonorchis sinensis, C sinensis, gallstone disease, cholesterol stones, black pigment stones, brown pigment stones, jaundice, cholangitis, pancreatitis, sepsis, parasitic infestation, bile stasis, chronic bactibilia gallstones, gallstone disease, gallbladder stones, pure cholesterol gallstones, pure pigment gallstones, mixed gallstones, biliary sludge, biliary colic, cholecystectomy, common bile duct stones, gall stones, choledocholithiasis, cholecystolithiasis gallstones, gallstone disease, gallbladder stones, pure cholesterol gallstones, pure pigment gallstones, mixed gallstones, biliary sludge, biliary colic, cholecystectomy, common bile duct stones, gall stones, choledocholithiasis, cholecystolithiasis chronic visceral ischemia, postprandial abdominal pain, atherosclerotic plaque, thrombus, superior mesenteric artery, atherosclerosis, visceral atherosclerosis, thromboendarterectomy, malnutrition, malnourishment, coronary artery disease, CAD, transaortic visceral thromboendarterectomy, aortovisceral bypass thoracic duct leak, pleural chyle, pleural effusion, lymphoma, thoracic duct ligation, pleuroperitoneal shunt, pleurodesis, pleurectomy, chyle, pleural space, postesophagectomy chylothorax, thoracentesis, lymphatic fluid, thoracic duct injury, loculated chylothorax chyloperitoneum, milky ascites, abdominal lymphatics, chyliform ascites, pseudochylous ascites, lymphomas, disseminated carcinomas, tuberculosis, lymphangiectasia, mesenteric cyst, high portal pressures, polycythemia vera, portal vein thrombosis, hepatic vein thrombosis, abdominal distension, peritoneocentesis, paracentesis end-stage liver disease, ESLD, end stage liver disease, end-stage liver failure, end stage liver failure, ESLF, alcoholism, alcoholic complications, cirrhotic, cirrhotic liver, cirrhosis, chronic liver disease, chronic liver failure, CLF, fulminant hepatic failure, FHF, alcoholic liver disease, hepatitis, hepatitis C virus, hepatitis B virus, viral hepatitis, hepatic fibrosis, portal hypertension, ascites, spontaneous bacterial peritonitis, SBP, hepatic encephalopathy, hepatocellular carcinoma, HCC, cholangiocarcinoma, liver transplant, liver transplantation, orthotopic liver transplantation, OLT, coagulopathy, variceal bleeding, hepatitis D, autoimmune hepatitis, primary biliary cirrhosis, secondary biliary cirrhosis, chronic extrahepatic bile duct obstruction, primary sclerosing cholangitis, hemochromatosis, Wilson disease, alpha-1 antitrypsin deficiency, granulomatous disease, sarcoidosis, type IV glycogen storage disease, drug-induced liver disease, venous outflow obstruction, Budd-Chiari syndrome, veno-occlusive disease, chronic right-sided heart failure, tricuspid regurgitation acute emphysematous cholecystitis, emphysematous cholecystitis, Clostridium, Clostridium perfringens, Escherichia coli, Streptococcus, hepatic artery embolization, endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography, perforation of gall bladder, gangrene of gall bladder, open cholecystectomy, laparoscopic cholecystectomy C difficile, gut flora, antibiotic-associated diarrhea, pseudomembranous colitis, cephalosporins, ampicillin, amoxicillin, clindamycin, macrolides, erythromycin, clarithromycin, azithromycin, aminoglycosides, fluoroquinolones, trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole, metronidazole, chloramphenicol, tetracycline, imipenem, meropenem, Clostridium Difficile colitis, C Difficile colitis, nosocomial infections, fulminant life-threatening colitis, toxin A, enterotoxin, toxin B, cytotoxin, C difficile infection, cramping abdominal pain, mild-to-moderate watery diarrhea, colonic perforation, peritonitis, hemolytic-uremic syndrome, necrotizing enterocolitis, Hirschsprung disease, inflammatory bowel disease collagenous colitis, CC, lymphocytic colitis, LC, microscopic colitis large bowel obstruction, bowel obstruction, obstructed bowels, volvulus, incarcerated hernia, stricture, obstipation, complete bowel obstruction, partial bowel obstruction, constipation, colostomy, ileostomy adenomas, hyperplastic polyps, benign epithelial neoplasms, colon cancer, polyposis syndromes, familial adenomatous polyposis, FAP, Gardner syndrome, Turcot syndrome, Peutz-Jeghers syndrome, Cowden disease, familial juvenile polyposis, hereditary nonpolyposis colorectal cancer, HNPCC, dysplasia-associated lesion or mass, DALM, sulindac, polypectomy, colectomy colonoscopic examination, distal rectum, cecum, large bowel, adenomas, polyps, colorectal cancer, colon cancer, fecal occult blood testing, FOBT, polypoid lesions, barium enema, pseudopolyps, sigmoidoscopy, colonoscopy, bowel resection, familial adenomatous polyposis, Gardner syndrome, ulcerative colitis, Crohn disease, hereditary nonpolyposis colorectal cancer, HNPCC, colitis, gastrointestinal bleeding, GI bleeding, colonoscope, polypectomy, inflammatory bowel disease, IBD, pancolitis, hydrostatic balloon dilatation, colonic strictures, adenomatous polyps, large bowel cancer, postpolypectomy coagulation syndrome, splenic rupture, small bowel obstruction, multiple adenomatous polyps, CT colography, virtual colonoscopy bowel movement, BM, anorectal disorders, diverticular disease, stool frequency, colonic dysmotility, defecation, anorectal manometry, hard stools, straining, hemorrhoid, anal fissure, infrequent bowel movements, difficulty in defecation, sensation of incomplete bowel evacuation, colonic diverticular disease, hemorrhoidal disease, acute hemorrhoidal disease, chronic hemorrhoidal disease, acute hemorrhoidal thrombosis, acute anal fissure, tenesmus, rectal tumor, Hirschsprung disease, Chagas disease, hypothyroidism, diabetic autonomic neuropathy, spinal cord injury, head injury, cerebrovascular accident, multiple sclerosis, Parkinson disease, stool consistency, impaired colorectal motility, motility abnormality, anorectal disease, hypotonic laxative colon, laxatives, colonic outlet obstruction, rectal outlet obstruction, neoplastic obstruction, bowel motility, laxative abuse, colonic tumor, colon cancer, sigmoidoscopy, rectal prolapse, colonic ileus, intra-abdominal infection, hypothyroidism, obstipation, Gastrografin enema, air contrast barium enema, colonoscopy, defecography, anismus, colorectal cancer, large bowel obstruction, dietary fiber, fiber supplementation, stool softeners, psychiatric constipation, psychological constipation, somatic constipation, ischemic bowel
 CNS, Crigler-Najjar disease, Gilbert syndrome, Arias syndrome, congenital nonhemolytic jaundice, neonatal jaundice, inherited unconjugated hyperbilirubinemias, uridine diphosphate glycosyltransferase, UGT, kernicterus, bilirubin encephalopathy, plasma exchange transfusion Crohn's disease, regional enteritis, granulomatous enteritis, regional ileitis, terminal ileitis, inflammatory bowel disease, IBD, ulcerative colitis, UC CMV, CMV infection, Herpesviridae, herpesvirus, herpes simplex virus, HSV, Epstein-Barr virus, varicella-zoster virus, HIV, AIDS, CMV colitis, CMV gastrointestinal disease, CMV GI disease, HIV disease complications, bloody diarrhea, watery diarrhea, AIDS complications, CMV ulcerative colitis, cytomegalovirus ulcerative colitis, cytomegalovirus UC, steroid-dependent ulcerative colitis, cytomegalovirus infection, cytomegalovirus CMV, CMV infection, Herpesviridae, herpesvirus, herpes simplex virus, HSV, Epstein-Barr virus, varicella-zoster virus, EGD, esophagogastroduodenoscopy, dysphagia, odynophagia, HIV, AIDS, CMV esophagitis, CMV esophageal disease, HIV disease complications, AIDS complications, cytomegalovirus infection, cytomegalovirus, HIV/AIDS, esophageal disease liver biopsy, percutaneous liver biopsy, hepatic tissue sampling, hepatic biopsy, liver disease, hepatic disease, hepatic failure, liver failure, liver disease diagnosis, liver disease workup, liver disease work-up, percutaneous suction needle liver biopsy diverticulum, diverticulosis, abdominal pain, chronic diverticular disease, diverticula, inflammation of diverticula, colon, abscess, peritonitis, colovesicular fistula, colovaginal fistula, constipation, colonic motility disorders diverticular disease of the small bowel, mucosal herniations, abnormalities in peristalsis, intestinal dyskinesis, high segmental intraluminal pressures, true diverticula, false diverticula, Meckel's diverticulum, intraluminal diverticula, extraluminal diverticula, duodenal diverticula, jejunal diverticula, ileal diverticula, jejunoileal diverticula, diverticulitis, GI hemorrhage, intestinal obstruction, acute perforation, pancreatic disease, biliary disease diverticular disease of the small bowel, mucosal herniations, abnormalities in peristalsis, intestinal dyskinesis, high segmental intraluminal pressures, true diverticula, false diverticula, Meckel's diverticulum, intraluminal diverticula, extraluminal diverticula, duodenal diverticula, jejunal diverticula, ileal diverticula, jejunoileal diverticula, diverticulitis, GI hemorrhage, intestinal obstruction, acute perforation, pancreatic disease, biliary disease DJS, hyperbilirubinemia, chronic idiopathic jaundice, Gilbert syndrome, Crigler-Najjar syndrome, Rotor syndrome, Sprinz-Nelson syndrome DU, peptic ulcer disease, dyspepsia, Helicobacter pylori ulcer, H pylori ulcer, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug ulcer, NSAID ulcer, gastric acid, pepsin, histamine2 receptor antagonists, H2RA, proton pump inhibitors, PPI, Zollinger-Ellison syndrome, ZES acute gaseous cholecystitis, acute pneumocholecystitis, acute pneumopyocholecystitis, gas-forming organisms, arteriosclerosis, infection of the gallbladder wall acute gaseous cholecystitis, acute pneumocholecystitis, acute pneumopyocholecystitis, gas-forming organisms, arteriosclerosis, infection of the gallbladder wall empyema of the gallbladder, acute cholecystitis, calculous cholecystitis, acalculous cholecystitis, gangrenous cholecystitis, cholelithiasis, chololithiasis, sepsis, Escherichia coli, E coli, Klebsiella pneumoniae, K pneumoniae, Streptococcus faecalis, S faecalis, Bacteroides, Clostridia portosystemic encephalopathy, PSE, hepatic coma, cirrhosis of the liver, hepatic cirrhosis, portosystemic collateral vessels, portocaval shunt surgery, portal hypertension, end-stage liver disease, ESLD, coma, dysfunction of hepatic synthetic activity, fulminant hepatic failure, FHF, liver failure, flapping tremor, fetor hepaticus, hyperventilation, elevated blood ammonia level, renal failure, gastrointestinal bleeding, constipation, diuretic therapy, dietary protein overload EGE, eosinophilic gastroenteropathy, eosinophilic gastrointestinal disorders, EGID, eosinophilic gastritis esophageal diverticulum, Zenker diverticulum, Zenker's diverticulum, pharyngoesophageal diverticula, hypopharynx, congenital esophageal diverticulum, acquired esophageal diverticulum, diverticulum of the esophageal body, true esophageal diverticula, false esophageal diverticula, pseudodiverticula of the esophagus, esophageal intramural pseudodiverticulosis, pulsion diverticula of the esophagus, traction diverticula of the esophagus, dysphagia, epiphrenic diverticula, regurgitation, nocturnal cough, aspiration pneumonia, Ehlers-Danlos syndrome esophageal apoplexy, esophageal mucosal tears, Mallory-Weiss syndrome, transmural perforation, Boerhaave syndrome, intramural hematoma of the esophagus, esophageal perforation, mediastinitis, abscess formation, vomiting, dysphagia, odynophagia, hematemesis, severe acute chest pain benign tumors of the esophagus, esophageal neoplasms, benign esophageal tumors, leiomyomas, esophageal polyps, esophageal cysts, dysphagia human immunodeficiency virus, acquired immunodeficiency syndrome, HIV, AIDS, Epstein-Barr virus, EBV, tracheoesophageal fistula, esophageal ulcerations, esophagitis esophageal motility dysfunction, esophagus dysfunction, esophageal peristalsis dysfunction, esophageal peristalsis, achalasia, primary spastic esophageal motility disorders, diffuse esophageal spasm, DES, nutcracker esophagus, hypertensive lower esophageal sphincter, hypertensive LES, presbyesophagus, lower esophageal sphincter dysfunction, scleroderma esophagus, spastic motility disorder of the esophageal body, Heller myotomy, esophagectomy esophageal motility dysfunction, esophagus dysfunction, esophageal peristalsis dysfunction, esophageal peristalsis, achalasia, primary spastic esophageal motility disorders, diffuse esophageal spasm, DES, nutcracker esophagus, hypertensive lower esophageal sphincter, hypertensive LES, presbyesophagus, lower esophageal sphincter dysfunction, scleroderma esophagus, spastic motility disorder of the esophageal body, Heller myotomy, esophagectomy diffuse esophageal spasm, nutcracker esophagus, DES, dysphagia, regurgitation, noncardiac chest pain, esophagectomy, achalasia, globus, gastric reflux, gastric reflux, microvascular compression of Vagus nerve esophageal stenosis, peptic stenosis, reflux stricture, peptic stricture, postoperative strictures, corrosive strictures, gastroesophageal reflux–induced esophagitis, gastroesophageal reflux disease, dysphagia gastroesophageal varices, cardioesophageal junction varices, esophagogastric varices, varices in the fundus and esophagus, varices at the gastroesophageal junction gastroesophageal varices, cardioesophageal junction varices, esophagogastric varices, varices in the fundus and esophagus, varices at the gastroesophageal junction contractile ring, contraction ring, benign annular stricture, lower esophageal muscular ring, multiple esophageal webs, multiple esophageal rings, MER, congenital esophageal stenosis, corrugated esophagus, feline esophagus, ringed esophagus, Schatzki ring, steak-house syndrome gastritis, peptic ulcer disease, PUD, gastroesophageal reflux disease, GERD, hiatal hernia, fungal esophagitis, Candida esophagitis, herpes simplex virus esophagitis, HSV esophagitis, cytomegalovirus esophagitis, CMV esophagitis, varicella-zoster virus esophagitis, VZV esophagitis, Epstein-Barr virus esophagitis, EBV esophagitis, HIV esophagitis, human papillomavirus esophagitis, HPV esophagitis, Mycobacterium tuberculosis esophagitis, drug-induced esophagitis, medication related-esophagitis, graft versus host disease esophagitis, eosinophilic esophagitis, infective esophagitis, infectious esophagitis, achalasia, progressive systemic sclerosis, esophageal neoplasias, steroid therapy, immunosuppressive medications, pill esophagitis, dysphagia, odynophagia, epidermolysis bullosa, Stevens-Johnson syndrome, toxic epidermal necrolysis, cicatricial pemphigoid, lichen planus, psoriasis, acanthosis nigricans, leukoplakia, pemphigus vulgaris, erythema multiforme, bullous pemphigoid, collagen vascular disease, metastatic cancer, chronic granulomatous disease, sarcoidosis, inflammatory bowel disease EGD, gastroscopy, upper gastrointestinal endoscopy, GI endoscopy, upper GI endoscopy, endoscope adenomatous polyposis coli, FAP, adenomatous polyps, APC gene, b-catenin, colonic neoplasia, colorectal cancer, rectal bleeding, Gardner variant of FAP, Turcot syndrome, intra-abdominal desmoids, desmoid tumors, intestinal polyposis, endoscopic polypectomy, colectomy, rectal resection, subtotal colectomy with ileoanal anastomosis, total proctocolectomy with ileostomy, duodenal adenocarcinoma, periampullary adenocarcinoma, medulloblastoma, hepatoblastoma, thyroid cancers, adrenal cancers, upper gastrointestinal cancers steatosis, hepatic steatosis, steatohepatitis, alcohol-related fatty liver, alcoholic steatohepatitis, nonalcoholic fatty liver disease, nonalcoholic steatohepatitis, NASH, liver fibrosis, cirrhosis, hyperlipidemia, drug-induced fatty liver, hepatomegaly, splenomegaly, ascites, edema, spider angiomas, varices, gynecomastia, menstrual disorders, rapid fulminant liver failure, choline deficiency, obesity, protein-calorie malnutrition, abetalipoproteinemia, galactosemia, glycogen storage disorder, hereditary fructose intolerance, homocystinuria, hypobetalipoproteinemia, Refsum disease, systemic carnitine deficiency, tyrosinemia, Weber-Christian disease, Wilson disease, variceal bleeding, encephalopathy, starvation, total parenteral nutrition, rapid weight loss, jejunoileal bypass acute gastroenteritis, diarrhea, vomiting, heavy metal poisoning, bacterial infection, viral infection, enterotoxins, Vibrio cholerae, enterotoxic Escherichia coli, Clostridium perfringens, Bacillus cereus, Staphylococcus organisms, Giardia lamblia, Cryptosporidium,
rotavirus, Norwalk virus, adenovirus, Campylobacter jejuni, Vibrio parahaemolyticus, enterohemorrhagic E coli, enteroinvasive E coli, Yersinia enterocolitica, Clostridium difficile, Entamoeba histolytica, Salmonella species, Shigella species, B cereus, cholera, tenesmus, shigellosis : peptic ulcer disease, PUD, peptic ulcer, Helicobacter pylori infection, H pylori infection, NSAID toxicity, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug toxicity, Zollinger-Ellison syndrome, ZES, gastrinoma, gastric cancer, stomach ulcer, GI ulcer, gastrointestinal ulcer, gastric ulcer, duodenal ulcer, cigarette smoking, gastroduodenal ulcer, hypersecretion of gastric acid, chronic renal insufficiency, diabetes, ulcer pain, epigastric pain, hematemesis, melena, presyncope, peritonitis, gastric perforation Zollinger-Ellison syndrome, ZES, ZE syndrome, gastrin-secreting tumor, pancreatic tumor, pancreas tumor, duodenal tumor, duodenal wall tumor, lymph node tumor, tumor, pancreatic islet cell tumors, malignancy, malignant tumor, basal acid output, BAO, ulcer, severe ulcer disease acute gastritis, gastric mucosa inflammation, inflamed gastric mucosa, pangastritis, antral gastritis, erosive gastritis, nonerosive gastritis, non-erosive gastritis, Helicobacter pylori, H pylori, Candida albicans, C albicans, alcoholic gastritis, NSAIDs, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, analgesic-induced gastritis, cytomegalovirus, fungal infection, histoplasmosis, stomach irritation, stomach ache, upset stomach atrophic gastritis, chronic gastritis, autoimmune gastritis, Helicobacter pylori, H pylori, type A gastritis, diffuse corporal gastritis, pernicious anemia–associated gastritis, metaplastic gastritis, atrophic pangastritis, progressive intestinalizing pangastritis, environmental atrophic gastritis, multifocal atrophic gastritis, MAG type B nonatrophic gastritis, superficial nonatrophic gastritis, diffuse antral nonatrophic gastritis, chronic antral nonatrophic gastritis, interstitial-follicular nonatrophic gastritis, hypersecretory nonatrophic gastritis, type A atrophic gastritis, diffuse corporal atrophic gastritis, pernicious anemia–associated gastritis, metaplastic atrophic gastritis, atrophic pangastritis, progressive intestinalizing pangastritis, environmental atrophic gastritis, type C reactive gastritis, bile reflux, chronic nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug gastropathy, Helicobacter pylori infection, H pylori–associated multifocal atrophic gastritis, H pylori gastritis, varioliform gastritis, chemical gastritis, reactive gastritis, Helicobacter gastritis, H pylori–associated chronic gastritis, infectious granulomatous gastritis, gastritis in patients who are immunosuppressed, autoimmune gastritis, chronic reactive chemical gastropathy, chronic noninfectious granulomatous gastritis, lymphocytic gastritis, eosinophilic gastritis, radiation gastritis, ischemic gastritis, gastropathies, Sydney classification of gastritis, vacuolating toxin A, VacA, CagA protein, gastric mucosa–associated lymphoid tissue lymphomas, MALT lymphomas, gastric adenocarcinomas, gastric carcinomas, gastric cancer, caseating granulomas, tuberculosis, cytomegalovirus infection, CMV infection, Mycobacterial infections, anti-intrinsic factor antibodies, pernicious anemia, NSAIDs, Crohn disease, sarcoidosis, isolated granulomatous gastritis, Eustoma rotundatum, anisakiasis, anisakidosis, hypochlorhydria, achlorhydria, hypergastrinemia, cobalamin deficiency, gluten-sensitive enteropathy, Ménétrier disease, Helicobacter heilmannii, mycobacteriosis, syphilis, histoplasmosis, mucormycosis, South American blastomycosis, Strongyloides species, Diphyllobothrium latum, schistosomiasis, herpes virus infection, uremic gastropathy, Wegener granulomatosis, cocaine use, plasma cell granulomas, celiac disease, Langerhans cell histiocytosis, gastric lymphoma stress-induced gastritis, stress induced gastritis, stress gastritis, mucosal erosions, superficial hemorrhages, gastric acid, parietal cells, gastroesophageal reflux disease, GERD, peptic ulcer disease, PUD, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug–induced gastritis, NSAID–induced gastritis, alcoholic gastropathy, uremic gastropathy, gastric mucosa, gastric acid secretion, physiological stress bacterial gastroenteritis, diarrhea, traveler's diarrhea, acute gastroenteritis, viral infection, improper diet, malabsorption syndrome, enteropathy, inflammatory bowel disease, Salmonella, Shigella, Campylobacter, Aeromonas, Escherichia coli, E coli, vomiting watery diarrhea, nausea, caliciviruses, rotaviruses, astroviruses, adenoviruses, infant mortality, stomach flu, intestinal flu, dysentery, infectious diarrhea, diarrhea, traveler's diarrhea, food poisoning, Norovirus, Norwalk-like virus, Norwalk virus, Sapovirus, Sapporo-like virus, sporadic infantile viral gastroenteritis, sporadic adult viral gastroenteritis, Clostridium difficile, Giardia lamblia esophagitis, gastritis, peptic ulcer disease, PUD, lower esophageal sphincter, LES, gastroesophageal reflux disease, GERD, hiatal hernia, obesity, heartburn, regurgitation, dysphagia, Barrett esophagus, adenocarcinoma, laryngitis, proton pump inhibitor, esophagogastroduodenoscopy, EGD, laparoscopic fundoplication, Nissen fundoplication complicated pregnancy, complications of pregnancy, problem pregnancy, gastrointestinal disorders, GI disorders, morning sickness, hyperemesis gravidarum, gastroesophageal reflux disease, GERD, heartburn, gallstones, peptic ulcer disease, PUD, diarrhea, constipation, food poisoning, irritable bowel disease, IBD, irritable bowel syndrome, IBS, GI disease GI stromal tumor, GIST, GISTs, gastrointestinal mesenchymal neoplasm, GI mesenchymal neoplasm, leiomyoma, leiomyosarcoma, pacemaker cell tumor, GI pacemaker cell tumor, gastrointestinal pacemaker cell tumor, GI tumor, gut tumor, gastrointestinal neoplasm, GI neoplasm lambliasis, Giardia lamblia, G lamblia, protozoan parasites, endemic diarrheal illness, epidemic diarrheal illness, diarrhea, acute watery diarrhea, chronic diarrhea, water-borne intestinal pathogens, intestinal parasites, gut parasites, protozoal infection, encystation-specific secretory vesicles, ESVs, malabsorption, steatorrhea, abdominal cramping, bloating, flatulence constitutional hepatic dysfunction, constitutional hyperbilirubinemia, familial nonhemolytic jaundice, hereditary nonhemolytic bilirubinemia, low-grade chronic hyperbilirubinemia Campylobacter pylori, C pylori, H pylori, HP infection, peptic ulcer disease, PUD, extragastric disease, mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue lymphomas, MALTomas, coronaritis, gastroesophageal reflux disease, GERD, iron deficiency anemia, iron-deficiency anemia, gastrointestinal disease, GI disease, heartburn, acid reflux, sour stomach, acid stomach, coronaritis, gastric mucosal cell proliferation, mucous cell proliferation, gastric lymphoma, adenocarcinoma, ulcer, chronic active gastritis, gastric cancer hepatic hemangiomas, cavernous hemangioma, liver hemangioma hereditary hemochromatosis, genetic hemochromatosis, primary hemochromatosis, iron overload biliary cystadenoma, adenoma, multilocular cystic tumor, tumor, cystic tumor, liver tumor, liver adenoma, adenoma, liver cystadenoma, benign tumor, hepatic tumor infectious hepatitis, hepatitis A virus, HAV, hepatitis B virus, HBV, hepatitis C virus, HCV, hepatitis D virus, HDV, hepatitis E virus, HEV, Picornaviridae, fulminant hepatic failure, hepatomegaly, jaundice HBV, hepatitis B infection, viral hepatitis, hepatitis B virus, chronic hepatitis, acute hepatitis, cirrhosis, fulminant hepatitis, hepatocellular carcinoma, HCC, extrahepatic manifestations, hepatitis D virus, HDV, delta virus, hepatitis C virus, HCV, hepatitis B surface antigen, HBsAg, Australia antigen, hepatitis B surface antibody, HBsAb hepatitis C virus, HCV, HCV infection, non-A non-B hepatitis, NANB hepatitis, acute hepatitis, hepatitis, virus infection, viral infection, virus, chronic liver disease, hepatocellular carcinoma, hepatoma, HCC, cirrhosis, orthotopic liver transplantation, OLT, quasispecies, interferon, IFN, sustained virologic response, sustained virological response, SVR, HIV-HCV coinfection, HIV-HCV co-infection, IFN therapy, interferon therapy, pegylated interferon therapy, PEG-IFN, pegylated interferon, hepatitis C viremia, hepatitis viremia HDV, HDV infection, viral hepatitis, delta hepatitis, delta virus, hepatitis delta, hepatitis B virus, HBV, hepatitis B surface antigen, HBsAg, liver failure, liver infection, acute fulminant liver failure, chronic liver infection, end-stage liver disease, end-stage liver disease, ESLD, cirrhosis, hepatocellular carcinoma, HCC, liver transplantation, hepatic transplantation hepatitis E virus, HEV, Caliciviridae family, anti-HEV antibodies acute hepatitis, chronic hepatitis, hepatitis A, hepatitis A virus, HAV, hepatitis B, hepatitis B virus, HBV, hepatitis C, hepatitis C virus, HCV, hepatitis D, hepatitis D virus, HDV, delta hepatitis, delta virus, hepatitis E, hepatitis E virus, HEV, non-A non-B hepatitis, NANB hepatitis, NANB, non-A/non-E hepatitis, NANE, viral infection, fulminant hepatic failure, FHF, hepatocellular carcinoma, HCC, liver cancer, liver failure, viral hepatitis, acute viral hepatitis, chronic viral hepatitis, hepatitis virus infection, hepatitis viral infection, infectious hepatitis, serum hepatitis benign hepatoma, hepatic adenoma, HA, liver cell adenoma, oral contraceptives, oral contraceptive pills, OCP, glycogen storage disease, GSD HRS, chronic liver disease, liver failure, fulminant hepatitis, ascites, portal hypertension, cirrhosis, liver transplantation, OLT, renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system, RAAS, sympathetic nervous system, SNS, renal prostaglandin, PGs, spontaneous bacterial peritonitis, SBP, renal vasoconstriction, renal hypoperfusion, type 1 HRS, type 2 HRS gastroesophageal reflux disease, GERD, gastric volvulus, hernias, hiatus hernia, paraesophageal hernias, paraesophageal hiatal hernia, Schatzki ring, phrenoesophageal ligament, esophagitis, Cameron ulcers, sliding hiatal hernia, regurgitation Hirschsprung's disease, ultrashort-segment Hirschsprung disease, congenital aganglionosis, aganglionic megacolon, congenital dilation of the colon, congenital megacolon, aganglionic megacolon, meconium, anorectal reflex, chronic constipation, enterocolitis, trisomy 21, Down syndrome, bowel obstruction, bilious vomiting, abdominal distention, poor feeding, failure to thrive, myenteric plexus, Auerbach plexus, submucosal plexus, Meissner plexus, colonic lavage, full-thickness rectal biopsy, simple suction rectal biopsy, anorectal manometry, diverting colostomy, Swenson procedure, Duhamel procedure, Soave procedure, anorectal myomectomy echinococcosis, Echinococcus infestation, hydatid disease, parasitic infestation, tapeworm, zoonotic infection, parasite, Echinococcus granulosus, E granulosus, Echinococcus multilocularis, E multilocularis, Echinococcus vogeli, E vogeli, cystic echinococcosis, CE, alveolar echinococcosis, AE, echinococcal cyst, echinococcal worms, larval cestodes, Platyhelminthes echinococcosis, Echinococcus infestation, hydatid disease, parasitic infestation, tapeworm, zoonotic infection, parasite, Echinococcus granulosus, E granulosus, Echinococcus multilocularis, E multilocularis, Echinococcus vogeli, E vogeli, cystic echinococcosis, CE, alveolar echinococcosis, AE, echinococcal cyst, echinococcal worms, larval cestodes, Platyhelminthes elevated amylase, pancreatitis, pancreatic necrosis, parotitis, pseudocysts, pancreatic ascites, pancreatic trauma, choledocholithiasis, salivary glands, intestinal disease elevated amylase, pancreatitis, pancreatic necrosis, parotitis, pseudocysts, pancreatic ascites, pancreatic trauma, choledocholithiasis, salivary glands, intestinal disease icterus, jaundice, bilirubin accumulation, bilirubin formation, tetrapyrrole, hemoglobin, unconjugated bilirubin, conjugated bilirubin, conjugated hyperbilirubinemia, liver disease, biliary disease hemolysis, acute hemolytic crisis, sickle cell disease, sickle cell anemia, paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinuria, primary shunt hyperbilirubinemia, idiopathic dyserythropoietic jaundice, ineffective erythropoiesis, Crigler-Najjar syndrome, Arias syndrome, Gilbert syndrome, constitutional hepatic dysfunction, familial nonhemolytic jaundice, dyserythropoiesis, hematoma, congestive heart failure, CHF, portosystemic shunts, drug interactions, neonatal physiologic jaundice, breast milk jaundice, maternal serum jaundice, hypothyroidism, hyperthyroidism, liver disease, chronic hepatitis, cirrhosis, Wilson disease, fasting hyperbilirubinemia, liver dysfunction, hepatic dysfunction, hepatic disease postoperative adynamic ileus, paralytic ileus, pseudo-obstruction, Ogilvie syndrome, mechanical bowel obstruction, postoperative adynamic ileus, paralytic ileus, pseudo-obstruction, Ogilvie syndrome, mechanical bowel obstruction, Ogilvie's syndrome, pseudoobstruction, surgical bowel complications, bowel dysfunction, dysmotility, postoperative bowel dysfunction IBD, Crohn disease, Crohn's disease, terminal ileitis, granulomatous enteritis, ulcerative colitis, gastrointestinal tract disease, GI tract disease, gastrointestinal disease, GI disease, Clostridium difficile, C difficile, irritable bowel syndrome, IBS, irritable bowel disease, pyoderma gangrenosum, bloody diarrhea, inflamed colon, colonoscopy, proctocolectomy, continent ileostomy, Koch pouch, colonic disease, ileoanal anastomosis, segmental colon resection, colorectal cancer, Crohn colitis, intestinal obstruction, intestinal strictures, scarred strictures, cicatrix strictures, colonic strictures, fistulae, perianal disease, toxic megacolon, colon cancer, pancolitis, perianal abscesses, loss of colonic haustrae, sigmoidoscopy, proctitis, colectomy, occult blood loss, growth retardation, gastric Crohn disease, duodenal Crohn disease, medication-induced arthropathies, axial arthritis, ankylosing spondylitis, sacroiliitis, episcleritis, iritis, uveitis, erythema nodosum, herpetic lesions, calcium oxalate stones, hydronephrosis, sclerosing cholangitis, cholangiocarcinoma, cirrhosis, gallstones, iron deficiency anemia, anemia of chronic disease, strokes, retinal thrombi, pulmonary emboli gut stromal tumors, gastrointestinal stromal tumors, GISTs primary intestinal lymphangiectasia, congenital intestinal lymphangiectasia, Milroy disease, protein-losing gastroenteropathies, hypoproteinemia, lymphocytopenia, hypogammaglobulinemia, anergy, impaired allograft rejection, diarrhea, peripheral edema