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Endocrinology/Ендокринология

primary adrenocortical insufficiency, Addison disease, Addison's disease, addisonian crisis, adrenal cortex, glucocorticoid function, mineralocorticoid function, AA, adrenal incidentaloma, AI, adrenal mass, AM, adrenal tumor, Cushing syndrome, Cushing's syndrome, pheochromocytoma, hyperaldosteronism, primary hyperaldosteronism, adrenal cancer, adrenal carcinoma, adrenal gland cancer, adrenal gland carcinoma, acute adrenal crisis, acute adrenocortical insufficiency, acute adrenal insufficiency, addisonian crisis, adrenal apoplexy, cortisol, aldosterone, primary adrenocortical insufficiency, secondary adrenocortical insufficiency, bilateral massive adrenal hemorrhage, BMAH, fetoplacental unit, congenital adrenal hyperplasia, CAH, 21-hydroxylase deficiency, 11-beta hydroxylase deficiency, 17-alpha hydroxylase deficiency, 11beta-hydroxylase deficiency, 17alpha-hydroxylase deficiency, decreased fertility, female pseudohermaphrodism, maternal hyperandrogenism, ambiguous fetal genitalia, Addison disease, Addison's disease, adrenal insufficiency, polyglandular autoimmune syndrome, PGA syndrome, Cushing syndrome, Cushing's syndrome, hypercortisolism, adrenal adenoma, pheochromocytoma, multiple endocrine neoplasia, multiple endocrine neoplasia type 2, MEN 2, aldosteronism, glucocorticoid-remediable aldosteronism, glucocorticoid-remediable aldosteronism, GRA, adrenal disease, pregnancy, AH, adrenal apoplexy, adrenal hemorrhagic necrosis, Waterhouse-Friderichsen syndrome, acute adrenal crisis, adrenocorticotropic hormone, ACTH, corticotropin, bilateral gland, necrosis, medullary adrenal cells, adrenal vein thrombosis, alcoholic ketoacidosis, AKA, binge drinking, alcohol binge, ethanol binge, alcoholic acidotic coma, metabolic acidosis, elevated anion gap, chronic alcohol abuse, alcohol abuse, ethanol abuse, chronic ethanol abuse, alcoholism, alcoholic, gastritis, alcoholic gastritis, pancreatitis, alcohol withdrawal, gastrointestinal bleeding, GI bleeding, metabolic acidosis, steroids, steroid abuse, anabolic steroids, testosterone, anabolic-androgenic steroids, androgenic-anabolic steroids, AAS, anabolic, androgenic, testosterone esters, drug abuse, roid rage, doping, performance-enhancing drugs, testosterone propionate, testosterone cypionate, testosterone enanthate, methyltestosterone, methandrostenolone, fluoxymesterone, nandrolone decanoate, ethylestrenol, trenbolone, oxandrolone, stanozolol, oxymetholone, vitamin B-1 deficiency, thiamine deficiency, wet beriberi, dry beriberi, Shoshin beriberi, acute fulminant cardiovascular beriberi, thiamine pyrophosphate, Wernicke encephalopathy, Wernicke’s encephalopathy, Korsakoff syndrome, Korsakoff’s syndrome, C-11 hydroxylase deficiency, C-11 beta-hydroxylase deficiency, congenital adrenal hyperplasia, CAH, cortisol biosynthesis, CYP11B2, aldosterone deficiency, mineralocorticoid deficiency, 17-alpha hydroxylase deficiency, congenital adrenal hyperplasia, CAH, sexual infantilism, hypertension, deoxycorticosterone, DOC, CYP17, gonadal steroidogenesis, primary hyperaldosteronism, hyperaldosteronism, aldosteronism, hypertension, hypokalemia, adrenal hyperplasia, unilateral aldosterone-producing adenoma, APA, bilateral adrenal hyperplasia, idiopathic hyperaldosteronism, IHA, Conn's syndrome, increased aldosterone secretion, primary hypersecretion of aldosterone, secondary hypertension, renin-responsive adenoma, primary adrenal hyperplasia, glucocorticoid-remediable aldosteronism, GRA, adrenocortical carcinoma, ovarian tumors, Cushing syndrome, Cushing's syndrome, hypercortisolism, adrenocorticotropic hormone, ACTH-independent hypercortisolism, ACTH-dependent hypercortisolism, endogenous glucocorticoids, exogenous glucocorticoids, cyclooxygenase deficiency, COX deficiency, prostaglandin-endoperoxide synthase deficiency, PTGS deficiency, fatty acid cyclooxygenase deficiency, prostaglandin H synthase deficiency, PGH synthase deficiency, EC 1.14.99.1 deficiency, eicosanoid, seminal fluid, COX inhibition, COX-1, PTGS-1,COX-2, PTGS-2, subacute nonsuppurative thyroiditis, subacute granulomatous thyroiditis, giant cell thyroiditis, subacute painful thyroiditis, DI, central diabetes insipidus, nephrogenic diabetes insipidus, antidiuretic hormone, ADH,  arginine vasopressin, AVP,  polyuria, polydipsia, hypernatremia, dehydration, craniopharyngioma, pineal tumors, primary intracranial tumors, idiopathic diabetes insipidus, gestational diabetes mellitus, gestational diabetes, GDM, infants of diabetic mothers, IDMs, infant of diabetic mother, IDM, maternal hyperglycemia, fetal hyperglycemia, diabetes in pregnancy, diabetes-associated birth defects, diabetic birth defects, gestational DM, macrosomia, macrosomic infant, macrosomic fetus, diabetic pregnancy, fetal macrosomia, type 1 DM, type 1 diabetes, type 2 diabetes mellitus, type II diabetes mellitus, autoimmune diabetes mellitus, juvenile-onset diabetes, ketosis-prone diabetes, insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus, IDDM, brittle diabetes mellitus, diabetic ketoacidosis, DKA, maturity-onset diabetes of the young, MODY, type 2 diabetes mellitus, type II diabetes mellitus, DM, DM type 2, adult-onset diabetes mellitus, maturity-onset diabetes mellitus, non–insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus, NIDDM, maturity-onset diabetes of the young, MODY, hyperglycemia, microvascular complications, macrovascular complications, lack of endogenous insulin, pancreatic beta-cell failure, insulin resistance, insulin deficiency, elevated free fatty acids, obesity, metabolic complications, end-stage renal disease, ESRD, nontraumatic lower limb amputations, diabetic vasculopathy, diabetic neuropathy, diabetic retinopathy, diabetic nephropathy, polyuria, polydipsia, polyphagia, blurred vision, lower extremity paresthesias, yeast infections, gestational diabetes mellitus, hypertension, high triglycerides, polycystic ovary disease, Cushing syndrome, acromegaly, pheochromocytoma, incretins, dipeptidyl-peptidase inhibitor-IV, DPP-4 inhibitor, diabetic ketoacidosis, DKA, diabetes, hyperglycemia, acidosis, ketonuria, ketogenesis, ketones, ketoacids, acetone, beta hydroxybutyrate, acetoacetate, Kussmaul respirations, increased thirst, polydipsia, increased urination, polyuria, diabetes mellitus, type 1 diabetes, type 1 DM, insulin, human insulin, Broad-beta disease, remnant removal disease, type III hyperlipoproteinemia, lipid disorders, cholesterol, triglycerides, very low-density lipoprotein, VLDL, intermediate-density lipoprotein, IDL, low-density lipoprotein, LDL, atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease, atherosclerosis, peripheral vascular disease, apolipoprotein E-2, apoE-2, apoE, abnormal free thyroxine, T4, thyroxine, triiodothyronine, T3, familial dysalbuminemic hyperthyroxinemia, FDH, hyperthyroidism, hypothyroidism, thyroid hormone resistance, thyroxin-binding prealbumin, TBPA, thyroxin-binding globulin, TBG, normal pregnancy, high altitude, anti-T3 immunoglobulin, antitriiodothyronine immunoglobulin, anti-T4 immunoglobulin, antithyroxine immunoglobulin, acute psychosis, liver disease, glucagonoma, islet cell tumor, estrogen-secreting tumor, serum binding proteins, albumin, ESS, nonthyroidal illness, NTI, sick euthyroid syndrome, SES, nonthyroidal illness syndrome, NTIS, low T3 syndrome, low iodothyronine syndrome, low T4 syndrome, triiodothyronine, thyroxine, thyroid-stimulating hormone, TSH, thyrotropin, thyroxine-binding globulin, TBG, follicle-stimulating hormone, FSH, FSH abnormalities, hypogonadism, isolated idiopathic hypogonadotropic hypogonadism, Kallmann syndrome, Prader-Willi syndrome, craniopharyngiomas, combined pituitary hormone deficiency, fertile eunuch syndrome, pituitary adenomas, pituitary cysts, metastatic cancer to the sella, hypothalamic surgery, pituitary surgery, hypothalamic radiation, pituitary radiation, hemochromatosis, sarcoidosis, histiocytosis, lymphoma, lymphocytic hypophysitis, meningitis, tuberculous meningitis, pituitary apoplexy, head trauma, skull fracture, Cushing syndrome, exogenous glucocorticoid excess, endogenous glucocorticoid excess, hyperprolactinemia, primary hypothyroidism, sex steroid–secreting tumors, sex steroid tumors, excessive exercise, empty sella, pituitary infarction, Sheehan syndrome, chronic systemic disease, anorexia nervosa, congenital adrenal hyperplasia, CAH, Klinefelter syndrome, cryptorchidism, androgen biosynthesis disorders, Sertoli-cell-only syndrome, end organresistance to androgens, Turner syndrome, myotonic dystrophy, mumps orchitis, chemotherapy, testicular torsion, ovarian failure, premature ovarian failure, menopause, premature menopause, gonadotroph adenomas, alpha-cell tumor, alpha-cell adenoma, 4D syndrome, neuroendocrine tumor, islet cell pancreatic tumor, glucagon overproduction, diabetes mellitus, hypoaminoacidemia, weight loss, normochromic and normocytic anemia, necrolytic migrating erythema, NME, hyperglucagonemia, pancreas, octreotide, Sandostatin, peptide hormone, bioactive peptide, tumor of the pancreas, multiple endocrine neoplasia type 1, MEN I, islet cell tumor, abnormal glucose tolerance, abnormal glucose homeostasis, disorders of glucose tolerance, disorders of glycemia, glucose intolerance, glucose tolerance, type 1 diabetes mellitus, type 2 diabetes mellitus, gestational diabetes mellitus, GDM, impaired glucose tolerance, IGT, impaired fasting glucose, IFG, hyperglycemia, normoglycemia, ketoacidosis, dysmetabolic syndrome, central adiposity, insulin resistance, pancreas, pancreatic function, hypoglycemia, pancreatic beta cells, glycogen storage disease type Ia, von Gierke disease, GSD, von Gierke's disease, G-6-phosphatase deficiency, G-6-P deficiency, glycogen metabolism, enzyme deficiency, hypoglycemia, hepatomegaly, hyperlipidemia, hyperuricemia, hepatic adenoma, gouty arthritis, uric acid nephrolithiasis, chronic renal failure, CRF, proteinuria, liver disease, von Gierke disease, glycogen storage disease, GSD, glycogen storage disease type Ia, GSD type Ia, hepatonephromegaly glycogenica, GSD type Ib, Pompe disease, GSD type II, acid maltase deficiency, Cori disease, GSD type III, debranching enzyme deficiency, McArdle disease, GSD type V, myophosphorylase deficiency, Tarui disease, GSD type VII, phosphofructokinase, glucose-6-phosphatase, G-6-P deficiency, GSD type 0, defective glycogen synthase, GSD type Ib, GSD type 1b, glycogen storage disorder, GSD, glycogen storage disease, Pompe disease, GSD type II, acid maltase deficiency, Cori disease, GSD type III, debranching enzyme deficiency, McArdle disease, GSD type V, myophosphorylase deficiency, Tarui disease, GSD type VII, phosphofructokinase deficiency, von Gierke disease, GSD type Ia, glucose-6-phosphatase deficiency, glucose-6-phosphatase, G-6-P, hypoglycemic seizure, Pompe disease, acid maltase deficiency, type II glycogen storage disease, glycogen storage disease, GSD type II, lysosomal alpha-1,4-glucosidase deficiency, Cori disease, GSD type III, debranching enzyme deficiency, McArdle disease, GSD type V, myophosphorylase deficiency, Tarui disease, GSD type VII, phosphofructokinase deficiency, von Gierke disease, GSD type Ia, glucose-6-phosphatase deficiency, enzyme defects, glycogen accumulation, glycogen synthase deficiency, glucose-6-phosphatase deficiency, G-6-P deficiency, Pompe disease, Forbes-Cori disease, GSD type IV, transglucosidase deficiency, Andersen disease, amylopectinosis, GSD type VI, phosphorylase deficiency, Hers disease, Cori disease, GSD type III, Illingworth-Cori-Forbes disease, amylo-1,6-glucosidase debrancher deficiency, glycogenosis III, debranching enzyme deficiency, limit dextrinosis, GSD type 0, glycogen synthase deficiency, GSD type Ia, glucose-6-phosphatase deficiency, G-6-P deficiency, von Gierke disease, GSD type II, acid maltase deficiency, Pompe disease, Forbes-Cori disease, GSD type IV, transglucosidase deficiency, Andersen disease, amylopectinosis, GSD type V, myophosphorylase deficiency, McArdle disease, GSD type VI, phosphorylase deficiency, Hers disease, GSD type VII, phosphofructokinase deficiency, Tarui disease, Andersen disease, glycogen storage disease type IV, GSD type IV, branching enzyme deficiency, amylopectinosis, Pompe disease, GSD type II, acid maltase deficiency, Cori disease, GSD type III, debranching enzyme deficiency, McArdle disease, GSD type V, myophosphorylase deficiency, Tarui disease, GSD type VII, phosphofructokinase deficiency, glycogen synthase deficiency, McArdle disease, McArdle’s disease, glycogen storage disease type V, GSD type V, myophosphorylase deficiency, enzyme defect, glycogen storage disease, GSD, GSD type 0, glycogen synthase deficiency, GSD type Ia, glucose-6-phosphatase deficiency, G-6-P deficiency, von Gierke disease, GSD type II, acid maltase deficiency, Pompe disease, GSD type III, debranching enzyme deficiency, Forbes-Cori disease, GSD type IV, transglucosidase deficiency, Andersen disease, amylopectinosis, GSD type VI, phosphorylase deficiency, Hers disease, GSD type VII, phosphofructokinase deficiency, Tarui disease, Hers disease, glycogen storage disease type VI, GSD type VI, enzyme defect, hepatomegaly, hypoglycemia, liver phosphorylase deficiency, glycogen storage disease, GSD, Hers' disease, GSD type 0, glycogen synthase deficiency, GSD type Ia, glucose-6-phosphatase deficiency, G-6-P deficiency, von Gierke disease, GSD type II, acid maltase deficiency, Pompe disease, GSD type III, debranching enzyme deficiency, Forbes-Cori disease, GSD type IV, GSD type V, myophosphorylase deficiency, McArdle disease, transglucosidase deficiency, Andersen disease, amylopectinosis, GSD type VII, phosphofructokinase deficiency, Tauri disease, Tarui disease, Tarui’s disease, Tauri disease, Tauri’s disease, GSD type VII, muscle phosphofructokinase deficiency, enzyme defect, glycogen storage disease, GSD, GSD type 0, glycogen synthase deficiency, GSD type Ia, glucose-6-phosphatase deficiency, G-6-P deficiency, von Gierke disease, GSD type II, acid maltase deficiency, Pompe disease, GSD type III, debranching enzyme deficiency, Forbes-Cori disease, GSD type IV, GSD type V, myophosphorylase deficiency, McArdle disease, transglucosidase deficiency, Andersen disease, amylopectinosis, GSD type VI, phosphorylase deficiency, Hers disease, thyroid gland goiter, nontoxic goiter, toxic goiter, multinodular goiter, endemic goiter, Hashimoto disease, iodine, enlarged thyroid gland, inborn errors of thyroid hormone synthesis, iodine deficiency, goitrogens, TSH receptor antibodies, pituitary resistance to thyroid hormone, adenomas of hypothalamus, adenomas of pituitary gland, tumors producing human chorionic gonadotropin, autoimmune thyroiditis, Hashimoto disease, thyroid cancer, hyperthyroidism, hypothyroidism, thyroid nodules, swelling in the neck, Graves’ disease, Graves disease, Basedow disease, diffuse toxic goiter, thyroid hormone, overproduction of thyroid hormone, Hashimoto’s thyroiditis, Hashimoto thyroiditis, autoimmune thyroid disease, thyroid gland, hyperthyroidism, apathetic thyrotoxicosis, lithium therapy, lithium treatment, lithium toxicity, lithium-induced thyromegaly, hypothyroidism, thyroid hormone, thyrotropin, iodopenia, TH, thyroid-stimulating hormone, TSH, thyroglobulin, Tg, cyclic adenosine monophosphate, cAMP, euthyroid goiter, thyrotoxicosis, bipolar manic-depressive disorder, iodine, iodine deficiency, thyroid gland, thyrocytes, nontoxic goiter, goiter, multinodular goiter, adenomatous goiter, endemic goiter, sporadic goiter, nodular hyperplasia, diffuse or nodular enlargement of the thyroid gland, follicular epithelial hyperplasia, diffuse goiter, focal hyperplasia, thyroid-stimulating hormone, TSH, sporadic nontoxic goiter, cretinism, dyshormonogenesis, toxic nodular goiter, TNG, toxic multinodular goiter, Plummer disease, Plummer's disease, toxic uninodular goiter, autonomously functioning thyroid nodule, toxic adenoma, hyperthyroidism, Graves disease, Graves' disease, iodine deficiency, Jod-Basedow phenomenon, Jod-Basedow effect, Jod-Basedow's effect, hyperfunctioning nodule, multinodular thyroid, underlying nontoxic multinodular goiter, amiodarone, amiodarone-induced hyperthyroidism, thyrotoxicosis, apathetic hyperthyroidism, suppressed thyroid-stimulating hormone, TSH, TSH receptors, superior vena cava syndrome, hyperplasia, cyclic adenosine monophosphate, cAMP, thyroxine, T4, iodine-induced hyperthyroidism, triiodothyronine, T3, micronodular growth patterns, follicles, D727E, endothelin-1, ET-1, diffuse toxic goiter, thyrotoxicosis, hyperthyroidism, Basedow's disease, autoimmune thyroid disorder, autoimmune polyglandular syndrome, pernicious anemia, vitiligo, diabetesmellitus type 1, autoimmune adrenal insufficiency, systemic lupus erythematosus, thyroid antigens, thyroglobulin, thyroperoxidase, sodium-iodide symporter, TSH receptor, life-threatening thyrotoxic crisis, thyroid storm, Graves ophthalmopathy, thyroid acropachy, severe weight loss, osteoporosis, apathetic hyperthyroidism, cardiac hypertrophy, CTLA-4, pretibial myxedema, palpitation, nervousness, tremor, heat intolerance, hyperdefecation, inability to concentrate, proximal muscle weakness, easy fatigability with physical activity, proptosis, lid retraction, lacrimation, gritty sensation in the eye, photophobia, eye pain, diplopia, hyperhidrosis, increased sweating, restlessness, growth hormone deficiency, GHD, GH deficiency, adult GHD, hypopituitarism, somatotroph cells, pituitary gland, pituitary tumors, growth hormone-releasing hormone, somatostatin, hypothalamus, short stature, hypoglycemia, failure to thrive, growth hormone therapy, growth hormone replacement therapy, GHRT, pituitary aplasia, empty sella, encephalocele, midline defects, septo-optic dysplasia, septooptic dysplasia, panhypopituitarism, craniopharyngiomas, cranial irradiation, sarcoidosis, tuberculosis, histiocytosis X, hemochromatosis, lymphocytic hypophysitis, hypoxic insult, pituitary disease, somatopause, hyposomatotropism of aging, adult growth hormone deficiency, GHD, GH, somatopause of aging, hyposomatotropism of aging, growth hormone-releasing hormone, GHRH, growth hormone-releasing peptide, GHRP, pituitary gland, hypopituitarism, insulin tolerance test, ITT, male breast enlargement, enlargement of the male breast, breast lump, physiologic gynecomastia, pathologic gynecomastia, testicular neoplasm, lipomastia, pseudogynecomastia, macromastia, pubertal gynecomastia, florid gynecomastia, fibrous gynecomastia, feminization, granular glandular tissue, male breast cancer, breast cancer, hypogonadism, kidney failure, androgen insensitivity syndrome, 5 alpha-reductase deficiency syndrome, altered estrogen-androgen balance, mumps, sexual dysfunction, infertility, chronic liver disease, thyroid disease, renal disease, eunuchoid habitus, testicular tumors, extragonadal germ cell tumors, malnutrition, hyperthyroidism, adrenal tumors, familial gynecomastia, chronic lymphocytic thyroiditis, struma lymphomatosa, autoimmune thyroid diseases, AITD, Hashimoto’s thyroiditis, Hashimoto thyroiditis, HALP, elevated high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, longevity syndrome, familial hyperalphalipoproteinemia, FHALP, cholesteryl ester transfer protein, CETP, CETP deficiency, high cholesterol, cardioprotection, good cholesterol, heart disease risk, heart disease prevention, CAD prevention, CHD prevention, atherosclerosis prevention, heart disease, CAD, coronary artery disease, coronary heart disease, atherosclerosis, hirsutism, androgen excess, virilization, masculinization, excessive hairiness, excess body hair, endocrine disorders, congenital adrenal hyperplasia, CAH, polycystic ovary syndrome, PCOS, androgen-secreting tumor, hyperandrogenism, Cushing syndrome, Cushing’s syndrome, Ferriman and Gallway scale, idiopathic hirsutism, aldosteronism, autonomous hyperaldosteronism, primary adrenal hyperplasia, PAH, idiopathic adrenal hyperplasia, IAH, Conn syndrome, Conn's syndrome, adrenal aldosteronoma, aldosteronoma, bilateral adrenal hyperplasia, renin responsive adenoma, RRA, aldosterone-producing renin-responsive adenomas, AP-RAs, primary hyperaldosteronism, PH, hypertension, HTN, secondary hypertension, secondary HTN, aldosterone-producing adenomas, APAs, familial hypercholesterolemia, FH, heterozygous familial hypercholesterolemia, homozygous familial hypercholesterolemia, monozygous hypercholesterolemia, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, LDL cholesterol, LDLc, hypercholesterolemia, coronary artery disease, CAD, premature CAD, coronary atherosclerosis, xanthelasma, xanthoma, valvular abnormalities, heart valve anomaly, aortic stenosis, heart disease, corneal arcus, planar xanthoma, tendon xanthoma, tuberous xanthoma, ischemic heart disease, peripheral vascular disease, cerebrovascular disease, lipid abnormalities, lipid abnormality, lipid disorder, lipid disease,coronary heart disease, CHD, high cholesterol, bad cholesterol, acute myocardial infarction, acute MI, palpebral xanthomas, Achilles tendonitis, cutaneous xanthomas, Achilles tendon xanthomas, polygenic hypercholesterolemia, nonfamilial hypercholesterolemia, non-familial hypercholesterolemia cholesterol, coronary heart disease, CHD, atherothrombotic stroke, statin therapy, atherosclerosis, heart disease, high cholesterol, glucagonoma syndrome, hyperosmolar nonketotic state, HNS, hyperosmolar hyperglycemic syndrome, diabetic hyperosmolar state, hyperglycemic hyperosmolar nonketotic syndrome, hyperosmolar hyperglycemic nonketotic coma, nonketotic hypertonicity, parathyroid glands, parathyroid hormone, PTH, plasma calcium, phosphaturia, primary hyperparathyroidism, secondary hyperparathyroidism, tertiary hyperparathyroidism, familial hypocalciuric hypercalcemia, FHH, familial benign (hypocalciuric) hypercalcemia, hypercalcemia of malignancy, calciphylaxis, uremic gangrene syndrome, chronic renal failure, vitamin D deficiency, renal failure, kidney failure, osteitis fibrosa cystica, dialysis complications, dialysis-dependent renal failure, elevated serum prolactin, anterior pituitary gland, breast development, breast enlargement, pregnancy, lactation, secondary amenorrhea, galactorrhea, prolactin-secreting tumors, oligomenorrhea, infertility, pituitary tumor, prolactinoma, thyrotoxicosis, diffuse toxic goiter, Graves disease, Graves' disease, toxic multinodular goiter, toxic multi-nodular goiter, Plummer disease, Plummer's disease, subacute thyroiditis, toxic adenoma, iodide-induced thyrotoxicosis, thyrotoxicosis factitia, thyroid-stimulating hormone, thyroid carcinoma, struma ovarii with thyrotoxicosis, antithyroid medication, anti-thyroid medication, radioactive iodine therapy, iodine radiotherapy, elevated levels of free thyroxine, elevated levels of free triiodothyronine, molar hydatidiform pregnancy, choriocarcinoma, pituitary tumors, metastatic thyroid carcinoma, heat intolerance, oligomenorrhea, unexplained weight loss, lid lag, stare, sinus tachycardia, atrial fibrillation, high output failure, fine tremor, muscle weakness, anxiety, thyroid ophthalmopathy, pernicious anemia, periorbital edema, chemosis, conjunctival edema, conjunctival injection, proptosis, myasthenia gravis, vitiligo, adrenal insufficiency, type I diabetes mellitus, apathetic hyperthyroidism, follicular thyroid adenoma, toxic thyroid adenoma, Jod-Basedow syndrome, dermoid tumors, ovarian teratomas, congestive heart failure, CHF, left ventricular thickening, dermopathy, extraocular muscle dysfunction, diplopia, swelling of the pretibial area, tachycardia, atrial arrhythmia, systolic hypertension, rheumatoid arthritis, nontoxic goiter, thyroid autonomy, granulomatous thyroiditis, HLA-DRw3, HLA-B89, Hashimoto hypothyroidism, hTG, chylomicronemia, dysbetalipoproteinemia, familial combined hyperlipoproteinemia, hyperlipidemia, hyperlipoproteinemia, mixed hyperlipidemia, type I hyperlipoproteinemia, type IIb hyperlipoproteinemia, type III hyperlipoproteinemia, type IV hyperlipoproteinemia, type V hyperlipoproteinemia, triglycerides, plasma glucose disorder, glucose disorder, low blood sugar, Whipple triad, decreased glucose, insulin-producing tumor, neuroglycopenic symptoms, reactive hypoglycemia, fasting hypoglycemia, hypoglycemic disorder, hypoglycemic, parathyroid hormone deficiency, PTH deficiency, primary hypoparathyroidism, inadequate PTH activity, secondary hypoparathyroidism, calcium, hypercalcemia, hypocalcemia, pituitary gland, hypothalamus, hypopituitarism, panhypopituitarism, pituitary insufficiency, adrenocorticotropic hormone, ACTH, corticotropin, follicle-stimulating hormone, FSH, luteinizing hormone, LH, growth hormone, GH, prolactin, thyroid-stimulating hormone, TSH, thyrotropin, antidiuretic hormone, ADH, lack of trophic stimulus, thyroiditis, myxedema coma, cretinism, hypothyrosis, hypothyroidea, thyrotropin, TSH, tertiary hypothyroidism, thyrotropin releasing-hormone, TRH, thyroxine, T4, triiodothyronine, T3, Hashimoto disease, Hashimoto thyroiditis, primary hypothyroidism, secondary hypothyroidism, congenital hypothyroidism, cold intolerance, weight gain, menstrual disturbances, periorbitalpuffiness, goiter, autoimmune thyroiditis, iodine deficiency, de Quervain thyroiditis, subacute thyroiditis, postpartum autoimmune thyroid disease, amiodarone, interferon alpha, thalidomide, stavudine, central hypothyroidism, subclinical hypothyroidism, insulin resistance syndrome, insulin-resistant state, IRS, glycemic control, ketosis, syndrome X, metabolic syndrome, dysmetabolic syndrome, impaired fasting glucose, IFG, impaired glucose tolerance, IGT, obesity, glucose tolerance, glucose intolerance, diabetes, insulin-resistant state, polycystic ovary syndrome, polycystic ovary disease, PCOD, endothelial dysfunction, insulin receptor, insulinlike growth factor, IGF, tyrosine kinase, hyperinsulinemia, dyslipidemia, glucagonlike peptide-1, GLP-1, glucose transporter, GLUT, acanthosis nigricans, coronary artery disease, CAD, leprechaunism, type 2 diabetes mellitus, lipodystrophic states, Werner syndrome, Werner’s syndrome, Rabson-Mendenhall syndrome, Rabson-Mendenhall’s syndrome, pineal hypertrophic syndrome, Alstrom syndrome, Alstrom’s syndrome, ataxia-telangiectasia, myotonic dystrophy, xanthelasma, xanthomata, type A syndrome, type B insulin resistance, hyperandrogenism iodine deficiency disorders, IDD, endemic goiter, cretinism, hypothyroidism, mental retardation, toxic multinodular goiter, thyroid cancer, follicular thyroid carcinoma, thyroid function abnormalities, miscarriage, infant mortality, goitrogens, Kallmann syndrome, KS, idiopathic hypogonadotropic hypogonadism, IHH, De Morsier syndrome, olfactogenital dysplasia, hypothalamic amenorrhea, acquired idiopathic hypogonadotropic hypogonadism, gonadotropin-releasing hormone deficiency, GnRH deficiency, DAX1, fertile eunuch syndrome, classic KS, classic IHH, congenital KS, congenital IHH, adult-onset IHH, acquired IHH, hypothalamic amenorrhea, X-linked KS, gonadal steroid replacement therapy, anosmia, hyposmia, LCAT deficiency, familial lecithin, cholesterol acyltransferase deficiency, fish-eye disease, fish eye disease, high-density lipoprotein, HDL, low-density lipoprotein, LDL, atherosclerosis, renal failure, kidney failure, corneal opacities, visual impairment, hypoalphalipoproteinemia, opaque corneal, corneal opacity, Barraquer-Simons syndrome, Barraquer disease, Simons disease, cephalothoracic lipodystrophy, acquired partial lipodystrophy, fat loss, fat hypertrophy, adipocyte lysis, lipohypertrophy, mesangiocapillary glomerulonephritis, systemic lupus erythematosus, SLE, dermatomyositis, hypothyroidism, pernicious anemia, PA, celiac disease, dermatitis herpetiformis, rheumatoid arthritis, RA, temporal arteritis, leukocytoclastic vasculitis, complement anomaly, complement abnormality, autoimmune process, autoimmune disease, body adiposity, lipoatrophy syndrome, adipose tissue deficiency, peripheral insulin resistance, hypertriglyceridemia, lipoatrophic diabetes, adipocyte deficiency, congenital generalized lipoatrophy, Seip-Berardinelli syndrome, progeria syndromes, Werner syndrome, Cockayne syndrome, carbohydrate-deficient glycoprotein syndrome, short stature, hyperextensibility, hernia, ocular depression, Rieger anomaly, teething delay, SHORT syndrome, mandibuloacral dysplasia, AREDYLD syndrome, Kobberling-Dunnigan syndrome, familial partial lipodystrophy, FPLD, Dunnigan syndrome, Emery-Dreifuss muscular dystrophy, acquired lipodystrophy syndrome, Lawrence syndrome, Barraquer-Simons syndrome, localized lipodystrophy, localized lipoatrophy, adiposity, adipose tissue, atrophy, atrophic lesions, low high-density lipoprotein, high-density lipoprotein, HDL, low HDL, HA, accelerated atherosclerosis syndrome, Tangier disease, fish eye disease, fish-eye disease, LCAT deficiency, lecithin-cholesterol acyltransferase deficiency, coronary atherosclerosis, coronary heart disease, atherosclerosis, CHD, CAD, coronary artery disease, hardening of the arteries, National Cholesterol Education Program, NCEP, Adult Treatment Panel III, ATP III, hypoalphalipoproteinemia, McCune Albright syndrome, MAS, polyostotic fibrous dysplasia, PFD, café au lait spots, Mazabraud syndrome, Burnett's syndrome, milk alkali syndrome, milk-alkali syndrome, Burnett syndrome, hypercalcemia, metastatic calcification, renal failure, kidney failure, MAS, calcium supplementation, parathyroid hormone, PTH, Sippy regimen, Sipple syndrome, MEN 2, MEN2, MEN II, MENII, thyroid cancer, pheochromocytomas, benign tumors of the adrenal medulla, stromal amyloid, parathyroid hyperplasia, mucosal neuromas, marfanoid habitus, familial cancer syndromes, autosomal dominant disorders, familial medullary thyroid carcinoma-only, FMTC-only, primary hyperparathyroidism, thyroidectomy, adrenalectomy, cutaneous lichen amyloidosis, RET proto-oncogene, myxedema coma, myxedema crisis, hypothyroidism, severe hypothyroidism, decompensated hypothyroidism, pretibial myxedema, Graves disease, localized dermopathy, thyroid hormones, autoimmune thyroid disease, thyroid ablation therapy, iodine deficiency, thyroxine, T4, triiodothyronine, T3, thyroid-stimulating hormone, TSH, thyrotropin, overweight, increased BMI, excess body fat, excess adiposity, increased body mass index, Quetelet index, POMC, MC4, satiety, weight loss, weight gain, gastric bypass, severe obesity, morbid obesity, super obese, body weight, percentage body fat, fat distribution, android obesity, gynecoid obesity, waist circumference, Atkins diet, South Beach diet, Albers-Schönberg disease, marble bone disease, osteopetrosis generalisata, hereditary bone disease, osteoclastic bone resorption, infantile osteopetrosis, malignant osteopetrosis, adult osteopetrosis, benign osteopetrosis, low bone mass, osteopenia, bone mineral density, BMD, liver transplantation, heart transplantation, lung transplantation, kidney transplantation, kidney/pancreas transplantation, simultaneous pancreas-kidney transplantation, SPKT, osteoporosis, glucocorticoid-induced osteoporosis, low body weight, estrogen deficiency, androgen deficiency, calcium deficiency, vitamin D deficiency, thyroid hormone excess, bone fractures, vertebral fractures, nonvertebral fractures, hip fractures, negative calcium balance, bone loss, osteoporotic fractures, fragility fractures, cystic fibrosis, primary biliary cirrhosis, PBC, osteogenesis imperfecta, catecholamine-secreting tumor, extra-adrenal pheochromocytomas, paragangliomas, life-threatening hypertension, cardiac arrhythmias, familial pheochromocytoma, sporadic pheochromocytoma, multiple endocrine neoplasia 2A, multiple endocrine neoplasia 2B, MEN 2A, MEN 2B, neurofibromatosis, von Hippel-Lindau disease, VHL disease, atrial fibrillation, ventricular fibrillation, myocarditis, myocardial infarction, MI, dilated cardiomyopathy, pulmonary edema, pheochromocytoma-induced hypertensive crises, hypertensive encephalopathy, stroke, cerebral infarction, mural thrombus, intracerebral hemorrhage, Von Recklinghausen disease, Sipple syndrome, tuberous sclerosis, Bourneville disease, Epiloia, Sturge-Weber syndrome, Cushing syndrome, postural hypotension, hypertensive retinopathy, cafe au lait spots, neurofibromas, tachyarrhythmias, hyperglycemia, hypercalcemia, prolactinoma, prolactin-secreting lactotroph, hyperprolactinemia, macroprolactinoma, macroadenoma, acromegaly, pituitary tumors, pregnancy problems, difficult pregnancy, menstrual irregularity, Cushing syndrome, Cushing's syndrome, adrenal adenomas, diabetes insipidus, DI, Sheehan syndrome, lymphocytic hypophysitis, LHy, pituitary tumor, pituitary adenoma, pituitary macroadenomas, hypophyseal adenoma, multiple endocrine neoplasia type 1, MEN 1, McCune-Albright syndrome, epithelial pituitary cells, polyglandular autoimmune syndrome, PGA, autoimmune polyendocrine syndromes, APS, autoimmune polyendocrinopathy, autoimmune polyglandular syndrome, candidiasis ectodermal dysplasia, immunoendocrinopathy syndromes, PGA syndromes, polyglandular failure syndromes, endocrine gland insufficiency, autoimmune polyendocrinopathy-candidosis-ectodermal dystrophy, APECED, Whitaker syndrome, PGA syndrome type I, PGA-I, type II polyglandular autoimmune syndrome, type II PGA, PGA syndrome type II, PGA-II syndrome, polyglandular failure syndrome, Schmidt syndrome, immunoendocrinopathy syndromes, autoimmune thyroid disease, type 1 diabetes mellitus, Carpenter's syndrome, Carpenter syndrome, Addison disease, Addison's disease, Graves disease, Grave's disease, Hashimoto thyroiditis, Hashimoto's thyroiditis, autoimmune polyglandular syndrome type III, PAS III, autoimmune polyglandular syndrome type II, PAS II, autoimmune polyglandular syndrome type I, PAS I, PAS, polyglandular deficiency syndrome type III, polyglandular failure syndrome type III, autoimmune endocrine failure syndrome type III, autoimmune polyendocrine syndrome type III, immunoendocrinopathy syndrome, type III PAS, type 1 diabetes mellitus, diabetes, pernicious anemia, PA, autoimmune thyroiditis, immune-mediated diabetes, IMD, vitiligo, alopecia, prolactin deficiency, hypoprolactinemia, hypoprolactinemic states, pituitary dysfunction, anterior pituitary disfunction, postpartum pituitary necrosis, Sheehan syndrome, tuberculosis, histoplasmosis, sarcoidosis, hemochromatosis, lymphocytic hypophysitis, puerperal alactogenesis, general anterior pituitary dysfunction, anterior pituitary impairment, familial puerperal alactogenesis, inability of pituitary lactotrophs to secrete prolactin, lack of puerperal lactogenesis, inadequate breast milk production, inadequate lactation, inability to lactate, inability to breastfeed, prolactin-secreting adenoma, hormone-secreting pituitary tumor, hyperprolactinemia, prolactin, PRL, pituitary adenomas, growth hormone tumor, microprolactinoma, macroprolactinoma, alcohol-induced pseudo-Cushing syndrome, adrenocortical secretion, Cushing disease, Cushing basophilism, corticotropin-releasing hormone, alcoholism, alcohol dependence, factitious hypoglycemia, leukemic leucocytosis, glucose, artifactually low glucose concentration, glycolysis in vitro, polycythemia, leukemia, immunoglobulin M macroglobulinemia, IgM macroglobulinemia, Waldenström macroglobulinemia, pseudohypoglycemia, PHP, Albright hereditary osteodystrophy, AHO, pseudopseudohypoparathyroidism, pseudo-PHP, parathyroid hormone, PTH, stimulatory G protein, Gsa, GNAS1, hypocalcemia, hyperphosphatemia, testotoxicosis, dental hypoplasia, brachymetacarpals, brachymetatarsals, brachydactyly, pyridoxine deficiency, pyridoxine 5'-phosphate, pyridoxal 5'-phosphate, PLP, vitamin B-6 deficiency, vitamin B deficiency, vitamin deficiency, malnutrition, peripheral neuropathy, poor diet, pyridoxine-dependent seizures, hereditary sideroblastic anemia, cirrhosis, hemodialysis, peritoneal dialysis, chronic renal failure, homocystinuria, homocystinemia, Gyromitra poisoning, mushroom poisoning, fungus toxicity, mushroom toxicity, PCD, congenital infantile lactic acidosis, intermittent ataxia with lactic acidosis type II, Leigh necrotizing encephalopathy, PKD, anemia, blood disorder, hematologic disorder, blood disease, enzyme defect, hemolytic anemia, erythrocyte enzymopathy, PK Beppu, pyruvate kinase Beppu, hydrops fetalis, anaerobic glycolysis, vitamin B-2, vitamin G, riboflavin 5' phosphate, flavin mononucleotide, FMN, riboflavin 5' adenosine diphosphate, flavin adenine dinucleotide, FAD, apoenzyme proteins, flavoprotein enzymes, cheilosis, cheilitis, chronic sclerosing thyroiditis, chronic fibrous thyroiditis, invasive fibrous thyroiditis, Riedel disease, Riedel struma, ligneous thyroiditis, ligneous struma, Riedel's struma, Riedel thyroiditis, Riedel's thyroiditis, Hashimoto thyroiditis, multifocal fibrosclerosis, tracheal compression, thyroid mass, thyroidectomy, corticosteroid therapy, vitamin C deficiency, ascorbic acid deficiency, the rot, scorbutus, limeys, insulin-induced hypoglycemic hyperglycemia, subacute thyroiditis, silent thyroiditis, subacute painless thyroiditis, subacute lymphocytic thyroiditis, subacute postpartum thyroiditis, subacute granulomatous thyroiditis, subacute painful thyroiditis, thyrotoxicosis, hypothyroidism, de Quervain's thyroiditis, de Quervain thyroiditis, hyperthyroidism, hypothyroidism, thyrotoxicosis, thyroid hormones, colloid nodule, degenerative cyst, hyperplasia, thyroiditis, benign neoplasm, malignancy, malignant thyroid nodule, Hashimoto thyroiditis, Hashimoto's thyroiditis, hypothyroidism, hyperthyroidism, thyroid-stimulating hormone, TSH, fine-needle aspiration biopsy, FNAB, subacute thyroiditis, SAT, subacute granulomatous thyroiditis, de Quervain thyroiditis, de Quervain's thyroiditis, giant cell thyroiditis, pseudogranulomatous thyroiditis, pseudo-granulomatous thyroiditis, painless thyroiditis, lymphocytic thyroiditis, inflamed thyroid, inflammation of the thyroid gland, hyperthyroidism, hypothyroidism, euthyroidism, thyrotoxicosis, thyroxine-binding globulin deficiency, TBG deficiency, thyroid hormone, TH, thyroxine, T4, triiodothyronine, T3, thyroxine-binding globulin, TBG, transthyretin, TTR, prealbumin, albumin, serum lipoproteins, Verner-Morrison syndrome, pancreatic cholera, watery diarrhea-hypokalemia-achlorhydria syndrome, WDHA, vasoactive intestinal polypeptide, VIP, VIPoma, neuroendocrine tumor, pancreatic endocrine tumor, multiple endocrine neoplasia type 1 syndrome, MEN 1, VAD, retinoic acid, retinol, beta carotene, beta-carotene, Aquasol A, Palmitate-A, Oleovitamin A, carotenoids, provitamin A, 11-cis-retinol, vision, dark adaptation, nyctalopia, retinol-binding protein, RBP, cellular retinol-binding protein, CRBP, cystic fibrosis, sprue, pancreatic insufficiency, inflammatory bowel disorder, IBD, inflammatory bowel disease, cholestasis, alcoholism, Bitot spots, nyctalopia, dry skin, dry hair, pruritus, broken fingernails, keratomalacia, xerophthalmia, follicular hyperkeratosis, phrynoderma, vitamin deficiency, malnutrition, retinoids, retinoid deficiency, deficiency of vitamin A, isotretinoin, Accutane, carotenes, retinol, carotenemia, cholecalciferol, ergocalciferol, rickets, nutritional rickets, osteomalacia, fat soluble vitamins, elevated parathyroid hormone, PTH, secondary hyperparathyroidism, vitamin B2, vitamin D3, calcium absorption, phosphorus absorption, bone mineralization, 25-hydroxyvitamin D, 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D, 1,25(OH)2D, circulating 25(OH)D, osteoporosis, bone mineral density, cutaneous synthesis of vitamin D, cutaneous vitamin D production, vitamin D synthesis, melanin, vitamin D malabsorption, calcium absorption from the small intestine, alpha tocopherol deficiency, alpha-tocopherol deficiency, tocopherol deficiency, vitamin deficiencies, antioxidant deficiency, abetalipoproteinemia, fat malabsorption, isolated vitamin E deficiency syndrome, malabsorption syndrome, cystic fibrosis, chronic cholestatic liver disease, short-bowel syndrome, central nervous system, CNS, ataxia, peripheral neuropathy, hypervitaminosis E, vitamin poisoning, vitamin toxicity, vitamin E, antioxidant, free radical scavenger, fat-soluble vitamin, Alpha-Tocopherol, Beta Carotene Cancer Prevention Study, fatal subarachnoid hemorrhage, increased risk of bleeding, increased prothrombin time, necrotizing enterocolitis, intracranial hemorrhage, VK deficiency, vitamin K-1, phylloquinone, vitamin K-2, menaquinone, vitamin K-3, menadione, coagulation proteins, fresh frozen plasma, FFP, vitamin K deficiency, multiple endocrine neoplasia type 1, MEN 1 syndrome, MEN 2 syndrome, Sipple syndrome, MEN 2a, MEN 2b, pluriglandular syndrome, multiple endocrine adenopathy, MEA, Wermer's syndrome, parathyroid tumor, pancreatic islet cell tumor, pituitary hyperplasia, pituitary tumor formation, pancreas tumor, pituitary tumor, hyperparathyroidism, pancreatic polypeptide tumors, PPomas, gastrinomas, VIPoma, vasoactive intestinal polypeptide tumor, Zollinger-Ellison syndrome, ZES, Cushing syndrome, Cushing’s syndrome, gastric carcinoid tumors, insulinoma, glucagonoma