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adrenal carcinoma, AC, adrenocortical carcinoma, adrenal cancer, adrenocortical cancer, primary adrenocortical malignancies, malignant adrenocortical neoplasms, malignant adrenal tumors, malignant adrenocortical tumors, adrenocortical masses, adrenal incidentalomas cancer, carcinoma, bile duct cancer, common bile duct, duodenal mucosa, pancreatic duct, adenocarcinoma, gastrointestinal malignancy, gastrointestinal cancer, GI cancer, GI malignancy, ampulla of Vater, ampullary carcinoma, periampullary carcinoma, cancer of the ampulla of Vater, pancreaticoduodenal resection, Whipple procedure angiosarcoma, hemangioendothelioma, lymphangioendothelioma, hemangiosarcoma, hemangioblastoma, lymphangiosarcoma, angioendothelioma, malignant angioma, malignant endothelioma, malignant neoplasm, soft tissue sarcoma, soft tissue angiosarcoma, angiosarcoma of the soft tissue, cutaneous angiosarcoma, angiosarcoma of the liver, breast angiosarcoma, angiosarcoma of the breast, bone angiosarcoma, 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liver carcinoma, cirrhosis, liver failure, liver dysfunction, hepatic dysfunction, liver tumor, hepatic tumor, liver disease, jaundice, hepatitis B, hepatitis C, hepatitis virus, alcoholism, alcoholic liver disease, hemochromatosis, aflatoxin, liver function test, liver function testing, LFTs, OLT, orthotopic liver transplantation, liver transplantation, liver transplant Bernard-Horner syndrome, Horner syndrome, Horner's syndrome, oculosympathetic paralysis, Raeder paratrigeminal syndrome, heterochromia irides, miosis, constricted pupil, partial ptosis, loss of hemifacial sweating, anhidrosis Hьrthle cell carcinoma; Hurthle cell carcinoma; Ashkenazi cells; oncocytic tumors; oncocytoma; oxyphil tumor; follicular carcinoma, oxyphilic type; differentiated thyroid cancer; Hьrthle cell neoplasms; follicular carcinoma of the thyroid; follicular cell neoplasms; oncocytic cells; Hashimoto thyroiditis; Hashimoto's thyroiditis; nodular goiter; toxic goiter; thyroid gland pyriform sinus cancer, 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compression, silicate type of asbestos, HIV infection, diesel exhaust small cell lung cancer, SCLC, non–small-cell lung cancers, NSCLCs, small cell carcinoma, SCC, oat cell carcinoma, paraneoplastic syndromes, tumor suppressor genes carcinoid tumors, metastases, gastroenteropancreatic tumors melanoma skin cancer, lentigo maligna melanoma, atypical nevus, atypical nevi, dysplastic nevus, dysplastic nevi, ultraviolet radiation, sentinel lymph node dissection, sentinel node dissection, malignant melanoma small bowel cancer, small-bowel cancer, small bowel neoplasm, small-bowel neoplasm, small bowel malignancy, small-bowel malignancy, small bowel tumor, small-bowel tumor, small bowel mass, small-bowel mass, small intestine malignancy, small intestine tumor, small intestine cancer, gastrointestinal malignancy, gastrointestinal tumor, gastrointestinal cancer, GI cancer, GI malignancy, GI tumor, gastrointestinal mass, GI mass, gastrointestinal neoplasm, GI neoplasm, small bowel adenocarcinoma, small-bowel adenocarcinoma, adenocarcinoma, GI adenocarcinoma, small intestine adenocarcinoma, GI adenocarcinoma, familial adenomatous polyposis, FAP, gastrointestinal stromal tumor, GIST mesothelioma, asbestos-related cancer, cancer of the pleura, asbestos exposure, plural cancer, malignant mesothelioma, mesothelioma malignancy, pleural malignant mesothelioma, lung cancer, lung tumor, pulmonary cancer, pulmonary tumor, pulmonary malignancy, sarcomatous mesothelioma, epithelial mesothelioma, mixed mesothelioma, pleural mesothelioma tumor of unknown primary, cancer of unknown origin multicentric reticulohistiocytosis, MRH, lipoid dermatoarthritis, destructive arthritis, multiple cutaneous nodules, histiocytic multinucleated giant cells, eosinophilic ground-glass cytoplasm, inflammatory arthropathy pancreatic cancer, pancreas cancer, pancreatic neoplasm, pancreas neoplasm, pancreatic islet cell tumor, pancreatic islet cell adenoma, pancreatic endocrine tumor, pancreatic neuroendocrine tumor, insulinoma syndrome, insulinoma, Zollinger-Ellison syndrome, ZES, gastrinoma syndrome, gastrinoma, Verner-Morrison syndrome, WDHA syndrome, watery diarrhea, hypokalemia, achlorhydria, pancreatic cholera, vasoactive intestinal peptide-releasing tumor, VIPoma, glucagonoma syndrome, somatostatinoma syndrome, calcitoninoma, parathyrinoma, growth hormone releasing facto-secreting tumor, GRFoma, adrenocorticotropin hormone-secreting tumor, ACTHoma, neurotensinoma, pancreatic endocrine neoplasm, pancreatic polypeptidomas, PPomas, islet cell tumor, pancreatic cholera, MEN 1 syndrome, MEN-I syndrome, MEN-1 syndrome, multiple endocrine neoplasia type 1, multiple endocrine neoplasia type I, MEN syndrome, APUDomas superior sulcus tumor, Ciuffini-Pancoast syndrome, Ciuffini-Pancoast-Tobнas syndrome, Hare's syndrome, Pancoast's apex syndrome, Pancoast's disease, Pancoast's pain syndrome, Pancoast-Tobнas syndrome, Tobнas' syndrome, Horner syndrome, Bernard-Horner syndrome, ptosis, miosis, hemianhidrosis, anhidrosis, enophthalmos, non–small cell lung cancer, NSCLC, non–small cell bronchogenic carcinoma, squamous cell carcinoma, SCC, adenocarcinoma, shoulder pain, Pancoast tumor, malignant neoplasm pancreatic cancer, pancreas cancer, pancreatic carcinoma, pancreas carcinoma, gastrointestinal cancer, GI cancer, gastrointestinal carcinoma, GI carcinoma, pancreas tumor, pancreatic tumor, malignancy, exocrine, endocrine, pancreatic adenocarcinoma, chronic pancreatitis from alcohol paraneoplastic disorders, tumors, cancer, dermatomyositis-polymyositis, Cushing syndrome, malignant carcinoid syndrome parathyroid gland, parathyroid carcinoma, parathyroid gland malignancy, hyperparathyroidism, bone disease, high serum calcium level, renal stones, hypercalcemia Pel-Ebstein fever, periodic fever of lymphomas, Hodgkin disease, Hodgkin's disease, HD, Hodgkin's episodic fever, Hodgkin episodic fever, B symptoms, B-type symptoms, Hodgkin lymphoma, Hodgkin's lymphoma, HL, lymphoma, lymphoma-related fever, relapsing fever, hemolysis, hemolytic anemia, periodic fever spikes primary peritoneal cancer, peritoneal malignancy, peritoneum, peritoneal carcinoma, peritoneal carcinoma, malignant mesothelioma, benign papillary mesothelioma, desmoplastic small round cell tumor, peritoneal angiosarcoma, leiomyomatosis peritonealis disseminata, LPD, peritoneal hemangiomatosis, abdominal therapeutic radiation, radiation therapy, asbestos exposure rectal carcinoma, rectal adenocarcinoma, rectal polyp, rectal cancer, squamous cell carcinoma, anal carcinoma, squamous cell carcinoma of the rectum, colorectal cancer renal cell adenocarcinoma, hypernephroma, hypernephroid tumor, Grawitz tumor, von Hippel-Lindau syndrome, VHL syndrome, VHL disease, hereditary papillary renal carcinoma, HPRC, familial renal oncocytoma, FRO, Birt-Hogg-Dube syndrome, BHDS, hereditary renal carcinoma, HRC, Stauffer syndrome, renal cancer, pheochromocytoma, pancreatic cysts, epididymal cystadenomas, endolymphatic sac tumors, central nervous system hemangioblastomas, retinal angiomas, islet cell tumors, fibrofolliculomas, colonic polyps, colonic tumors, pulmonary cysts, paraneoplastic syndromes, hypercalcemia, nonmetastatic hepatic dysfunction, polyneuromyopathy, amyloidosis, anemia, dermatomyositis, hypertension, varicocele, cigarette smoking, obesity, unopposed estrogen therapy, asbestos exposure, cystic kidney disease, renal dialysis, tuberous sclerosis, renal cell carcinoma rhabdomyoma, benign tumor of striated muscle, neoplastic, hamartoma, cardiac rhabdomyoma, rhabdomyomatous mesenchymal hamartomas of the skin, muscle tumor cystic teratoma, dermoid teratoma, dermoid cyst, dermoid tumor, kyste dermoid, ovarian neoplasm, sacrococcygeal teratoma, dermoid, teratoma, dermoid cyst, mature cystic teratoma, monodermal thyroid MALT, thyroid large cell lymphoma, thyroid large-cell lymphoma, primary thyroid lymphomas, non-Hodgkin lymphomas, non-Hodgkin's lymphomas, NHLs, 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acute respiratory distress syndrome, ARDS, adult respiratory distress syndrome, acute lung injury, ALI, diffuse alveolar damage, noncardiogenic pulmonary edema, diffuse alveolar injury, bilateral pulmonary infiltrates, severe hypoxemia in the absence of cardiogenic pulmonary edema, ventilator-associated lung injury, pulmonary hypertension, severe acute respiratory syndrome, SARS  delirium tremens, DTs, severe alcohol withdrawal syndrome, acute psychosis, chronic intake of alcohol, withdrawal seizures, hallucinations, Clinical Institute Withdrawal Assessment for Alcohol, CIWA-Ar, alcohol dependence, alcoholism, alcoholic, disulfiram, naltrexone, unhealthy alcohol use, alcohol withdrawal drug-induced hepatotoxicity, drug-induced liver injury, fulminant liver failure, hepatic failure due to drugs, hepatic failure due to herbs, acute hepatic injury, cholestatic syndrome, bromfenac, troglitazone, antiretroviral therapy and hepatic complications, cytochrome P450 inducers, cytochrome P450 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dementia, senile dementia of the Alzheimer type, Alzheimer dementia, Alzheimer's dementia, Alzheimer's disease, AD, primary neuronal degeneration, senile plaques, SP, neurofibrillary tangles, NFT, central nervous system, CNS, acetylcholine, acetylcholinesterase, butyrylcholinesterase, NMDA, memantine Alzheimer's disease, Alzheimer's, AD, dementia, Alzheimer dementia, presenile dementia, dementia presenilis, primary neuronal degeneration, primary senile dementia, trisomy 21, trisomy 21 syndrome, Down's syndrome, DS, mental retardation disorder of language, language disorder, language dysfunction, inability to speak, brain damage, brain injury, left cerebral hemisphere, alexia, disorder of reading, agraphia, disorder of writing, apraxia, disorder of skilled movements, aphasia apraxia and related syndromes, behavioral neurology syndrome, apraxia of speech, buccofacial apraxia, callosal apraxia, conceptual apraxia, dyspraxia, ideomotor apraxia, ideational apraxia, limb apraxia, limb 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preventions, intellectual decline in dementia, behavioral disorders, psychosis dementia, anxiety dementia, depression dementia, sleep disturbance dementia, parkinsonism dementia, incontinence dementia, pain dementia, dysphagia dementia, driving and dementia, pharmacotherapy for dementia, pharmacotherapy for Alzheimer disease, Alzheimer's disease frontal-lobe syndromes, mental status examinations, Mini-Mental State Examination, MMSE, Mental Status Examination, MSE, neuropsychology, precentral cortex, prefrontal cortex, orbitofrontal cortex, Alzheimer disease, amyloid angiopathy, anterior circulation stroke, aphasia, apraxia, arteriovenous malformations, cardioembolic stroke, carotid disease, cerebral aneurysms, glioblastoma multiforme, low-grade astrocytoma, meningioma, Pick disease, primary CNS lymphoma, echopraxia, antisaccade task, Thurstone test, semantic category fluency tasks, letter fluency task, design fluency, digit span, alternating sequences task, Luria's 3-step motor 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nutrition-related whole-brain atrophy, alcohol-related whole-brain atrophy, paratonic rigidity, vascular syndromes, middle cerebral artery strokes, artery of Huebner, akinesia, abulia, mutism, confabulatory amnesia, Wernicke-Korsakoff syndrome, anomia, agitated confusional state, frontal lobe tumors, gliomatous tumors, meningioma, subdural hematoma, prefrontal lobotomy, leukotomy, normal pressure hydrocephalus, gait apraxia, cortical atrophy, Boston naming test, frontotemporal dementias frontotemporal dementia, frontal dementia, nonspecific dementia, Pick's disease, Pick disease, primary progressive aphasia, FTD, PPA, tauopathy, motor neuron disease, Alzheimer disease, Alzheimer's disease, AD, semantic dementia, fluent aphasia, nonfluent aphasia normal pressure hydrocephalus, communicating hydrocephalus, noncommunicating hydrocephalus, obstructive hydrocephalus, arrested hydrocephalus, acute hydrocephalus MCI, isolated memory impairment, incipient dementia, dementia prodrome, 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perception disorder, sensory neglect, premotor neglect, stroke, traumatic brain injury, TBI, head injury, brain tumor, aneurysm, neurodegenerative diseases uremic state, uremia, uremic coma, uremic dementia, dialysis encephalopathy, uremic encephalopathy, UE, dialysis dementia, dialysis disequilibrium syndrome, renal failure, RF, end-stage renal disease, ESRD, progressive renal insufficiency, multiorgan failure signal processing, image processing, decision support systems, computerized patient records, computer-based patient record, CPR, telemedicine, electronic health record, EHR, Web-based CME, computer applications in medical care, computerized patient care, biomedical informatics, computer applications in health care VR, psychiatric disorders, pain disorders, pain physiology, biofeedback in pain treatment, virtual reality applications in biofeedback, psychiatric applications of biofeedback virtual reality in medicine, VR, virtual reality interaction, videospace analysis techniques, complex-seizure motor activity, complex partial seizures, movement patterns VR, medical applications of virtual reality, virtual surgery, neurologic applications of virtual reality, virtual reality motor assistance, pain management, epilepsy monitoring, virtual reality immersion, cybersickness, VR immersion virtual reality, VR, neurologic application of virtual reality, visual-haptic approach, visual-haptic intervention, virtual reality in cognitive assessment, virtual reality in modification, virtual reality in retraining epidural hemorrhage, extradural hematoma, extradural hemorrhage, cerebral epidural hematoma, spinal epidural hematoma, EDH, SEDH, head injury, intracranial epidural hematoma opportunistic infection, immunosuppression, central nervous system infection, CNS infection, organ transplant, solid organ transplantation, kidney transplantation, liver transplantation, heart transplantation, lung transplantation, intestinal transplantation, posttransplant immunosuppression, opportunistic infection extraaxial hematoma, intracranial mass lesions, head injuries, intracranial hematomas, traumatic intracranial hematomas, chronic subdural hematoma, CSDH, coagulopathies and ruptured intracranial aneurysms, acute traumatic subdural hematoma, ATSDH, atraumatic subdural hematoma, acute subdural bleeding, brain injury, cerebral atrophy, herniation syndromes, stroke of the posterior cerebral artery distribution, spontaneous subdural hematoma abnormal neonatal EEG, electroencephalography in newborn infants, EEG in newborn infants, normal EEG findings in newborn, normal neonatal EEG EEG, ambulatory electroencephalography, AEEG, AEEG monitoring, seizure activity, ambulatory electroencephalogram, focal epileptiform activity, generalized epileptiform activity, epilepsy VEP, VER, BAER, BAEP, SEP, SLSEP, visual evoked responses, short-latency somatosensory evoked responses, short-latency brainstem auditory evoked responses electroencephalogram, electroencephalograph, electroencephalography, EEG, seizure, portable video-EEG, inpatient EEG, outpatient EEG Triphasic waves, electroencephalography, EEG, EEG pattern, triphasic wave encephalopathy, TWE, nonconvulsive status epilepticus, NCSE breach rhythm, brain neoplasms, electroencephalography, intermittent rhythmic delta activity, polymorphic delta activity absence epilepsy, benign partial epilepsy of childhood with occipital paroxysms, benign rolandic epilepsy, hypsarrhythmia, infantile spasms, juvenile absence epilepsy, juvenile myoclonic epilepsy, West syndrome, Lennox-Gastaut syndrome electroencephalography, electroencephalogram, electroencephalographic, quantitative EEG, QEEG, cognitive decline, cognitive impairment, aging, Alzheimer disease, Alzheimer's disease, Parkinson disease, Parkinson's disease SE, electroencephalogram, EEG, generalized convulsive SE, generalized convulsive status epilepticus, GCSE, subclinical GCSE, subtle GCSE, nonconvulsive SE, nonconvulsive status epilepticus, NCSE, 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patterns, EEG background rhythms, focal slowing, periodic EEG patterns, periodic lateralized epileptiform discharges, PLEDs, bilateral independent periodic lateralized epileptiform discharges, BIPLEDs FSE, epilepsy partialis continua, EPC, complex partial status epilepticus, CPSE, nonconvulsive status epilepticus, NCSE, simple partial status epilepticus, SPSE, Rasmussen encephalitis electroencephalography, EEG, EEG pattern, epileptiform pattern, alpha coma, diffuse slowing, intermittent delta, intermittent rhythmic delta activity, IRDA, Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease, mad-cow disease, mad cow disease, prion disease, electrocerebral inactivity, ECI, electrocerebral silence, ECS, seizures FSE, epilepsy partialis continua, EPC, complex partial status epilepticus, CPSE, nonconvulsive status epilepticus, NCSE, simple partial status epilepticus, SPSE, Rasmussen encephalitis electroencephalography, EEG, EEG pattern, epileptiform pattern, alpha coma, diffuse slowing, intermittent delta, intermittent rhythmic delta activity, IRDA, Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease, mad-cow disease, mad cow disease, prion disease, electrocerebral inactivity, ECI, electrocerebral silence, ECS, seizures electroencephalography, electromyography, electrophysiology, evoked potentials, surgery, somatosensory evoked potentials, SSEP, brainstem auditory evoked potentials, BAEP, motor evoked potentials, MEP, visual evoked potentials, VEP, EMG, EEG, neurophysiological monitoring techniques, monitoring brain function, monitoring spinal cord function, monitoring peripheral nerve function, epilepsy surgery, electrophysiological monitoring motor evoked potentials, MEPs, electrical stimulation of motor cortex, corticospinal connections, transcranial electrical stimulation, TES, transcranial magnetic stimulation, TMS, pyramidal tract, stimulation of the central nervous system, stimulation of the CNS, magnetic stimulation, electrical stimulation, electrophysiology of motor evoked potentials, electrophysiology 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electroencephalography, EEG, EEG in newborns, conceptional age, CA, prematurity, PT, gestational age, full term, FT, amplitude, continuity of background activity, frequency, symmetry, reactivity, synchrony, maturational patterns, paroxysmal patterns, awake pattern, sleep pattern, awake/sleep cycle, sleep and wake state, delta brushes, tracé alternant, TA, tracé discontinue, interburst intervals, burst intervals, IBIs, burst-suppression, BS, temporal theta, frontal sharp transients, temporal sharp transients, REM sleep, NREM sleep, interictal discharges, ictal discharges, ictal patterns electroencephalogram, electroencephalograph, electroencephalography, cerebral activity, cerebral function, muscle function, electromyogram, EMG, glossokinetic artifact, eye movement, ECG artifact, respiration artifacts, skin artifacts, electrodes, alternating current 60-Hz artifact cerebral function, diffuse encephalopathy, diffuse brain dysfunction, focal dysfunction brain death, ECI, electrocerebral inactivity, ECI, periodic patterns, burst-suppression, periodicity, cerebral function, brain function encephalopathic patterns, alpha coma, beta coma, spindle coma, triphasic waves, cerebral function, diffuse brain dysfunction, diffuse encephalopathy, brain function EEG atlas, epileptiform normal variants, benign epileptiform transients of sleep, midline theta, phantom spikes and waves, psychomotor variants, small sharp spikes, SSS, subclinical rhythmic EEG discharges of adults, SREDA, wicket spikes, 14- and 6-Hz positive spikes EEG atlas, focal nonepileptic abnormalities, slowing, delta slowing, slow activity, amplitude asymmetry, periodic epileptiform lateralized discharges, PLED, waveform, brain activity, EEG abnormalities, brain function EEG atlas, spikes and sharp waves, spike-wave complexes, SWC, 3-Hz SWC, slow SWC, polyspikes, generalized epileptiform discharges, hypsarrhythmia, idiopathic generalized epilepsies, childhood absence epilepsy, juvenile myoclonic epilepsy, epilepsy with grand mal seizures, symptomatic generalized epilepsies, West syndrome, cryptogenic generalized epilepsy, Lennox-Gastaut syndrome, LGS EEG atlas, localization-related epilepsies, focal epilepsies, partial epilepsies, spikes and sharp waves, benign focal epilepsy of childhood, autosomal dominant nocturnal frontal lobe epilepsy, ADNFLE, benign childhood epilepsy with centrotemporal spikes, BECTS, cryptogenic focal epilepsies alpha rhythm, mu rhythm, beta activity, electroencephalography EEG atlas, normal sleep EEG, stage I sleep, stage II sleep, stage III sleep, stage IV sleep, EEG desynchronization, REM sleep, saw tooth wave, rapid eye movement sleep, non-REM sleep, nonrapid eye movement sleep, sleep stages, sleep-onset REM period, SOREMP, sleep waveforms EEG atlas, normal sleep EEG, stage I sleep, drowsiness, presleep, sleep stages, rapid eye movement sleep, REM sleep, nonrapid eye movement sleep, NREM sleep, slow rolling eye movements, SREMs, attenuation (drop out) of the alpha rhythm, central or frontocentral theta activity, enhanced beta activity, positive occipital sharp transients of sleep, POSTS, vertex sharp transients, hypnagogic hypersynchrony, EEG waveforms EEG atlas, normal sleep EEG, stage II sleep, K complex, sleep spindle, sleep stages, rapid eye movement sleep, REM sleep, nonrapid eye movement sleep, NREM sleep, stage II waveforms delta sleep, delta waves, sleep stages, slow wave sleep, SWS, sleep stages, REM sleep, NREM sleep, rapid eye movement, nonrapid eye movement, EEG atlas, normal sleep stage III, normal sleep stage IV, sleep cycles delta sleep, delta waves, sleep stages, slow wave sleep, SWS, sleep stages, REM sleep, NREM sleep, rapid eye movement, nonrapid eye movement, EEG atlas, normal sleep stage III, normal sleep stage IV, sleep cycles assessment of neuromuscular transmission, motor signals, neuromuscular transmission, NMJ, neuromuscular junction testing, repetitive nerve stimulation, Harvey-Masland test, Tensilon test, single-fiber EMG, myasthenia gravis, MG, acetylcholine, Lambert-Eaton myasthenic syndrome, LEMS, conventional needle electromyography, congenital myasthenic syndromes, slow channel syndrome, congenital acetylcholinesterase deficiency, low-affinity fast channel syndrome, botulism, botulinum toxin disorders of neuromuscular transmission, electrodiagnostic studies, electromyography, motor unit action potential, MUAP, myopathic disorders, neurogenic disorders, neuromuscular disease femoral nerve, nerve entrapment, nerve compression, femoral nerve anatomy, knee buckling carpal tunnel syndrome, upper extremity (UE) cumulative trauma disorders, median neuropathy at the wrist, CTS, entrapment neuropathy, compression of the median nerve lateral femoral cutaneous mononeuropathy, entrapment of lateral femoral cutaneous nerve, paresthesias of upper lateral thigh area, numbness of upper lateral thigh area, meralgia paresthetica, obesity, contained iliopsoas hemorrhages, neoplasms in the retroperitoneal space, pregnancy, tight clothing motor units, muscle contraction, firing rate, firing frequency, electromyography, EMG, motor unit recruitment, strength of muscle contraction, EMG study myoclonus fibrillaris multiplex, myokymic discharges, neuromyotonia, Isaacs syndrome, involuntary muscular movement peroneal neuropathy, nerve entrapment, nerve compression, entrapment neuropathy, compression neuropathy, carpal tunnel syndrome, cubital tunnel syndrome, axonal damage, peroneal nerve anatomy Saturday night palsy, honeymooner's palsy, wrist drop, radial neuropathy fiber density, muscle fiber density, myasthenia gravis, neuromuscular jitter, neuromuscular transmission bicycle's neuropathy, cubital tunnel syndrome, Guyon canal syndrome, Guyon's canal syndrome, tardy ulnar palsy, ulnar palsy tarda

HEADACHE AND PAIN

Sjaastad syndrome, IHS code: 3.2 chronic paroxysmal hemicrania, ICD-9 code: 346.9 hemicrania, CPH, headache, indomethacin, chronic paroxysmal hemicrania, unilateral headache, headaches with autonomic activation, headaches without autonomic activation, chronic and episodic paroxysmal hemicrania, short-lasting unilateral neuralgiform headache with conjunctival injection and tearing, SUNCT syndrome CH, Bing-Horton syndrome, histaminic cephalalgia, cluster migraine, paroxysmal nocturnal cephalalgia, red migraine, erythromelalgia of the head, sphenopalatine neuralgia, migrainous neuralgia, periorbital pain back pain, discogenic pain, discogram, disk herniation, disk injection, herniated disk, internal disk disruption, intervertebral disk, neck pain, provocative discography, spine pain chronic low back pain, discogenic low back pain, disc disease, disk disease, intradiscal electrothermal annuloplasty, IDEA, intradiscal electrothermal therapy, IDET degenerative disc disease, degenerative disk disease, herniated disc, herniated disk, laser diskectomy, lumbar disc disease, lumbar disk disease, sciatica, laser discectomy, low back pain complex migraine, migraine equivalent, migraine variant, classic migraine, cluster headache, aura migraine equivalents, migraine aura without headache, familial hemiplegic migraine, sporadic hemiplegic migraine, alternating hemiplegic migraine, basilar type migraine, childhood periodic syndromes, cyclic vomiting, abdominal migraine, benign paroxysmal vertigo of childhood, retinal migraine, ocular migraine, vertiginous migraine, vestibular migraine, migrainous infarction, migraine triggered seizure episodic tension-type headache, ETTH, chronic tension-type headache, CTTH, tension-type headache, TTH, tension headache, stress headache, muscle contraction headache, psychomyogenic headache, ordinary headache, psychogenic headache, muscle contraction tension headache, headache cluster headache, chronic daily headache, daily chronic headache, tension-type headache, analgesic abuse, rebound headache, analgesic-abuse headache, secondary headache, vascular headache, migraine variants, migraines, cluster headache, tension headache, medication-overuse headache, MOH, migraine with aura, migraine without aura, migrainous aura, migraine transformation, familial hemiplegic migraine, ophthalmoplegic migraine, migraine equivalent, classic aura, late-life migrainous accompaniments, retinal migraine, ocular migraine, abdominal migraine, complicated migraine, vertebrobasilar migraine, status migrainosus, histamine cephalalgia, Horton neuralgia, erythromelalgia
 back pain, chronic back pain, lower back pain, LBP, chronic low back pain, cLBP, chronic lumbar pain, lumbar pain, lumbar spine pain, degeneration of the spine, spinal degeneration, back trauma, spine trauma, trauma of the spine, spinal trauma, chronic lumbago, chronic lumbar muscle spasm, lumbar disc degeneration and spondylosis, lumbar segmental degeneration and instability with concomitant soft tissue dysfunction, myofascial pain syndrome, fibrositis, inflammatory spondyloarthropathy, metabolic bone disease PVP, cement injection, polymethylmethacrylate injection, PMMA, spine, vertebral fracture, vertebral malignancy, vertebral hemangioma, percutaneous vertebroplasty trigeminal nerve, trigeminal neuralgia, TMJ, temporomandibular joint syndrome, TMJ syndrome, migraine, headache, cluster headache herpes zoster, HZ, varicella zoster, chicken pox, shingles, zoster sine herpete, ZSH, human herpesvirus-3, HHV-3, varicella-zoster virus, VZV, PHN, post-herpetic neuralgia, postherpetic neuralgia, viral infection idiopathic intracranial hypertension, IIH, benign intracranial hypertension, pseudotumor cerebri, elevated intracranial pressure, papilledema, progressive optic atrophy, blindness facial pain, oculosympathetic palsy, Raeder's syndrome, paratrigeminal neuralgia, unilateral face pain, Horner syndrome, ipsilateral oculosympathetic palsy, paratrigeminal oculosympathetic syndrome acute peripheral trophoneurosis, algodystrophy, causalgia, chronic traumatic edema, mimocausalgia, neurovascular posttraumatic painful syndrome, neurovascular reflex dystrophy, neurovascular reflex sympathetic dystrophy, posttraumatic chronic edema, posttraumatic osteoporosis, posttraumatic pain syndrome, posttraumatic sympathetic dystrophy, RSD, shoulder-hand syndrome, spreading neuralgia, Sudeck atrophy, sympathalgia, thermalgia, traumatic angiospasm, traumatic vasospasm, complex regional pain syndrome type 1 TMJ syndrome, TMJ syndrome, temporomandibular joint syndrome, TMJ disease, temporomandibular joint disorder, TMJD, Costen's syndrome, Costen syndrome, temporomandibular disorders, jaw clenching, bruxism, jaw pain, jaw bone disorder, degenerative joint disease, DJD, rheumatoid arthritis, RA, ankylosis, jaw dislocations, jaw infections, neoplasia nerve blocks, technique; nerve blocks, rationale; nerve blocks, complications; local anesthetics; injection, pain treatment; chronic pain disorders; therapeutic injections for pain management; acute pain syndromes; chronic pain syndromes; regional anesthesia; pain disorders; therapeutic blocks; sympathetic blocks; diagnostic blocks; prognostic blocks; prophylactic blocks; pain management techniques TOS, thoracic outlet syndrome, brachial plexus, neurologic TOS, vascular TOS, compression of the subclavian artery, compression of the subclavian vein, brachial plexus compression, congenital anomaly, arterial TOS, venous TOS, combined neurovascular TOS tic douloureux, TN, trigeminal neuralgia, pain syndrome

ARF, group A streptococcal pharyngitis, streptococcal pharyngitis, Sydenham chorea, painful migratory arthritis, rheumatic heart disease, chorea, erythema marginatum, subcutaneous nodules, antistreptococcal antibodies, antistreptolysin O, ASO, Aschoff nodules, carditis, Jones criteria, valvular murmurs, streptococcal infection amyloidosis, secondary amyloidosis, amyloid A amyloidosis, AA amyloidosis, inflammation-associated amyloidosis, rheumatoid arthritis, RA, serum amyloid A protein, SAA protein amyloid diseases, primary amyloidosis, secondary amyloidosis, myeloma-associated amyloidosis, familial amyloidosis, localized amyloidosis, senile amyloidosis, senile cardiac amyloidosis, light chain amyloidosis, AL, familial amyloid polyneuropathy, transport protein transthyretin, TTR, ATTR, systemic amyloidosis, A amyloidosis, AA, heavy chain amyloidosis, AH, beta2-microglobulin amyloidosis, A2M, familial renal amyloidosis, apolipoprotein AI amyloidosis, AapoAI, fibrinogen amyloidosis, AFib, lysozyme amyloidosis, ALys, apolipoprotein AII amyloidosis, AapoAII, beta protein amyloid, A, prion protein amyloidosis, APrP, cystatin C amyloidosis, ACys, gelsolin amyloidosis, AGel, atrial natriuretic factor amyloidosis, AANF, keratoepithelin amyloidosis, AKE, lactoferrin amyloidosis, ALac, calcitonin amyloidosis, ACal, islet amyloid polypeptide amyloidosis, AIAPP,prolactin amyloid, Apro, keratin amyloid, Aker
 senile cardiac amyloidosis, senile systemic amyloidosis, familial amyloidotic polyneuropathy, transthyretin-type familial amyloid cardiomyopathy ankylosing spondylitis, undifferentiated spondyloarthropathy, Marie-Strьmpell disease, von Bechterew disease, von Bechterew's disease, spondyloarthropathies, SpAs, AS, rheumatoid spondylitis, USpA, peripheral enthesitis, sacroiliitis, Schober test, cauda equina syndrome, dactylitis, European Spondyloarthropathy Study Group criteria, Amor criteria, New York criteria, Rome criteria, Romanus lesion, bamboo spine, fused spine, Reiter syndrome, Reiter's syndrome, reactive arthritis, ReA, RS, psoriatic arthritis, PsA, Whipple disease, Behзet disease, uveitis, iritis, iridocyclitis яAPS, antiphospholipid antibody syndrome, aPL syndrome, anticardiolipin antibody syndrome, aCL syndrome, lupus anticoagulant syndrome, LA syndrome, Hughes syndrome, Sneddon syndrome, SLE, systemic lupus erythematosus, rheumatic disease, arterial thrombosis, anticoagulation, low-molecular-weight heparin, low molecular weight heparin, LMWH, unfractionated heparin, anticoagulation therapy, thrombosis, thrombosis prophylaxis arthralgia, joint disease, joint pain, joint ache, musculoskeletal manifestations, acute monoarthritis, pseudogout, chronic polyarthritis, polyarticular arthritis, acute sarcoid arthritis, hypothyroidism, hyperparathyroidism, Cushing disease, acromegaly, hypercholesterolemia, hyperlipidemia, hemochromatosis, sarcoidosis, calcium pyrophosphate deposition disease, CPPD, carpal tunnel syndrome, tendon xanthomas, Lofgren syndrome, diabetes mellitus, type 1 diabetes, type 2 diabetes, Dupuytren contracture, Dupuytren's, flexor tenosynovitis, adhesive capsulitis, Charcot joint avascular necrosis, AVN, osteonecrosis, aseptic necrosis, ischemic necrosis, femoral head necrosis, total hip arthroplasty, THA, core decompression, bone graft, bone grafting, osteotomy Behзet disease, Behзet's disease, Adamantiades-Behзet disease, inflammatory arthritis, sacroiliitis, ulcerative lesions, aphthous ulcers, oral ulcers, oral lesions, skin lesions, genital ulcers, phlebitis, uveitis, iritis, hypopyon, retinal vasculitis, erythema nodosum, pseudofolliculitis, papulopustular lesions, pathergy, vasculopathy, superficial thrombophlebitis, deep venous thrombophlebitis, Budd-Chiari syndrome, mouth and genital ulcers with inflamed cartilage, MAGIC, autoimmune disease CPDD, chondrocalcinosis, pseudogout, pyrophosphate arthropathy, lanthanic, acute pseudogout, pseudoosteoarthritis, pseudorheumatoid arthritis, pseudo-rheumatoid arthritis, pseudo-osteoarthritis, pseudoneuropathic joints, pseudo-neuropathic joints, calcium pyrophosphate dihydrate, CPPD, gout, pseudo-gout, arthritis, pseudoarthritis, pseudo-arthritis, osteoarthritis Churg-Strauss syndrome, CSS, allergic granulomatosis angiitis, granulomatous small-vessel vasculitis, syndrome of small- to medium-sized arteries and veins, antibodies to neutrophil cytoplasmic antigens, ANCA, asthma, wheezing, expiratory rhonchi, eosinophilia, paranasal sinusitis, pulmonary infiltrates, vasculitis with extravascular eosinophils, mononeuritis multiplex or polyneuropathy, Churg-Strauss–like syndrome, CSS-like syndrome, allergic rhinitis, eosinophilic pneumonia, gastroenteritis cryoglobulinemia, cryoproteinemia, cryoglobulins, immunoglobulins, essential cryoglobulinemia, simple cryoglobulinemia, type I cryoglobulinemia, type II cryoglobulinemia, type III cryoglobulinemia, mixed cryoglobulinemia, essential cryoglobulinemia, idiopathic cryoglobulinemia, hepatitis C virus, HCV, secondary cryoglobulinemia, glomerulonephritis, chronic vasculitis, cryoprecipitation, systemic lupus erythematosus, SLE, Sjögren syndrome, Sjögren's syndrome, hyperviscosity, thrombosis, acrocyanosis, retinal hemorrhage, Raynaud phenomenon, Raynaud's phenomenon, livedo reticularis, purpura, arterial thrombosis, multiple myeloma, Waldenström macroglobulinemia, Waldenström's macroglobulinemia, chronic liver disease dermatomyositis, idiopathic inflammatory myopathy, IIM, dermatomyositis sine myositis, amyopathic dermatomyositis, ADM, juvenile dermatomyositis, childhood dermatomyositis, DM, polymyositis, PM, DM-sine myositis, myositis with malignancy, childhood DM, childhood PM, myositis, postmyopathic DM, postmyopathic dermatomyositis, complement-mediated vascular inflammation, terminal attack complex, calcinosis, heliotrope rash, Gottron papules Dupuytren contracture, palmar fascia, finger contracture, palmar fasciotomy, fasciectomy, dermofasciectomy, fibroblast proliferation, myofibroblasts, collagen deposition, type III collagen, basic fibroblast growth factor, platelet-derived growth factor, transforming growth factor-beta, glycosaminoglycans, metacarpophalangeal joint, MCP joint, proximal interphalangeal joint, PIP joint, distal interphalangeal joint, DIP joint, plantar fasciitis, Peyronie disease, trisomy 8 abnormality, trisomy 8 syndrome, palmar tendinitis, reflex sympathetic dystrophy enteropathic arthropathy, enteropathic arthropathies, rheumatologic conditions, gastrointestinal pathology, GI pathology, reactive arthritis, Shigella, Salmonella, Campylobacter, Yersinia, Clostridium difficile, C difficile, intestinal parasites, Strongyloides stercoralis, S stercoralis, Taenia saginata, T saginata, Giardia lamblia, G lamblia, Ascaris lumbricoides, A lumbricoides, Cryptosporidium, inflammatory bowel disease, Crohn disease, IBD, jejunoileal intestinal bypass, celiac disease, Whipple disease, collagenous colitis, HLA-B27, sacroiliitis, spondylitis, peripheral arthritis EMS, eosinophilia-myalgia syndrome, toxic oil syndrome, TOS, L-tryptophan, tryptophan, polyneuropathy, cardiopulmonary disease, superimposed infection eosinophilic fasciitis, EF, eosinophilia, scleroderma, elevated sedimentation rate, elevated ESR, hypergammaglobulinemia, fascial thickening, hematologic disease, Shulman syndrome, Shulman's syndrome, peripheral eosinophilia, fasciitis, Borrelia burgdorferi, B burgdorferi Felty syndrome, FS, Felty's syndrome, pseudo-Felty syndrome, pseudo-Felty's syndrome, rheumatoid arthritis, RA, splenomegaly, granulocytopenia, rheumatoid factor, RF, large granular lymphocytosis syndrome, LGL FM, FMS, fibromyalgia syndrome, fibrositis, widespread chronic pain syndrome, tension myalgia, diffuse myofascial pain, chronic pain, chronic fatigue, psychologic distress, poor sleep, chronic fatigue syndrome, allodynia, hyperalgesia, biopsychosocial disorder, affective spectrum disorder, functional somatic syndrome giant cell arteritis, giant-cell arteritis, temporal arteritis, TA, GCA, polymyalgia rheumatica, PMR, aching syndrome, cranial arteritis, intimal hyperplasia, vasculopathy, ischemic optic retinopathy, aneurysms, dissections, stenotic lesions, ischemic optic retinopathy, vision loss, visual defects, fever of unknown origin, limb claudication gonococcal arthritis, acute septic arthritis, Neisseria gonorrhoeae, N gonorrhoeae, disseminated gonococcal infection, DGI, arthritis-dermatitis syndrome, localized septic arthritis, dermatitis, tenosynovitis, migratory polyarthritis gout, uric acid metabolism, joint inflammation, joint destruction, chronic tophaceous gout, tophaceous gout, gouty arthritis, hyperuricemia, insulin resistance, type 2 diabetes mellitus, abdominal obesity, hypercholesterolemia, hypertension, cyclosporin A, acute monoarticular arthritis, podagra, pseudogout, polyarticular arthritis, uric acid, primary gout, secondary gout, acute gout, chronic gout primary hypertrophic osteoarthropathy, primary HOA, HOA, secondary HOA clubbing, Hippocratic fingers, pachydermoperiostosis, Touraine-Solente-Gole syndrome, Goldbloom's syndrome, Goldbloom syndrome, Pierre Marie-Bamberger's disease, Pierre Marie-Bamberger disease, osteoarthropathie hypertrophiante pneumique, hypertrophic pulmonary osteoarthropathy, HPOA, acropachy, digital clubbing, periostosis, intrathoracic malignancy, intrathoracic infection, cyanotic cardiac disease, cyanotic heart disease, congenital clubbing, familial clubbing, cystic fibrosis, osteosarcoma, aneurysm, arteriovenous fistula, AV fistula, A-V fistula, venous abnormality, hemiplegia, infected arterial grafts, endothelial infection, thyroid acropachy, pulmonary fibrosis, chronic obstructive lung disease, COPD, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, lung cancer, infective endocarditis, cirrhosis, hepatic carcinoma, liver cancer, hepatic cancer, Crohn disease, Crohn's disease, ulcerative colitis, laxative abuse, polyposis, esophageal carcinoma, esophageal cancer, thymoma, achalasia, Graves disease, Graves' disease, thalassemia, POEMS syndrome KD, Kawasaki syndrome, Kawasaki's syndrome, Kawasaki's disease, mucocutaneous lymph node syndrome, infantile periarteritis nodosa, vasculitis, atypical KD, incomplete KD, atypical Kawasaki disease, incomplete Kawasaki disease, polymorphous rash, bilateral conjunctival injection, erythematous rash leukocytoclastic vasculitis, LCV, hypersensitivity vasculitis, allergic angiitis, small vessel vasculitis, small-vessel vasculitis, Henoch-Schönlein purpura, Henoch-Schönlein purpura, serum sickness, serum sickness syndrome, urticarial vasculitis, upper respiratory tract infections, beta-hemolytic streptococci, viral hepatitis, HIV, bacterial endocarditis, hepatitis C, hepatitis B, collagen vascular disease, rheumatoid arthritis, Sjögren syndrome, lupus erythematosus, inflammatory bowel disease, ulcerative colitis, Crohn disease, hairy cell leukemia, cutaneous vasculitis, Wegener granulomatosis, polyarteritis nodosa, microscopic polyarteritis, Churg-Strauss syndrome, erythema elevatum diutinum regional fibrosis, localized scleroderma, systemic sclerosis, morphea, generalized morphea, linear scleroderma, en coup de sabre, retroperitoneal fibrosis, mediastinal fibrosis, Dupuytren contracture Lyme borreliosis, parasite infection, spirochete infection, tick bite, tick infestation, Lyme tick, Ixodes, Borrelia burgdorferi, B burgdorferi, deer tick, bull's eye lesion, neuroborreliosis, Lyme titer, tick-borne illness, erythema migrans, erythema chronicum migrans, ECM, tick-borne meningoencephalitis, Lyme arthritis, Borrelia burgdorferi sensu stricto, B burgdorferi sensu stricto, Borrelia burgdorferi garinii, B burgdorferi garinii, Borrelia burgdorferi afzelii, B burgdorferi afzelii FMF, periodic disease, recurrent polyserositis, familial Mediterranean fever, amyloidosis, colchicine therapy, colchicine, appendicitis, peritonitis, amyloid nephropathy, MEFV gene, pyrin, marenostrin, amyloid A, serum amyloid A, nephrotic syndrome, paroxysm, renal vein thrombosis, proteinuria, vasculitis, arthritis, myalgia syndrome, peritonitis, pleuritis, peritoneum, seronegative spondyloarthropathy, chemotactic factor microscopic polyangiitis, MPA, small vessel vasculitis, microscopic polyarteritis nodosa, microscopic PAN, small vessel vasculitides, systemic vasculitis, Wegener granulomatosis, Wegener's granulomatosis, Churg-Strauss syndrome, polyarteritis nodosa mixed connective-tissue disease, MCTD, arthritis, arthralgia, esophageal reflux, secondary pulmonary hypertension, Raynaud phenomenon, systemic lupus erythematosus, SLE, scleroderma, myositis, anti–U1-ribonucleoprotein, anti–U1-RNP, acrosclerosis, esophageal dysmotility, myositis, rheumatic disease, antibodies against U1-70 kd, small nuclear ribonucleoprotein, snRNP lupus nephritis, systemic lupus erythematosus, SLE, end-stage renal disease, ESRD, end-stage kidney disease, chronic kidney disease, chronic renal disease, chronic renal failure, glomerulonephritis, hematuria, renal failure, kidney failure, mesangial nephritis, hypertension, proteinuria, active lupus nephritis, focal proliferative lupus nephritis, diffuse proliferative lupus nephritis, mesangial lupus nephritis, membranous lupus nephritis, active nephritis, sclerosing lupus nephritis, mesangial proliferative lupus nephritis, focal lupus nephritis, diffuse lupus nephritis, focal sclerosing lupus nephritis, diffuse segmental proliferative lupus nephritis, diffuse global proliferative lupus nephritis, diffuse segmental sclerosing lupus nephritis, diffuse global sclerosing lupus nephritis, advanced sclerosis lupus nephritis nonarticular rheumatism, regional pain syndrome, soft tissue rheumatic pain syndrome, myofascial pain syndrome, repetitive strain injury, cumulative movement disorders, tendonitis, bursitis, neurovascular entrapment, multiple tendonitis and bursitis syndrome, fibromyalgia, fibrositis, FMS, temporomandibular joint syndrome bacterial arthritis, fungal arthritis, mycobacterial arthritis, septic arthritis, infectious arthritis, non-gonococcal arthritis, nongonococcal infectious arthritis, non-gonococcal infectious arthritis, infected joint prosthesis, joint prosthesis infection, gram-positive cocci, Staphylococcus aureus, S aureus, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, P aeruginosa, Streptococcus, Staphylococcus epidermidis, S epidermidis, Salmonella, Pasteurella multocida, P multocida, Eikenella corrodens, E corrodens, Mycobacterium tuberculosis, M tuberculosis, Mycobacterium kansasii, M kansasii, Mycobacterium marinum, M marinum, Candida albicans, C albicans, Candida parapsilosis, C parapsilosis, Sporothrix schenckii, S schenckii, streptococcal species, group A streptococci, group A Streptococcus, methicillin-resistant S aureus, MRSA, candidal organisms, staphylococcal joint infections osteoarthrosis, OA, joint pain, back pain, physical therapy osteoporosis, soft bones, broken hip, dowager hump, thin bones, fragile bones, hormone replacement therapy, HRT, calcium, bone aging, brittle bones, bone loss, bone mass, postmenopausal osteoporosis, type 1 osteoporosis, estrogen deficiency, testosterone deficiency, type 2 osteoporosis, senile osteoporosis, osteopenia, low bone mass, secondary osteoporosis, primary osteoporosis, hypogonadism, heparin, anticonvulsants, phenytoin, barbiturates, carbamazepine, treatment-induced vitamin D deficiency, decreased intestinal calcium absorption, secondary hyperparathyroidism, corticosteroids, decreased calcium absorption, chemotherapeutic agents, cyclosporine A, antacids, aluminum-containing antacids, Cushing syndrome, chronic thyrotoxicosis, prolonged immobilization, multiple myeloma, calcium deficiency, beta thalassemia, type 3 osteoporosis Paget disease, Paget's disease, osteitis deformans, osteoporosis circumscripta, bone disorder, bone disease, woven bone, pagetic bone, bone inflammation, chronic bone inflammation, bone remodeling, burned-out Paget disease, burned-out Paget's disease
 PAN, c-PAN, classic polyarteritis nodosa, systemic vasculitis, necrotizing inflammatory lesions, hepatitis B–related PAN, HBV-related PAN, non–HBV-related PAN s relapsing polychondritis, RP, cartilaginous inflammation, cartilage inflammation, inflamed cartilage, inflamed ear, ear inflammation, inflamed nose, nose inflammation, inflamed laryngotracheobronchial tree, laryngotracheobronchial tree inflammation, airway chondritis, infection secondary to corticosteroid treatment, respiratory compromise, systemic vasculitis, auricular chondritis, seronegative arthritis, non-nodular arthritis, nonnodular arthritis, respiratory tract chondritis, audiovestibular damage, audio-vestibular damage, aortic arch syndrome, abdominal aortic aneurysm, aortic regurgitation, chondrolysis, chondritis, perichondritis polymyalgia rheumatica, PMR, giant cell arteritis, GCA, collagen diseases, muscle pain, morning stiffness, HLA-DR4, interleukin-2, IL-2, interleukin-6, IL-6, remitting seronegative symmetrical synovitis with pitting edema, RS3PE, carpal tunnel syndrome, malaise, fatigue, depression, nonerosive synovitis, tenosynovitis, bursitis polymyositis, PM, idiopathic inflammatory myopathy, dermatomyositis, DM, inclusion body myositis, IBM, virus-mediated muscle injury, microvascular insult, collagen vascular disease psoriasis, arthritis, skin disease, bone disease, rheumatism, rheumatoid arthritis, psoriatic arthropathy, arthritis mutilans, arthropathia psoriatica, psoriatic spondylitis, asymmetrical seronegative oligoarticular arthritis, dactylitis, sausage digits, pencil-in-cup radiograph, opera-glass hand vasospasm, Raynaud's phenomenon, reversible ischemia of peripheral arterioles, exposure to cold, stress-related ischemia, systemic sclerosis, scleroderma, secondary Raynaud, secondary Raynaud's, vasospasm, pallor Reiter syndrome, Reiter's syndrome, RS, reactive arthritis, ReA, nongonococcal urethritis, conjunctivitis, oculo-urethro-synovial syndrome, Shigella dysentery, gastrointestinal infections, Salmonella, Campylobacter, Chlamydia trachomatis, C trachomatis, Yersinia, ankylosing spondylitis, psoriatic arthritis, seronegative spondyloarthropathy, infectious diarrhea, genitourinary infection
 reflex sympathetic dystrophy, RSD, causalgia, Sudeck's atrophy, Sudeck-Leriche syndrome, minor traumatic dystrophy, major traumatic dystrophy, shoulder-hand syndrome, neurovascular dystrophy, post-traumatic vasomotor disorder, sympathetic neurovascular dystrophy, post-traumatic vasospasm, post-infarctional sclerodactyly, traumatic angiospasm, transient regional osteoporosis, algodystrophy, complex regional pain syndrome, CRPS RA, systemic inflammatory disease, rheumatoid factor, RF, cyclooxygenase, COX-1, COX-2, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, NSAIDs, disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs, disease-modifying anti-rheumatic drugs, DMARDs, joint destruction, uncontrolled inflammation, cartilage destruction, bone destruction, morning stiffness, rheumatoid nodules rheumatoid arthritis and pregnancy, RA, arthritis, DMARDs and pregnancy, disease-modifying anti-rheumatic drugs, disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs, spontaneous abortions, preeclampsia, preterm delivery, pregnancy complications, pregnancy management, adverse fetal outcome, decreased sexual drive, ovulation dysfunction, impaired hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis, impaired HPA axis scleroderma, systemic sclerosis, progressive systemic sclerosis, hard skin, skin tightening, skin tightness, proximal scleroderma, sclerodactyly, bibasilar pulmonary fibrosis, diffuse cutaneous scleroderma, limited cutaneous scleroderma, Raynaud phenomenon, Raynaud's phenomenon, pulmonary hypertension, calcinosis, esophageal dysmotility, telangiectasias, CREST, diffuse systemic scleroderma, endothelial cell injury, fibroblast activation, immunologic derangement, silica exposure, solvent exposure
 serum sickness, hypersensitivity vasculitis, drug-induced vasculitis, immune complex disease, foreign serum, serum protein, serum disease, serum reaction, foreign proteins, haptens, serum syndrome, antigens, leukocytoclastic vasculitis, secondary serum sickness, antirabies serum, tetanus antitoxin Mikulicz disease, Gougerot syndrome, Gougerot's syndrome, autoimmune exocrinopathy, sicca complex, Sjogren's syndrome, SS, xerophthalmia, dry eyes, xerostomia, dry mouth, parotid gland enlargement, connective tissue disease, systemic lupus erythematosus, SLE, rheumatoid arthritis, RA, scleroderma, rheumatic disorders, sicca symptoms, parotitis, polymyositis, primary biliary cirrhosis, thyroiditis, chronic active hepatitis, mixed cryoglobulinemia, AIDS, acquired immunodeficiency syndrome systemic lupus erythematosus, SLE, lupus, multisystem inflammatory disease, chronic inflammatory disease, autoimmune disorder, chronic autoimmune disease, multisystem microvascular inflammation, nephritis, corticosteroid-induced proatherogenesis, acute psychosis, organic brain syndrome, severe systemic vasculitis, mononeuritis multiplex, mesenteric vasculitis, severe thrombocytopenia, thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura-like syndrome, rapidly progressive glomerulonephritis, diffuse alveolar hemorrhage, malar rash, discoid rash, photosensitivity, oral ulcers, arthritis, pleurisy, pericarditis, proteinuria, leukopenia, lymphopenia, arthralgia, myalgia, Jaccoud arthropathy, butterfly rash, chronic discoid lesions, discoid lupus, alopecia, panniculitis, lupus profundus, vasculitic purpura, urticaria, livedo reticularis, nasal septal perforation, nephrotic syndrome, acute renal failure, chronic renal insufficiency, vasculitis with renal infarction, thrombotic stroke, thromboembolic stroke, microangiopathic lupus cerebritis, cranial neuropathy, peripheral neuropathy, papilledema, nystagmus, tinnitus, vertigo, facial palsy, motor neuropathy, sensory neuropathy, transverse myelitis, spastic paraparesis, pleural effusions, acute lupus pneumonitis, chronic lupus interstitial disease, lupus-related pneumonic process, pulmonary embolism, pulmonary hypertension, dysphagia, esophageal candidiasis, peritonitis, pancreatitis, bowel infarction, serositis, verrucous endocarditis, Libman-Sacks endocarditis, myocarditis, atherosclerotic coronary artery disease, coronary vasculitis, coronary thrombosis, tendinitis, corticosteroid-induced myopathy, fibromyalgia syndrome, hypertension, periorbital edema, peripheral edema, anasarca, aseptic meningitis, seizures, stroke syndromes, pneumonitis, diffuse intrapulmonary hemorrhage, congestive heart failure, infectious endocarditis, lymphadenopathy, splenomegaly Takayasu arteritis, TA, pulseless disease, Takayasu's disease, Takayasu's arteritis, Takayasu disease, aortic arch syndrome, middle aortic syndrome stenotic lesions, angioplasty, renovascular stenosis, coronary artery stenosis, extremity claudication, cerebral ischemia, critical stenosis, aortic regurgitation, thoracic aneurysm, abdominal aneurysm, percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty, PTCA joint pain, arthritis, monoarthritis, polyarthritis, synovitis, enthesitis, tendonitis, bursitis, rheumatoid arthritis, RA, osteoarthritis, seronegative spondyloarthropathy, sero-negative spondyloarthropathy rheumatic disorder, enthesopathy, joint crystal deposition, joint infection, cartilage destruction, infectious arthritis, inflammatory arthritides, gouty arthritis, gout, pseudogout, pseudo-gout, Reiter syndrome, Lyme arthritis, systemic lupus erythematosus, SLE, psoriatic arthritis, ankylosing spondylitis, spondyloarthropathy, degenerative joint disease, acute rheumatic fever, ARF, rheumatic fever, RF, septic arthritis, supraspinatus tendinitis, subacromial bursitis, bursitis, disease-modifying anti-rheumatic drugs, DMARDs, disease modifying anti-rheumatic drugs undifferentiated connective-tissue disease, undifferentiated connective tissue disease, UCTD, early connective-tissue disease, rheumatoid arthritis, RA, systemic lupus erythematosus, SLE, systemic sclerosis, SSc, polymyositis, PM, dermatomyositis, DM, mixed connective-tissue disease, MCTD, Sjögren's syndrome, Sjögren syndrome, SS viral-induced arthritis, virus-induced arthritis, arthritis, chronic arthralgia, rheumatoid arthritis, RA, polyarticular arthritis, rheumatic disease, rheumatoid arthritis, hepatitis B virus, HBV, hepatitis C virus, HCV, hepatitis, parvovirus B19, B19 virus, parvovirus B-19, alphaviruses, alpha virus, alphavirus, retroviruses, retrovirus, rubella virus, Rubivirus, HIV, HIV-1, human T-lymphotropic virus 1, HTLV-1, Epstein-Barr virus, EBV, human immunodeficiency virus type 1, human immunodeficiency virus, HIV infection, HIV disease, erythema infectiosum, fifth disease WG, Wegener's granulomatosis, Wegener's disease, Wegener disease, systemic vasculitis, systemic necrotizing angiitis, necrotizing granulomatous inflammation of the respiratory tract, necrotizing glomerulonephritis, rapidly progressive glomerulonephritis, RPGN, necrotizing granulomatous pulmonary inflammation, occasionally, alveolar capillaritis, glomerulonephritis, GN, pauci-immune complex, pauci-immune glomerulonephritis, ELK classification

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Децата и възрастните изложени на пасивно пушене имат нарушена ендотелна функция.

       Връзката между тютюнопушенето и нарушената ендотелна функция е доказана отдавна, наскоро Circulation доказаха и индиректната връзка между това явление и преждевременното развитие на атеросклерозата.

delta-aminolevulinic acid dehydratase porphyria, ADP, plumboporphyria, ALA, porphobilinogen, PBG, coproporphyrin III, erythrocyte protoporphyrin IX, acute hepatic porphyria, ALA dehydratase deficiency porphyria acute lymphoblastic leukemia, ALL, lymphoid precursor cells, lymphoblasts, malignant lymphoid disorder, cancer, bone marrow malignancy, bone marrow cancer, leukemia, bone marrow failure, lymphoma, bone marrow carcinoma, anemia, thrombocytopenia, neutropenia, leukemia in children, bone pain, acute nonlymphoblastic leukemia, acute nonlymphocytic leukemia, acute non-lymphoblastic leukemia, acute non-lymphocytic leukemia, nonlymphoblastic leukemia, nonlymphocytic leukemia, non-lymphoblastic leukemia, non-lymphocytic leukemia, leukemia, cancer, acute myeloid leukemia, AML, bone marrow cancer, bone marrow failure, radiation exposure, Bloom syndrome, Down syndrome, trisomy 21, congenital neutropenia, Fanconi anemia, neurofibromatosis, acute promyelocytic leukemia, APL, M3, promyelocytic leukemia, immature bone marrow cells, chromosomal translocation, genetic abnormality, cytogenetic abnormalities, anemia, thrombocytopenia, neutropenia, myelodysplastic syndrome, MDS, antecedent hematologic disorder, AHD, disseminated intravascular coagulation, DIC, organ infiltration with leukemic cells, leukostasis, familial erythroleukemia, bone marrow transplantation, bone marrow transplant, BMT, allogeneic BMT, autologous BMT, alkylating agents, topoisomerase-II inhibitors, acute monocytic leukemia, M5, acute myelomonocytic leukemia, M4, blast count, acute undifferentiated leukemia, M0, acute megakaryocytic leukemia, M7, bone marrow aspiration, arabinosylcytosine, araC, fibrinolysis, all-trans-retinoic acid, ATRA, retinoic acid syndrome, malignant disease of bone marrow, bleeding gums, multiple ecchymoses, gingivitis, petechiae, leukemia cutis, chloromata, soft-tissue chloroma, granulocytic sarcoma, Li-Fraumeni syndrome, aplastic anemia, pancytopenia, myelofibrosis, paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinuria, polycythemia vera AMM, idiopathic myelofibrosis, aleukemic myelosis, myelosclerosis, leukoerythroblastic anemia with diffuse osteosclerosis, megakaryocytic splenomegaly, anemia, bone marrow fibrosis, extramedullary hematopoiesis, leukoerythroblastosis, hepatosplenomegaly, hematopoietic system, chronic myeloid leukemia, chronic myelogenous leukemia, chronic myelocytic leukemia, CML, polycythemia vera, essential thrombocytosis granulocytopenia, neutropenia, neutrophils, absolute neutrophil count, ANC, stomatitis, periodontitis, pharyngitis, autoimmune hemolytic anemia, idiopathic thrombocytopenic neutropenia, Kostmann syndrome, granulocyte colony-stimulating factor, G-CSF, ELA2 α2-plasmin inhibitor deficiency, alpha2-antiplasmin, fast-acting plasmin inhibitor, α2PI deficiency, bleeding disorders, hemostasis, plasmin inhibitors, inherited alpha2-plasmin inhibitor deficiency, acquired alpha2-plasmin inhibitor deficiency, prolonged bleeding, mucosal bleeding, increased bruising, increased hematomas, muscle bleeding, bleeding into joints, excessive bleeding, excessive bruising AL, light chain amyloidosis, primary amyloidosis, primary systemic amyloidosis, myeloma-associated amyloidosis, Ig-related amyloidosis, immunoglobulin-related amyloidosis, monoclonal plasma cell dyscrasias, monoclonal plasma cell disorder, amyloid deposits, amyloid L chain type, multiple myeloma, monoclonal gammopathy of undetermined significance, MGUS, nonamyloid monoclonal immunoglobulin deposition disease, MIDD red blood cell count, RBC, hemoglobin concentration, Hb, hematocrit, Hct, reticulocytes, erythrocytes, sickle cell anemia, thalassemia, malaria, hookworm, chronic infections, iron deficiency, folic acid deficiency, mean corpuscular volume, MCV, mean corpuscular hemoglobin concentration, MCHC, blood loss, increased RBC destruction, hemolysis, decreased production of RBCs, heme iron, anemia, decrease in red blood cell, decrease in RBC mass, hereditary spherocytosis, glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase deficiency, G-6-PD deficiency, chronic hemolytic anemia, pernicious anemia, calf cramps, hemoglobinopathies, sex-linked sideroblastic anemias, Fanconi syndrome, use of aspirin, use of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, use of NSAIDs, use of Coumadin, gastrointestinal bleeding, tarry stools, neoplasms of colon, hemorrhoidal blood loss, pagophagia, cramps in the calves, sore tongue, cheilosis, steatorrhea, coagulopathy, thrombocytopenia, bleeding disorders, hypothyroidism, lupus erythematosus, paroxysmal cold hemoglobinuria, macroglobulinemias, march hemoglobinuria, paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinuria, endocrinopathy, pallor, hepatomegaly, splenomegaly, bacterial endocarditis

enzyme abnormalities of the glycolytic pathways, hemolytic uremic syndrome, thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura, toxoplasmosis, leishmaniasis, gram-negative sepsis, cytomegalovirus, infectious mononucleosis, hepatitis, collagen vascular diseases, neoplasia, hepatic disease, renal disease, malignancies, chronic diseases, megaloblastic anemia, aplastic anemia, frostbite, burns, trauma, hemorrhage, generalized malnutrition, folate deficiency, vitamin B-12 deficiency, Fanconi anemia, AT deficiency, antithrombin III, AT III, ATIII, anticoagulation, anticoagulant, coagulation factors, hemostatic pathway, coagulation pathway, serine protease inhibitor, deep vein thrombosis, DVT, venous thrombosis, pulmonary embolism, PE, venous thromboembolism, VTE, thrombotic disease, acute respiratory distress syndrome, ARDS, venoocclusive disease, veno-occlusive disease, VOD, bone marrow transplantation, BMT, chronic leg ulcerations, severe venous varicosities, postphlebitic syndrome, low molecular weight heparin, low-molecular-weight heparin, LMWH, pooled plasma treated with solvent-detergent, PLAS+SD, Budd-Chiari syndrome, estrogen, hormone replacement therapy, HRT aplastic anemia, progressive hypocythemia, aregeneratory anemia, aleukia hemorrhagica, panmyelophthisis, hypoplastic anemia, toxic paralytic anemia, bone marrow failure syndrome, peripheral pancytopenia oxygen carriers, artificial oxygen carriers, oxygen-carrying volume expanders, hemoglobin-based oxygen carriers, perfluorocarbons, PFCs, blood, stroma-free hemoglobin bone marrow examination, bone marrow pathology, evaluation of hematologic disorders, bone marrow biopsy, fever of unknown origin, FUO pancytopenia, stem cell defect, hypoplastic anemia, aplastic anemia, single cytopenias, acquired bone marrow failure, inherited bone marrow failure, bone marrow failure syndromes, Fanconi anemia, dyskeratosis congenital, Diamond-Blackfan anemia, inherited bone marrow failure syndromes, IBMFS CLL, monoclonal disorders, well-differentiated lymphoma, small lymphocytic lymphoma, prolymphocytic leukemia, weight loss, extreme fatigue, night sweats, progressive marrow failure, autoimmune anemia, thrombocytopenia, progressive splenomegaly, massive lymphadenopathy, progressive lymphocytosis chronic myelogenous leukemia, CML, chronic granulocytic leukemia, Philadelphia chromosome positive myeloproliferative disorder, lymphoblastic leukemia, leukemia, leukocytosis, splenomegaly, blast crisis, enlarged spleen, lymphoproliferative disorder, blood cell cancer, Philadelphia chromosome, Ph chromosome, BCR/ABL, BCR-ABL severe combined immunodeficiency, SCID, X-linked severe combined immunodeficiency, XSCID, JAK3 deficiency, adenosine deaminase deficiency, ADA deficiency, reticular dysgenesis, X-linked hyper-IgM syndrome, common lymphoid progenitor, CLP, X-linked agammaglobulinemia, XLA, XHM, reticular dysgenesis, cartilage-hair hypoplasia, CHH, malnutrition, HIV infection, combined immunodeficiency, human immunodeficiency virus infection, bacterial pneumonia, viral pneumonia, Pneumocystis carinii infection, P carinii infection, PCP, cytomegalovirus infection, CMV infection, disseminated bacille Calmette-Guerin infection, disseminated BCG infection, atypical mycobacterial infection, skin candidiasis, opportunistic infection, failure to thrive, short-limbed dwarfism, Omenn syndrome, reticular dysgenesis, Wiskott-Aldrich syndrome, WAS, common variable immunodeficiency, CVID Cooley's anemia, beta thalassemia, beta thalassemia major, thalassanemia, splenomegaly, mongoloid facial features, blood disorder, hemoglobin disorder, blood disease, beta thalassemia, beta thalassemia intermedia, beta thalassemia minor, beta thalassemia major, Cooley's anemia, alpha thalassemia, hemoglobin, beta-globin gene production, hemoglobin A DIC, consumptive coagulopathy, bleeding, thrombosis, thrombin, plasmin, disseminated intravascular coagulation congenital dysfibrinogenemia, cirrhosis, hepatoma, hepatitis, abnormal clot formation, fibrinopeptide, fibrinolysis, thrombotic events, fibrin, dysfibrinogenemia of liver disease, acquired dysfibrinogenemia hereditary elliptocytosis, HE, elliptical red cells, Southeast Asian ovalocytosis, SAO, hereditary pyropoikilocytosis, HPP, elliptocytes, hemolytic anemia, folate deficiency, splenectomy eosinophilic leukocytes, idiopathic hypereosinophilic syndrome, HES, CHINA, Ascaris lumbricoides, Löffler syndrome, simple pulmonary eosinophilia, tropical eosinophilia erythroleukemia, Di Guglielmo disease, Di Guglielmo syndrome, acute myelogenous leukemia, AML, neoplastic proliferation, erythroid precursor, myeloid precursor, M6 AML primary erythromelalgia, secondary erythromelalgia, erythermalgia, myeloproliferative disorder, arteriolar fibrosis, idiopathic erythromelalgia, platelet-mediated erythromelalgia, aspirin-sensitive erythromelalgia, primary erythermalgia, secondary erythermalgia, polycythemia vera, essential thrombocytosis acquired factor II deficiency, inherited factor II deficiency, deficiency of factor II, prothrombin deficiency, FII, F II, prothrombin, vitamin K–dependent proenzyme, vitamin K deficiency, prothrombin abnormality, clotting, coagulation, blood coagulation cascade, hypoprothrombinemia, dysprothrombinemia, prothrombin complex concentrates, prothrombin 20210a, thrombophilia hemophilia B, Christmas disease, hemophiliac, hemophilia, blood factors, factor 9, FIX, bleeding disorder, blood disease, blood disorder, hemarthrosis, hematomas, mucocutaneous bleeding, inherited blood disease, familial bleeding disorder, familial blood disease, factor replacement therapy FVII, F7 gene, proconvertin, stable factor, serum prothrombin conversion accelerator, SPCA, autoprothrombin I, recombinant factor VIIa, rFVIIa, NovoSeven, coagulation, procoagulants, coagulation cascade, anticoagulant factors, Dubin-Johnson syndrome, Rotor syndrome, prothrombin conversion accelerator deficiency, coagulation disorder, blood disorder blood disease, hemophilia A, hemophilia, hemophilia B factor VIII coagulant activity, F VIII-C, FVIII-C, F VIII clotting activity, FVIII clotting activity, antihemophilic globulin, blood disease, blood disorder, hematologic disorder, bleeding disorder, hemostatic system, plasma coagulation system, hemophilia A, hemophilia B, hemophilia, haemophilia, hemorrhagic disorder, coagulation disorder, clotting disorder, blood clotting, coagulopathies, coagulopathy factor X deficiency, FX, FX deficiency, Stuart factor, Prower factor, Stuart-Prower factor, autoprothrombin III, thrombokinase, vitamin K deficiency, liver disease, hepatic disease, blood disorder, factor disorder, coagulation disorder, clotting disorder, bleeding disorder, blood factor deficiency, factor deficiency, easy bruising, hematuria, soft tissue hemorrhages, hemarthroses, recurrent epistaxis, menorrhagia, congenital factor X deficiency, acquired factor X deficiency factor XI deficiency, FXI deficiency, hemophilia C, plasma thromboplastin antecedent deficiency, Rosenthal's syndrome, Rosenthal syndrome, PTA deficiency, bleeding disorder plasma transglutaminase, fibrin stabilizing factor, transligase, factor XIII deficiency, fibrin stabilizing factor deficiency, FXIII, FXIII deficiency, rFXIII, FXIIIa, hemophilia, bleeding diathesis, autosomal blood disorder, blood disorder, congenital hemorrhagic diathesis, coagulation disorder, tissue transglutaminase, thrombin folic acid deficiency, folate deficiency, vitamin deficiency, vitamin deficiencies, folate, p-aminobenzoic acid, PABA, polyglutamates, tetrahydrofolic acid, THFA, macrocytosis, hypersegmented polymorphonuclear leucocytes, PMNs, anemia Glanzmann disease, Glanzmann thrombasthenia, Glanzmann's thrombasthenia, hemorrhagic disorders, genetic platelet disorders, platelet glycoprotein IIB, GP IIb, platelet glycoprotein IIIa, GP IIIa, GP IIa/IIIb, defective platelet aggregation, von Willebrand factor, vWF, bleeding G-6-PD deficiency, X-linked disorders, nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate, NADP+, nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate, NADPH, enzyme deficiency, chronic nonspherocytic hemolytic anemia, neonatal jaundice, acute hemolytic anemia, fava beans, favism, enzymopathy granulopenia, hypogranulocytosis, neutropenia, neutrophils, eosinophils, basophils, granulocytes, agranulocytosis, granulocytopenia leukemic reticuloendotheliosis, hairy cell leukemia, HCL, chronic lymphoid leukemia, B-cell disease, clonal B-cell lymphocyte, hairy cell leukemia, pancytopenia, anemia, thrombocytopenia, neutropenia, hepatosplenomegaly HCD, gamma-HCD, Franklin disease, rheumatoid arthritis, Sjögren syndrome, lupus erythematosus, autoimmune hemolytic anemia, lymphadenopathy, hepatosplenomegaly, heavy-chain disease, lymphoplasmacytic proliferative disorders mu-HCD, heavy chain disease, HCD, B-cell proliferative disorder, immunoglobulin heavy chain, Ig heavy chain, plasma cell disorder, monoclonal gammopathy of unknown significance, gammopathies, chronic lymphocytic leukemia, CLL, multiple myeloma, plasmacytoma, splenomegaly, peripheral lymphadenopathy, hepatomegaly, osteolytic lesion, pathologic fractures HSCT, bone marrow transplantation, BMT, peripheral blood progenitor cells, PBPCs, peripheral blood progenitor cell transplantation, PBPCT, stem cell transplantation, SCT, hematopoietic stem cell transplantation, HSCT, autologous proximal stem cell rescue, total body irradiation, TBI, allogenic transplant, allogeneic transplant, syngeneic transplant, syngenic transplant, autologous transplant, Hodgkin's disease, Hodgkin's lymphoma, Hodgkin disease, Hodgkin lymphoma, non-Hodgkin lymphoma, NHL, multiple myeloma, breast cancer, germ cell tumors, leukemia, myelodysplastic syndromes, aplastic anemia, thalassemia, sickle cell anemia, neuroblastoma, testicular carcinoma, malignant melanoma, soft tissue sarcoma, small-cell lung cancer, colon cancer, ovarian cancer, uterine cancer, severe combined immunodeficiency disorders, SCID, Wiskott-Aldrich syndrome, WIS, Chediak-Higashi syndrome, graft versus host disease, graft-versus-host disease, graft-vs-host disease, GVHD, National Marrow Donor Program, NMDP HbC disease, mild hemolytic anemia, benign hemoglobinopathies, musculoskeletal pain, joint pain, iron deficiency, iron supplementation, angioid streaks, hemoglobin C, gallstones, pigmented gallstones, malaria, Bruch membrane, retinopathy, cholelithiasis, dental infarction, hemolysis, HbC, splenomegaly Donath-Landsteiner hemolytic anemia, cold-induced immune hemolytic anemia, PCH, paroxysmal cold hemoglobinuria, autoimmune hemolytic anemia, AIHA, intravascular hemolysis, anemia, blood disorder, blood disease, cold exposure, biphasic hemolysin hemolysis, premature erythrocyte destruction, hereditary hemoglobin abnormalities, glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase deficiency, G6PD deficiency, G-6-PD deficiency, hereditary spherocytosis, sickle cell anemia, sickle cell trait, sickle cell disease, AIHA, autoimmune hemolytic anemia, microangiopathic anemia, disseminated intravascular coagulation, DIC, hemolytic uremic syndrome, HUS, hemolytic-uremic syndrome, TTP, thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura, defective prosthetic cardiac valves, parvovirus B19 infection, anemia hemolytic-uremic syndrome, HUS, progressive renal failure, microangiopathic hemolytic anemia, thrombocytopenia, acute renal failure, ARF, thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura, TTP, thrombotic microangiopathies, TMAs, verotoxin-producing Escherichia coli, E coli, VTEC, hamburger disease, Gasser syndrome, Shiga-like toxin–associated HUS, Stx-HUS, non-Stx–associated HUS, non-Stx-HUS, Shigella dysenteriae, S dysenteriae hemophilia A, HA, hemophilia B, HB, Christmas disease, clotting disorder, blood disease, blood disorder, coagulation disorder, factor VIII, FVIII, factor IX, FIX, factor XIII, FXIII, factor XI, FXI, hemophiliac, thrombin, coagulation cascade, joint hemorrhage, hemophilic arthropathy, acute hemarthroses, hemorrhagic death, F8C gene, F9 gene afibrinogenemia, dysfibrinogenemia, nonplatelet hemostasis, coagulation, thrombosis, thromboses, clotting, thrombophilia, hemorrhage, bleeding, factor V deficiency, FV deficiency, Owren disease, parahemophilia, factor VII deficiency, FVII deficiency, factor VIII deficiency, FVIII deficiency, factor X deficiency, FX deficiency, factor XI deficiency, FXI deficiency, factor XII deficiency, FXII deficiency, factor XIII deficiency, FXIII deficiency, factor V Leiden deficiency, disseminated intravascular coagulation, DIC, protein C deficiency, activated protein C resistance, aPCR, protein S deficiency, hemophilia, antithrombin III deficiency, hemostatic disorders, hypoprothrombinemias, cryoglobulinemias, multiple myeloma, Waldenstrom macroglobulinemia, Henoch-Schönlein purpura, hyperglobulinemic purpura, cavernous hemangioma, hereditary hemorrhagic telangiectasia, pseudoxanthoma elasticum, Ehlers-Danlos syndrome, scurvy, Cushing syndrome,Shwartzman phenomenon, vitamin K deficiency, von Willebrand disease, Waterhouse-Friderichsen syndrome, Wiskott-Aldrich syndrome Hodgkin lymphoma, Hodgkin disease, Hodgkin's disease, Hodgkin's lymphoma, malignant lymphoma, lymph cancer, Epstein-Barr virus, EBV, nodular sclerosis Hodgkin disease, mixed cellularity Hodgkin disease, lymphocyte depleted Hodgkin disease, lymphocyte-depleted Hodgkin disease, lymphocyte-rich Hodgkin disease, nodular Hodgkin disease, nodular lymphocyte-predominant Hodgkin disease, lymph node cancer idiopathic hypereosinophilic syndrome, HES, IHS, IHES, eosinophilia, eosinophilic leukemia, acute eosinophilic leukemia, chronic eosinophilic leukemia, CEL, overproduction of eosinophils immune thrombocytopenic purpura, ITP, autoimmune thrombocytopenia purpura, AITP, idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura, neonatal alloimmune thrombocytopenia, NAIT, fetomaternal alloimmune thrombocytopenia, FMAIT idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura, ITP, autoimmune thrombocytopenic purpura, primary thrombocytopenic purpura, thrombocytopenia, purpura, petechiae, thrombocytopenic purpura, bleeding disorder, platelet disorder, splenectomy, intravenous immune globulin therapy, IVIG therapy, IV RhIG therapy, intravenous RhIG therapy, intravenous Rho immune globulin therapy IVIG, gamma globulin, gammaglobulin, intravenous Ig, immunoglobulin preparations, Ig preparations, immunomodulating agents, idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura, ITP, Kawasaki disease, Kawasaki's disease, graft versus host disease, GVHD, graft vs host disease, graft-vs-host disease, graft-versus-host disease, Guillain-Barre syndrome, polymyositis/dermatomyositis, polymyositis, dermatomyositis, blood disease, hematological disease, hematologic disease, immune dysfunction sideropenia, posthemorrhagic anemia, erythropoiesis, hemosiderosis, sprue, celiac disease, regional enteritis, ferric iron, ferrous iron, small bowel disease, regional enteritis, previous gastrointestinal surgery, intestinal parasites, hookworms, gastrointestinal neoplasms, gastrointestinal bleeding, pica eating, clay eating, starch eating, hematuria, hematemesis, hemoptysis, hemorrhage, melanotic stool, pagophagia, leg cramps, dysphagia with esophageal webbing, koilonychia, glossitis, angular stomatitis, gastric atrophy, atrophic changes of the tongue, splenomegaly, phytates, oxalates, phosphates, carbonates, tannates, hemosiderinuria, hemoglobinuria, pulmonary hemosiderosis, paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinuria, brisk intravascular hemolytic anemia, prolonged achlorhydria, celiac syndrome, sex-linked anemia, microcytic anemia, metabolic processes KMS, Kaposi hemangioendothelioma, Kaposi's hemangioendothelioma, kaposiform hemangioendothelioma, consumptive thrombocytopenia, thrombocytopenic purpura, tufted angiomas, vascular lesions, ecchymotic lesions, interferon alfa, Kasabach Merritt syndrome, vascular tumor, mitogen KD, histiocytic necrotizing lymphadenitis, cervical lymphadenopathy, Kikuchi disease, Kikuchi-Fujimoto disease, Kikuchi's disease, lymph node enlargement, lymphoma, systemic lupus erythematosus, SLE, upper respiratory tract infections, URTIs, cytomegalovirus, Epstein-Barr virus, human herpesvirus, varicella-zoster virus, parainfluenza virus, parvovirus B19, paramyxovirus, lymphadenitis LCDD, light chain disease, renal disease, renal insufficiency, proteinuria, nephrotic syndrome, multiple myeloma, lymphoproliferative disease, end-stage renal disease, ESRD, light-chain deposition disease non-Hodgkin lymphoma, NHL, lymph node, lymphoid tissue, indolent lymphomas, aggressive lymphomas, Burkitt lymphoma, B-cell neoplasms, T/NK-cell neoplasms, Hodgkin lymphoma, Hodgkin's lymphoma, B-cell chronic lymphocytic leukemia, CLL, B-cell CLL, B-cell small lymphocytic lymphoma, lymphoblastic lymphomas, T-cell acute lymphocytic leukemias, diffuse large B-cell lymphoma, follicular lymphoma, follicular large cell lymphoma, mantle cell NHL, small lymphocytic lymphoma, splenic marginal zone lymphoma, extranodal B-cell lymphoma of mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue, MALT, mediastinal diffuse large B-cell lymphoma, indolent NHL, lymphoproliferative malignancy, lymphoproliferative disease, Revised European-American Lymphoma Classification, REAL Classification, immunocytoma, mycosis fungoides, Sézary syndrome, lymphadenopathy, Waldeyer ring, bcl-2 apoptotic inhibitor oncogene cutaneous T-cell lymphoma, CTCL, lymphoma, skin cancer, lymphoproliferative disorder, mycosis fungoides, MF, Sézary syndrome, follicular MF, pagetoid reticulosis, Woringer-Kolopp disease, anaplastic large cell lymphoma, ALCL, lymphomatoid papulosis, LyP, peripheral T-cell lymphoma, PTCL diffuse large cell lymphoma, intermediate-grade lymphoma, large cell lymphoma, immunoblastic lymphoma, non-Hodgkin lymphoma, NHL intermediate grade lymphoma, diffuse small and large cell lymphoma, malignant lymphoma, diffuse mixed type, intermediate-grade lymphoma, mixed histiocytic-lymphocytic malignant lymphoma, malignant lymphoma, mixed small and large cell lymphoma, diffuse mixed lymphomas, cancer, malignant histiocytes, malignant lymphocytes follicular lymphoma, nodular lymphomas, low-grade lymphomas, indolent lymphomas, non-Hodgkin Lymphoma, lymphoid tissue, lymph nodes, spleen, bone marrow, primary extranodal lymphoma high-grade lymphoma, large-cell immunoblastic lymphoma, high-grade malignant immunoblastic lymphoma, diffuse histiocytic lymphoma, diffuse large B-cell lymphoma, DLBCL, immunoblastic lymphoma, IBL, B-cell disorder, high-grade non-Hodgkin lymphoma, NHL, high-grade NHL, intermediate-grade NHL, diffuse large cell NHL, diffuse large-cell NHL, diffuse large cell lymphoma, diffuse large-cell lymphoma, DLCL, cancer lymphoblastic lymphoma, LBL, non-Hodgkin lymphoma, NHL, non-Hodgkin's lymphoma, acute lymphoblastic leukemia, ALL, cancer, childhood cancer, painless lymphadenopathy, constitution B symptoms, neoplastic disease, cancerous tumor, lymph node biopsy, LNB, high-grade lymphoma, immunoblastic lymphoma, malignant lymphoproliferative disorder, lymph node–based disease anaplastic large cell lymphoma, ALCL, anaplastic lymphoma kinase-positive lymphoma, ALK-positive lymphoma, anaplastic Ki-1+ large cell lymphoma, lymphoma, large cell anaplastic CD30+ Ki-1 lymphoma, Ki-1 large cell lymphoma, cutaneous and nodal Ki-1 positive anaplastic large cell lymphoma, cutaneous lymphoma, skin cancer, cancer, extranodal lymphoma, extra-nodal lymphoma, systemic lymphoma, systemic cancer, anaplastic lymphoma small noncleaved cell lymphoma, SNCC lymphoma, Burkitt's lymphoma in children, Burkitt lymphoma in children, BL, Burkittlike lymphoma in adults, BLL, high-grade non-Hodgkin lymphoma, high-grade non-Hodgkin's lymphoma, NHL, B-cell lymphoma MCL, lymphocytic lymphoma of intermediate differentiation, intermediate lymphocytic lymphoma, ILL, diffuse poorly differentiated lymphocytic lymphoma, PDL, centrocytic lymphoma, diffuse small-cleaved cell lymphoma, DSCCL, mental zone lymphoma primary mediastinal B-cell lymphoma, PMBL, B-cell neoplasm non-Hodgkin lymphoma, NHL, non-Hodgkin's lymphoma, Hodgkin disease, Hodgkin's disease, Revised European-American Lymphoma classification, REAL classification, lymphoid tissues, lymph, hematopoietic neoplasm, mantle cell lymphoma, T/NK lymphoma, Burkitt lymphoma, Burkitt's lymphoma, indolent NHL, follicular lymphoma, small lymphocytic lymphoma, SLL, lymphoplasmacytoid lymphoma, marginal zone lymphoma, diffuse large B-cell lymphoma, immunoblastic lymphoma, anaplastic lymphoma, lymphoblastic lymphoma, Burkitt-like lymphoma, Burkitt's-like lymphoma XLP syndrome, Duncan syndrome, Duncan's syndrome, X-linked recessive progressive combined variable immunodeficiency syndrome, Epstein-Barr virus, EBV, infectious mononucleosis, hypogammaglobulinemia, lymphoma, lymphoproliferative diseases megaloblastic anemia, vitamin B-12 deficiency, folate deficiency, chronic alcoholism, accelerated erythropoiesis, alcoholism, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, COPD, Lesch-Nyhan syndrome, deficient enzymes for folate metabolism, homocystinuria, myelodysplastic anemia, myelophthisic anemia, aplastic anemia, acquired sideroblastic anemia, liver disease, hypothyroidism systemic mast cell disease, SMCD, cutaneous mastocytosis, urticaria pigmentosa, systemic mastocytosis, mast cell disease, extracutaneous mast cell disease, extra-cutaneous mast cell disease, myeloproliferative disease, myeloproliferative disorders blood disorder, megaloblastosis, cobalamin deficiency, vitamin B-12 deficiency, folate deficiency, pernicious anemia, PA, cobalamin neuropathy, ineffective erythropoiesis, food-cobalamin malabsorption, gastrectomy, Zollinger-Ellison syndrome, ZES, ileal resection, regional ileitis, intestinal lymphoma, Diphyllobothrium latum, D latum, fish tapeworm, blind loop syndrome, nitrous oxide exposure, NO exposure, surgical intestinal resection, amyloidosis, Whipple disease, scleroderma, psoriasis, exfoliative dermatitis, pregnancy, neural tube defects, drug reactions, chemotherapy, neurological impairment methemoglobin, metHB, NADH-metHb reductase deficiencies, acquired methemoglobinemia, enterogenous methemoglobinemia, secondary methemoglobinemia, congenital methemoglobinemia, hereditary methemoglobinemia, hereditary methemoglobinemic cyanosis, primary methemoglobinemia, cyanosis, cytochrome b5reductase deficiency, hemoglobin M monoclonal gammopathy of undetermined significance, MGUS, plasma cell dyscrasias, multiple myeloma, MM, Waldenström macroglobulinemia, WM, AL amyloidosis, other lymphoproliferative disorders lymphoid tissue, lymph node, mucus membrane, mucus, mucosal tissue, tonsils, Peyer patches, Peyer's patches, vermiform appendix, non-Hodgkin lymphoma, non-Hodgkin's lymphoma, NHL, lymphoma, malignancy, malignancies, cancer, Hashimoto thyroiditis, Hashimoto's thyroiditis, Crohn disease, Crohn's disease, celiac disease, Sjögren syndrome, Helicobacter pylori, H pylori, MALT, gut-associated lymphoid tissue, GALT, bronchial/tracheal-associated lymphoid tissue, BALT, nose-associated lymphoid tissue, NALT, vulvovaginal-associated lymphoid tissue, VALT, MALToma, MALT lymphoma, gastric MALT lymphoma, nongastric MALT lymphoma, gastric MALToma, nongastric MALToma, human mucosa myeloma, bone marrow malignancy, bone marrow cancer, myeloma multiple, plasma cell myeloma, Kahler's disease, Kahler disease, plasma cell dyscrasia, plasma cell leukemia, leukopenia, anemia, thrombocytopenia, bone pain, hypercalcemia, spinal cord compression, hyperviscosity, amyloidosis, renal failure, monoclonal gammopathy of unknown significance, MGUS, M and P chemotherapy, leukemia, plasma cell leukemia, VAD chemotherapy, plasmacytoma, renal impairment, compression fracture of vertebral body, shingles, herpes zoster, Haemophilus infections, epistaxis, stroke, myocardial ischemia, myocardial infarction, carpal tunnel syndrome, meningitis, peripheral neuropathies, ecchymoses, purpura, macroglossia mycosis fungoides, MF, cutaneous T-cell lymphoma, CTCL, Sézary syndrome, SS, erythroderma, malignant lymphoma, skin lesions, Staphylococcus aureus, S aureus, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, P aeruginosa MDS, preleukemia, refractory dysmyelopoietic anemia, smoldering leukemia, subacute myelogenous leukemia, dysmyelopoiesis, refractory anemia, RA, RA with ringed sideroblasts, RARS, RA with excess blasts, RAEB, RAEB in transformation, RAEB-T, anemia, blood disease, hematopoietic disorders, leukemia, acute leukemia, refractory anemia with ringed sideroblasts, refractory anemia with excess blasts, refractory anemia with excess blasts in transformation, chronic myelomonocytic leukemia, CMML, hematopoietic stem cell injury, apoptosis, programmed cell death, petechiae, thrombocytopenia, neutropenia, epistaxis, gum bleeding, hemoptysis, hematuria, enlarged spleen, pneumonias, urinary tract infections, secondary acute leukemia, primary MDS, secondary MDS, leukemogenic chemicals, insecticides, weed killers, fungicides myelophthisis, secondary myelofibrosis, marrow infiltration, marrow granuloma, infiltrative myelopathy, nonhematopoietic cells, cytopenia, thrombocytopenia, neutropenia, pancytopenia MPD, polycythemia vera, PV, polycythemia rubra vera, primary thrombocythemia, PT, agnogenic myeloid metaplasia, AMM, chronic myelogenous leukemia, CML, myelofibrosis, MF, acute leukemia, myelodysplastic syndrome, essential thrombocythemia, ET, Budd-Chiari syndrome, chronic idiopathic myelofibrosis, CIM, chronic neutrophilic leukemia, (CNL), chronic eosinophilic leukemia (CEL), hypereosinophilic syndrome, HES neutropenia, Schultz disease, agranulocytosis, granulocytopenia, leukopenia, neutropenic fever, circulating neutrophils, granulocyte colony-stimulating factor, G-CSF, bone marrow transplantation leukocytosis, granulocytosis, neutrophils, host defense PNH, hemolytic anemia, hemoglobinuria, hemosiderinuria, Marchiafava-Micheli syndrome, dark-colored urine, hemolysis, paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinuria vitamin B-12 deficiency, cobalamin deficiency, Cbl deficiency, addisonian anemia, Biermer anemia, Hunter-Addison anemia, Lederer anemia, Biermer-Ehrlich anemia, Addison-Biermer disease, macrocytic achylic anemia, malignant anemia, cobalamine deficiency, adenosylcobalamin, methylcobalamin, intrinsic factor, IF, macrocytic anemia, neurological complications, severe gastric atrophy, achlorhydria, gastrectomy, gastric stapling, bypass procedures for obesity, extensive infiltrative disease of the gastric mucosa, Zollinger-Ellison syndrome, tropical sprue, regional enteritis, ulcerative colitis, ileal lymphoma, Imerslьnd-Grasbeck syndrome, chronic pancreatitis, sore tongue, smooth tongue with loss of papillae, paresthesias, megaloblastic madness, tapeworm infestation, Diphyllobothrium latum, congenital pernicious anemia, hereditary transcobalamin I deficiency, megaloblastic anemia, homocystinuria, homocystinemia plasma cell tumor, plasmocytoma, plasmacytoma of the skeletal system, solitary bone plasmacytoma, SBP, soft tissue plasmacytoma, SEP, extramedullary plasmacytoma, neoplastic monoclonal cell, bone marrow platelet disorders, autoimmune thrombocytopenia, alloimmune thrombocytopenia, drug-induced thrombocytopenia, thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura, blood disorders, bleeding disorders, hematologic disorders, hemostatic disorders, clotting disorders, hemostatic plug, prolonged bleeding time, petechiae, purpura, immune thrombocytopenic purpura, ITP, TTP, posttransfusion purpura, post-transfusion purpura, neonatal alloimmune thrombocytopenia, hemolytic uremic syndrome, HUS, von Willebrand disease, vWD, Bernard-Soulier syndrome, Glanzmann thrombasthenia, diffuse intravascular coagulation, DIC polycythemia vera, PV, plethora vera, primary polycythemia, stem cell disorders, bone marrow disorder, red cell hyperproliferation, increased red blood cells, blood hyperviscosity, impaired microcirculation, leukemia, red blood cell hyperproliferation, bone marrow cancer, bone marrow neoplasm, marrow neoplasm, bone marrow malignancy, neoplastic marrow disorder, panhyperplastic marrow disorder, pan-hyperplastic marrow disorder, malignant marrow disorder, unregulated neoplastic proliferation, Budd-Chiari syndrome, hepatic portal vein thrombosis, mesenteric vein thrombosis, uncontrolled red blood cell production, panmyelosis, myeloproliferative disease, MPD, hyperhomocystinemia, acquired von Willebrand syndrome, von Willebrand factor, headache, dizziness, vertigo, tinnitus, angina pectoris, intermittent claudications, epistaxis, gum bleeding, ecchymoses, GI bleeding, venous thrombosis, thromboembolism, stroke, arterial thromboses, splenomegaly, splenic infarction, hepatomegaly, plethora, ruddy complexion, hypertension, deletion of 20q, deletion of 13q, trisomy 8 , trisomy 9, trisomy of 1q, deletion of 5q, monosomy 5, deletion of 7q, monosomy 7, Janus kinase-2, JAK2 polycythemia, secondary erythrocytosis, hypoxemia-induced polycythemia, myeloproliferative disorders, secondary polycythemia, secondary polycythemic disorders, congenital heart disease, hypoxia, tissue hypoxia, blood disorder, secondary blood disorder, erythrocythemia acute intermittent porphyria, AIP, defects in heme metabolism, increased secretion of porphobilinogen, abdominal pain, psychiatric problems, hysteria, peripheral neuropathies, abdominal pain, neuropathy, constipation Dobson's complaint, heme biosynthesis, enzyme defects, acute intermittent porphyria, AIP, acute porphyria, intermittent acute porphyria, IAP, biochemical defects, variegate porphyria, VP, neurovisceral dysfunction, metabolism error, hypertension, abdominal colic, psychosis, neuropathy, Chester porphyria gene, inborn error of metabolism, porphobilinogen deaminase, protoporphyrinogen oxidase coproporphyria, defects in heme metabolism, excessive secretion of porphyrins, excessive secretion of porphyrin precursors, abdominal pain, peripheral neuropathies, psychiatric disturbance, hysteria protein C deficiency, thrombophilia, hypercoagulability, anticoagulant protein C, thrombosis, deep venous thrombosis, acquired protein C deficiency, zymogen, protein S, factor X, prothrombin, arterial thrombosis, activated protein C, APC purpura fulminans, protein S deficiency, vitamin K–dependent anticoagulant protein, protein S, activated protein C, APC, activated factor V, FVa, activated factor VIII, FVIIIa, thrombosis, venous thromboembolism, VTE, arterial thrombosis X-linked immunodeficiency with hyper-IgM, XHM, common variable immunodeficiency, CVID, immunodeficiency, immunodeficiencies, lymphoma, leukemia, B-cell immunodeficiency, B-cell immunodeficiencies, primary lymphopoiesis, PL, secondary lymphopoiesis, SL, X-linked agammaglobulinemia, XLA, Bruton agammaglobulinemia, IgA deficiency, immunoglobulin A deficiency, selective immunoglobulin M deficiency, selective IgM deficiency, Wiskott-Aldrich syndrome, WAS, malnutrition, antibody deficiency syndrome, B-cell disorder, B cell disorder, hypogammaglobulinemia, Good syndrome, transient hypogammaglobulinemia of infancy, THI, immunodeficiency with thymoma, IgG subclass deficiency, immunoglobulin G subclass deficiency, IgE hypogammaglobulinemia, immunoglobulin E hypogammaglobulinemia, Omenn syndrome, Job syndrome, hyperimmunoglobulin E syndrome, HIE syndrome, kappa light-chain deficiency, lambda light-chain deficiency PRCA, red blood cell aplasia, pure red blood cell aplasia, red cell aplasia, erythroblastic hypoplasia, erythroblastopenia, erythroid hypoplasia, red cell agenesis, absence of red blood cell precursors in bone marrow, RBC precursors, erythroid precursors, absence of reticulocytes, normoblastic normochromic anemia, normoblastic-normochromic anemia, Diamond-Blackfan syndrome, anemia, aplasia hereditary pyropoikilocytosis, congenital hemolytic anemia, homozygous hereditary elliptocytosis, partial spectrin deficiency, growth retardation, frontal bossing, gallbladder disease, irregular red blood cells, severe anemia, abnormal red blood cell morphology, splenectomy, low hemoglobin level, nonhemolytic hereditary elliptocytosis, spectrin deficiency, autosomal recessive gene hemoglobin SS disease, homozygous hemoglobin S disease, sickle cell disease, SCD, mutant hemoglobins, Hb S, Hb SS, Hb A, Hb SA, anemia, red blood cells, RBC, sickle shaped, vasoocclusive crisis, sickle cell crisis hereditary spherocytosis, HS, familial hemolytic disorder, hemolytic anemia, anemia, blood disorder, hereditary hemolytic anemia, aplastic crisis, megaloblastic crisis, hemolytic crisis, cholecystitis, cholelithiasis, neonatal hemolysis, splenomegaly enlarged spleen, splenic enlargement, subacute bacterial endocarditis, SBE, infectious mononucleosis, hereditary spherocytosis, thalassemia major, splenic vein thrombosis, portal hypertension, chronic myeloid metaplasia, sarcoidosis, neoplasm, chronic lymphocytic leukemia, CLL, lymphoma, trauma, cyst, hemangioma, metastasis, giant abscess, tropical splenomegaly syndrome, hyperactive malarial syndrome, splenic injury, splenectomy, hypersplenism acanthocyte cell hemolytic anemia, acanthocytosis, neuroacanthocytosis, abetalipoproteinemia, chorea-acanthocytosis syndrome, McLeod phenotype hemoglobin H, hydrops fetalis, alpha thalassemia minor, alpha thalassemia major, thalassemia intermedia, alpha globin chains, beta globin chains, silent carrier state, homozygous alpha+ thalassemia, heterozygous alpha0 thalassemia, hemoglobin H disease, hemoglobin Barts, hydrops fetalis beta thalassemia syndromes, Cooley anemia, Mediterranean anemia, thalassemia major, thalassemia intermedia, thalassemia minor, thalassemia trait, hemoglobin E, hereditary disorder essential thrombocytosis, ET, primary thrombocythemia, idiopathic thrombocythemia, essential thrombocythemia, vascular thrombosis, acute myelogenous leukemia, AML, chronic myelogenous leukemia, CML reactive thrombocytosis, thrombocythemia, bone marrow progenitor cells, pro-inflammatory cytokines, granulocyte colony-stimulating factor, G-CSF, granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor, GM-CSF, clonal thrombocytosis, platelet, secondary thrombocytosis, benign, interleukin, IL, IL-1, IL-6, IL-11 Moschowitz syndrome, thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura, TTP, hemolytic-uremic syndrome, HUS, microangiopathic hemolytic anemia, von Willebrand factor, vWF, bland thrombi, petechiae, paralysis, coma blood transfusions, blood products, acute hemolytic transfusion reactions, transfusion complications, blood product reactions, allergic transfusion reaction, blood type, circulatory volume overload, anaphylactic transfusion reaction, blood anaphylaxis, hemolytic reactions, allergic reactions, anaphylactic reaction, anaphylaxis, transfusion-related acute lung injury, TRALI, transfusion-related lung injury, ABO antibody reaction, blood contamination, contaminated blood Waldenström hypergammaglobulinemia, malignant lymphoproliferative disease, monoclonal gammopathy, malignant monoclonal gammopathies, Waldenström macroglobulinemia, Waldenstrom macroglobulinemia, WM, lymphoproliferative disorder, clonal disorder, B-lymphocyte disorder, blood malignancy, hematologic malignancy, blood cell cancer von Willebrand disease, von Willebrand's disease, vWD, VWD, von Willebrand factor, VWF, vWF, mucocutaneous bleeding disorder, primary hemostasis impairment, bleeding disorder, hematological disorder, partial quantitative deficiency, qualitative deficiency, total deficiency

 


 

Nephrology/Нефрология
ACKD, renal cystic disease, renal cysts, kidney cysts, acquired renal cystic disease, ARCD, renal cell carcinoma ARF, kidney failure, acute tubular necrosis, ATN, chronic renal failure, tumor lysis syndrome, ethylene glycol poisoning, vasculitis, intrinsic renal failure, interstitial renal disease, renal dysfunction, oliguria, anuria, hypotension, congestive heart failure, unaccustomed exertion, blood loss, blood transfusions, connective tissue disorders, exposure to ethyl alcohol, exposure to ethylene glycol, exposure to mercury vapors, exposure to lead, exposure to cadmium, exposure to heavy metals, hypertension, diabetes, myeloma, chronic infection, myeloproliferative disorder, acute glomerulonephritis, severe glomerulonephritis, renal artery occlusion, urethral stricture, bladder outlet obstruction, prostate enlargement, interstitial nephritis, necrotizing vasculitis, ocular palsy, atheroembolic disease, endocarditis, renovascular disease, bladder cancer, epigastric bruit, prerenal ARF, Addison disease, diabetic ketoacidosis, pancreatitis, hypercalcemia, prostaglandin inhibition, cocaine use, intrarenal ARF, scleroderma, malignant hypertension, thrombotic angiopathy, ischemic tubular necrosis, chinese herb nephropathy, crescentic glomerulonephritis, postinfective glomerulonephritis, lupus nephritis, hepatitis, vasculitis-associated glomerulonephritides, postrenal ARF, prostatic hypertrophy ATN, acute renal failure, ARF, intrinsic renal disease, acute ischemic nephropathy, ischemic acute tubular necrosis, nephrotoxic acute tubular necrosis AS, hereditary nephritis, deafness, hematuria, type IV collagen, end-stage renal disease, ESRD, glomerular basement membrane, GBM, tubular basement membrane, TBM, autosomal dominant Alport syndrome, ADAS, autosomal recessive Alport syndrome, ARAS, X-linked Alport syndrome, XLAS, leiomyomatosis, anterior lenticonus, dot-and-fleck retinopathy, proteinuria dialysis-related amyloidosis, hemodialysis-associated amyloidosis, beta2-microglobulin amyloidosis, 2m amyloidosis, hemodialysis, HD, continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis, CAPD, near end-stage renal disease, carpal tunnel syndrome, flexor tenosynovitis, trigger finger, trigger thumb, scapulohumeral arthropathy, spondyloarthropathy, bone cysts, pathologic fractures, bone cysts amyloid, kidney disease, renal disease, kidney dysfunction, renal dysfunction, end-stage renal failure, ESRF, familial systemic amyloidosis, hereditary nonneuropathic amyloidosis, hereditary systemic amyloidosis, hereditary renal amyloidosis, Ostertag-type amyloidosis, apolipoprotein A-I amyloidosis, lysozyme amyloidosis, fibrinogen A alpha-chain amyloidosis, FRA, liver transplantation, hepatic transplantation, kidney transplantation, renal transplantation Goodpasture syndrome, Goodpasture's syndrome, GBM, anti-GBM disease, anti-GBM nephritis, renal failure, kidney failure, glomerulonephritis, lung hemorrhage, lung bleeding, pulmonary hemorrhage, glomerulonephritides, Alport syndrome, Alport's syndrome, kidney transplantation, kidney transplants, plasmapheresis, renal transplantation, renal transplant, fatal lung hemorrhage elevated urea nitrogen, elevated creatinine, acute or chronic renal failure, uremia salt-wasting disorder, salt-losing nephropathy, Gitelman syndrome, hyperplasia, juxtaglomerular complex, chloride channel, hyperaldosteronism, hypokalemic metabolic alkalosis, hypercalciuria, hypomagnesemia, nephrocalcinosis, kidney transplant, kidney transplantation, renal transplant, renal transplantation, end-stage renal disease, ESRD, growth hormone, GH, short stature, growth failure, growth retardation, renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system, RAAS CRF, chronic renal insufficiency, CRI, end-stage renal disease, ESRD, kidney disease, chronic renal impairment, glomerular filtration rate, GFR, systemic hypertension, proteinuria, hyperlipidemia, glomerulosclerosis, nephrotoxins, hyperphosphatemia, calcium phosphate deposition, type IV renal tubular acidosis, diabetes mellitus, hyperkalemia, metabolic acidosis, normochromic normocytic anemia, decreased synthesis of erythropoietin, uremia-induced platelet dysfunction, secondary hyperparathyroidism, osteitis fibrosa, renal osteodystrophy, osteomalacia, adynamic bone disease, dialysis-related amyloidosis, pericarditis, cardiac tamponade, encephalopathy, peripheral neuropathy, restless leg syndrome, systemic lupus erythematosus, severe arteriosclerosis, renal artery stenosis, cytoplasmic pattern antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibody, C-ANCA, perinuclear pattern antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibody–positive vasculitides, P-ANCA–positive vasculitides, antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibody–negative vasculitides, ANCA–negative vasculitides, atheroemboli, hypertensive nephrosclerosis, renal vein thrombosis, primary glomerular disease, membranous nephropathy, immunoglobulin A nephropathy, IgA nephropathy, focal segmental glomerulosclerosis, FSGS, membranoproliferative glomerulonephritis, rapidly progressive glomerulonephritis, crescentic glomerulonephritis, secondary glomerular disease, rheumatoid arthritis, mixed connective tissue disease, scleroderma, Goodpasture syndrome, Wegener granulomatosis, mixed cryoglobulinemia, postinfectious glomerulonephritis, endocarditis, hepatitis B, hepatitis C, syphilis, human immunodeficiency virus, HIV, parasitic infection, heroin use, penicillamine, gold, amyloidosis, light chain deposition disease, Alport syndrome, thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura, TTP, Henoch-Schönlein purpura, hemolytic-uremic syndrome, HUS, reflux nephropathy, tubulointerstitial disease, Sjögren syndrome, chronic hypokalemia, chronic hypercalcemia, sarcoidosis, multiple myeloma cast nephropathy, heavy metals, radiation nephritis, polycystic kidneys, cystinosis, urinary tract obstruction, urolithiasis, benign prostatic hypertrophy, retroperitoneal fibrosis, urethral stricture, neurogenic bladder diabetic glomerulosclerosis, persistent albuminuria, chronic renal failure, CRF, diabetes, diabetes mellitus, type 1 diabetes mellitus, type I diabetes mellitus, end-stage renal disease, ESRD, noninsulin-dependent diabetes mellitus, non-insulin-dependent diabetes, insulin dependent diabetes, insulin-dependent diabetes, NIDDM, IDDM, diabetic glomerulopathy, Kimmelstiel-Wilson lesions, Kimmelstiel-Wilson nodules, chronic renal insufficiency, cellular hypertrophy, enhanced collagen synthesis, systemic hypertension, kidney disease, renal disease, kidney failure
Encephalopathy, Dialysis
uremia, organic brain disorders, acute renal failure, end-stage renal disease, ESRD, dialysis, hyperparathyroidism, parathyroidectomy
segmental glomerulosclerosis, focal sclerosis, focal sclerosing glomerulonephritis, collapsing glomerulosclerosis, glomerular tip lesions, FSGS, heroin-associated FSGS, end-stage renal disease, ESRD, asymptomatic proteinuria, nephrotic syndrome, NS, nephrosis, renal disease, kidney disease acute nephritis, Bright disease, acute poststreptococcal glomerulonephritis, PSGN, acute postinfectious glomerulonephritis glomerulosclerosis, chronic renal failure, chronic kidney failure, CRF, end-stage renal disease, ESRD, end-stage kidney disease, ESKD, nephropathy, rapidly progressive glomerulonephritis, RPGN, focal segmental glomerulosclerosis, FSGS, glomerular fibrosis, tubulointerstitial fibrosis, lupus nephritis, azotemia, uremia, dialysis, renal replacement therapy, renal replacement, renal transplant, renal transplantation, kidney transplant, kidney replacement, kidney transplantation, renal dialysis, kidney dialysis, dialysis, hemodialysis, peritoneal dialysis GN, idiopathic crescentic glomerulonephritis, idiopathic rapidly progressive glomerulonephritis, RPGN, renal failure, kidney failure, acute nephritic syndrome, anti–glomerular basement membrane disease, anti-GBM disease, glomerulopathy, glomerular filtration rate, GFR, antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibody, ANCA, azotemia, oliguria, Goodpasture syndrome, Wegener granulomatosis, systemic lupus erythematosus, SLE, poststreptococcal glomerulonephritis, PSGN, membranoproliferative glomerulonephritis, MPGN lupus nephritis class IV, DPGN, autoimmune disorders, systemic lupus erythematosus, SLE, vasculitis syndromes, Wegener granulomatosis, microscopic polyangiitis, Churg-Strauss syndrome, essential mixed cryoglobulinemia, membranoproliferative glomerulonephritis, Henoch-Schönlein purpura, connective tissue diseases, rapidly progressive glomerulonephritis, RPGN, anti–glomerular basement membrane disease, anti-GBM disease, antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibody–associated glomerulonephritis, ANCA-associated glomerulonephritis, crescentic glomerulonephritis, Goodpasture syndrome, microscopic polyarteritis nodosa, PAN MPGN, mesangiocapillary glomerulonephritis, lobular glomerulonephritis, persistent hypocomplementemic glomerulonephritis, parietoproliferative glomerulonephritis, dense deposit disease, lobular nephritis membranous nephropathy, membranous glomerulonephritis glomerular diseases associated with infection, glomerular disease, infection-related glomerulonephritis, GN, postinfectious glomerulonephritis, PIGN, bacterial infection, viral infection, protozoal infection, helminth infection, bacterial endocarditis, shunt nephritis, visceral abscesses, syphilis, hepatitis B, hepatitis C, human immunodeficiency virus, HIV, cytomegalovirus, CMV, parvovirus B19, Hantavirus, malaria, schistosomiasis, leishmaniasis, filariasis, hydatid disease, toxoplasmosis, aspergillosis acute glomerulonephritis, acute nephritic syndrome, postinfectious glomerulonephritis, hematuria, proteinuria, red blood cell casts, poststreptococcal glomerulonephritis, APSGN, acute poststreptococcal glomerulonephritis, streptococcal infection, Streptococcus, streptococci, scarlet fever, nephritogenic streptococci, group A streptococci, GAS, pyodermatitis, throat infection, strep throat RPGN, rapidly progressive glomerulonephritis, Wegener granulomatosis, WG, Wegener's granulomatosis, Churg-Strauss disease, CS, Churg-Strauss syndrome, CSS, CSD, microscopic polyangiitis, MPA, circulating antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibody associated glomerulonephritis, ANCA disease, ANCA-associated disease, ANCA glomerulonephritis, ANCA-associated vasculitis, kidney disease, renal disease, kidney disorder, renal disorder, fibrinoid necrosis, extensive crescent formation, pauci-immune disease, pauciimmune disease, renal-limited necrotizing crescentic glomerulonephritis, NCGN, systemic lupus erythematosus, SLE, inflammatory bowel disease, IBD, sclerosing cholangitis, autoimmune hepatitis, rheumatoid arthritis, RA, Felty syndrome, Felty's syndrome, ANCA-associated vasculitides Goodpasture disease, anti–glomerular basement membrane disease, anti-GBM disease, pulmonary hemorrhage, glomerulonephritis, autoimmune disorders, end-stage renal disease, ESRD, diffuse pulmonary hemorrhage, glomerulonephritis, circulating antiglomerular basement membrane antibodies HIV associated nephropathy, HIV-associated nephropathy, HIVAN, HIV-related nephropathy, HIV infection, HIV disease, AIDS-related nephropathy, AIDS associated nephropathy, AIDS-associated nephropathy, renal disease, kidney disease, end-stage renal disease, ESRD, end-stage kidney disease, end stage renal disease, end stage kidney disease, kidney infection, pre-renal azotemia, prerenal azotemia, focal segmental glomerulosclerosis, FSGS, renal failure, kidney failure, anti-retroviral therapy, antiretroviral therapy, proteinuria, virus-induced renal injury, viral-induced renal injury, virus-induced kidney injury, viral-induced kidney injury calcium metabolism, excess calcium, hyperparathyroidism, calmodulin, vitamin D, neoplasm, malignancy, bony metastases renal tubular acidosis, anion gap, AG, AG acidosis, nonanion gap acidosis, normal anion gap acidosis, low plasma bicarbonate, low bicarbonate concentration, metabolic acidosis, chronic metabolic acidosis, bicarbonate-wasting acidosis, hyperchloremic metabolic acidosis, proximal renal tubular acidosis, pRTA, distal renal tubular acidosis, dRTA, hypokalemic distal renal tubular acidosis, RTA type I, type I RTA, hyperkalemic distal renal tubular acidosis, RTA type IV, type IV RTA, classic distal tubular acidosis, uremic acidosis, gastrointestinal bicarbonate loss, bicarbonaturia, bicarbonate wasting, potassium wasting, hypokalemia high potassium level excess magnesium, magnesium toxicity, magnesium overdose, magnesium overload, magnesium excess, renal failure, kidney failure, lithium therapy, hypothyroidism, Addison disease, familial hypocalciuric hypercalcemia, milk-alkali syndrome, milk alkali syndrome dehydration, hyperosmolality, inadequate fluid intake, water loss, electrolytes, poor water intake high blood pressure, HBP, coronary heart disease, CHD, congestive heart failure, CHF, left ventricular hypertrophy, LVH, heart failure, stroke, cerebrovascular accident, end-stage renal disease, ESRD, peripheral vascular disease, hypercholesterolemia, diabetes mellitus, pseudohypertension, white coat hypertension, cardiovascular system, silent killer, cardiac output, peripheral vascular resistance, vasoconstrictors, angiotensin, catecholamines, vasodilators, prostaglandins, kinins, atherogenesis, antihypertensive therapy, percutaneous transluminal renal angioplasty, PTRA, prehypertension, primary hypertension, essential hypertension, secondary hypertension, physiology of blood pressure regulation, pathogenesis of hypertension, pathophysiology of target organ damage in hypertension, left atrial enlargement, aortic root dilatation, atrial arrhythmias, atrial dysrhythmias, ventricular arrhythmias, ventricular dysrhythmias, systolic heart failure, diastolic heart failure, ischemic heart disease, sudden cardiac death, hemorrhagic stroke, atheroembolic stroke, hypertensive hemorrhage, hypertensive encephalopathy, lacunar-type infarctions, dementia, hypertensive nephrosclerosis, The National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey III, NHANES III, tobacco use, coarctation of aorta, subclavian artery stenosis, hypertensive retinopathy, renal artery bruit, renal artery stenosis, renal parenchymal disease, polycystic kidney disease, urinary tract obstruction, Liddle syndrome, renin-producing tumor, vasculitis, collagen vascular disease, oral contraceptives, hyperthyroidism, hypothyroidism, hypercalcemia, hyperparathyroidism, acromegaly, brain tumor, bulbar poliomyelitis, intracranial hypertension malignant hypertension, hypertensive emergency, hypertensive urgency, accelerated hypertension, papilledema, fibrinoid necrosis of arterioles and small arteries, microangiopathic hemolytic anemia, hypertensive encephalopathy, high blood pressure, elevated blood pressure gout, nephrolithiasis, uric acid, uric acid overproduction, uric acid underexcretion, uric acid under-excretion, renal insufficiency, renal failure, diuretic therapy, diabetes insipidus, diabetic ketoacidosis, ethanol intoxication, salicylate intoxication, starvation ketosis, Lesch-Nyhan syndrome, Kelley-Seegmiller syndrome, leukemia blast crisis, rhabdomyolysis, cytotoxic therapy, ethanol consumption, familial juvenile gouty nephropathy, FJGN, medullary cystic disease, chronic lead nephropathy, syndrome X, hypertension, preeclampsia, eclampsia, hyperparathyroidism, sarcoidosis, lead intoxication, lead poisoning, lead toxicity, lead exposure, occupational lead exposure, moonshine consumption, trisomy 21, purine-rich diet, tumor lysis syndrome, deficiency of aldolase B, aldolase B deficiency, glucose-6-phosphatase deficiency, G-6-P deficiency, glycogen storage disease, GSD, glycogenosis type I, von Gierke disease calcium, ionized calcium concentration, chronic renal failure, acute renal failure, vitamin D deficiency, magnesium deficiency, acute pancreatitis, hypoparathyroidism, pseudohypoparathyroidism low potassium, potassium homeostasis, potassium excretion, potassium intake magnesium, Mg, magnesium deficiency, magnesium depletion, mineral deficiency, dietary magnesium deprivation, primary intestinal hypomagnesemia, primary renal magnesium wasting, Gitelman syndrome, magnesium wasting, Bartter syndrome, diuretic therapy, diuretics, excessive lactation, severe sweating, hungry bone syndrome, hyperadrenergic states, acute alcoholism, chronic alcoholism, hypocalcemia electrolyte abnormality, low sodium, sodium deficiency, hypertonic hyponatremia, normotonic hyponatremia, hypotonic hyponatremia, normovolemic hypotonic hyponatremia, euvolemic hypotonic hyponatremia, volume depletion, volume overload, abnormal electrolyte level, abnormal electrolyte distribution, congestive heart failure, liver failure, renal failure, pneumonia, hyperlipidemia, paraproteinemia, pseudohyponatremia, liver cirrhosis, nephrotic syndrome, severe hypoproteinemia, syndrome of inappropriate ADH secretion, SIADH, severe hypothyroidism, adrenal insufficiency
 low phosphate, hereditary hypophosphatemic rickets, Fanconi syndrome, celiac sprue, renal tubular reabsorption, phosphate homeostasis, osteomalacia, vitamin D deficiency, parathyroid hormone, PTH, renal phosphate excretion, bone pain, rhabdomyolysis, altered mental status, phosphate-wasting syndromes, parathyroidectomy, hyperparathyroidism, Fanconi's syndrome, vitamin-D deficiency, alcoholism, diabetic ketoacidosis, sepsis, hypophosphatemic rickets, anorexia, bulimia, eating disorder, starvation, celiac disease, Crohn disease renal tubular acidosis type IV, RTA type IV, chronic kidney disease, CKD, hyperkalemia, hyperkalemic renal tubular acidosis, hyperkalemic RTA, tubular hyperkalemia, cortical collecting tubule, CCT, acidosis, Aldosterone immunoglobulin A nephropathy, Berger disease, mesangial glomerulonephritis, mesangial proliferative glomerulonephritis, Berger's disease, glomerular mesangium, mucosal immune system, end-stage renal disease, ESRD, acute renal failure, chronic renal insufficiency, glomerular lesions, Henoch-Schцnlein purpura, HSP, systemic lupus erythematosus, hepatitis, dermatitis herpetiformis, ankylosing spondylitis, episodic gross hematuria, persistent microscopic hematuria, synpharyngitic nephritis, Haemophilus parainfluenzae, H parainfluenzae, rapidly progressive glomerulonephritis, RPGN, renal transplantation, renal transplants, kidney transplantation, kidney transplants saturnine nephropathy, lead toxicity, lead poisoning, industrial lead exposure, lead exposure, lead paint, lead intoxication, nephrotoxicity, lead-induced nephropathy, acute lead poisoning, chronic lead nephropathy, interstitial nephritis, lead hypertension, lead encephalopathy, kidney transplant, renal replacement, chronic renal failure, CRF, end-stage renal disease, ESRD, end stage renal disease, pica, saturnine gout, hyperuricemia, hypertension, illegal corn whiskey, moonshine, huffing, gun shot wound, GSW, kohl, surma, Fanconi syndrome, Fanconi's syndrome
 light-chain deposition disease, Monoclonal Ig deposition disease (MIDD), LCDD, myeloma kidney, cast nephropathy, AL amyloidosis, primary amyloidosis, Fanconi's syndrome, Fanconi syndrome, proximal tubular dysfunction, Bence Jones proteinuria, BJP, light-chain proteinuria, light-chain glomerulopathy, mollities ossium, multiple myeloma lithium nephrotoxicity, lithium intoxication, nephrogenic diabetes insipidus, distal tubular function, urine-concentrating defects, tubular acidification defect, renal tubular acidosis, renal failure, uric acid calculi, depression, manic depression, melancholia, unipolar affective disorders, bipolar affective disorders, volume depletion, polyuria, nocturia, transient natriuresis, hypokalemia, hypercalcemia, antidiuretic hormone, ADH MSK, Cacchi-Ricci disease, tubular ectasia, cystic dilatation of the collecting ducts, renal stone disease, urinary tract infection, UTI acid-base balance, blood pH, acidemia, alkalemia, acidosis, alkalosis bicarbonate, chloride-resistant alkalosis, chloride-responsive alkalosis
 MCD, idiopathic nephrotic syndrome of childhood, lipoid nephrosis, minimal-change nephropathy, minimal-change nephrotic syndrome, MCNS, nil disease, steroid-sensitive nephrotic syndrome MCD, idiopathic nephrotic syndrome of childhood, lipoid nephrosis, minimal-change nephropathy, minimal-change nephrotic syndrome, MCNS, nil disease, steroid-sensitive nephrotic syndrome Rad Np, radiation nephropathy, radiation nephritis, ionizing radiation, kidney failure, renal failure, radionuclide therapy, bone marrow transplantation, BMT crystal-induced nephropathy, increase in renal calcium content, chemical nephrocalcinosis, microscopic nephrocalcinosis, macroscopic nephrocalcinosis, hypercalcemic nephropathy, medullary nephrocalcinosis acute interstitial nephritis, AIN, proteinuria, acute renal failure, acute tubular necrosis, ATN, renal dysfunction, tubulointerstitial nephritis-uveitis, TINU, Staphylococcus aureus, S aureus, Escherichia coli, E coli, Toxoplasma gondii, T gondii, Rickettsia rickettsii, R rickettsii, Leishmania donovani, L donovani, sarcoidosis, systemic lupus erythematosus, SLE, Sjögren syndrome, essential cryoglobulinemia uric acid nephropathy, urate nephropathy, tumor lysis syndrome, TLS, gouty nephropathy, uric acid nephrolithiasis, hyperuricemia, gout nephropathy, kidney disease, renal disease, renal disorder, kidney disorder, renal calculi, renal calculus, kidney stone, chemotherapy reaction, chemotherapy complication, uric acid nephrolithiasis, urate nephrolithiasis, cancer treatment reaction, leukemia treatment reaction, lymphoma treatment reaction, hyperuricemia, dialysis, chemotherapeutic reaction, HGPRT syndrome, HGPRT deficiency, Lesch-Nyhan syndrome HN, hypertension, hypertensive nephrosclerosis, hypertensive nephropathy, nephroangiosclerosis, end-stage renal disease, ESRD, end stage renal disease, end-stage kidney disease, end stage kidney disease, hypertensive retinopathy, left ventricular hypertrophy, minimal proteinuria, progressive renal insufficiency, benign nephrosclerosis, nephroangiosclerosis, blood pressure control, BP control nephrosis, nephropathy, heavy proteinuria, hypoalbuminemia, hypercholesterolemia, pediatric nephrotic syndrome, collagen vascular disease, systemic lupus erythematosus, SLE, rheumatoid arthritis, polyarteritis nodosa, Henoch-Schonlein purpura, hereditary nephritis, sickle cell disease, diabetes mellitus, amyloidosis, malignancy, leukemia, lymphoma, Wilms tumor, pheochromocytoma, toxins, bee sting, poison ivy, poison oak, snake venom, snake bite, heroin group A beta-hemolytic streptococci, syphilis, malaria, tuberculosis, viral infection, varicella, hepatitis B, HIV, human immunodeficiency virus, infectious mononucleosis, minimal-lesion nephrotic syndrome, diffuse mesangial hypercellularity, focal glomerulosclerosis, membranous glomerulonephritis, fibrillary glomerulosclerosis, membranoproliferative glomerulonephritis, infantile microcystic disease, Finnish type infantile microcystic disease, diffuse mesangial sclerosis, focal segmental glomerulosclerosis, FSGS, intrauterine infections, toxoplasmosis, cytomegalovirus, rubella, gonadal dysgenesis, nail-patella syndrome, Lowe syndrome uremic pericarditis, uremic pericardial serositis, renal failure, pericardium, dialysis-associated pericarditis, urea, creatinine, methylguanidine, guanidinoacetate, parathyroid hormone, beta2-microglobulin, uric acid, azotemia, hemorrhagic effusion, serous effusion, cardiac tamponade, arrhythmias, pleuritic chest pain, renal transplantation, idiopathic pericarditis, heparin-free hemodialysis, pericardiocentesis, subxiphoid pericardiotomy, pericardiectomy, pulsus paradoxus PKD, autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease, ADPKD, adult polycystic kidney disease, polycystic kidney disease type 1, PKD1, polycystic kidney disease type 2, PKD2, kidney failure, renal failure, dialysis-dependent kidney disease, renal cysts, kidney cysts, end-stage renal disease, ESRD, end-stage kidney disease, ESKD, renal transplantation, renal transplant, kidney transplantation, kidney transplant, hemodialysis, peritoneal dialysis, ADPKD type 1, ADPKD1, ADPKD type 2, ADPKD2 albuminuria, microalbuminuria, glomerular proteinuria, nephrotic syndrome infectious tubulointerstitial nephritis, kidney infection, renal infection, upper urinary tract infection, upper UTI, Escherichia coli, E coli, bacterial infection, gram-positive infection, uropathogens, urovirulent organisms, urinary obstruction, prostatic infection, calculi, urinary diversion procedure, infected cysts, urinary catheter, nephrostomy tubes, vesicoureteral reflux, neurogenic bladder, bladder abscess, renal abscess, perinephric abscess, diabetes mellitus, pregnancy complications, renal impairment, xanthogranulomatous pyelonephritis, XGP, malakoplakia, primary biliary cirrhosis, transplantation, neutropenia, AIDS, immunodeficiency, emphysematous pyelonephritis, sepsis areflux nephropathy, chronic pyelonephritis, kidney disease, renal injury, renal disease, kidney infection, renal infection, urinary tract obstruction, struvite calculi, renal dysplasia, vesicoureteral reflux, VUR, UTI, urinary tract infection, renal scar, renal scarring, flaccid bladder, end-stage renal disease, ESRD, end-stage kidney disease, intrarenal reflux, intra-renal reflux, progressive renal scarring, proteinuria, hypertension, focal glomerulosclerosis, FGS, xanthogranulomatous pyelonephritis, XPN, failure to thrive, Proteus, Escherichia coli, E coli, azotemia RAS, renovascular disease, ischemic nephropathy, atherosclerotic renovascular disease, renovascular hypertension, chronic renal insufficiency, end-stage renal disease, ESRD, atherosclerosis, ATH, RVD, renal artery occlusion, renal disease, kidney disease, ischemic renal disease, renal artery lesions end-stage renal disease, ESRD, renal replacement therapy, renal transplantation, renal failure, renal insufficiency, kidney transplantation, urinary tract infections, UTIs, asymptomatic bacteriuria, pyelonephritis, cystitis, gestational hypertension renovascular occlusive disease, atherosclerotic renal artery disease, atherosclerotic renovascular disease, renal artery stenosis, RAS, renal artery occlusive disease, RVHT, renal artery occlusion, renal arterial vascular disease, hyperreninemia, arterial occlusive disease, renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system, renal ischemia, angiotensin I, renin, angiotensin II, secondary hypertension, renal dysfunction
 SIADH, ADH, antidiuretic hormone disorder, arginine vasopressin, AVP, low serum osmolality, expanded extracellular volume, water balance, syndrome of inappropriate secretion of ADH, impaired water excretion, dilutional hyponatremia, hyponatremia azotemia, chronic renal failure, end-stage renal disease, ESRD, CRF, end-stage renal failure, renal failure, RF, kidney failure, chronic kidney failure, end-stage kidney disease, end-stage kidney failure, anemia, uremic syndrome, chronic kidney disease, CKD, uremic pericarditis, acidosis, hyperkalemia, uremic endocrine abnormality, uremic heart disease, uremic anorexia, uremic encephalopathy, primary glomerular disease, glomerulonephritis, focal segmental glomerulosclerosis, FSGS, rapidly progressive glomerulonephritis, systemic glomerular disorder, diabetes, lupus, amyloidosis, Goodpasture disease, Goodpasture's disease, thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura, TTP, hemolytic uremic syndrome, HUS, hypertension, glomerulonephritis, interstitial disease, cystitis, immunoglobulin A nephropathy, IgA nephropathy, glomerulonephropathies, glomerulonephropathy, United States Renal Data System, USRDS

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gallbladder inflammation, inflammation of the gallbladder, total parenteral nutrition, TPN, bile stasis, gallbladder stasis, stagnant bile, gallbladder dysmotility, sepsis with biliary tract infection, AIDS cholangiopathy, TPN-associated liver disease, cholecystectomy, percutaneous cholecystostomy biliary dyskinesia, acalculous cholecystitis, laparoscopic cholecystectomy, sphincter of Oddi dysfunction hypertensive nonrelaxed esophageal sphincter, primary esophageal motility disorder, lower esophageal sphincter, LES, esophageal peristalsis, dysphagia, regurgitation, chest pain, heartburn, weight loss
 gastric anacidity, hypoacidity, intragastric pH, acid-producing gastric mucosa, pernicious anemia, hypergastrinemia, autoimmune thyroid disease, Helicobacter pylori infection, mucolipidosis type IV, proton pump inhibitors, PPIs, basal acid secretion, gastric atrophy, gastric polyps acute liver failure, ALF, fulminant hepatic failure, FHF, subfulminant hepatic failure, late-onset hepatic failure, orthotopic liver transplantation, OLT, liver transplant, hepatic transplantation ALS, blind loop syndrome, proximal loop syndrome, postgastrectomy syndromes, late dumping syndrome, postvagotomy diarrhea, chronic gastric atony, Roux stasis syndrome, small gastric remnant syndrome, alkaline reflux gastritis, efferent loop syndrome, peptic ulcer disease, PUD, gastrojejunal loop obstruction, gastrojejunostomy, Billroth II-type gastrectomy, pancreaticoduodenectomy, esophagogastroduodenoscopy, EGD, Billroth I gastroduodenostomy, Roux-en-Y gastrojejunostomy alcoholic steatosis, alcoholism, fatty liver, alcohol-related fatty liver, alcoholic liver disease, alcohol-related liver disease, simple steatosis, alcohol-related steatosis, fatty acids, alcoholic complications, alcohol-induced steatosis, alcohol-induced fatty liver hepatic amebiasis, amebic liver abscess, Entamoeba histolytica, E histolytica, amebic colitis vascular ectasia, arteriovenous malformation, hemangioma, telangiectasia, vascular lesion of the gastrointestinal tract, gastrointestinal bleeding, GI bleeding, GI hemorrhage, gastrointestinal hemorrhage, rectal bleeding, blood in stool, colonoscopy fluid collection, fluid accumulation, fluid retention, distended abdomen, portal hypertension, hypoalbuminemia, hepatic congestion, congestive heart failure, constrictive pericarditis, tricuspid insufficiency, Budd-Chiari syndrome, liver disease, cirrhosis, alcoholic hepatitis, fulminant hepatic failure, massive hepatic metastases, nephrotic syndrome, protein-losing enteropathy, severe malnutrition, anasarca, chylous ascites, pancreatic ascites, bile ascites, nephrogenic ascites, urine ascites, ovarian disease, bacterial peritonitis, tuberculous peritonitis, fungal peritonitis, HIV-associated peritonitis, malignancy, peritoneal carcinomatosis, primary mesothelioma, pseudomyxoma peritonei, hepatocellular carcinoma, HCC, familial Mediterranean fever, vasculitis, granulomatous peritonitis, eosinophilic peritonitis, alcohol use, chronic viral hepatitis, jaundice, intravenous drug use, blood transfusions, alcoholic liver disease, obesity, hypercholesterolemia, type 2 diabetes mellitus, nonalcoholic steatohepatitis, gastrointestinal cancer, malignant ascites, cirrhotic ascites, nephrotic ascites, palmar erythema, spider angiomas, puddle sign, Sister Mary Joseph nodule, gastric malignancy, pancreatic malignancy, hepatic primary malignancy, left-sided supraclavicular node, Virchow node, anasarca AIH, chronic active hepatitis, lupoid hepatitis, plasma cell hepatitis, lobular hepatitis, chronic liver disease, cirrhosis BE, Barrett's esophagus, Barrett, Barrett's ulcer, specialized intestinal metaplasia, SIM, goblet cells, columnar lined esophagus, columnar-lined esophagus, Barrett's metaplasia, Barrett metaplasia, esophageal carcinoma, chronic gastroesophageal reflux, chronic GER, gastroesophageal reflux disease, GERD biliary stricture, biliary stenosis, operative trauma, surgical trauma, ascending cholangitis, liver abscess, secondary biliary cirrhosis, pancreatic cancer, benign strictures, malignant strictures, bile duct injury, pancreatitis, bile duct stones, primary sclerosing cholangitis, PSC, postoperative bile duct stricture, cholecystectomy, Charcot triad, cholangiocarcinoma gallstone attack, flatulent dyspepsia, bilious pain, cholelithiasis, choledocholithiasis, epigastric pain, gallstones, gallstone disease, sphincter of Oddi dysfunction, SOD, cholecystectomy abnormal bile composition, abnormal biliary anatomy, abnormal biliary function, gallstones, primary biliary cirrhosis, PBC, primary sclerosing cholangitis, PSC, acute cholecystitis, cholecystectomy, cholestasis, steatorrhea, cholelithiasis, papillary stenosis, pancreatitis, cholangiocarcinoma, postcholecystectomy syndrome, sphincter of Oddi dyskinesia, vanishing bile duct syndrome bile duct obstruction, biliary tract, biliary tree, cholelithiasis, gallstones, common bile duct, CBD, exocrine secretion, liver disease, biliary tract disorders, cholestasis, hepatocellular disease, viral hepatitis, drug-induced hepatitis, drug-induced cholestasis, biliary cirrhosis, alcoholic liver disease, biliary cirrhosis, malignancy, pancreatitis, hyperbilirubinemia, jaundice, icterus, stone disease, biliary stricture, parasites, primary sclerosing cholangitis, PSC, AIDS-related cholangiopathy, biliary tuberculosis, cystic duct stones, Mirizzi syndrome, sump syndrome
 Crigler-Najjar type II, type II Arias' syndrome, type II Arias syndrome spontaneous rupture of the esophagus, Boerhaave's syndrome, esophageal rupture, esophagus rupture, ruptured esophagus, forceful emesis, emesis complications, transmural perforation of the esophagus, esophageal perforation, perforated esophagus thrombotic hepatic vein obstruction, nonthrombotic hepatic vein obstruction, non-thrombotic hepatic vein obstruction, hepatic vein obstruction, obliterating hepatic vein endophlebitis, liver obstruction, liver disease, hepatic disease, hepatic obstruction, hepatomegaly, ascites, thrombotic diathesis, congestive hepatopathy, hepatic congestion, liver congestion, membranous webs, acute liver disease, subacute liver disease, fulminant liver disease, liver failure celiac disease, nontropical sprue, gluten-sensitive enteropathy, gluten, diarrhea, maldigestion, malabsorption, human leukocyte antigen, HLA-DR3, HLA-DQw2 gallstones, gallstone disease, gallbladder stones, pure cholesterol gallstones, pure pigment gallstones, mixed gallstones, biliary sludge, biliary colic, cholecystectomy, common bile duct stones, gall stones, choledocholithiasis, cholecystolithiasis inflammation of the gallbladder, cholelithiasis, acalculous cholecystitis, biliary stasis, sepsis, long-term total parenteral nutrition, TPN, prolonged fasting, sickle cell disease, SCD, Salmonella infections, diabetes mellitus, cytomegalovirus, cryptosporidiosis, microsporidiosis infections, stones in the cystic duct, calculous cholecystitis, cholecystectomy, obstruction of the cystic duct, obesity, emphysematous cholecystitis, gallstones, biliary pain, acalculous biliary colic, calculous biliary colic, jaundice, Murphy sign, major surgery, severe trauma, severe burns, sepsis, myocardial infarction bile duct cysts, congenital bile duct anomalies, biliary tree, extrahepatic biliary radicles, intrahepatic biliary radicles, upper abdominal mass, jaundice, Caroli disease, choledochocele, acholic stools common bile duct stones, CBD stones, cholelithiasis, cholecystectomy, gallstones, gallbladder stones, Ascaris lumbricoides, A lumbricoides, Clonorchis sinensis, C sinensis, gallstone disease, cholesterol stones, black pigment stones, brown pigment stones, jaundice, cholangitis, pancreatitis, sepsis, parasitic infestation, bile stasis, chronic bactibilia gallstones, gallstone disease, gallbladder stones, pure cholesterol gallstones, pure pigment gallstones, mixed gallstones, biliary sludge, biliary colic, cholecystectomy, common bile duct stones, gall stones, choledocholithiasis, cholecystolithiasis gallstones, gallstone disease, gallbladder stones, pure cholesterol gallstones, pure pigment gallstones, mixed gallstones, biliary sludge, biliary colic, cholecystectomy, common bile duct stones, gall stones, choledocholithiasis, cholecystolithiasis chronic visceral ischemia, postprandial abdominal pain, atherosclerotic plaque, thrombus, superior mesenteric artery, atherosclerosis, visceral atherosclerosis, thromboendarterectomy, malnutrition, malnourishment, coronary artery disease, CAD, transaortic visceral thromboendarterectomy, aortovisceral bypass thoracic duct leak, pleural chyle, pleural effusion, lymphoma, thoracic duct ligation, pleuroperitoneal shunt, pleurodesis, pleurectomy, chyle, pleural space, postesophagectomy chylothorax, thoracentesis, lymphatic fluid, thoracic duct injury, loculated chylothorax chyloperitoneum, milky ascites, abdominal lymphatics, chyliform ascites, pseudochylous ascites, lymphomas, disseminated carcinomas, tuberculosis, lymphangiectasia, mesenteric cyst, high portal pressures, polycythemia vera, portal vein thrombosis, hepatic vein thrombosis, abdominal distension, peritoneocentesis, paracentesis end-stage liver disease, ESLD, end stage liver disease, end-stage liver failure, end stage liver failure, ESLF, alcoholism, alcoholic complications, cirrhotic, cirrhotic liver, cirrhosis, chronic liver disease, chronic liver failure, CLF, fulminant hepatic failure, FHF, alcoholic liver disease, hepatitis, hepatitis C virus, hepatitis B virus, viral hepatitis, hepatic fibrosis, portal hypertension, ascites, spontaneous bacterial peritonitis, SBP, hepatic encephalopathy, hepatocellular carcinoma, HCC, cholangiocarcinoma, liver transplant, liver transplantation, orthotopic liver transplantation, OLT, coagulopathy, variceal bleeding, hepatitis D, autoimmune hepatitis, primary biliary cirrhosis, secondary biliary cirrhosis, chronic extrahepatic bile duct obstruction, primary sclerosing cholangitis, hemochromatosis, Wilson disease, alpha-1 antitrypsin deficiency, granulomatous disease, sarcoidosis, type IV glycogen storage disease, drug-induced liver disease, venous outflow obstruction, Budd-Chiari syndrome, veno-occlusive disease, chronic right-sided heart failure, tricuspid regurgitation acute emphysematous cholecystitis, emphysematous cholecystitis, Clostridium, Clostridium perfringens, Escherichia coli, Streptococcus, hepatic artery embolization, endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography, perforation of gall bladder, gangrene of gall bladder, open cholecystectomy, laparoscopic cholecystectomy C difficile, gut flora, antibiotic-associated diarrhea, pseudomembranous colitis, cephalosporins, ampicillin, amoxicillin, clindamycin, macrolides, erythromycin, clarithromycin, azithromycin, aminoglycosides, fluoroquinolones, trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole, metronidazole, chloramphenicol, tetracycline, imipenem, meropenem, Clostridium Difficile colitis, C Difficile colitis, nosocomial infections, fulminant life-threatening colitis, toxin A, enterotoxin, toxin B, cytotoxin, C difficile infection, cramping abdominal pain, mild-to-moderate watery diarrhea, colonic perforation, peritonitis, hemolytic-uremic syndrome, necrotizing enterocolitis, Hirschsprung disease, inflammatory bowel disease collagenous colitis, CC, lymphocytic colitis, LC, microscopic colitis large bowel obstruction, bowel obstruction, obstructed bowels, volvulus, incarcerated hernia, stricture, obstipation, complete bowel obstruction, partial bowel obstruction, constipation, colostomy, ileostomy adenomas, hyperplastic polyps, benign epithelial neoplasms, colon cancer, polyposis syndromes, familial adenomatous polyposis, FAP, Gardner syndrome, Turcot syndrome, Peutz-Jeghers syndrome, Cowden disease, familial juvenile polyposis, hereditary nonpolyposis colorectal cancer, HNPCC, dysplasia-associated lesion or mass, DALM, sulindac, polypectomy, colectomy colonoscopic examination, distal rectum, cecum, large bowel, adenomas, polyps, colorectal cancer, colon cancer, fecal occult blood testing, FOBT, polypoid lesions, barium enema, pseudopolyps, sigmoidoscopy, colonoscopy, bowel resection, familial adenomatous polyposis, Gardner syndrome, ulcerative colitis, Crohn disease, hereditary nonpolyposis colorectal cancer, HNPCC, colitis, gastrointestinal bleeding, GI bleeding, colonoscope, polypectomy, inflammatory bowel disease, IBD, pancolitis, hydrostatic balloon dilatation, colonic strictures, adenomatous polyps, large bowel cancer, postpolypectomy coagulation syndrome, splenic rupture, small bowel obstruction, multiple adenomatous polyps, CT colography, virtual colonoscopy bowel movement, BM, anorectal disorders, diverticular disease, stool frequency, colonic dysmotility, defecation, anorectal manometry, hard stools, straining, hemorrhoid, anal fissure, infrequent bowel movements, difficulty in defecation, sensation of incomplete bowel evacuation, colonic diverticular disease, hemorrhoidal disease, acute hemorrhoidal disease, chronic hemorrhoidal disease, acute hemorrhoidal thrombosis, acute anal fissure, tenesmus, rectal tumor, Hirschsprung disease, Chagas disease, hypothyroidism, diabetic autonomic neuropathy, spinal cord injury, head injury, cerebrovascular accident, multiple sclerosis, Parkinson disease, stool consistency, impaired colorectal motility, motility abnormality, anorectal disease, hypotonic laxative colon, laxatives, colonic outlet obstruction, rectal outlet obstruction, neoplastic obstruction, bowel motility, laxative abuse, colonic tumor, colon cancer, sigmoidoscopy, rectal prolapse, colonic ileus, intra-abdominal infection, hypothyroidism, obstipation, Gastrografin enema, air contrast barium enema, colonoscopy, defecography, anismus, colorectal cancer, large bowel obstruction, dietary fiber, fiber supplementation, stool softeners, psychiatric constipation, psychological constipation, somatic constipation, ischemic bowel
 CNS, Crigler-Najjar disease, Gilbert syndrome, Arias syndrome, congenital nonhemolytic jaundice, neonatal jaundice, inherited unconjugated hyperbilirubinemias, uridine diphosphate glycosyltransferase, UGT, kernicterus, bilirubin encephalopathy, plasma exchange transfusion Crohn's disease, regional enteritis, granulomatous enteritis, regional ileitis, terminal ileitis, inflammatory bowel disease, IBD, ulcerative colitis, UC CMV, CMV infection, Herpesviridae, herpesvirus, herpes simplex virus, HSV, Epstein-Barr virus, varicella-zoster virus, HIV, AIDS, CMV colitis, CMV gastrointestinal disease, CMV GI disease, HIV disease complications, bloody diarrhea, watery diarrhea, AIDS complications, CMV ulcerative colitis, cytomegalovirus ulcerative colitis, cytomegalovirus UC, steroid-dependent ulcerative colitis, cytomegalovirus infection, cytomegalovirus CMV, CMV infection, Herpesviridae, herpesvirus, herpes simplex virus, HSV, Epstein-Barr virus, varicella-zoster virus, EGD, esophagogastroduodenoscopy, dysphagia, odynophagia, HIV, AIDS, CMV esophagitis, CMV esophageal disease, HIV disease complications, AIDS complications, cytomegalovirus infection, cytomegalovirus, HIV/AIDS, esophageal disease liver biopsy, percutaneous liver biopsy, hepatic tissue sampling, hepatic biopsy, liver disease, hepatic disease, hepatic failure, liver failure, liver disease diagnosis, liver disease workup, liver disease work-up, percutaneous suction needle liver biopsy diverticulum, diverticulosis, abdominal pain, chronic diverticular disease, diverticula, inflammation of diverticula, colon, abscess, peritonitis, colovesicular fistula, colovaginal fistula, constipation, colonic motility disorders diverticular disease of the small bowel, mucosal herniations, abnormalities in peristalsis, intestinal dyskinesis, high segmental intraluminal pressures, true diverticula, false diverticula, Meckel's diverticulum, intraluminal diverticula, extraluminal diverticula, duodenal diverticula, jejunal diverticula, ileal diverticula, jejunoileal diverticula, diverticulitis, GI hemorrhage, intestinal obstruction, acute perforation, pancreatic disease, biliary disease diverticular disease of the small bowel, mucosal herniations, abnormalities in peristalsis, intestinal dyskinesis, high segmental intraluminal pressures, true diverticula, false diverticula, Meckel's diverticulum, intraluminal diverticula, extraluminal diverticula, duodenal diverticula, jejunal diverticula, ileal diverticula, jejunoileal diverticula, diverticulitis, GI hemorrhage, intestinal obstruction, acute perforation, pancreatic disease, biliary disease DJS, hyperbilirubinemia, chronic idiopathic jaundice, Gilbert syndrome, Crigler-Najjar syndrome, Rotor syndrome, Sprinz-Nelson syndrome DU, peptic ulcer disease, dyspepsia, Helicobacter pylori ulcer, H pylori ulcer, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug ulcer, NSAID ulcer, gastric acid, pepsin, histamine2 receptor antagonists, H2RA, proton pump inhibitors, PPI, Zollinger-Ellison syndrome, ZES acute gaseous cholecystitis, acute pneumocholecystitis, acute pneumopyocholecystitis, gas-forming organisms, arteriosclerosis, infection of the gallbladder wall acute gaseous cholecystitis, acute pneumocholecystitis, acute pneumopyocholecystitis, gas-forming organisms, arteriosclerosis, infection of the gallbladder wall empyema of the gallbladder, acute cholecystitis, calculous cholecystitis, acalculous cholecystitis, gangrenous cholecystitis, cholelithiasis, chololithiasis, sepsis, Escherichia coli, E coli, Klebsiella pneumoniae, K pneumoniae, Streptococcus faecalis, S faecalis, Bacteroides, Clostridia portosystemic encephalopathy, PSE, hepatic coma, cirrhosis of the liver, hepatic cirrhosis, portosystemic collateral vessels, portocaval shunt surgery, portal hypertension, end-stage liver disease, ESLD, coma, dysfunction of hepatic synthetic activity, fulminant hepatic failure, FHF, liver failure, flapping tremor, fetor hepaticus, hyperventilation, elevated blood ammonia level, renal failure, gastrointestinal bleeding, constipation, diuretic therapy, dietary protein overload EGE, eosinophilic gastroenteropathy, eosinophilic gastrointestinal disorders, EGID, eosinophilic gastritis esophageal diverticulum, Zenker diverticulum, Zenker's diverticulum, pharyngoesophageal diverticula, hypopharynx, congenital esophageal diverticulum, acquired esophageal diverticulum, diverticulum of the esophageal body, true esophageal diverticula, false esophageal diverticula, pseudodiverticula of the esophagus, esophageal intramural pseudodiverticulosis, pulsion diverticula of the esophagus, traction diverticula of the esophagus, dysphagia, epiphrenic diverticula, regurgitation, nocturnal cough, aspiration pneumonia, Ehlers-Danlos syndrome esophageal apoplexy, esophageal mucosal tears, Mallory-Weiss syndrome, transmural perforation, Boerhaave syndrome, intramural hematoma of the esophagus, esophageal perforation, mediastinitis, abscess formation, vomiting, dysphagia, odynophagia, hematemesis, severe acute chest pain benign tumors of the esophagus, esophageal neoplasms, benign esophageal tumors, leiomyomas, esophageal polyps, esophageal cysts, dysphagia human immunodeficiency virus, acquired immunodeficiency syndrome, HIV, AIDS, Epstein-Barr virus, EBV, tracheoesophageal fistula, esophageal ulcerations, esophagitis esophageal motility dysfunction, esophagus dysfunction, esophageal peristalsis dysfunction, esophageal peristalsis, achalasia, primary spastic esophageal motility disorders, diffuse esophageal spasm, DES, nutcracker esophagus, hypertensive lower esophageal sphincter, hypertensive LES, presbyesophagus, lower esophageal sphincter dysfunction, scleroderma esophagus, spastic motility disorder of the esophageal body, Heller myotomy, esophagectomy esophageal motility dysfunction, esophagus dysfunction, esophageal peristalsis dysfunction, esophageal peristalsis, achalasia, primary spastic esophageal motility disorders, diffuse esophageal spasm, DES, nutcracker esophagus, hypertensive lower esophageal sphincter, hypertensive LES, presbyesophagus, lower esophageal sphincter dysfunction, scleroderma esophagus, spastic motility disorder of the esophageal body, Heller myotomy, esophagectomy diffuse esophageal spasm, nutcracker esophagus, DES, dysphagia, regurgitation, noncardiac chest pain, esophagectomy, achalasia, globus, gastric reflux, gastric reflux, microvascular compression of Vagus nerve esophageal stenosis, peptic stenosis, reflux stricture, peptic stricture, postoperative strictures, corrosive strictures, gastroesophageal reflux–induced esophagitis, gastroesophageal reflux disease, dysphagia gastroesophageal varices, cardioesophageal junction varices, esophagogastric varices, varices in the fundus and esophagus, varices at the gastroesophageal junction gastroesophageal varices, cardioesophageal junction varices, esophagogastric varices, varices in the fundus and esophagus, varices at the gastroesophageal junction contractile ring, contraction ring, benign annular stricture, lower esophageal muscular ring, multiple esophageal webs, multiple esophageal rings, MER, congenital esophageal stenosis, corrugated esophagus, feline esophagus, ringed esophagus, Schatzki ring, steak-house syndrome gastritis, peptic ulcer disease, PUD, gastroesophageal reflux disease, GERD, hiatal hernia, fungal esophagitis, Candida esophagitis, herpes simplex virus esophagitis, HSV esophagitis, cytomegalovirus esophagitis, CMV esophagitis, varicella-zoster virus esophagitis, VZV esophagitis, Epstein-Barr virus esophagitis, EBV esophagitis, HIV esophagitis, human papillomavirus esophagitis, HPV esophagitis, Mycobacterium tuberculosis esophagitis, drug-induced esophagitis, medication related-esophagitis, graft versus host disease esophagitis, eosinophilic esophagitis, infective esophagitis, infectious esophagitis, achalasia, progressive systemic sclerosis, esophageal neoplasias, steroid therapy, immunosuppressive medications, pill esophagitis, dysphagia, odynophagia, epidermolysis bullosa, Stevens-Johnson syndrome, toxic epidermal necrolysis, cicatricial pemphigoid, lichen planus, psoriasis, acanthosis nigricans, leukoplakia, pemphigus vulgaris, erythema multiforme, bullous pemphigoid, collagen vascular disease, metastatic cancer, chronic granulomatous disease, sarcoidosis, inflammatory bowel disease EGD, gastroscopy, upper gastrointestinal endoscopy, GI endoscopy, upper GI endoscopy, endoscope adenomatous polyposis coli, FAP, adenomatous polyps, APC gene, b-catenin, colonic neoplasia, colorectal cancer, rectal bleeding, Gardner variant of FAP, Turcot syndrome, intra-abdominal desmoids, desmoid tumors, intestinal polyposis, endoscopic polypectomy, colectomy, rectal resection, subtotal colectomy with ileoanal anastomosis, total proctocolectomy with ileostomy, duodenal adenocarcinoma, periampullary adenocarcinoma, medulloblastoma, hepatoblastoma, thyroid cancers, adrenal cancers, upper gastrointestinal cancers steatosis, hepatic steatosis, steatohepatitis, alcohol-related fatty liver, alcoholic steatohepatitis, nonalcoholic fatty liver disease, nonalcoholic steatohepatitis, NASH, liver fibrosis, cirrhosis, hyperlipidemia, drug-induced fatty liver, hepatomegaly, splenomegaly, ascites, edema, spider angiomas, varices, gynecomastia, menstrual disorders, rapid fulminant liver failure, choline deficiency, obesity, protein-calorie malnutrition, abetalipoproteinemia, galactosemia, glycogen storage disorder, hereditary fructose intolerance, homocystinuria, hypobetalipoproteinemia, Refsum disease, systemic carnitine deficiency, tyrosinemia, Weber-Christian disease, Wilson disease, variceal bleeding, encephalopathy, starvation, total parenteral nutrition, rapid weight loss, jejunoileal bypass acute gastroenteritis, diarrhea, vomiting, heavy metal poisoning, bacterial infection, viral infection, enterotoxins, Vibrio cholerae, enterotoxic Escherichia coli, Clostridium perfringens, Bacillus cereus, Staphylococcus organisms, Giardia lamblia, Cryptosporidium,
rotavirus, Norwalk virus, adenovirus, Campylobacter jejuni, Vibrio parahaemolyticus, enterohemorrhagic E coli, enteroinvasive E coli, Yersinia enterocolitica, Clostridium difficile, Entamoeba histolytica, Salmonella species, Shigella species, B cereus, cholera, tenesmus, shigellosis : peptic ulcer disease, PUD, peptic ulcer, Helicobacter pylori infection, H pylori infection, NSAID toxicity, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug toxicity, Zollinger-Ellison syndrome, ZES, gastrinoma, gastric cancer, stomach ulcer, GI ulcer, gastrointestinal ulcer, gastric ulcer, duodenal ulcer, cigarette smoking, gastroduodenal ulcer, hypersecretion of gastric acid, chronic renal insufficiency, diabetes, ulcer pain, epigastric pain, hematemesis, melena, presyncope, peritonitis, gastric perforation Zollinger-Ellison syndrome, ZES, ZE syndrome, gastrin-secreting tumor, pancreatic tumor, pancreas tumor, duodenal tumor, duodenal wall tumor, lymph node tumor, tumor, pancreatic islet cell tumors, malignancy, malignant tumor, basal acid output, BAO, ulcer, severe ulcer disease acute gastritis, gastric mucosa inflammation, inflamed gastric mucosa, pangastritis, antral gastritis, erosive gastritis, nonerosive gastritis, non-erosive gastritis, Helicobacter pylori, H pylori, Candida albicans, C albicans, alcoholic gastritis, NSAIDs, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, analgesic-induced gastritis, cytomegalovirus, fungal infection, histoplasmosis, stomach irritation, stomach ache, upset stomach atrophic gastritis, chronic gastritis, autoimmune gastritis, Helicobacter pylori, H pylori, type A gastritis, diffuse corporal gastritis, pernicious anemia–associated gastritis, metaplastic gastritis, atrophic pangastritis, progressive intestinalizing pangastritis, environmental atrophic gastritis, multifocal atrophic gastritis, MAG type B nonatrophic gastritis, superficial nonatrophic gastritis, diffuse antral nonatrophic gastritis, chronic antral nonatrophic gastritis, interstitial-follicular nonatrophic gastritis, hypersecretory nonatrophic gastritis, type A atrophic gastritis, diffuse corporal atrophic gastritis, pernicious anemia–associated gastritis, metaplastic atrophic gastritis, atrophic pangastritis, progressive intestinalizing pangastritis, environmental atrophic gastritis, type C reactive gastritis, bile reflux, chronic nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug gastropathy, Helicobacter pylori infection, H pylori–associated multifocal atrophic gastritis, H pylori gastritis, varioliform gastritis, chemical gastritis, reactive gastritis, Helicobacter gastritis, H pylori–associated chronic gastritis, infectious granulomatous gastritis, gastritis in patients who are immunosuppressed, autoimmune gastritis, chronic reactive chemical gastropathy, chronic noninfectious granulomatous gastritis, lymphocytic gastritis, eosinophilic gastritis, radiation gastritis, ischemic gastritis, gastropathies, Sydney classification of gastritis, vacuolating toxin A, VacA, CagA protein, gastric mucosa–associated lymphoid tissue lymphomas, MALT lymphomas, gastric adenocarcinomas, gastric carcinomas, gastric cancer, caseating granulomas, tuberculosis, cytomegalovirus infection, CMV infection, Mycobacterial infections, anti-intrinsic factor antibodies, pernicious anemia, NSAIDs, Crohn disease, sarcoidosis, isolated granulomatous gastritis, Eustoma rotundatum, anisakiasis, anisakidosis, hypochlorhydria, achlorhydria, hypergastrinemia, cobalamin deficiency, gluten-sensitive enteropathy, Ménétrier disease, Helicobacter heilmannii, mycobacteriosis, syphilis, histoplasmosis, mucormycosis, South American blastomycosis, Strongyloides species, Diphyllobothrium latum, schistosomiasis, herpes virus infection, uremic gastropathy, Wegener granulomatosis, cocaine use, plasma cell granulomas, celiac disease, Langerhans cell histiocytosis, gastric lymphoma stress-induced gastritis, stress induced gastritis, stress gastritis, mucosal erosions, superficial hemorrhages, gastric acid, parietal cells, gastroesophageal reflux disease, GERD, peptic ulcer disease, PUD, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug–induced gastritis, NSAID–induced gastritis, alcoholic gastropathy, uremic gastropathy, gastric mucosa, gastric acid secretion, physiological stress bacterial gastroenteritis, diarrhea, traveler's diarrhea, acute gastroenteritis, viral infection, improper diet, malabsorption syndrome, enteropathy, inflammatory bowel disease, Salmonella, Shigella, Campylobacter, Aeromonas, Escherichia coli, E coli, vomiting watery diarrhea, nausea, caliciviruses, rotaviruses, astroviruses, adenoviruses, infant mortality, stomach flu, intestinal flu, dysentery, infectious diarrhea, diarrhea, traveler's diarrhea, food poisoning, Norovirus, Norwalk-like virus, Norwalk virus, Sapovirus, Sapporo-like virus, sporadic infantile viral gastroenteritis, sporadic adult viral gastroenteritis, Clostridium difficile, Giardia lamblia esophagitis, gastritis, peptic ulcer disease, PUD, lower esophageal sphincter, LES, gastroesophageal reflux disease, GERD, hiatal hernia, obesity, heartburn, regurgitation, dysphagia, Barrett esophagus, adenocarcinoma, laryngitis, proton pump inhibitor, esophagogastroduodenoscopy, EGD, laparoscopic fundoplication, Nissen fundoplication complicated pregnancy, complications of pregnancy, problem pregnancy, gastrointestinal disorders, GI disorders, morning sickness, hyperemesis gravidarum, gastroesophageal reflux disease, GERD, heartburn, gallstones, peptic ulcer disease, PUD, diarrhea, constipation, food poisoning, irritable bowel disease, IBD, irritable bowel syndrome, IBS, GI disease GI stromal tumor, GIST, GISTs, gastrointestinal mesenchymal neoplasm, GI mesenchymal neoplasm, leiomyoma, leiomyosarcoma, pacemaker cell tumor, GI pacemaker cell tumor, gastrointestinal pacemaker cell tumor, GI tumor, gut tumor, gastrointestinal neoplasm, GI neoplasm lambliasis, Giardia lamblia, G lamblia, protozoan parasites, endemic diarrheal illness, epidemic diarrheal illness, diarrhea, acute watery diarrhea, chronic diarrhea, water-borne intestinal pathogens, intestinal parasites, gut parasites, protozoal infection, encystation-specific secretory vesicles, ESVs, malabsorption, steatorrhea, abdominal cramping, bloating, flatulence constitutional hepatic dysfunction, constitutional hyperbilirubinemia, familial nonhemolytic jaundice, hereditary nonhemolytic bilirubinemia, low-grade chronic hyperbilirubinemia Campylobacter pylori, C pylori, H pylori, HP infection, peptic ulcer disease, PUD, extragastric disease, mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue lymphomas, MALTomas, coronaritis, gastroesophageal reflux disease, GERD, iron deficiency anemia, iron-deficiency anemia, gastrointestinal disease, GI disease, heartburn, acid reflux, sour stomach, acid stomach, coronaritis, gastric mucosal cell proliferation, mucous cell proliferation, gastric lymphoma, adenocarcinoma, ulcer, chronic active gastritis, gastric cancer hepatic hemangiomas, cavernous hemangioma, liver hemangioma hereditary hemochromatosis, genetic hemochromatosis, primary hemochromatosis, iron overload biliary cystadenoma, adenoma, multilocular cystic tumor, tumor, cystic tumor, liver tumor, liver adenoma, adenoma, liver cystadenoma, benign tumor, hepatic tumor infectious hepatitis, hepatitis A virus, HAV, hepatitis B virus, HBV, hepatitis C virus, HCV, hepatitis D virus, HDV, hepatitis E virus, HEV, Picornaviridae, fulminant hepatic failure, hepatomegaly, jaundice HBV, hepatitis B infection, viral hepatitis, hepatitis B virus, chronic hepatitis, acute hepatitis, cirrhosis, fulminant hepatitis, hepatocellular carcinoma, HCC, extrahepatic manifestations, hepatitis D virus, HDV, delta virus, hepatitis C virus, HCV, hepatitis B surface antigen, HBsAg, Australia antigen, hepatitis B surface antibody, HBsAb hepatitis C virus, HCV, HCV infection, non-A non-B hepatitis, NANB hepatitis, acute hepatitis, hepatitis, virus infection, viral infection, virus, chronic liver disease, hepatocellular carcinoma, hepatoma, HCC, cirrhosis, orthotopic liver transplantation, OLT, quasispecies, interferon, IFN, sustained virologic response, sustained virological response, SVR, HIV-HCV coinfection, HIV-HCV co-infection, IFN therapy, interferon therapy, pegylated interferon therapy, PEG-IFN, pegylated interferon, hepatitis C viremia, hepatitis viremia HDV, HDV infection, viral hepatitis, delta hepatitis, delta virus, hepatitis delta, hepatitis B virus, HBV, hepatitis B surface antigen, HBsAg, liver failure, liver infection, acute fulminant liver failure, chronic liver infection, end-stage liver disease, end-stage liver disease, ESLD, cirrhosis, hepatocellular carcinoma, HCC, liver transplantation, hepatic transplantation hepatitis E virus, HEV, Caliciviridae family, anti-HEV antibodies acute hepatitis, chronic hepatitis, hepatitis A, hepatitis A virus, HAV, hepatitis B, hepatitis B virus, HBV, hepatitis C, hepatitis C virus, HCV, hepatitis D, hepatitis D virus, HDV, delta hepatitis, delta virus, hepatitis E, hepatitis E virus, HEV, non-A non-B hepatitis, NANB hepatitis, NANB, non-A/non-E hepatitis, NANE, viral infection, fulminant hepatic failure, FHF, hepatocellular carcinoma, HCC, liver cancer, liver failure, viral hepatitis, acute viral hepatitis, chronic viral hepatitis, hepatitis virus infection, hepatitis viral infection, infectious hepatitis, serum hepatitis benign hepatoma, hepatic adenoma, HA, liver cell adenoma, oral contraceptives, oral contraceptive pills, OCP, glycogen storage disease, GSD HRS, chronic liver disease, liver failure, fulminant hepatitis, ascites, portal hypertension, cirrhosis, liver transplantation, OLT, renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system, RAAS, sympathetic nervous system, SNS, renal prostaglandin, PGs, spontaneous bacterial peritonitis, SBP, renal vasoconstriction, renal hypoperfusion, type 1 HRS, type 2 HRS gastroesophageal reflux disease, GERD, gastric volvulus, hernias, hiatus hernia, paraesophageal hernias, paraesophageal hiatal hernia, Schatzki ring, phrenoesophageal ligament, esophagitis, Cameron ulcers, sliding hiatal hernia, regurgitation Hirschsprung's disease, ultrashort-segment Hirschsprung disease, congenital aganglionosis, aganglionic megacolon, congenital dilation of the colon, congenital megacolon, aganglionic megacolon, meconium, anorectal reflex, chronic constipation, enterocolitis, trisomy 21, Down syndrome, bowel obstruction, bilious vomiting, abdominal distention, poor feeding, failure to thrive, myenteric plexus, Auerbach plexus, submucosal plexus, Meissner plexus, colonic lavage, full-thickness rectal biopsy, simple suction rectal biopsy, anorectal manometry, diverting colostomy, Swenson procedure, Duhamel procedure, Soave procedure, anorectal myomectomy echinococcosis, Echinococcus infestation, hydatid disease, parasitic infestation, tapeworm, zoonotic infection, parasite, Echinococcus granulosus, E granulosus, Echinococcus multilocularis, E multilocularis, Echinococcus vogeli, E vogeli, cystic echinococcosis, CE, alveolar echinococcosis, AE, echinococcal cyst, echinococcal worms, larval cestodes, Platyhelminthes echinococcosis, Echinococcus infestation, hydatid disease, parasitic infestation, tapeworm, zoonotic infection, parasite, Echinococcus granulosus, E granulosus, Echinococcus multilocularis, E multilocularis, Echinococcus vogeli, E vogeli, cystic echinococcosis, CE, alveolar echinococcosis, AE, echinococcal cyst, echinococcal worms, larval cestodes, Platyhelminthes elevated amylase, pancreatitis, pancreatic necrosis, parotitis, pseudocysts, pancreatic ascites, pancreatic trauma, choledocholithiasis, salivary glands, intestinal disease elevated amylase, pancreatitis, pancreatic necrosis, parotitis, pseudocysts, pancreatic ascites, pancreatic trauma, choledocholithiasis, salivary glands, intestinal disease icterus, jaundice, bilirubin accumulation, bilirubin formation, tetrapyrrole, hemoglobin, unconjugated bilirubin, conjugated bilirubin, conjugated hyperbilirubinemia, liver disease, biliary disease hemolysis, acute hemolytic crisis, sickle cell disease, sickle cell anemia, paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinuria, primary shunt hyperbilirubinemia, idiopathic dyserythropoietic jaundice, ineffective erythropoiesis, Crigler-Najjar syndrome, Arias syndrome, Gilbert syndrome, constitutional hepatic dysfunction, familial nonhemolytic jaundice, dyserythropoiesis, hematoma, congestive heart failure, CHF, portosystemic shunts, drug interactions, neonatal physiologic jaundice, breast milk jaundice, maternal serum jaundice, hypothyroidism, hyperthyroidism, liver disease, chronic hepatitis, cirrhosis, Wilson disease, fasting hyperbilirubinemia, liver dysfunction, hepatic dysfunction, hepatic disease postoperative adynamic ileus, paralytic ileus, pseudo-obstruction, Ogilvie syndrome, mechanical bowel obstruction, postoperative adynamic ileus, paralytic ileus, pseudo-obstruction, Ogilvie syndrome, mechanical bowel obstruction, Ogilvie's syndrome, pseudoobstruction, surgical bowel complications, bowel dysfunction, dysmotility, postoperative bowel dysfunction IBD, Crohn disease, Crohn's disease, terminal ileitis, granulomatous enteritis, ulcerative colitis, gastrointestinal tract disease, GI tract disease, gastrointestinal disease, GI disease, Clostridium difficile, C difficile, irritable bowel syndrome, IBS, irritable bowel disease, pyoderma gangrenosum, bloody diarrhea, inflamed colon, colonoscopy, proctocolectomy, continent ileostomy, Koch pouch, colonic disease, ileoanal anastomosis, segmental colon resection, colorectal cancer, Crohn colitis, intestinal obstruction, intestinal strictures, scarred strictures, cicatrix strictures, colonic strictures, fistulae, perianal disease, toxic megacolon, colon cancer, pancolitis, perianal abscesses, loss of colonic haustrae, sigmoidoscopy, proctitis, colectomy, occult blood loss, growth retardation, gastric Crohn disease, duodenal Crohn disease, medication-induced arthropathies, axial arthritis, ankylosing spondylitis, sacroiliitis, episcleritis, iritis, uveitis, erythema nodosum, herpetic lesions, calcium oxalate stones, hydronephrosis, sclerosing cholangitis, cholangiocarcinoma, cirrhosis, gallstones, iron deficiency anemia, anemia of chronic disease, strokes, retinal thrombi, pulmonary emboli gut stromal tumors, gastrointestinal stromal tumors, GISTs primary intestinal lymphangiectasia, congenital intestinal lymphangiectasia, Milroy disease, protein-losing gastroenteropathies, hypoproteinemia, lymphocytopenia, hypogammaglobulinemia, anergy, impaired allograft rejection, diarrhea, peripheral edema

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endobronchial neuroendocrine tumor, Kulchitsky tumor, bronchial carcinoid, bronchial gland tumor, mucous gland carcinoma, mucous gland adenomas, mucoepidermoid carcinoma, adenoid cystic carcinoma, cylindromas, small cell undifferentiated carcinoma, malignant lung neoplasms, alpha1-antitrypsin deficiency, alpha-1-antitrypsin, alpha-1 antitrypsin, alpha-1 antiprotease deficiency, alpha1 antiprotease deficiency, alpha-1 antitrypsin deficiency, AAT, early-onset panacinar emphysema, hepatic cirrhosis altitude-related disorders, acute mountain sickness, AMS, high-altitude pulmonary edema, HAPE, high-altitude cerebral edema, HACE, altitude sickness, hypoxia, mountain climbing, acclimatization, impaired sleep, periodic breathing during sleep, nighttime awakenings and arousals, sleep fragmentation, dyspnea, fatigue, coronary artery disease, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, COPD, pulmonary hypertension, asthma, sickle cell disease obstructive sleep apnea, OSA, sleep apnea, apnea, sleep 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thickening, benign exudative pleural effusion, rounded atelectasis, malignant mesothelioma of the pleura aspergillosis, fungus, fungal infection, inhalational fungal disease, mold infection, invasive pulmonary aspergillosis, allergic bronchopulmonary aspergillosis, ABPA, chronic necrotizing pulmonary aspergillosis, CNPA, chronic necrotizing Aspergillus pneumonia, aspergilloma, mycetoma, fungus ball, disseminated aspergillosis, fungal endocarditis, Aspergillus fumigatus, A fumigatus, Aspergillus niger, A niger, Aspergillus flavus, A flavus, Aspergillus clavatus, A clavatus, bronchocentric granulomatosis, malt worker's lung asthma, hyperreactive airway disease, exercise-induced asthma, EIA, exercise-induced bronchospasm, airway inflammation, intermittent airflow obstruction, airway hyperresponsiveness, bronchial hyperresponsiveness, increase in bronchial responsiveness, breathing disorder, lung dysfunction, acute bronchospasm, atopy, allergic rhinitis, cystic fibrosis, acute 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dilatated bronchus, dilatated bronchi, infected bronchi, bronchial infection, chronic obstructive pulmonary lung disease, COPD, bronchial tree infection, cylindrical bronchiectasis, cystic bronchiectasis, varicose bronchiectasis, bronchitis, chronic bronchitis, pulmonary infection, bronchial obstruction, cystic fibrosis, CF, Young syndrome, primary ciliary dyskinesia, allergic bronchopulmonary aspergillosis, bronchopulmonary aspergillosis, alpha-1 antitrypsin deficiency, alpha1-antitrypsin deficiency, rheumatic disease, traction bronchiectasis, congenital bronchiectasis, hemoptysis, bronchial obstruction, chronic aspiration, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, P aeruginosa, non-CF bronchiectasis, atypical mycobacterial infection, Klebsiella, Staphylococcus aureus, Mycobacterium tuberculosis, Mycoplasma pneumoniae, nontuberculous mycobacteria, measles, pertussis, influenza, herpes simplex, respiratory syncytial virus, Mycobacterium avium, S aureus, M tuberculosis, M pneumoniae, M avium acute bronchitis, chronic bronchitis, excessive tracheobronchial mucus production, simple chronic bronchitis, chronic mucopurulent bronchitis, chronic bronchitis with obstruction, upper respiratory tract infection (URTI), flu, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), bronchopneumonia, bronchiectasis, inflammation of bronchial tubes, Mycoplasma pneumoniae, M pneumoniae, Chlamydia pneumoniae, C pneumoniae, Streptococcus pneumoniae, S pneumoniae, Moraxella catarrhalis, M catarrhalis, Haemophilus influenzae, H influenzae, mycoplasmal pneumonia, pharyngeal erythema, localized lymphadenopathy, right ventricular hypertrophy, cystic fibrosis, influenza, parainfluenza, adenovirus, rhinovirus, respiratory syncytial virus, cigarette smoking, air pollution CWL, hypersensitivity pneumonitis, silicosis, asbestosis, occupational lung disease, pneumoconiosis, isocyanates, trimellitic anhydride, chemical toxins, chemical warfare agents, tabun, GA, sarin, GB, soman, GD, cyclosarin, GF, VX nerve gas, sulfur mustard, chlorine, phosgene, diphosgene, total cumulative dose, chemical exposure at work, lung disease, popcorn worker's lung, lung cell injury, polyurethane foam, molding, insulation, synthetic rubber, packaging materials, bronchiolitis obliterans, nitrogen oxides, sulfur dioxide, chlorine, ammonia, phosgene, cardiopulmonary disease, immunopathogenesis, toluene diisocyanate, TDI Chlamydia pneumoniae pneumonia, Taiwan acute respiratory pneumonia, TWAR pneumonia, ornithosis, psittacosis, parrot fever, Chlamydia trachomatis pneumonia, Chlamydia psittaci, Chlamydia pneumoniae, C psittaci, Chlamydia trachomatis, C pneumoniae, C trachomatis chronic bronchitis, emphysema, chronic obstructive airway disease, COAD, chronic lung, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, COPD, airflow obstruction, alpha1-antitrypsin, AAT chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, COPD, chronic bronchitis, emphysema, chronic obstructive airway disease, COAD, airflow obstruction, centriacinar emphysema, panacinar emphysema, distal acinar emphysema, paraseptal emphysema CWP, black lung, coal miner's lung, miner's asthma, miner's phthisis, pneumokoniosis, pneumoconioses, diffuse interstitial fibrosis, DIF, anthracosilicosis, anthracotic tuberculosis, anthracosis, simple coal worker's pneumoconiosis, SCWP, complicated coal worker's pneumoconiosis, CCWP, pulmonary massive fibrosis, PMF, coal macules, emphysema, Caplan syndrome, Caplan's syndrome, Caplan nodules, Caplan lesions, intrapulmonary nodules, coal dust in the lungs, focal ischemic necrosis, rheumatoid arthritis, rheumatoid lesions, interstitial fibrosis, cor pulmonale, smoking, silica exposure, focal emphysema, coal dust exposure coccidioidomycosis, San Joaquin Valley fever, valley fever, Coccidioides immitis, C immitis cyanosis, blue skin, oxygen deficit, blood gas analysis, blood gases, hypoxemia, methemoglobin, sulfhemoglobin, peripheral cyanosis, pseudocyanosis, pseudo-cyanosis, low oxygen saturation with normal hemoglobin, oxidized hemoglobin, dapsone, peripheral vasoconstriction, differential cyanosis diaphragm dysfunction, phrenic nerve injury, diaphragm, respiratory dysfunction, Bochdalek hernias, congenital diaphragmatic hernia, Guillain-Barré syndrome, lead neuropathy, postinfectious neuropathies, chiropractic cervical spine manipulation, uremia, diaphragmatic rupture, Morgagni hernia, eventration of the diaphragm, diaphragmatic agenesis, syringomyelia, poliomyelitis, motor neuron disease, brachial plexus neuritis, diabetic neuropathy, nutritional neuropathy, alcoholic neuropathy, vasculitic neuropathy, infection-related nerve injury, myasthenia gravis, myotonic dystrophies, Duchenne muscular dystrophy, metabolic myopathies, polymyositis, acquired diaphragmatic disorders, innervation defects, cerebral stroke, spinal cord disorders, phrenic nerve neuropathy respiratory pump, central respiratory centers, spinal cord, peripheral nerves, neuromuscular junctions, respiratory muscles, diaphragm, bilateral diaphragmatic paralysis, unilateral diaphragmatic paralysis, ventilatory support, diaphragm paresis, paralyzed diaphragm, diaphragmatic disorder, diaphragmatic dysfunction, diaphragm dysfunction, diaphragm tumor, diaphragm mass, breathing disorder, diaphragm, diaphragm pacing, diaphragmatic pacing, diaphragm plication, diaphragmatic placation emphysema, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, COPD, chronic obstructive lung disease, chronic lung, chronic bronchitis, airflow obstruction, centriacinar emphysema, centrilobular emphysema, panacinar emphysema, paraseptal emphysema, distal acinar emphysema, alpha1-antitrypsin deficiency, AAT pleuropulmonary empyema, complicated parapneumonic pleural effusion, Staphylococcus aureus, S aureus, Streptococcus pneumoniae, S pneumoniae, Klebsiella, Pseudomonas, Haemophilus, Bacteroides, Peptostreptococcus, uncomplicated parapneumonic effusion, thoracic empyema, thoracoplasty, decortication, pneumonia, parapneumonic effusion, esophageal perforation, trauma, surgical procedure on pleural space, septicemia eosinophilic granulomatosis, EG, pulmonary histiocytosis X, PHX, pulmonary Langerhans cell histiocytosis, PLCH, pulmonary histiocytosis, histiocytosis, cigarette smoking, end-stage fibrotic lung disease, fibrotic lung disease EP, primary eosinophilic pneumonia, primary EP, secondary eosinophilic pneumonia, secondary EP, eosinophilic lung disease, pulmonary eosinophilia, pulmonary infiltrates-with-eosinophilia syndrome, PIE, acute eosinophilic pneumonia, AEP, chronic eosinophilic pneumonia, CEP, drug-induced lung disease, parasite-induced lung disease, eosinophils, Ascaris lumbricoides, Strongyloides stercoralis, amiodarone, nitrofurantoin, idiopathic eosinophilic pneumonia, pulmonary tuberculosis, PTB farmer's lung disease, extrinsic allergic alveolitis, hypersensitivity pneumonitis, HP, wheezing, dyspnea, maple bark stripper's lung, chicken plucker's lung, bagassosis, byssinosis, humidifier lung, Actinomyces, Aspergillus, actinomycetes, Saccharopolyspora rectivirgula, S rectivirgula, Micropolyspora faeni, M faeni, Thermoactinomyces vulgaris, T vulgaris, Thermoactinomyces viridis, T viridis, Thermoactinomyces sacchari, T sacchari, Krebs von den Lungen-6, KL-6 foreign body aspiration, aspirated objects, asphyxia, upper airway obstruction, café coronary, acute ventilatory failure, mediastinitis, tracheoesophageal fistula, bronchial obstruction, bronchiectasis, rigid bronchoscopy, flexible bronchoscopy, bronchotomy, segmental resection Histoplasma capsulatum, H capsulatum, Histoplasma species, dimorphic fungus, yeast, bat droppings, bird droppings, acute pulmonary histoplasmosis, pleural effusion, pericarditis, chronic pulmonary histoplasmosis, pulmonary fibrosis, mycelium, macroconidia, microconidia, progressive disseminated histoplasmosis, ocular histoplasmosis syndrome, chronic progressive disseminated histoplasmosis, subacute progressive disseminated histoplasmosis, acute progressive disseminated histoplasmosis hypersensitivity pneumonitis, HP, bird fancier's lung, extrinsic allergic alveolitis, farmer's lung, Saccharopolyspora rectivirgula, S rectivirgula, Micropolyspora faeni, M faeni, Thermoactinomyces sacchari, T sacchari, Thermoactinomyces vulgaris, T vulgaris, Penicillium casei, P casei, Aspergillus clavatus, A clavatus, Mucor stolonifer, M stolonifer, Sitophilus granarius, S granarius, Cladosporium, heykatarr, bagassosis, grain handler's lung, humidifier lung, air-conditioner lung, bird breeder's lung, cheese worker's lung, malt worker's lung, paprika splitter's lung, mollusk shell hypersensitivity, chemical worker's lung, pulmonary disease, lung disease primary alveolar hypoventilation, alveolar ventilation, VA, obesity hypoventilation syndrome, OHS, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease with hypercapnia, hypercapnia, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, COPD, chronic lung disease, hypoxemia, hypoxia, respiratory system, respiratory failure, obstructive sleep apnea, sleep apnea, OSA, chest wall deformities, respiratory insufficiency, myasthenia gravis, amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, Guillain-Barre syndrome, Guillain-Barré syndrome, muscular dystrophy, kyphoscoliosis, dyspnea, central respiratory drive depression, pickwickian syndrome sleeplessness, insomniac, sleep disturbance, sleep disorder, inadequate sleep quality, sleep complaint, transient insomnia, adjustment sleep disorder, short-term insomnia, chronic insomnia, fatigue-related motor vehicle accident, hyperarousability, hyper-arousability, sleep hygiene Kartagener syndrome, KS, immotile cilia syndrome, primary ciliary dyskinesia, PCD, situs inversus, chronic sinusitis, bronchiectasis necrotizing pneumonia, lung gangrene, necrosis of pulmonary tissue, lung cavities, aspiration pneumonia, periodontal disease, bacteremia, tricuspid valve endocarditis LAM, progressive pulmonary dysfunction, abdominal tumors, angiomyolipomas, AML, abdominal mass, tuberous sclerosis, TSC, pulmonary disease, pneumothorax, lung disease, lung transplantation, lymphangioleiomyomatosis, LAM cell lymphocytic interstitial pneumonia, LIP, lymphoid interstitial pneumonitis, lymphoid pneumonitis, plasma cell interstitial pneumonitis, pulmonary interstitial infiltration, pseudolymphoma, autoimmune disorders, lymphoproliferative disorders, human immunodeficiency virus, HIV-related LIP, HIV-associated LIP, HIV, AIDS, Epstein-Barr virus, EBV, human T-cell leukemia virus, HTLV type 1, HIV type 1, rheumatoid arthritis, Hashimoto thyroiditis, myasthenia gravis, pernicious anemia, autoerythrocyte sensitization syndrome, chronic active hepatitis, common variable immunodeficiency, Sjögren syndrome, allogeneic bone marrow transplantation, lupus, lymphoma, B-cell CLL/lymphoma 6, BCL-6, zinc finger protein 51 lymphomatoid granulomatosis, angiocentric lymphoproliferative lesion, LYG, Wegener granulomatosis, Wegener's granulomatosis, WG, B-cell lymphoma, pulmonary angiitis Milroy disease, congenital lymphedema, lymphedema congenita, noninfectious hereditary elephantiasis, autosomal dominant lymphedema, lymphatic obstruction, fibrosis, cellulitis, Meige disease, lymphedema tarda, lymphedema praecox OSAHS, obstructive sleep apnea, apnea, snore, obesity complication, OSA, obstructive sleep apnea syndrome, OSAS, snoring, apneic sleep, sleep disorder, central sleep apnea, CSA, central breathing instability, continuous positive airway pressure, CPAP, apnea-hypopnea index, apnea-plus-hypopnea index, AHI, sleep-disordered breathing, sleep disordered breathing, uvulopalatopharyngoplasty, UPPP, excessive daytime sleepiness, EDS pleural effusion, pleuritis, pleurisy, serous pleurisy, wet pleurisy, congestive heart failure, lung malignancy, lung infections, pulmonary infection, pulmonary emboli, pulmonary embolus, lung emboli, lung embolus, esophageal rupture, pneumothorax, thoracentesis pleurodynia, pleuritis, pleuritic pain, lancinating chest pain, costalgia, epidemic pleurodynia, Bornholm disease, Bornholm's disease, Devil grip, Devil's grip, epidemic myalgia, coxsackievirus B, enteroviruses, meningitis, carditis, Sylvest's disease, Sylvest disease, epidemic benign dry pleurisy aspiration pneumonia, Mendelson syndrome, chemical pneumonitis, anaerobic bacterial pneumonia, chemical pneumonia, CP, aspiration of gastric acid, bacterial pneumonia, BP, aspiration of bacteria from oral and pharyngeal areas, exogenous lipoid pneumonia, aspiration of oil, aspiration of a foreign body, acute respiratory emergency, parenchymal inflammatory reaction, community-acquired pneumonia, CAP, nosocomial pneumonia, acute respiratory distress syndrome, ARDS pneumonia, pneumococcus, Streptococcus pneumoniae, S pneumoniae, Haemophilus influenzae, H influenzae, Staphylococcus aureus, S aureus, Legionella, Legionella pneumophila, Mycoplasma, Mycoplasma pneumoniae, Chlamydia, Chlamydia psittaci, Coccidioides immitis, Mycobacterium tuberculosis, M tuberculosis, Histoplasma capsulatum, Coxiella burnetii, C burnetii, Burkholderia pseudomallei, Pseudomonas, Pseudomonas pseudomallei, Melioidosis, Klebsiella, Klebsiella pneumoniae, K pneumoniae, Moraxella catarrhalis, M catarrhalis, Pneumocystis carinii, Cryptococcus neoformans, Rhodococcus equi, Mycobacterium avium-intracellulare, Serratia marcescens, Nocardia, Escherichia coli, Enterobacter, Serratia species, Bacteroides, Peptostreptococcus, Fusobacterium species, hospital-acquired pneumonia, community-acquired pneumonia, CAP, nosocomial pneumonia, viral pneumonia, typical pneumonia, atypical pneumonia, lobular pneumonia, lobar pneumonia, bronchial pneumonia, pores of Kohn, peripneumonia, inflammation of lung tissue, consolidation of lung tissue, influenza, bacterial pneumonia, bronchiectasis, respiratory failure, septic shock, bloody sputum, rust-colored sputum, green sputum, foul-smelling sputum, bad-tasting sputum, currant-jelly sputum, tachypnea, central cyanosis, rales, crackles, egophony upon auscultation, whispering pectoriloquy, pleural friction rub, endotracheal intubation, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, COPD, smoking, asthma, chronic alcoholism, diabetes, Pontiac fever, gag reflex pulmonary mycosis, mycotic pneumonia, fungal pneumonia, Histoplasma capsulatum, H capsulatum, Coccidioides immitis, C immitis, Blastomyces dermatitidis, B dermatitidis, Paracoccidioides brasiliensis, P brasiliensis, Cryptococcus neoformans, C neoformans, Candida, Aspergillus, Mucor, endemic fungal pneumonia, aspergillosis, meningoencephalitis, cryptococcosis, acute leukemia or lymphoma during myeloablative chemotherapy, bone marrow transplantation, solid organ transplantation on immunosuppressive treatment, prolonged corticosteroid therapy, AIDS, congenital immune deficiency syndromes viral pneumonia, viral respiratory tract infections, influenza virus, respiratory syncytial virus, RSV, parainfluenza virus, PIV, Orthomyxoviridae, severe acute respiratory syndrome, SARS, avian influenza pulmonary alveolar proteinosis, PAP, alveolar filling with floccular material, periodic acid-Schiff, PAS, surfactant-associated protein B deficiency, SP-B deficiency, GM-CSF antibodies, GM-CSF deficiency, inhalation of silica dust, acute silicoproteinosis, insecticide exposure, aluminum dust exposure, titanium dioxide exposure, inorganic dust exposure, hematologic malignancy, myeloid disorder, lysinuric protein intolerance, HIV infection, AIDS pulmonary disease and pregnancy, amniotic fluid embolism, tocolytic pulmonary edema, preeclampsia, pulmonary edema, peripartum cardiomyopathy, acute respiratory failure, gestation trophoblastic disease, asthma, venous thromboembolism, VTE, pneumonia, pulmonary embolism, PE, pulmonary infections, lung infections, nonobstetric infection, indirect obstetric death, tuberculosis, TB, chorioamnionitis, trophoblastic embolism, placental abruption, acute lung injury, pulmonary vascular disease, obstructive sleep apnea, OSA, sleep apnea high-altitude pulmonary edema, mountain sickness, altitude illness, HAPE, high-altitude illness, cerebral edema, acute mountain sickness, retinal hemorrhages, peripheral edema, noncardiogenic pulmonary edema neurogenic pulmonary edema, NPE, pulmonary edema, epileptic seizures, epilepsy, seizures, cerebral hemorrhage, head trauma, cerebral bleeding, head injury, multiple sclerosis with medullary involvement, medullary multiple sclerosis, nonhemorrhagic stroke, non-hemorrhagic stroke, bulbar poliomyelitis, poliomyelitis, air embolism, air emboli, brain tumor, electroconvulsive therapy, ECT, bacterial meningitis, cervical spinal cord injury, spine injury pulmonary embolism, venous thromboembolism, PE, obstructive shock, deep vein thrombosis, deep venous thrombosis, DVT, hemodynamic collapse, acute pulmonary infarction, pulmonary hypertension, cor pulmonale, pleuritic chest pain, hemoptysis, venous stasis, polycythemia, immobility, hypercoagulability, factor V Leiden mutation, pancreatic carcinoma, bronchogenic carcinoma, carcinoma of the genitourinary tract, colon cancer, breast cancer, congestive heart failure, stroke, obesity, varicose veins, inflammatory bowel disease pulmonary eosinophilia, pulmonary infiltrate with eosinophilia syndrome, PIE syndrome, eosinophilic lung disease, inflammatory lung disease, pulmonary disease, eosinophilic immune response, acute eosinophilic pneumonia, AEP, chronic eosinophilic pneumonia, CEP, idiopathic hypereosinophilic syndrome, IHES, Churg-Strauss syndrome, CSS, eosinophilic granuloma, EG, pulmonary histiocytosis X, Langerhans cell granulomatosis, pulmonary eosinophilia, TPE, Loeffler syndrome, Loeffler's syndrome, Ascaris infestation, tapeworm, parasite infestation, strongyloidiasis, ascariasis, paragonimiasis, schistosomiasis, dirofilariasis, ancylostomiasis, trichomoniasis, clonorchiasis, visceral larva migrans, allergic bronchopulmonary aspergillosis, ABPA, Aspergillus, aspergillosis, allergic bronchopulmonary mycosis, bronchocentric granulomatosis, extrinsic eosinophilic syndromes, intrinsic eosinophilic syndromes, coccidioidomycosis IPF, cryptogenic fibrosing alveolitis, usual interstitial pneumonitis, UIP, interstitial disease, intersitial lung disease, desquamative interstitial pneumonitis, DIP, cor pulmonale, pneumothorax, thromboembolism disease, thromboembolic disease, chronic fibrosing alveolitis, fibrosing alveolitis, Hamman-Rich syndrome, collagen-vascular disease, collagen vascular disease, alveolar injuries, alveolar injury, inflammation of the lung parenchyma, fibrosis of the lung parenchyma, Ebstein-Barr virus, chronic aspiration secondary to gastroesophageal reflux interstitial lung disease, ILD, diffuse parenchymal lung disease, DPLD, diffuse lung disease, DLD, fibrotic lung disease, bronchiolitis obliterans-organizing pneumonia, BOOP, cryptogenic organizing pneumonia, COP, acute interstitial pneumonitis, AIP, eosinophilic pneumonia, desquamative interstitial pneumonitis, DIP, nonspecific interstitial pneumonitis, NSIP, hypersensitivity pneumonitis, HSP, lymphocytic interstitial pneumonitis, LIP, giant-cell pneumonitis, granulomatous pneumonitis, sarcoidosis, occupational interstitial lung disease, autoimmune pulmonary fibrosis pulmonary function testing, forced vital capacity, spirogram, forced spirogram, spirometry before and after bronchodilators, sitting and supine spirometry, diagnostic spirometry, functional reserve capacity, FRC, helium dilution lung volumes, nitrogen washout lung volumes, static lung volumes, lung subdivisions, transfer factor, DLCO, diffusing capacity of lung, DL, diffusing capacity of lung/volume averaging, DL/VA, KCO, Krogh constant, maximum inspiratory pressures, MIP, maximum expiratory pressures, MEP, negative inspiratory force, NIF, respiratory pressures, maximum respiratory pressures, oximetry, oxygen saturation check, exercise oximetry, oxygen titration by oximetry, oxygen saturation measured using pulse oxymetry, oxygen desaturation test, SpO2, Mecholyl challenge, bronchial provocation test, cardiopulmonary exercise test, CPX, ABG idiopathic pulmonary arterial hypertension, IPAH, idiopathic pulmonary hypertension, elevated pulmonary artery pressure, thrombotic pulmonary arteriopathy, TPA, plexogenic pulmonary arteriopathy, primary pulmonary hypertension, PPH, precapillary pulmonary hypertension, prostacyclin analogues, endothelin receptor antagonists, ERAs, endothelin-receptor antagonists, pulmonary hypertension, portal hypertension, pulmonary arteriopathy, pulmonary artery hypertension, PAH, pulmonary arterial hypertension, portopulmonary hypertension, CREST, calcinosis cutis, Raynaud phenomenon, esophageal motility disorder, sclerodactyly, telangiectasia, variant of scleroderma, systemic lupus erythematosus, mixed connective-tissue disease, exposure to anorexigens, cocaine, amphetamines, HIV infection, HIV seropositivity, right-sided heart failure, recurrent syncope, pulmonic regurgitation, Graham Steell murmur, tricuspid regurgitation, right ventricular lift, right ventricular failure, hepatomegaly, abnormal abdominal-jugular reflex, cirrhosis, stimulant abuse secondary pulmonary artery hypertension, SPAH, pulmonary artery hypertension, pulmonary arterial hypertension, PAH, cardiac disorders, pulmonary disorders, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, COPD, high-altitude disorders, hypoventilation disorders, obstructive sleep apnea, OSA, collagen vascular diseases, systemic scleroderma, CREST syndrome, calcinosis cutis, Raynaud phenomenon, esophageal motility disorder, sclerodactyly, telangiectasia, left heart disorders, atrial septal defects, ventricular septal defects, left ventricular dysfunction, LV dysfunction, mitral valvular disease, constrictive pericarditis, aortic stenosis, cardiomyopathy, poliomyelitis, myasthenia gravis, kyphoscoliosis, interstitial lung disease, HIV infection, toxins, portal hypertension, sickle cell disease, schistosomiasis, pulmonary capillary hemangiomatosis, deep venous thrombosis, pulmonary embolism, arthritis, arthralgias, heavy alcohol consumption, hepatitis, heavy snoring, daytime hypersomnolence, morning headaches, morbid obesity, hypertension, syncope, exertional angina, mitral stenosis, pulmonary artery distension, right ventricular ischemia, cor pulmonale, tricuspid regurgitation, hepatomegaly, pulsatile liver, ascites, left atrial hypertension, pulmonary venous obstruction, mediastinal fibrosis, pulmonary venoocclusive disease recurrent respiratory papillomatosis, RRP, juvenile-onset recurrent respiratory papillomatosis, JORRP, adult-onset recurrent respiratory papillomatosis, AORRP, human papilloma virus, HPV, airway obstruction, voice change, warts, sexually transmitted diseases, STDs hypoventilation, hypercapnia, alveolar hypoventilation, impaired ventilation, central respiratory depression, myasthenia gravis, amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, Guillain-Barre syndrome, muscular dystrophy, asthma, airway obstruction, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, COPD, increased ventilation-perfusion mismatch, decreased diaphragm function, diaphragm dysfunction, obesity hypoventilation syndrome, pickwickian syndrome, respiratory muscle fatigue, emphysema, chronic bronchitis, bronchitis, amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, diaphragm paralysis, kyphoscoliosis hyperventilation, hypocapnia, alveolar hyperventilation, mechanical ventilation, respiratory acid-base disorder, alkalemia, hypocalcemia, hyponatremia, hypochloremia, hyperventilation syndrome, anxiety, psychosis, meningitis, cerebrovascular accident, encephalitis, tumor, trauma, hypoxemia, drug reactions, pregnancy, hyperthyroidism, pneumothorax, hemothorax, pneumonia, pulmonary edema, interstitial lung disease, sepsis, hepatic failure, heat exhaustion, metabolic acidosis, severe anemia, pulmonary disease restrictive lung disease, pulmonary fibrosis, kyphoscoliosis, sarcoidosis, interstitial pneumonitis, intrinsic lung diseases, pneumonitis, diseases of lung parenchyma, interstitial lung disease, pneumonitis, idiopathic fibrotic diseases, connective-tissue diseases, drug-induced lung disease, primary lung disease, extrinsic lung disorders, extraparenchymal diseases, lung restriction, impaired ventilatory function, respiratory failure, idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis, IPF, total lung capacity, TLC sarcoidosis, sarcoid, noncaseating granulomas, NCGs, non-caseating granulomas, lung disease, pulmonary disease, cardiac sarcoid, sarcoid lesion silicosis, pneumoconiosis, pneumoconioses, fibronodular lung disease, work-related illness, mining illness, mining, tunneling, quarrying, drilling, crushing stone, chipping, grinding, sandblasting, cement manufacturing, building construction, occupational hazard, cutting bricks, manufacturing bricks, silica dust, silica exposure silo unloader disease, nitrogen dioxide poisoning, SFD, silo-filler's disease, proliferative pulmonary disease, pulmonary edema, bronchiolitis obliterans, asphyxiation, methemoglobinemia, chemical pneumonitis, acute respiratory distress syndrome, ARDS, acute lung injury, nitrogen oxides, bronchioles lung injury, alveoli lung injury, arterial blood gas, ABG, methemoglobin, MHb, methemoglobinemia solitary pulmonary nodule, SPN, early lung cancer, histoplasmosis, coccidioidomycosis, blastomycosis, pulmonary mycosis, tuberculosis, TB, bronchogenic carcinoma, nocardiosis, asbestos exposure, radon exposure, nickel exposure, chromium exposure, vinyl chloride exposure, polycyclic hydrocarbon exposure, chemical exposure, industrial exposure, bronchogenic cancer, bronchogenic malignancy, pulmonary mycosis, mycosis, lung nodule, malignant nodule, lung lesion, lung malignancy, neoplasm, primary neoplasm, lung neoplasm, granuloma, infectious granuloma, lung granuloma, benign lung lesion, hamartoma, lymphoma, carcinoid, fibroma, neurofibroma, blastoma, sarcoma, lung abscess, round pneumonia, hydatid cyst, rheumatoid arthritis, RA, Wegener granulomatosis, sarcoidosis, lipoid pneumonia, arteriovenous malformation, AVM, lung cyst, pulmonary infarct, round atelectasis, mucoid impaction, mucus impaction, progressive massive fibrosis status asthmaticus, acute asthma, hyperactive airway disease, asthma, asthma emergency, allergen exposure, respiratory tract infection, pollen, mold, animal dander, house dust mites, wheezing, chest tightness, progressive shortness of breath, dry cough, viral respiratory illness, underuse of anti-inflammatory therapy, allergic bronchopulmonary aspergillosis, Churg-Strauss vasculitis, beta-agonists, theophylline, bronchoconstrictive response, broncho-constrictive response, peripheral airway inflammation, bronchodilator therapy tobacco worker's lung, hypersensitivity pneumonitis, HP, extrinsic allergic alveolitis, EAA, TWL, parenchymal lung diseases, tobacco molds, Aspergillus species, interleukin-1, tumor necrosis factor-alpha, interleukin-6, IL-1, IL-6, pulmonary inflammation, Scopulariopsis brevicaulis URI, upper respiratory tract infection, upper respiratory infection, common cold, viral upper respiratory tract infection, viral respiratory infection, viral pharyngitis, bacterial pharyngitis, bacterial upper respiratory infection, nasopharyngitis, rhinopharyngitis, sinusitis, rhinosinusitis, epiglottitis, supraglottitis, laryngitis, laryngotracheitis, laryngotracheobronchitis, croup, whooping cough, group A streptococci, group A Streptococcus species, GAS, Streptococcus pyogenes, S pyogenes, Haemophilus influenzae type B, Hib, H influenzae, pertussis, diphtheria conventional respiratory support, positive pressure ventilation, positive-pressure ventilation, negative-pressure ventilation, negative pressure ventilation, iron lung, cuirass, shell unit, acute lung injury, chronic obstructive lung disease, apnea, respiratory arrest, neuromuscular disease, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, COPD, acute respiratory distress syndrome, ARDS, permissive hypercapnia, iron lung non-invasive ventilation, noninvasive ventilatory support, non-invasive ventilatory support, noninvasive positive-pressure ventilation, NPPV, negative-pressure ventilation, volume ventilator, pressure-controlled ventilator, bilevel positive airway pressure, BIPAP, bilevel ventilator, continuous positive airway pressure, CPAP, acute respiratory failure, chronic respiratory failure, artificial respiration, body ventilator

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Endocrinology/Ендокринология

primary adrenocortical insufficiency, Addison disease, Addison's disease, addisonian crisis, adrenal cortex, glucocorticoid function, mineralocorticoid function, AA, adrenal incidentaloma, AI, adrenal mass, AM, adrenal tumor, Cushing syndrome, Cushing's syndrome, pheochromocytoma, hyperaldosteronism, primary hyperaldosteronism, adrenal cancer, adrenal carcinoma, adrenal gland cancer, adrenal gland carcinoma, acute adrenal crisis, acute adrenocortical insufficiency, acute adrenal insufficiency, addisonian crisis, adrenal apoplexy, cortisol, aldosterone, primary adrenocortical insufficiency, secondary adrenocortical insufficiency, bilateral massive adrenal hemorrhage, BMAH, fetoplacental unit, congenital adrenal hyperplasia, CAH, 21-hydroxylase deficiency, 11-beta hydroxylase deficiency, 17-alpha hydroxylase deficiency, 11beta-hydroxylase deficiency, 17alpha-hydroxylase deficiency, decreased fertility, female pseudohermaphrodism, maternal hyperandrogenism, ambiguous fetal genitalia, Addison disease, Addison's disease, adrenal insufficiency, polyglandular autoimmune syndrome, PGA syndrome, Cushing syndrome, Cushing's syndrome, hypercortisolism, adrenal adenoma, pheochromocytoma, multiple endocrine neoplasia, multiple endocrine neoplasia type 2, MEN 2, aldosteronism, glucocorticoid-remediable aldosteronism, glucocorticoid-remediable aldosteronism, GRA, adrenal disease, pregnancy, AH, adrenal apoplexy, adrenal hemorrhagic necrosis, Waterhouse-Friderichsen syndrome, acute adrenal crisis, adrenocorticotropic hormone, ACTH, corticotropin, bilateral gland, necrosis, medullary adrenal cells, adrenal vein thrombosis, alcoholic ketoacidosis, AKA, binge drinking, alcohol binge, ethanol binge, alcoholic acidotic coma, metabolic acidosis, elevated anion gap, chronic alcohol abuse, alcohol abuse, ethanol abuse, chronic ethanol abuse, alcoholism, alcoholic, gastritis, alcoholic gastritis, pancreatitis, alcohol withdrawal, gastrointestinal bleeding, GI bleeding, metabolic acidosis, steroids, steroid abuse, anabolic steroids, testosterone, anabolic-androgenic steroids, androgenic-anabolic steroids, AAS, anabolic, androgenic, testosterone esters, drug abuse, roid rage, doping, performance-enhancing drugs, testosterone propionate, testosterone cypionate, testosterone enanthate, methyltestosterone, methandrostenolone, fluoxymesterone, nandrolone decanoate, ethylestrenol, trenbolone, oxandrolone, stanozolol, oxymetholone, vitamin B-1 deficiency, thiamine deficiency, wet beriberi, dry beriberi, Shoshin beriberi, acute fulminant cardiovascular beriberi, thiamine pyrophosphate, Wernicke encephalopathy, Wernicke’s encephalopathy, Korsakoff syndrome, Korsakoff’s syndrome, C-11 hydroxylase deficiency, C-11 beta-hydroxylase deficiency, congenital adrenal hyperplasia, CAH, cortisol biosynthesis, CYP11B2, aldosterone deficiency, mineralocorticoid deficiency, 17-alpha hydroxylase deficiency, congenital adrenal hyperplasia, CAH, sexual infantilism, hypertension, deoxycorticosterone, DOC, CYP17, gonadal steroidogenesis, primary hyperaldosteronism, hyperaldosteronism, aldosteronism, hypertension, hypokalemia, adrenal hyperplasia, unilateral aldosterone-producing adenoma, APA, bilateral adrenal hyperplasia, idiopathic hyperaldosteronism, IHA, Conn's syndrome, increased aldosterone secretion, primary hypersecretion of aldosterone, secondary hypertension, renin-responsive adenoma, primary adrenal hyperplasia, glucocorticoid-remediable aldosteronism, GRA, adrenocortical carcinoma, ovarian tumors, Cushing syndrome, Cushing's syndrome, hypercortisolism, adrenocorticotropic hormone, ACTH-independent hypercortisolism, ACTH-dependent hypercortisolism, endogenous glucocorticoids, exogenous glucocorticoids, cyclooxygenase deficiency, COX deficiency, prostaglandin-endoperoxide synthase deficiency, PTGS deficiency, fatty acid cyclooxygenase deficiency, prostaglandin H synthase deficiency, PGH synthase deficiency, EC 1.14.99.1 deficiency, eicosanoid, seminal fluid, COX inhibition, COX-1, PTGS-1,COX-2, PTGS-2, subacute nonsuppurative thyroiditis, subacute granulomatous thyroiditis, giant cell thyroiditis, subacute painful thyroiditis, DI, central diabetes insipidus, nephrogenic diabetes insipidus, antidiuretic hormone, ADH,  arginine vasopressin, AVP,  polyuria, polydipsia, hypernatremia, dehydration, craniopharyngioma, pineal tumors, primary intracranial tumors, idiopathic diabetes insipidus, gestational diabetes mellitus, gestational diabetes, GDM, infants of diabetic mothers, IDMs, infant of diabetic mother, IDM, maternal hyperglycemia, fetal hyperglycemia, diabetes in pregnancy, diabetes-associated birth defects, diabetic birth defects, gestational DM, macrosomia, macrosomic infant, macrosomic fetus, diabetic pregnancy, fetal macrosomia, type 1 DM, type 1 diabetes, type 2 diabetes mellitus, type II diabetes mellitus, autoimmune diabetes mellitus, juvenile-onset diabetes, ketosis-prone diabetes, insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus, IDDM, brittle diabetes mellitus, diabetic ketoacidosis, DKA, maturity-onset diabetes of the young, MODY, type 2 diabetes mellitus, type II diabetes mellitus, DM, DM type 2, adult-onset diabetes mellitus, maturity-onset diabetes mellitus, non–insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus, NIDDM, maturity-onset diabetes of the young, MODY, hyperglycemia, microvascular complications, macrovascular complications, lack of endogenous insulin, pancreatic beta-cell failure, insulin resistance, insulin deficiency, elevated free fatty acids, obesity, metabolic complications, end-stage renal disease, ESRD, nontraumatic lower limb amputations, diabetic vasculopathy, diabetic neuropathy, diabetic retinopathy, diabetic nephropathy, polyuria, polydipsia, polyphagia, blurred vision, lower extremity paresthesias, yeast infections, gestational diabetes mellitus, hypertension, high triglycerides, polycystic ovary disease, Cushing syndrome, acromegaly, pheochromocytoma, incretins, dipeptidyl-peptidase inhibitor-IV, DPP-4 inhibitor, diabetic ketoacidosis, DKA, diabetes, hyperglycemia, acidosis, ketonuria, ketogenesis, ketones, ketoacids, acetone, beta hydroxybutyrate, acetoacetate, Kussmaul respirations, increased thirst, polydipsia, increased urination, polyuria, diabetes mellitus, type 1 diabetes, type 1 DM, insulin, human insulin, Broad-beta disease, remnant removal disease, type III hyperlipoproteinemia, lipid disorders, cholesterol, triglycerides, very low-density lipoprotein, VLDL, intermediate-density lipoprotein, IDL, low-density lipoprotein, LDL, atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease, atherosclerosis, peripheral vascular disease, apolipoprotein E-2, apoE-2, apoE, abnormal free thyroxine, T4, thyroxine, triiodothyronine, T3, familial dysalbuminemic hyperthyroxinemia, FDH, hyperthyroidism, hypothyroidism, thyroid hormone resistance, thyroxin-binding prealbumin, TBPA, thyroxin-binding globulin, TBG, normal pregnancy, high altitude, anti-T3 immunoglobulin, antitriiodothyronine immunoglobulin, anti-T4 immunoglobulin, antithyroxine immunoglobulin, acute psychosis, liver disease, glucagonoma, islet cell tumor, estrogen-secreting tumor, serum binding proteins, albumin, ESS, nonthyroidal illness, NTI, sick euthyroid syndrome, SES, nonthyroidal illness syndrome, NTIS, low T3 syndrome, low iodothyronine syndrome, low T4 syndrome, triiodothyronine, thyroxine, thyroid-stimulating hormone, TSH, thyrotropin, thyroxine-binding globulin, TBG, follicle-stimulating hormone, FSH, FSH abnormalities, hypogonadism, isolated idiopathic hypogonadotropic hypogonadism, Kallmann syndrome, Prader-Willi syndrome, craniopharyngiomas, combined pituitary hormone deficiency, fertile eunuch syndrome, pituitary adenomas, pituitary cysts, metastatic cancer to the sella, hypothalamic surgery, pituitary surgery, hypothalamic radiation, pituitary radiation, hemochromatosis, sarcoidosis, histiocytosis, lymphoma, lymphocytic hypophysitis, meningitis, tuberculous meningitis, pituitary apoplexy, head trauma, skull fracture, Cushing syndrome, exogenous glucocorticoid excess, endogenous glucocorticoid excess, hyperprolactinemia, primary hypothyroidism, sex steroid–secreting tumors, sex steroid tumors, excessive exercise, empty sella, pituitary infarction, Sheehan syndrome, chronic systemic disease, anorexia nervosa, congenital adrenal hyperplasia, CAH, Klinefelter syndrome, cryptorchidism, androgen biosynthesis disorders, Sertoli-cell-only syndrome, end organresistance to androgens, Turner syndrome, myotonic dystrophy, mumps orchitis, chemotherapy, testicular torsion, ovarian failure, premature ovarian failure, menopause, premature menopause, gonadotroph adenomas, alpha-cell tumor, alpha-cell adenoma, 4D syndrome, neuroendocrine tumor, islet cell pancreatic tumor, glucagon overproduction, diabetes mellitus, hypoaminoacidemia, weight loss, normochromic and normocytic anemia, necrolytic migrating erythema, NME, hyperglucagonemia, pancreas, octreotide, Sandostatin, peptide hormone, bioactive peptide, tumor of the pancreas, multiple endocrine neoplasia type 1, MEN I, islet cell tumor, abnormal glucose tolerance, abnormal glucose homeostasis, disorders of glucose tolerance, disorders of glycemia, glucose intolerance, glucose tolerance, type 1 diabetes mellitus, type 2 diabetes mellitus, gestational diabetes mellitus, GDM, impaired glucose tolerance, IGT, impaired fasting glucose, IFG, hyperglycemia, normoglycemia, ketoacidosis, dysmetabolic syndrome, central adiposity, insulin resistance, pancreas, pancreatic function, hypoglycemia, pancreatic beta cells, glycogen storage disease type Ia, von Gierke disease, GSD, von Gierke's disease, G-6-phosphatase deficiency, G-6-P deficiency, glycogen metabolism, enzyme deficiency, hypoglycemia, hepatomegaly, hyperlipidemia, hyperuricemia, hepatic adenoma, gouty arthritis, uric acid nephrolithiasis, chronic renal failure, CRF, proteinuria, liver disease, von Gierke disease, glycogen storage disease, GSD, glycogen storage disease type Ia, GSD type Ia, hepatonephromegaly glycogenica, GSD type Ib, Pompe disease, GSD type II, acid maltase deficiency, Cori disease, GSD type III, debranching enzyme deficiency, McArdle disease, GSD type V, myophosphorylase deficiency, Tarui disease, GSD type VII, phosphofructokinase, glucose-6-phosphatase, G-6-P deficiency, GSD type 0, defective glycogen synthase, GSD type Ib, GSD type 1b, glycogen storage disorder, GSD, glycogen storage disease, Pompe disease, GSD type II, acid maltase deficiency, Cori disease, GSD type III, debranching enzyme deficiency, McArdle disease, GSD type V, myophosphorylase deficiency, Tarui disease, GSD type VII, phosphofructokinase deficiency, von Gierke disease, GSD type Ia, glucose-6-phosphatase deficiency, glucose-6-phosphatase, G-6-P, hypoglycemic seizure, Pompe disease, acid maltase deficiency, type II glycogen storage disease, glycogen storage disease, GSD type II, lysosomal alpha-1,4-glucosidase deficiency, Cori disease, GSD type III, debranching enzyme deficiency, McArdle disease, GSD type V, myophosphorylase deficiency, Tarui disease, GSD type VII, phosphofructokinase deficiency, von Gierke disease, GSD type Ia, glucose-6-phosphatase deficiency, enzyme defects, glycogen accumulation, glycogen synthase deficiency, glucose-6-phosphatase deficiency, G-6-P deficiency, Pompe disease, Forbes-Cori disease, GSD type IV, transglucosidase deficiency, Andersen disease, amylopectinosis, GSD type VI, phosphorylase deficiency, Hers disease, Cori disease, GSD type III, Illingworth-Cori-Forbes disease, amylo-1,6-glucosidase debrancher deficiency, glycogenosis III, debranching enzyme deficiency, limit dextrinosis, GSD type 0, glycogen synthase deficiency, GSD type Ia, glucose-6-phosphatase deficiency, G-6-P deficiency, von Gierke disease, GSD type II, acid maltase deficiency, Pompe disease, Forbes-Cori disease, GSD type IV, transglucosidase deficiency, Andersen disease, amylopectinosis, GSD type V, myophosphorylase deficiency, McArdle disease, GSD type VI, phosphorylase deficiency, Hers disease, GSD type VII, phosphofructokinase deficiency, Tarui disease, Andersen disease, glycogen storage disease type IV, GSD type IV, branching enzyme deficiency, amylopectinosis, Pompe disease, GSD type II, acid maltase deficiency, Cori disease, GSD type III, debranching enzyme deficiency, McArdle disease, GSD type V, myophosphorylase deficiency, Tarui disease, GSD type VII, phosphofructokinase deficiency, glycogen synthase deficiency, McArdle disease, McArdle’s disease, glycogen storage disease type V, GSD type V, myophosphorylase deficiency, enzyme defect, glycogen storage disease, GSD, GSD type 0, glycogen synthase deficiency, GSD type Ia, glucose-6-phosphatase deficiency, G-6-P deficiency, von Gierke disease, GSD type II, acid maltase deficiency, Pompe disease, GSD type III, debranching enzyme deficiency, Forbes-Cori disease, GSD type IV, transglucosidase deficiency, Andersen disease, amylopectinosis, GSD type VI, phosphorylase deficiency, Hers disease, GSD type VII, phosphofructokinase deficiency, Tarui disease, Hers disease, glycogen storage disease type VI, GSD type VI, enzyme defect, hepatomegaly, hypoglycemia, liver phosphorylase deficiency, glycogen storage disease, GSD, Hers' disease, GSD type 0, glycogen synthase deficiency, GSD type Ia, glucose-6-phosphatase deficiency, G-6-P deficiency, von Gierke disease, GSD type II, acid maltase deficiency, Pompe disease, GSD type III, debranching enzyme deficiency, Forbes-Cori disease, GSD type IV, GSD type V, myophosphorylase deficiency, McArdle disease, transglucosidase deficiency, Andersen disease, amylopectinosis, GSD type VII, phosphofructokinase deficiency, Tauri disease, Tarui disease, Tarui’s disease, Tauri disease, Tauri’s disease, GSD type VII, muscle phosphofructokinase deficiency, enzyme defect, glycogen storage disease, GSD, GSD type 0, glycogen synthase deficiency, GSD type Ia, glucose-6-phosphatase deficiency, G-6-P deficiency, von Gierke disease, GSD type II, acid maltase deficiency, Pompe disease, GSD type III, debranching enzyme deficiency, Forbes-Cori disease, GSD type IV, GSD type V, myophosphorylase deficiency, McArdle disease, transglucosidase deficiency, Andersen disease, amylopectinosis, GSD type VI, phosphorylase deficiency, Hers disease, thyroid gland goiter, nontoxic goiter, toxic goiter, multinodular goiter, endemic goiter, Hashimoto disease, iodine, enlarged thyroid gland, inborn errors of thyroid hormone synthesis, iodine deficiency, goitrogens, TSH receptor antibodies, pituitary resistance to thyroid hormone, adenomas of hypothalamus, adenomas of pituitary gland, tumors producing human chorionic gonadotropin, autoimmune thyroiditis, Hashimoto disease, thyroid cancer, hyperthyroidism, hypothyroidism, thyroid nodules, swelling in the neck, Graves’ disease, Graves disease, Basedow disease, diffuse toxic goiter, thyroid hormone, overproduction of thyroid hormone, Hashimoto’s thyroiditis, Hashimoto thyroiditis, autoimmune thyroid disease, thyroid gland, hyperthyroidism, apathetic thyrotoxicosis, lithium therapy, lithium treatment, lithium toxicity, lithium-induced thyromegaly, hypothyroidism, thyroid hormone, thyrotropin, iodopenia, TH, thyroid-stimulating hormone, TSH, thyroglobulin, Tg, cyclic adenosine monophosphate, cAMP, euthyroid goiter, thyrotoxicosis, bipolar manic-depressive disorder, iodine, iodine deficiency, thyroid gland, thyrocytes, nontoxic goiter, goiter, multinodular goiter, adenomatous goiter, endemic goiter, sporadic goiter, nodular hyperplasia, diffuse or nodular enlargement of the thyroid gland, follicular epithelial hyperplasia, diffuse goiter, focal hyperplasia, thyroid-stimulating hormone, TSH, sporadic nontoxic goiter, cretinism, dyshormonogenesis, toxic nodular goiter, TNG, toxic multinodular goiter, Plummer disease, Plummer's disease, toxic uninodular goiter, autonomously functioning thyroid nodule, toxic adenoma, hyperthyroidism, Graves disease, Graves' disease, iodine deficiency, Jod-Basedow phenomenon, Jod-Basedow effect, Jod-Basedow's effect, hyperfunctioning nodule, multinodular thyroid, underlying nontoxic multinodular goiter, amiodarone, amiodarone-induced hyperthyroidism, thyrotoxicosis, apathetic hyperthyroidism, suppressed thyroid-stimulating hormone, TSH, TSH receptors, superior vena cava syndrome, hyperplasia, cyclic adenosine monophosphate, cAMP, thyroxine, T4, iodine-induced hyperthyroidism, triiodothyronine, T3, micronodular growth patterns, follicles, D727E, endothelin-1, ET-1, diffuse toxic goiter, thyrotoxicosis, hyperthyroidism, Basedow's disease, autoimmune thyroid disorder, autoimmune polyglandular syndrome, pernicious anemia, vitiligo, diabetesmellitus type 1, autoimmune adrenal insufficiency, systemic lupus erythematosus, thyroid antigens, thyroglobulin, thyroperoxidase, sodium-iodide symporter, TSH receptor, life-threatening thyrotoxic crisis, thyroid storm, Graves ophthalmopathy, thyroid acropachy, severe weight loss, osteoporosis, apathetic hyperthyroidism, cardiac hypertrophy, CTLA-4, pretibial myxedema, palpitation, nervousness, tremor, heat intolerance, hyperdefecation, inability to concentrate, proximal muscle weakness, easy fatigability with physical activity, proptosis, lid retraction, lacrimation, gritty sensation in the eye, photophobia, eye pain, diplopia, hyperhidrosis, increased sweating, restlessness, growth hormone deficiency, GHD, GH deficiency, adult GHD, hypopituitarism, somatotroph cells, pituitary gland, pituitary tumors, growth hormone-releasing hormone, somatostatin, hypothalamus, short stature, hypoglycemia, failure to thrive, growth hormone therapy, growth hormone replacement therapy, GHRT, pituitary aplasia, empty sella, encephalocele, midline defects, septo-optic dysplasia, septooptic dysplasia, panhypopituitarism, craniopharyngiomas, cranial irradiation, sarcoidosis, tuberculosis, histiocytosis X, hemochromatosis, lymphocytic hypophysitis, hypoxic insult, pituitary disease, somatopause, hyposomatotropism of aging, adult growth hormone deficiency, GHD, GH, somatopause of aging, hyposomatotropism of aging, growth hormone-releasing hormone, GHRH, growth hormone-releasing peptide, GHRP, pituitary gland, hypopituitarism, insulin tolerance test, ITT, male breast enlargement, enlargement of the male breast, breast lump, physiologic gynecomastia, pathologic gynecomastia, testicular neoplasm, lipomastia, pseudogynecomastia, macromastia, pubertal gynecomastia, florid gynecomastia, fibrous gynecomastia, feminization, granular glandular tissue, male breast cancer, breast cancer, hypogonadism, kidney failure, androgen insensitivity syndrome, 5 alpha-reductase deficiency syndrome, altered estrogen-androgen balance, mumps, sexual dysfunction, infertility, chronic liver disease, thyroid disease, renal disease, eunuchoid habitus, testicular tumors, extragonadal germ cell tumors, malnutrition, hyperthyroidism, adrenal tumors, familial gynecomastia, chronic lymphocytic thyroiditis, struma lymphomatosa, autoimmune thyroid diseases, AITD, Hashimoto’s thyroiditis, Hashimoto thyroiditis, HALP, elevated high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, longevity syndrome, familial hyperalphalipoproteinemia, FHALP, cholesteryl ester transfer protein, CETP, CETP deficiency, high cholesterol, cardioprotection, good cholesterol, heart disease risk, heart disease prevention, CAD prevention, CHD prevention, atherosclerosis prevention, heart disease, CAD, coronary artery disease, coronary heart disease, atherosclerosis, hirsutism, androgen excess, virilization, masculinization, excessive hairiness, excess body hair, endocrine disorders, congenital adrenal hyperplasia, CAH, polycystic ovary syndrome, PCOS, androgen-secreting tumor, hyperandrogenism, Cushing syndrome, Cushing’s syndrome, Ferriman and Gallway scale, idiopathic hirsutism, aldosteronism, autonomous hyperaldosteronism, primary adrenal hyperplasia, PAH, idiopathic adrenal hyperplasia, IAH, Conn syndrome, Conn's syndrome, adrenal aldosteronoma, aldosteronoma, bilateral adrenal hyperplasia, renin responsive adenoma, RRA, aldosterone-producing renin-responsive adenomas, AP-RAs, primary hyperaldosteronism, PH, hypertension, HTN, secondary hypertension, secondary HTN, aldosterone-producing adenomas, APAs, familial hypercholesterolemia, FH, heterozygous familial hypercholesterolemia, homozygous familial hypercholesterolemia, monozygous hypercholesterolemia, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, LDL cholesterol, LDLc, hypercholesterolemia, coronary artery disease, CAD, premature CAD, coronary atherosclerosis, xanthelasma, xanthoma, valvular abnormalities, heart valve anomaly, aortic stenosis, heart disease, corneal arcus, planar xanthoma, tendon xanthoma, tuberous xanthoma, ischemic heart disease, peripheral vascular disease, cerebrovascular disease, lipid abnormalities, lipid abnormality, lipid disorder, lipid disease,coronary heart disease, CHD, high cholesterol, bad cholesterol, acute myocardial infarction, acute MI, palpebral xanthomas, Achilles tendonitis, cutaneous xanthomas, Achilles tendon xanthomas, polygenic hypercholesterolemia, nonfamilial hypercholesterolemia, non-familial hypercholesterolemia cholesterol, coronary heart disease, CHD, atherothrombotic stroke, statin therapy, atherosclerosis, heart disease, high cholesterol, glucagonoma syndrome, hyperosmolar nonketotic state, HNS, hyperosmolar hyperglycemic syndrome, diabetic hyperosmolar state, hyperglycemic hyperosmolar nonketotic syndrome, hyperosmolar hyperglycemic nonketotic coma, nonketotic hypertonicity, parathyroid glands, parathyroid hormone, PTH, plasma calcium, phosphaturia, primary hyperparathyroidism, secondary hyperparathyroidism, tertiary hyperparathyroidism, familial hypocalciuric hypercalcemia, FHH, familial benign (hypocalciuric) hypercalcemia, hypercalcemia of malignancy, calciphylaxis, uremic gangrene syndrome, chronic renal failure, vitamin D deficiency, renal failure, kidney failure, osteitis fibrosa cystica, dialysis complications, dialysis-dependent renal failure, elevated serum prolactin, anterior pituitary gland, breast development, breast enlargement, pregnancy, lactation, secondary amenorrhea, galactorrhea, prolactin-secreting tumors, oligomenorrhea, infertility, pituitary tumor, prolactinoma, thyrotoxicosis, diffuse toxic goiter, Graves disease, Graves' disease, toxic multinodular goiter, toxic multi-nodular goiter, Plummer disease, Plummer's disease, subacute thyroiditis, toxic adenoma, iodide-induced thyrotoxicosis, thyrotoxicosis factitia, thyroid-stimulating hormone, thyroid carcinoma, struma ovarii with thyrotoxicosis, antithyroid medication, anti-thyroid medication, radioactive iodine therapy, iodine radiotherapy, elevated levels of free thyroxine, elevated levels of free triiodothyronine, molar hydatidiform pregnancy, choriocarcinoma, pituitary tumors, metastatic thyroid carcinoma, heat intolerance, oligomenorrhea, unexplained weight loss, lid lag, stare, sinus tachycardia, atrial fibrillation, high output failure, fine tremor, muscle weakness, anxiety, thyroid ophthalmopathy, pernicious anemia, periorbital edema, chemosis, conjunctival edema, conjunctival injection, proptosis, myasthenia gravis, vitiligo, adrenal insufficiency, type I diabetes mellitus, apathetic hyperthyroidism, follicular thyroid adenoma, toxic thyroid adenoma, Jod-Basedow syndrome, dermoid tumors, ovarian teratomas, congestive heart failure, CHF, left ventricular thickening, dermopathy, extraocular muscle dysfunction, diplopia, swelling of the pretibial area, tachycardia, atrial arrhythmia, systolic hypertension, rheumatoid arthritis, nontoxic goiter, thyroid autonomy, granulomatous thyroiditis, HLA-DRw3, HLA-B89, Hashimoto hypothyroidism, hTG, chylomicronemia, dysbetalipoproteinemia, familial combined hyperlipoproteinemia, hyperlipidemia, hyperlipoproteinemia, mixed hyperlipidemia, type I hyperlipoproteinemia, type IIb hyperlipoproteinemia, type III hyperlipoproteinemia, type IV hyperlipoproteinemia, type V hyperlipoproteinemia, triglycerides, plasma glucose disorder, glucose disorder, low blood sugar, Whipple triad, decreased glucose, insulin-producing tumor, neuroglycopenic symptoms, reactive hypoglycemia, fasting hypoglycemia, hypoglycemic disorder, hypoglycemic, parathyroid hormone deficiency, PTH deficiency, primary hypoparathyroidism, inadequate PTH activity, secondary hypoparathyroidism, calcium, hypercalcemia, hypocalcemia, pituitary gland, hypothalamus, hypopituitarism, panhypopituitarism, pituitary insufficiency, adrenocorticotropic hormone, ACTH, corticotropin, follicle-stimulating hormone, FSH, luteinizing hormone, LH, growth hormone, GH, prolactin, thyroid-stimulating hormone, TSH, thyrotropin, antidiuretic hormone, ADH, lack of trophic stimulus, thyroiditis, myxedema coma, cretinism, hypothyrosis, hypothyroidea, thyrotropin, TSH, tertiary hypothyroidism, thyrotropin releasing-hormone, TRH, thyroxine, T4, triiodothyronine, T3, Hashimoto disease, Hashimoto thyroiditis, primary hypothyroidism, secondary hypothyroidism, congenital hypothyroidism, cold intolerance, weight gain, menstrual disturbances, periorbitalpuffiness, goiter, autoimmune thyroiditis, iodine deficiency, de Quervain thyroiditis, subacute thyroiditis, postpartum autoimmune thyroid disease, amiodarone, interferon alpha, thalidomide, stavudine, central hypothyroidism, subclinical hypothyroidism, insulin resistance syndrome, insulin-resistant state, IRS, glycemic control, ketosis, syndrome X, metabolic syndrome, dysmetabolic syndrome, impaired fasting glucose, IFG, impaired glucose tolerance, IGT, obesity, glucose tolerance, glucose intolerance, diabetes, insulin-resistant state, polycystic ovary syndrome, polycystic ovary disease, PCOD, endothelial dysfunction, insulin receptor, insulinlike growth factor, IGF, tyrosine kinase, hyperinsulinemia, dyslipidemia, glucagonlike peptide-1, GLP-1, glucose transporter, GLUT, acanthosis nigricans, coronary artery disease, CAD, leprechaunism, type 2 diabetes mellitus, lipodystrophic states, Werner syndrome, Werner’s syndrome, Rabson-Mendenhall syndrome, Rabson-Mendenhall’s syndrome, pineal hypertrophic syndrome, Alstrom syndrome, Alstrom’s syndrome, ataxia-telangiectasia, myotonic dystrophy, xanthelasma, xanthomata, type A syndrome, type B insulin resistance, hyperandrogenism iodine deficiency disorders, IDD, endemic goiter, cretinism, hypothyroidism, mental retardation, toxic multinodular goiter, thyroid cancer, follicular thyroid carcinoma, thyroid function abnormalities, miscarriage, infant mortality, goitrogens, Kallmann syndrome, KS, idiopathic hypogonadotropic hypogonadism, IHH, De Morsier syndrome, olfactogenital dysplasia, hypothalamic amenorrhea, acquired idiopathic hypogonadotropic hypogonadism, gonadotropin-releasing hormone deficiency, GnRH deficiency, DAX1, fertile eunuch syndrome, classic KS, classic IHH, congenital KS, congenital IHH, adult-onset IHH, acquired IHH, hypothalamic amenorrhea, X-linked KS, gonadal steroid replacement therapy, anosmia, hyposmia, LCAT deficiency, familial lecithin, cholesterol acyltransferase deficiency, fish-eye disease, fish eye disease, high-density lipoprotein, HDL, low-density lipoprotein, LDL, atherosclerosis, renal failure, kidney failure, corneal opacities, visual impairment, hypoalphalipoproteinemia, opaque corneal, corneal opacity, Barraquer-Simons syndrome, Barraquer disease, Simons disease, cephalothoracic lipodystrophy, acquired partial lipodystrophy, fat loss, fat hypertrophy, adipocyte lysis, lipohypertrophy, mesangiocapillary glomerulonephritis, systemic lupus erythematosus, SLE, dermatomyositis, hypothyroidism, pernicious anemia, PA, celiac disease, dermatitis herpetiformis, rheumatoid arthritis, RA, temporal arteritis, leukocytoclastic vasculitis, complement anomaly, complement abnormality, autoimmune process, autoimmune disease, body adiposity, lipoatrophy syndrome, adipose tissue deficiency, peripheral insulin resistance, hypertriglyceridemia, lipoatrophic diabetes, adipocyte deficiency, congenital generalized lipoatrophy, Seip-Berardinelli syndrome, progeria syndromes, Werner syndrome, Cockayne syndrome, carbohydrate-deficient glycoprotein syndrome, short stature, hyperextensibility, hernia, ocular depression, Rieger anomaly, teething delay, SHORT syndrome, mandibuloacral dysplasia, AREDYLD syndrome, Kobberling-Dunnigan syndrome, familial partial lipodystrophy, FPLD, Dunnigan syndrome, Emery-Dreifuss muscular dystrophy, acquired lipodystrophy syndrome, Lawrence syndrome, Barraquer-Simons syndrome, localized lipodystrophy, localized lipoatrophy, adiposity, adipose tissue, atrophy, atrophic lesions, low high-density lipoprotein, high-density lipoprotein, HDL, low HDL, HA, accelerated atherosclerosis syndrome, Tangier disease, fish eye disease, fish-eye disease, LCAT deficiency, lecithin-cholesterol acyltransferase deficiency, coronary atherosclerosis, coronary heart disease, atherosclerosis, CHD, CAD, coronary artery disease, hardening of the arteries, National Cholesterol Education Program, NCEP, Adult Treatment Panel III, ATP III, hypoalphalipoproteinemia, McCune Albright syndrome, MAS, polyostotic fibrous dysplasia, PFD, café au lait spots, Mazabraud syndrome, Burnett's syndrome, milk alkali syndrome, milk-alkali syndrome, Burnett syndrome, hypercalcemia, metastatic calcification, renal failure, kidney failure, MAS, calcium supplementation, parathyroid hormone, PTH, Sippy regimen, Sipple syndrome, MEN 2, MEN2, MEN II, MENII, thyroid cancer, pheochromocytomas, benign tumors of the adrenal medulla, stromal amyloid, parathyroid hyperplasia, mucosal neuromas, marfanoid habitus, familial cancer syndromes, autosomal dominant disorders, familial medullary thyroid carcinoma-only, FMTC-only, primary hyperparathyroidism, thyroidectomy, adrenalectomy, cutaneous lichen amyloidosis, RET proto-oncogene, myxedema coma, myxedema crisis, hypothyroidism, severe hypothyroidism, decompensated hypothyroidism, pretibial myxedema, Graves disease, localized dermopathy, thyroid hormones, autoimmune thyroid disease, thyroid ablation therapy, iodine deficiency, thyroxine, T4, triiodothyronine, T3, thyroid-stimulating hormone, TSH, thyrotropin, overweight, increased BMI, excess body fat, excess adiposity, increased body mass index, Quetelet index, POMC, MC4, satiety, weight loss, weight gain, gastric bypass, severe obesity, morbid obesity, super obese, body weight, percentage body fat, fat distribution, android obesity, gynecoid obesity, waist circumference, Atkins diet, South Beach diet, Albers-Schönberg disease, marble bone disease, osteopetrosis generalisata, hereditary bone disease, osteoclastic bone resorption, infantile osteopetrosis, malignant osteopetrosis, adult osteopetrosis, benign osteopetrosis, low bone mass, osteopenia, bone mineral density, BMD, liver transplantation, heart transplantation, lung transplantation, kidney transplantation, kidney/pancreas transplantation, simultaneous pancreas-kidney transplantation, SPKT, osteoporosis, glucocorticoid-induced osteoporosis, low body weight, estrogen deficiency, androgen deficiency, calcium deficiency, vitamin D deficiency, thyroid hormone excess, bone fractures, vertebral fractures, nonvertebral fractures, hip fractures, negative calcium balance, bone loss, osteoporotic fractures, fragility fractures, cystic fibrosis, primary biliary cirrhosis, PBC, osteogenesis imperfecta, catecholamine-secreting tumor, extra-adrenal pheochromocytomas, paragangliomas, life-threatening hypertension, cardiac arrhythmias, familial pheochromocytoma, sporadic pheochromocytoma, multiple endocrine neoplasia 2A, multiple endocrine neoplasia 2B, MEN 2A, MEN 2B, neurofibromatosis, von Hippel-Lindau disease, VHL disease, atrial fibrillation, ventricular fibrillation, myocarditis, myocardial infarction, MI, dilated cardiomyopathy, pulmonary edema, pheochromocytoma-induced hypertensive crises, hypertensive encephalopathy, stroke, cerebral infarction, mural thrombus, intracerebral hemorrhage, Von Recklinghausen disease, Sipple syndrome, tuberous sclerosis, Bourneville disease, Epiloia, Sturge-Weber syndrome, Cushing syndrome, postural hypotension, hypertensive retinopathy, cafe au lait spots, neurofibromas, tachyarrhythmias, hyperglycemia, hypercalcemia, prolactinoma, prolactin-secreting lactotroph, hyperprolactinemia, macroprolactinoma, macroadenoma, acromegaly, pituitary tumors, pregnancy problems, difficult pregnancy, menstrual irregularity, Cushing syndrome, Cushing's syndrome, adrenal adenomas, diabetes insipidus, DI, Sheehan syndrome, lymphocytic hypophysitis, LHy, pituitary tumor, pituitary adenoma, pituitary macroadenomas, hypophyseal adenoma, multiple endocrine neoplasia type 1, MEN 1, McCune-Albright syndrome, epithelial pituitary cells, polyglandular autoimmune syndrome, PGA, autoimmune polyendocrine syndromes, APS, autoimmune polyendocrinopathy, autoimmune polyglandular syndrome, candidiasis ectodermal dysplasia, immunoendocrinopathy syndromes, PGA syndromes, polyglandular failure syndromes, endocrine gland insufficiency, autoimmune polyendocrinopathy-candidosis-ectodermal dystrophy, APECED, Whitaker syndrome, PGA syndrome type I, PGA-I, type II polyglandular autoimmune syndrome, type II PGA, PGA syndrome type II, PGA-II syndrome, polyglandular failure syndrome, Schmidt syndrome, immunoendocrinopathy syndromes, autoimmune thyroid disease, type 1 diabetes mellitus, Carpenter's syndrome, Carpenter syndrome, Addison disease, Addison's disease, Graves disease, Grave's disease, Hashimoto thyroiditis, Hashimoto's thyroiditis, autoimmune polyglandular syndrome type III, PAS III, autoimmune polyglandular syndrome type II, PAS II, autoimmune polyglandular syndrome type I, PAS I, PAS, polyglandular deficiency syndrome type III, polyglandular failure syndrome type III, autoimmune endocrine failure syndrome type III, autoimmune polyendocrine syndrome type III, immunoendocrinopathy syndrome, type III PAS, type 1 diabetes mellitus, diabetes, pernicious anemia, PA, autoimmune thyroiditis, immune-mediated diabetes, IMD, vitiligo, alopecia, prolactin deficiency, hypoprolactinemia, hypoprolactinemic states, pituitary dysfunction, anterior pituitary disfunction, postpartum pituitary necrosis, Sheehan syndrome, tuberculosis, histoplasmosis, sarcoidosis, hemochromatosis, lymphocytic hypophysitis, puerperal alactogenesis, general anterior pituitary dysfunction, anterior pituitary impairment, familial puerperal alactogenesis, inability of pituitary lactotrophs to secrete prolactin, lack of puerperal lactogenesis, inadequate breast milk production, inadequate lactation, inability to lactate, inability to breastfeed, prolactin-secreting adenoma, hormone-secreting pituitary tumor, hyperprolactinemia, prolactin, PRL, pituitary adenomas, growth hormone tumor, microprolactinoma, macroprolactinoma, alcohol-induced pseudo-Cushing syndrome, adrenocortical secretion, Cushing disease, Cushing basophilism, corticotropin-releasing hormone, alcoholism, alcohol dependence, factitious hypoglycemia, leukemic leucocytosis, glucose, artifactually low glucose concentration, glycolysis in vitro, polycythemia, leukemia, immunoglobulin M macroglobulinemia, IgM macroglobulinemia, Waldenström macroglobulinemia, pseudohypoglycemia, PHP, Albright hereditary osteodystrophy, AHO, pseudopseudohypoparathyroidism, pseudo-PHP, parathyroid hormone, PTH, stimulatory G protein, Gsa, GNAS1, hypocalcemia, hyperphosphatemia, testotoxicosis, dental hypoplasia, brachymetacarpals, brachymetatarsals, brachydactyly, pyridoxine deficiency, pyridoxine 5'-phosphate, pyridoxal 5'-phosphate, PLP, vitamin B-6 deficiency, vitamin B deficiency, vitamin deficiency, malnutrition, peripheral neuropathy, poor diet, pyridoxine-dependent seizures, hereditary sideroblastic anemia, cirrhosis, hemodialysis, peritoneal dialysis, chronic renal failure, homocystinuria, homocystinemia, Gyromitra poisoning, mushroom poisoning, fungus toxicity, mushroom toxicity, PCD, congenital infantile lactic acidosis, intermittent ataxia with lactic acidosis type II, Leigh necrotizing encephalopathy, PKD, anemia, blood disorder, hematologic disorder, blood disease, enzyme defect, hemolytic anemia, erythrocyte enzymopathy, PK Beppu, pyruvate kinase Beppu, hydrops fetalis, anaerobic glycolysis, vitamin B-2, vitamin G, riboflavin 5' phosphate, flavin mononucleotide, FMN, riboflavin 5' adenosine diphosphate, flavin adenine dinucleotide, FAD, apoenzyme proteins, flavoprotein enzymes, cheilosis, cheilitis, chronic sclerosing thyroiditis, chronic fibrous thyroiditis, invasive fibrous thyroiditis, Riedel disease, Riedel struma, ligneous thyroiditis, ligneous struma, Riedel's struma, Riedel thyroiditis, Riedel's thyroiditis, Hashimoto thyroiditis, multifocal fibrosclerosis, tracheal compression, thyroid mass, thyroidectomy, corticosteroid therapy, vitamin C deficiency, ascorbic acid deficiency, the rot, scorbutus, limeys, insulin-induced hypoglycemic hyperglycemia, subacute thyroiditis, silent thyroiditis, subacute painless thyroiditis, subacute lymphocytic thyroiditis, subacute postpartum thyroiditis, subacute granulomatous thyroiditis, subacute painful thyroiditis, thyrotoxicosis, hypothyroidism, de Quervain's thyroiditis, de Quervain thyroiditis, hyperthyroidism, hypothyroidism, thyrotoxicosis, thyroid hormones, colloid nodule, degenerative cyst, hyperplasia, thyroiditis, benign neoplasm, malignancy, malignant thyroid nodule, Hashimoto thyroiditis, Hashimoto's thyroiditis, hypothyroidism, hyperthyroidism, thyroid-stimulating hormone, TSH, fine-needle aspiration biopsy, FNAB, subacute thyroiditis, SAT, subacute granulomatous thyroiditis, de Quervain thyroiditis, de Quervain's thyroiditis, giant cell thyroiditis, pseudogranulomatous thyroiditis, pseudo-granulomatous thyroiditis, painless thyroiditis, lymphocytic thyroiditis, inflamed thyroid, inflammation of the thyroid gland, hyperthyroidism, hypothyroidism, euthyroidism, thyrotoxicosis, thyroxine-binding globulin deficiency, TBG deficiency, thyroid hormone, TH, thyroxine, T4, triiodothyronine, T3, thyroxine-binding globulin, TBG, transthyretin, TTR, prealbumin, albumin, serum lipoproteins, Verner-Morrison syndrome, pancreatic cholera, watery diarrhea-hypokalemia-achlorhydria syndrome, WDHA, vasoactive intestinal polypeptide, VIP, VIPoma, neuroendocrine tumor, pancreatic endocrine tumor, multiple endocrine neoplasia type 1 syndrome, MEN 1, VAD, retinoic acid, retinol, beta carotene, beta-carotene, Aquasol A, Palmitate-A, Oleovitamin A, carotenoids, provitamin A, 11-cis-retinol, vision, dark adaptation, nyctalopia, retinol-binding protein, RBP, cellular retinol-binding protein, CRBP, cystic fibrosis, sprue, pancreatic insufficiency, inflammatory bowel disorder, IBD, inflammatory bowel disease, cholestasis, alcoholism, Bitot spots, nyctalopia, dry skin, dry hair, pruritus, broken fingernails, keratomalacia, xerophthalmia, follicular hyperkeratosis, phrynoderma, vitamin deficiency, malnutrition, retinoids, retinoid deficiency, deficiency of vitamin A, isotretinoin, Accutane, carotenes, retinol, carotenemia, cholecalciferol, ergocalciferol, rickets, nutritional rickets, osteomalacia, fat soluble vitamins, elevated parathyroid hormone, PTH, secondary hyperparathyroidism, vitamin B2, vitamin D3, calcium absorption, phosphorus absorption, bone mineralization, 25-hydroxyvitamin D, 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D, 1,25(OH)2D, circulating 25(OH)D, osteoporosis, bone mineral density, cutaneous synthesis of vitamin D, cutaneous vitamin D production, vitamin D synthesis, melanin, vitamin D malabsorption, calcium absorption from the small intestine, alpha tocopherol deficiency, alpha-tocopherol deficiency, tocopherol deficiency, vitamin deficiencies, antioxidant deficiency, abetalipoproteinemia, fat malabsorption, isolated vitamin E deficiency syndrome, malabsorption syndrome, cystic fibrosis, chronic cholestatic liver disease, short-bowel syndrome, central nervous system, CNS, ataxia, peripheral neuropathy, hypervitaminosis E, vitamin poisoning, vitamin toxicity, vitamin E, antioxidant, free radical scavenger, fat-soluble vitamin, Alpha-Tocopherol, Beta Carotene Cancer Prevention Study, fatal subarachnoid hemorrhage, increased risk of bleeding, increased prothrombin time, necrotizing enterocolitis, intracranial hemorrhage, VK deficiency, vitamin K-1, phylloquinone, vitamin K-2, menaquinone, vitamin K-3, menadione, coagulation proteins, fresh frozen plasma, FFP, vitamin K deficiency, multiple endocrine neoplasia type 1, MEN 1 syndrome, MEN 2 syndrome, Sipple syndrome, MEN 2a, MEN 2b, pluriglandular syndrome, multiple endocrine adenopathy, MEA, Wermer's syndrome, parathyroid tumor, pancreatic islet cell tumor, pituitary hyperplasia, pituitary tumor formation, pancreas tumor, pituitary tumor, hyperparathyroidism, pancreatic polypeptide tumors, PPomas, gastrinomas, VIPoma, vasoactive intestinal polypeptide tumor, Zollinger-Ellison syndrome, ZES, Cushing syndrome, Cushing’s syndrome, gastric carcinoid tumors, insulinoma, glucagonoma

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mitral regurgitation, MR, mitral incompetence, mitral insufficiency, myxomatous degeneration, ruptured chordae tendineae, collagen-vascular disease, collagen vascular disease, rheumatic fever, myxomatous mitral valve, Down syndrome, Down's syndrome, acute mitral valve regurgitation, mitral valve regurgitation, mitral valve incompetence, mitral valve insufficiency, cardiogenic shock, mitral valve disease, mitral valvular abnormality, prosthetic valve failure, perforated mitral valve leaflet, perforated mitral valve, mitral valve prolapse, MVP, rheumatic heart disease, coronary artery disease, CAD, annular calcification, connective tissue disorder, connective-tissue disorder, left ventricle dilation, left ventricle dilatation, LV dilation, LV dilatation, prosthetic heart valve, cardiac valvular lesion, functional ischemic mitral regurgitation

accelerated idioventricular rhythm, AIVR, ventricular arrhythmia, slow ventricular tachycardia, VT, ventricular escape rhythm ,coronary artery disease, myocardial ischemia, chest pain, breast pang, coronarism, Heberden angina, Rougnon-Heberden disease, unstable angina, stenocardia, myocardial oxygen demand, Prinzmetal angina, atypical angina, atherosclerosis, atherosclerotic disease, ischemic heart disease, syndrome X, silent ischemia, angina decubitus, left ventricular dysfunction, microvascular angina, coronary flow reserve, CFR, adenosine triphosphate, ATP, coronary spasm, coronary artery spasm, diabetes mellitus, hypertension, systemic collagen vascular diseases, systemic lupus erythematosus, polyarteritis nodosa, retrosternal chest discomfort, choking sensation, aortic stenosis, Levine sign, xanthelasma, xanthoma, carotid bruit, papillary muscle dysfunction, mitral regurgitation, scleroderma, Kawasaki disease, polyarteritis nodosa, Takayasu arteritis, hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, congenital coronary artery aneurysm, coronary artery ectasia, coronary artery fibrosis, coronary intimal fibrosis, cigarette smoking, hypercholesterolemia, obesity, metabolic syndrome, hyperinsulinemia, hypertriglyceridemia, anemia, tachyarrhythmias, hyperthyroidism ,cardiac lesion, juxtaductal coarctation, preductal coarctation, postductal coarctation, vascular malformation, coarctated aortic segment, infective endarteritis, cystic medial necrosis, coarctation of the aorta, narrowing of the aorta, ductus tissue theory, hemodynamic theory, ventricular septal defect, bicuspid aortic valve, left ventricular outflow obstruction, tubular hypoplasia of the transverse aortic arch, congenital cardiac lesions, XO Turner syndrome, aortic arch hypoplasia, extracardiac vascular anomalies ,aortic stenosis, AS, valvular aortic stenosis, valvular AS, aorta stenosis, aortic valve surgery, heart failure, syncope, angina pectoris, pulsus parvus et tardus, heart valve obstruction, aortic obstruction, aortic valve obstruction, aortic valve replacement, AVR, sudden cardiac death, SCD, calcific embolization, infective endocarditis ,aortitis, Takayasu's arteritis, Takayasu arteritis, pulseless disease, pulselessness, giant cell arteritis, polyarteritis nodosa, Kawasaki disease, large vessel arteritis, vasculitis ,aberrant ventricular conduction, aberrant conduction, right bundle-branch block morphology, RBBB morphology, intraventricular conduction abnormality, premature ventricular complexes, PVCs ,MI, transient ischemic attack, TIA, stroke, atheroembolism, coronary heart disease, coronary artery atherosclerosis, atherosclerotic disease of the carotid artery, peripheral vascular disease, ischemia, atherosclerosis, hyperlipidemia, coronary artery disease, CAD, cerebrovascular disease, abdominal aortic aneurysm, cigarette smoking, hyperhomocystinemia, hyperglycemia, sudden cardiac death, stable angina pectoris, intermittent claudication, mesenteric angina, impotence, nonhealing ulceration, infection of the extremities, paresthesias, visceral ischemia, epigastric pain, periumbilical postprandial pain, pulsatile abdominal mass, digital necrosis, gastrointestinal bleeding, retinal ischemia, cerebral infarction, renal failure, xanthelasma, xanthomata, tachycardia, hypotension, hypertension, diminished carotid pulses, carotid artery bruits, focal neurological deficits, decreased peripheral pulses, peripheral arterial bruits, peripheral cyanosis, gangrene, ulceration, peripheral embolism, circulatory collapse, livedo reticularis, cholesterol embolization, atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease, diabetes mellitus, obesity, hypercholesterolemia, C-reactive protein, CRP, lipoprotein (a) ,AF, atrial flutter, arrhythmia, AFL, supraventricular tachycardia, SVT, congestive heart failure, CHF, ventriculartachycardia, VT, ventricular fibrillation, VF, coronary artery disease, CAD, thromboembolic stroke, uncontrolled hypertension, coronary disease, valvular heart disease, acute pulmonary processes, acute pulmonary disease, hyperthyroidism, acute alcohol intoxication, holiday heart, Saturday night heart, illicit narcotic abuse, drug abuse, tachycardia-induced cardiomyopathy, rheumatic heart disease, rheumatic valvular disease, hypertension, diabetes, thromboembolism, recurrent AF, paroxysmal AF, permanent AF, chronic AF, thyrotoxicosis, electrolyte abnormalities, acute ethanol intoxication, atrial premature beats, Holter monitoring, hypertensive heart disease, dilated cardiomyopathy, atrial cardiomyopathy, Maze procedure, electrical cardioversion, ischemic stroke, Wolff-Parkinson-White syndrome, hepatojugular reflex ,AF, atrial flutter, arrhythmia, AFL, supraventricular tachycardia, SVT, congestive heart failure, CHF, ventricular tachycardia, VT, ventricular fibrillation, VF, coronary artery disease, CAD, thromboembolic stroke, percutaneous catheter-based techniques, congenital cardiac anomalies, hypertensive heart disease, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, COPD, thromboembolic complications, cardiomyopathy, hypoxia, thyrotoxicosis, pheochromocytoma ,atrial myxoma, cardiac tumors, heart tumors, familial myxoma syndrome, primary cardiac neoplasms, polypoid mass, myxomatosis, Carney syndrome, NAME syndrome, LAMB syndrome, myxoid neurofibroma, tumor embolism, atrial fibrillation, vascular endothelial growth factor, angiogenesis, tumor growth ,atrial septal defect, atrial septum, ASD, ostium secundum ASD, sinus venosus defect, ostium primum defect, ostium secundum defect, congenital heart disease, congenital cardiac disorder, ventricular dilatation, thoracic surgery, pulmonary hypertension, Eisenmenger syndrome, Holt-Oram syndrome, transcatheter occlusion devices, dyspnea, fatigue, palpitations, syncope, congestive heart failure, CHF ,supraventricular tachycardia, SVT, palpitations, PAT, AT, focal atrial tachycardia, macroreentrant tachycardia, macro-reentrant tachycardia, cardiomyopathy, cardiomyopathies, micro-reentrant tachycardia, microreentrant tachycardia, heart palpitations, arrhythmia, tachycardia, multifocal atrial tachycardia, multiform atrial tachycardia ,atrioventricular block, AV block, A-V block, AV nodal dysfunction, AVN dysfunction, AVND, heart block, first-degree AV block, second-degree AV block, third-degree AV block ,atrioventricular dissociation, AV dissociation, A-V dissociation, AV block, A-V block, heart block, complete heart block, bradycardia, tachycardia, AV dyssynchrony, ventricular tachycardia, nonparoxysmal junctional tachycardia, junctional tachycardia, escape junctional rhythm, accelerated idioventricular rhythm ,atrioventricular nodal reentry tachycardia, AVNRT, AV junctional tachycardia, reentrant supraventricular tachycardia, paroxysmal supraventricular tachycardia, tachyarrhythmia, arrhythmia, chronic heart disease, rhythm disorder, atrioventricular nodal reentry, AV nodal reentry, premature ventricular stimulation , benign cardiac tumors, cardiac myxoma, heart myxoma, cardiac fibroma, benign cardiac tumor, heart tumor, benign heart tumor, Gorlin syndrome, Gorlin's syndrome, cardiac mass, heart mass, heart fibroma, cardiac neoplasm, benign cardiac neoplasm, heart neoplasm ,Brugada syndrome, idiopathic ventricular fibrillation, idiopathic VFib, ventricular tachyarrhythmias, syncope, cardiac arrest, sudden death, sudden unexpected nocturnal death syndrome, SUNDS, SCN5A mutation, sodium channel blockers, vagotonic agents, alpha-adrenergic agonists, beta-adrenergic blockers, heterocyclic antidepressants, glucose and insulin, hyperkalemia, hypokalemia, hypercalcemia, alcohol intoxication, cocaine intoxication ,left heart cardiac catheterization, left cardiac catheterization, coronary angiography, coronary angiogram, left ventriculogram, Judkins technique, heart catheter, Sones method, intracardiac pressure measurement, oxygen saturation, cardiac output, coronary artery disease, myocardial disorders, aortic stenosis, aortic insufficiency, mitral stenosis, mitral insufficiency, cardiomyopathy ,congestive hepatopathy, congestive cirrhosis, congestive liver fibrosis, congestive hepatic fibrosis, chronic passive liver congestion, CPC, congestive heart failure, CHF, centrolobular necrosis, cardiac sclerosis ,cardiac tamponade, pericardial tamponade, reduced ventricular filling, hemodynamic compromise, malignant disease, pericarditis, pericardial effusion, accumulation of fluid in the pericardial space, postmyocardial infarction, free wall ventricular rupture, Dressler syndrome, systemic lupus erythematosus, rheumatoid arthritis, dermatomyositis, radiation therapy, antireflux surgery, pneumopericardium , cardiac failure, heart failure, myocardial infarction, MI, ST-elevation MI, ST-elevation myocardial infarction, STEMI, non–ST-elevation acute coronary syndrome, NSTEMI, unstable angina, myocardial ischemia, heart attack, cardiac dysfunction, acute myocarditis, sustained arrhythmia, acute valvular catastrophe, end-stage cardiomyopathy, coronary artery disease, CAD, myocardial pathology, myocardial stunning, hibernating myocardium, systolic dysfunction, diastolic dysfunction, valvular dysfunction, cardiac arrhythmias, mechanical heart complications, left ventricular end-systolic pressure-volume curve, curvilinear diastolic pressure-volume curve, shock state, hemodynamic support, vasopressor supportive therapy, inotropic supportive therapy, thrombolytic therapy, intra-aortic balloon pump, ventricular assist device, percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty, coronary artery bypass grafting, coronary artery bypass grafting, shock trial ,alcoholism, alcohol consumption, alcohol abuse, ethanol consumption, ethanol abuse, ethanol toxicity, alcohol toxicity, cardiovascular disease, CVD, cardiac enlargement, cardiac failure, heart failure, alcoholic cardiomyopathy, AC, arrhythmia, atrial fibrillation, atrial flutter, supraventricular arrhythmia, premature ventricular contractions, sudden death, hypertension, stroke, dilated cardiomyopathy, DC, acute ethanol-induced injury, beriberi heart disease, thiamine deficiency, acetaldehyde, myocarditis ,cocaine cardiomyopathy, cocaine myocarditis, cocaine-induced heart failure, chronic cardiomyopathy, cocaine abuse, cocaine addiction ,congestive cardiomyopathy, heart failure, congestive heart failure, CHF, dilated cardiomyopathy, DCM, cardiac failure, cardiomyopathies, viral DCM, familial DCM, dilated cardiomyopathy, dilatated cardiomyopathy, viral dilated cardiomyopathy, familial dilated cardiomyopathy, toxic DCM, toxic dilated cardiomyopathy, granulomatous dilated cardiomyopathy, granulomatous DCM, collagen vascular disease DCM, collagen vascular disease dilated cardiomyopathy, carnitine DCM, carnitine dilated cardiomyopathy, carnitine deficiency, tachycardia-induced DCM, tachycardia-induced dilated cardiomyopathy, doxorubicin-induced DCM, doxorubicin-induced dilated cardiomyopathy, sarcoidosis, end-stage heart disease, end stage heart disease, end-stage cardiac disease, end stage cardiac disease ,hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, HCM, hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy, idiopathic hypertrophic subaortic stenosis, IHSS, muscular subaortic stenosis, asymmetric septal hypertrophy, ASH, sudden death, sudden cardiac death, SCD, arrhythmogenic sudden death, myocardial hypertrophy, cardiomyopathy ,peripartum cardiomyopathy, PPCM, puerperal cardiomyopathy, myocarditis, heart disease, cardiac failure, progressive heart failure, arrhythmia, thromboembolism, maternal hypoxia, thromboembolic phenomenon, thyrotoxicosis, mitral stenosis, hypertension, pulmonary edema, low selenium levels, preeclampsia ,restrictive cardiomyopathy, RCM, myocardium, Loeffler's endocarditis, chronic endomyocardial fibrosis, diastolic heart failure, primary amyloidosis, eosinophilic, hemochromatosis, glycogen storage disease ,Carney complex, lentigines, atrial myxomas, mucocutaneous myxomas, blue nevi, LAMB syndrome, nevi, atrial myxoma, myxoid neurofibroma, ephelides, NAME syndrome, rhabdomyoma, myxoma, cardiac myxomas, cardiac tumor, heart tumor, cutaneous myxoma, spotty pigmentation of the skin, endocrinopathy, endocrine tumor, nonendocrine tumor ,CSH, hypersensitive carotid reflex, Weiss-Baker syndrome, dizziness, syncope, baroreceptors, cardioinhibitory type of carotid sinus hypersensitivity, vasodepressor type of carotid sinus hypersensitivity, mixed type of carotid sinus hypersensitivity, carotid sinus baroreceptor stimulation, carotid sinus reflex, spontaneous carotid sinus syndrome, induced carotid sinus syndrome, hypertension, coronary artery disease, neurocardiogenic syncope, dementia with Lewy body disease, carotid sinus massage, accidental mechanical manipulation of the carotid sinuses, carotid sinus stimulation ,congenitally corrected transposition, S-transposition, D-transposition, L-transposition, transposition of the great vessels, atrioventricular and ventriculoarterial discordance, congenital heart defect, multiple cardiac morphological abnormalities and conduction defects, congenital heart disease, cardiac anomalies, complete heart block, heart failure due to right ventricular decompensation or tricuspid valve regurgitation, congenitally corrected transposition of the great arteries, atrial situs, ventricular septal defect, conduction system abnormalities, coronary anatomy, left ventricular outflow tract obstruction, abnormal tricuspid valve morphology, straddling left AV valve, overriding left AV valve, coarctation of the aorta, interruption of the aortic arch, aortic stenosis, subaortic stenosis, hypoplasia of one ventricle, common arterial trunk, abnormal conduction tissue ,cor pulmonale, right heart failure, right ventricular failure, right ventricular hypertrophy, RVH, right ventricular dilatation, pulmonary hypertension, idiopathic primary pulmonary hypertension, cardiopulmonary disease, emphysema, pulmonary thromboembolism, interstitial lung disease, polycythemia vera, sickle cell disease, macroglobulinemia, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, COPD, chronic bronchitis, pulmonary embolism, pulmonary emboli, exertional dyspnea, syncope with exertion, cor pulmonale, cough, hemoptysis, hoarseness, jaundice, hyperresonance to percussion, diminished breath sounds, wheezing, distant heart sounds, cyanosis, diastolic pulmonary regurgitation murmur, prominent A wave, distended neck veins, right ventricular third heart sound, holosystolic tricuspid insufficiency murmur, pulsatile liver, peripheral edema ,cor triatriatum, heart with 3 atria, triatrial heart, subdivided left atrium, cor triatriatum sinister, cor triatriatum sinistrum, cor triatriatum dexter, tetralogy of Fallot, double outlet right ventricle, coarctation of the aorta, common atrioventricular canal, Chiari network, patent foramen ovale, atrial septal defect, partial anomalous pulmonary venous return, left ventricular dilation, right ventricular dilation, pulmonary hypertension, tricuspid regurgitation, persistent left superior vena cava, partial atrioventricular canal defect, complete atrioventricular canal defect, mitral regurgitation, ascending aortic aneurysm ,coronary heart disease, heart disease, cardiac disease, atherosclerosis, arteriosclerosis, hardening of the arteries, heart attack, ischemic heart disease, coronary artery disease, CAD, chronic coronary artery disease, atherosclerotic coronary artery disease, coronary arteriosclerosis, angina pectoris, myocardial ischemia, myocardial infarction, MI, acute myocardial infarction, AMI, acute coronary syndrome, ACS, congestive heart failure, CHF, sudden cardiac arrest, SCA, risk factor modification, coronary artery bypass graft, CABG, percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty, PTCA, atherosclerotic plaque, cholesterol, trans-fatty acids ,digitalis toxicity, atrial fibrillation, cardiac glycoside, congestive heart failure, CHF, digitoxin, digoxin, inotropic agent, inotropy, Digitalis purpurea, Thevetia peruviana, depletion of potassium stores, myocardial infarction, myocardial ischemia, hypothyroidism, hypercalcemia, renal insufficiency ,Ebstein's anomaly, Ebstein disease, Wolff-Parkinson-White syndrome, WPW syndrome, congenital heart disease, tricuspid regurgitation, tricuspid valve displacement, lithium ingestion during pregnancy, maternal benzodiazepine use, maternal exposure to varnishing substances, right heart failure, supraventricular tachycardia, SVT, accessory conduction pathways, multiple pathways, bacterial endocarditis, subacute bacterial endocarditis, prophylaxis, SBE prophylaxis, Ebstein abnormality, bacterial endocarditis, sudden cardiac death , Eisenmenger complex, Eisenmenger defect, Eisenmenger disease, Eisenmenger tetralogy, exercise intolerance, cyanosis, heart failure, hemoptysis, ventricular septal defect, VSD, overriding aorta, congenital cardiac shunt defect, pulmonary hypertension, patent ductus arteriosus, PDA ,mechanical alternans, pulsus alternans, repolarization alternans, conduction and refractoriness alternans, alternans due to cardiac motion, repolarization or conduction abnormality of the Purkinje fibers or myocardium, vasospastic angina pectoris, acute myocardial infarction, nonvasospastic angina pectoris, congenital long QT syndrome, hypocalcemia, hypokalemia, hypomagnesemia, hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, alcoholic cardiomyopathy, congestive heart failure, acute pulmonary embolism, cardiac resuscitation, myocardial ischemia, atrial fibrillation, Wolff-Parkinson-White syndrome, rheumatic heart disease, acute pulmonary embolism, myocardial contusion, left ventricular dysfunction, large pericardial effusion, hypertrophic cardiomyopathy ,endocardial cushion defects, atrioventricular septal defects, atrioventricular canal defects, AV septal defects, canalis atrioventricularis communis, persistent atrioventricular ostium, abnormal development of endocardial cushions, heart failure, pulmonary vascular disease, congestive heart failure, CHF, ostium primum atrial septal defect, minimal insufficiency of the left AV valveatrial arrhythmia, trisomy 21, Down syndrome,endomyocardial fibrosis, EMF, endomyocardial disease, hypereosinophilic syndrome, obliterative myocardial disease, tropical eosinophilic endomyocardial fibrosis, Davies disease, endocardial fibroelastosis, endomyocardial fibroelastosis, Löffler endocarditis, Loeffler endocarditis, restrictive cardiomyopathy, fibrosis of the endocardial surface of the heart, acute myocarditis, parasites, helminths, protozoans, toxoplasmosis, malaria, eosinophilia, malnutrition, high-tuber diet, cerium toxicity, Ce toxicity, hypomagnesemia, constrictive pericarditis ,first-degree atrioventricular block, AV block, heart block, Lev disease, Lenègre disease, Lenegre disease, His-Purkinje system, atrial depolarization, ventricular depolarization, P wave, QRS complex, His bundle, acute inferior myocardial infarction, left ventricular systolic dysfunction, infranodal block, wide QRS complex, coronary artery disease, acute myocardial infarction, inferior myocardial infarction, angina pectoris, Prinzmetal angina, idiopathic degenerative diseases of the conduction system, mitral valve annulus calcification, aortic valve annulus calcification, infective endocarditis, diphtheria, rheumatic fever, Chagas disease, Lyme disease, tuberculosis, acute myocarditis, collagen vascular disease, rheumatoid arthritis, systemic lupus erythematous, scleroderma, infiltrative diseases, amyloidosis, sarcoidosis, myotonic dystrophy, pacemaker syndrome, reversible first-degree AV block, permanent first-degree AV block, atrial septal defect closure, Amplatzer septal occluder, bundle-branch block ,heart failure, congestive heart failure, CHF, myocardial failure, circulatory failure, renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system, RAAS, Frank-Starling mechanism, myocardial hypertrophy, cardiac chamber dilatation, neurohumoral systems, adrenergic cardiac nerves, ischemic cardiomyopathy, Chagas disease, hypercapnic respiratory acidosis, ventricular tachycardia, ventricular fibrillation, ventricular arrhythmias, hypertension, diabetes, breathlessness, exertional dyspnea, orthopnea, paroxysmal nocturnal dyspnea, dyspnea at rest, acute pulmonary edema, intraaortic balloon pumping, IABP, ventricular assist devices, biventricular pacing, cardiac resynchronization, cardiac transplantation, heart transplantation, atrial natriuretic peptide, ANP, B-type natriuretic peptide, BNP, angiotensin II, Ang II, Starling mechanism, Laplace mechanism, systolic heart failure, diastolic heart failure, tumor necrosis factor-alpha, TNF-alpha, concentric LV hypertrophy, hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, decompensated heart failure, hepatojugular reflux, pulmonary embolism, myocarditis, infective endocarditis, anemia, thyrotoxicosis, myxedema, Paget disease of bone, Albright syndrome, multiple myeloma, cor pulmonale, polycythemia vera, obesity, carcinoid syndrome, ischemic myocardial disease, coronary artery disease, alcoholic cardiomyopathy, diabetic cardiomyopathy, cocaine cardiomyopathy, drug-induced cardiomyopathy, idiopathic cardiomyopathy, peripartum cardiomyopathy, myocarditis, preterminal valvular heart disease, terminal ventricular septal defect, terminal atrial septal defect, congenital heart disease, severe aortic stenosis, restrictive cardiomyopathy, acute mitral regurgitation, acute aortic regurgitation, systemic arteriovenous fistulas, hyperthyroidism, beriberi heart disease, Paget disease of bone, Albright syndrome, fibrous dysplasia, multiple myeloma, glomerulonephritis, cor pulmonale, polycythemia vera, carcinoid syndrome, obesity ,holiday heart syndrome, alcohol-related paroxysmal atrial fibrillation, acute cardiac alcohol toxicity, arrhythmia, alcohol-related cardiomyopathy, idiopathic dilated cardiomyopathy, dysrhythmic episodes, acute cardiac rhythm disturbance, acute conduction disturbance, supraventricular tachyarrhythmia, binge, binge drinking ,Holt-Oram syndrome, heart-hand syndrome, hand-heart syndrome, heart hand syndrome, hand heart syndrome, congenital heart defect, congenital cardiac defect, atrial septal defect, ASD, ventricular septal defect, VSD, thumb abnormality, heart malformation, upper limb malformation, pseudothalidomide syndrome, carpal bone malformation, carpal bone fusion, carpal bone abnormality, inherited cardiovascular disease, inherited heart disease, inherited cardiac disease, Eisenmenger syndrome ,left ventricular hypertrophy, LVH, congestive heart failure, CHF, hypertension, high blood pressure, hyperpiesis, hyperpiesia, angina, myocardial infarction, MI, heart attack, coronary artery disease, conduction system diseases, systolic dysfunction of myocardium, diastolic dysfunction of myocardium, cardiac arrhythmias, atrial fibrillation, chronic hypertension, valvular disease, aortic root dilatation, aortic insufficiency, aortic regurgitation, aortic sclerosis, mitral regurgitation, myocardial ischemia, premature ventricular contractions, ventricular tachycardia, sudden cardiac death, ventricular tachyarrhythmias, stroke, myocardial fibrosis, LV diastolic dysfunction, LV systolic dysfunction, paroxysmal nocturnal dyspnea, orthopnea, acute pulmonary edema, acute coronary syndrome, syncope, essential hypertension, renal artery stenosis, polycystic kidney disease, chronic renal failure, intrarenal vasculitis, primary hyperaldosteronism, acromegaly, hypothyroidism, hyperthyroidism, congenital adrenal hyperplasia, Cushing syndrome, pheochromocytoma, coarctation of aorta, Paget disease, patent ductus arteriosus, atrioventricular fistula, beriberi, thyrotoxicosis, isolated systolic hypertension, sleep apnea, raised intracranial pressure, truncal obesity, renal artery bruit, renal artery stenosis, abdominal aortic aneurysm, hepatomegaly, hypertensive retinopathy ,implantable cardioverter-defibrillators, ICD, ventricular tachyarrhythmias, ventricular tachycardia, VT, ventricular fibrillation, VF, supraventricular tachyarrhythmias, electrograms, electrophysiology, electrophysiologic studies, EPS ,isolated coronary artery anomalies, anomalous origin of epicardial coronary arteries, anomalous course of epicardial coronary arteries, anomalous termination of epicardial coronary arteries, congenital stenosis of the epicardial coronary arteries, atresia of the coronary arteries ,junctional rhythm, accelerated junctional tachycardia, junctional bradycardia, tachycardia, atrioventricular block, AV block, bradycardia, sick sinus syndrome, sinus node dysfunction, heart block, complete heart block, digitalis toxicity, digoxin toxicity ,Libman-Sacks endocarditis, endocarditis, nonbacterial verrucous endocarditis, systemic lupus erythematosus, SLE, autoimmune disease, cardiac manifestations of autoimmune disease, verrucous vegetations, Libman-Sacks vegetations, heart valve abnormality, primary antiphospholipid syndrome, antiphospholipid syndrome, cardiac failure, cardiac vegetations ,endomyocardial fibrosis, Loeffler disease, Loeffler syndrome, restrictive cardiomyopathy, eosinophilia, eosinophilic myocarditis, thromboembolism, acute heart failure, hypereosinophilic syndrome, eosinophilic leukemia, eosinophilic endocardial disease, eosinophilic arteritis, myocarditis, eosinophilic endomyocardial disease, idiopathic eosinophilic endomyocarditis, hypereosinophilic syndrome, HES, posterior myocardial infarction, acute myocardial infarction, aortic valve regurgitation secondary to valve fibrosis and fibrotic vegetations on the aortic valve, amyloidosis, eosinophilic proliferation, peripheral eosinophilia, Loeffler endocarditis ,long QT syndrome, LQTS, congenital long QT syndrome, Romano-Ward syndrome, Jervell and Lange-Nielsen syndrome, JLN syndrome, ventricular tachyarrhythmias, syncope, cardiac arrest, sudden death, Anderson syndrome, Timothy syndrome ,Lown-Gangong-Levine syndrome, LGL syndrome, enhanced atrioventricular nodal conduction, accelerated atrioventricular nodal conduction, short PR/normal QRS syndrome, short PR/narrow QRS syndrome ,Lutembacher's syndrome, ASD, mitral valve lesion, atrial septal defect, mitral stenosis, left-to-right atrial shunt, mitral insufficiency, mixed lesion, congenital atrial septal defect, iatrogenic atrial septal defect, congenital mitral stenosis, acquired mitral stenosis, rheumatic mitral valve disease, mitral valvuloplasty, restenosis of the mitral valve, rheumatic heart disease, rheumatic mitral stenosis, pulmonary congestion, rheumatic fever, right-sided heart failure, right heart failure, pulmonary venous congestion, atrial septal defect closure, mitral commissurotomy closure, mitral valve replacement, atrial arrhythmias ,mitral regurgitation, MR, mitral incompetence, mitral insufficiency, myxomatous degeneration, ruptured chordae tendineae, collagen-vascular disease, collagen vascular disease, rheumatic fever, myxomatous mitral valve, Down syndrome, Down's syndrome, acute mitral valve regurgitation, mitral valve regurgitation, mitral valve incompetence, mitral valve insufficiency, cardiogenic shock, mitral valve disease, mitral valvular abnormality, prosthetic valve failure, perforated mitral valve leaflet, perforated mitral valve, mitral valve prolapse, MVP, rheumatic heart disease, coronary artery disease, CAD, annular calcification, connective tissue disorder, connective-tissue disorder, left ventricle dilation, left ventricle dilatation, LV dilation, LV dilatation, prosthetic heart valve, cardiac valvular lesion, functional ischemic mitral regurgitation ,mitral stenosis, mitral valve stenosis, MVS, chronic rheumatic disease, congenital mitral stenosis, systemic lupus erythematosus, SLE, rheumatoid arthritis, RA, metabolism disorder, congenital metabolic disorder, metabolic disorder, Fabry's disease, Fabry disease, Hurler-Scheie syndrome, valve calcification, mitral valve calcification, infective endocarditis, carcinoid syndrome, acute rheumatic fever, ARF, congestive heart failure, CHF, heart disease, cardiac disease, amyloid deposition, amyloid, tricuspid regurgitation, hemoptysis ,mitral valve prolapse, MVP, myxomatous mitral valve, floppy mitral valve syndrome, Barlow's syndrome, Barlow syndrome, billowing mitral cusp syndrome, systolic click-murmur syndrome, myxomatous mitral valve, redundant cusp syndrome, irritable heart, effort syndrome, soldier's heart, isolated mitral regurgitation, MVP syndrome ,MAT, chaotic atrial rhythm, chaotic atrial tachycardia, chaotic atrial mechanism, repetitive paroxysmal multifocal atrial tachycardia, intracellular calcium overload, catecholamine excess, phosphodiesterase inhibition, acidosis, hypoxemia, electrolyte imbalances associated with severe underlying illnesses, COPD, congestive heart failure, metabolic disorders, diabetes mellitus, hypokalemia, azotemia, postoperative infections, sepsis, pulmonary embolism, respiratory acidosis, coronary artery disease, valvular heart disease, hypomagnesemia, azotemia, multifocal atrial rhythm, multifocal atrial bradycardia, wandering atrial pacemaker ,acute coronary syndromes, ACS, MI, heart attack, myocardial infarction, unstable angina, non–ST-elevation MI, NSTEMI, coronary artery disease, CAD, ischemic heart disease, chest pain, impaired systolicfunction, impaired diastolic function, myocardial necrosis, atherosclerosis, coronary thrombus, plaque rupture, coronary emboli, infected cardiac valve, coronary occlusion secondary to vasculitis, primary coronary vasospasm, variant angina, cardiovascular disease, congestive heart failure, CHF, coronary heart disease, smoking, diabetes mellitus, hypertension, dyslipidemia, obesity, elevated homocysteine levels, male pattern baldness, sedentary lifestyle, psychosocial stress, peripheral vascular disease, poor oral hygiene, vasculitis, congenital coronary anomalies, coronary trauma, coronary spasm, necrosis of heart muscle,coronary thrombosis, pulmonary rales, lower extremity edema, elevated jugular venous pressure, cocaine use, heavy exertion, hyperthyroidism, severe anemia ,myocardial ischemia, ischemic heart disease, acute coronary syndrome, atherosclerosis, angina, silent ischemia, unstable angina, UA, demand ischemia, supply ischemia, coronary heart disease, CHD, coronary artery disease, CAD, myocardial infarction, MI, congestive heart failure, CHF, metabolic syndrome, myocardial oxygen consumption, MVO2, hypertension, hyperlipidemia, antiplatelet therapy, percutaneous coronary interventions, PCIs, percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty, PTCA, brachytherapy, coronary atherectomy, ablative laser-assisted angioplasty, catheter-based thrombolysis, mechanical thrombectomy, percutaneous valvuloplasty, coronary artery bypass surgery, CABS, CABG, beating heart surgery, open heart surgery, minimal incision, coronary bypass, MIDCAB, transmyocardial laser revascularization, TMLR, percutaneous TMLR, PTMLR, plethysmography/extracorporeal counterpulsation, ECCP, intraaortic balloon counterpulsation, IABCP, chronic stable angina, coronary vasospasm, subendocardial ischemia, coronary steal phenomenon, coronary stenosis, coronary collateral circulation, angiogenesis, silent ischemia, silent myocardial ischemia, ST-segment depression, hypoalphalipoproteinemia, high lipoprotein a levels, chronic ischemic cardiomyopathy, sudden cardiac arrest, stable angina pectoris, arrhythmias, transient ST-segment depression, ischemic papillary muscle dysfunction, acute pulmonary edema, ischemic myocardial dysfunction, acute valvular heart disease, coronary atherosclerosis, hypercholesterolemia, elevated low-density lipoprotein level, elevated LDL level, low high-density lipoprotein cholesterol level, low HDL cholesterol level, elevated triglyceride level, cigarette smoking, diabetes mellitus, dysmetabolic syndrome, hyperhomocystinemia, high iron level, high Lp(a) level, graft atherosclerosis, restenosis, postcardiac transplant CAD, Chlamydia pneumoniae, Helicobacter pylori, Herpes simplex virus ,myocardial rupture, acute myocardial infarction, AMI, blunt cardiac trauma, penetrating cardiac trauma, primary cardiac infection, primary cardiac tumors, secondary cardiac tumors, aortic dissection, pericardial tamponade, ventricular septal defect, VSD, acute mitral regurgitation, MR, pseudoaneurysm ,myocardium, Fiedler myocarditis, giant cell myocarditis, myocardial infarction, MI, heart failure, arrhythmia, fulminant myocarditis, acute myocarditis, chronic active myocarditis, chronic persistent myocarditis, dilated cardiomyopathy, myocyte destruction, viral myocarditis, postpartum cardiomyopathy, lymphocytic myocarditis, acute decompensation of heart failure, sarcoid myocarditis, acute rheumatic fever, hypersensitive myocarditis, eosinophilic myocarditis, peripartum cardiomyopathy, idiopathic dilated cardiomyopathy, posttransplant cellular rejection, systemic inflammatory disease, right ventricular endomyocardial biopsy, EMB ,pacemaker crosstalk, self-inhibition, far-field sensing, myopotential sensing, pacemaker lead fractures, electromagnetic interference, dual-mode, dual-pacing, dual-sensing pacemakers, DDD pacemakers, dual-chamber pacemakers, ventricular safety pacing, VSP ,pacemaker malfunction, pacing system malfunction, heart pacing malfunction, pacemaker complication, pacemaker syndrome, pacemaker-mediated tachycardia, twiddler's syndrome, cardiac pacing, heart pacing, broken pacemaker, failed pacemaker, malfunctioning pacemaker, runaway pacemaker ,pacemaker syndrome, subclinical pacemaker syndrome, pseudopacemaker syndrome, atrioventricular dyssynchrony, AV dyssynchrony, arrhythmia, ventricular pacing ,pacemaker-mediated tachycardia, PMT, reentrant tachycardia, reentrant arrhythmia circuit, endless-loop tachycardia ,PSVT, supraventricular tachycardia, SVT, multifocal atrial tachycardia, MAT, tachyarrhythmia, atrial fibrillation, AF, conduction pathway disturbance, conduction pathway abnormality, conduction pathway anomaly, dysrhythmia, heart condition, heart rhythm problem, atrial tachyarrhythmia, atrioventricular tachyarrhythmia, AV tachyarrhythmia, sinus tachycardia, inappropriate sinus tachycardia, IST, sinus nodal reentrant tachycardia, SNRT, atrial tachycardia, atrial flutter, AV tachyarrhythmias, AV nodal reentrant tachycardia, atrioventricular nodal reentrant tachycardia, AVNRT, atrioventricular reentrant tachycardia, AV reentrant tachycardia, AVRT, junctional ectopic tachycardia, JET, nonparoxysmal junctional tachycardia, NPJT, heart failure, pulmonary edema, myocardial ischemia, myocardial infarction, syncope, sudden death, tachycardia-induced cardiomyopathy, WPW syndrome ,patent ductus arteriosus, PDA, congenital heart surgery, descending thoracic aorta, fetal ductus arteriosus, fetal nutritive blood flow, cardiac anomalies, heart anomalies, left-to-right shunting, Gianturco coils, Rashkind ductus occlusion device, indomethacin, Indocin, Eisenmenger syndrome, heart murmur, cyanosis ,PFO, paradoxical embolism, atrial septum primum, atrial septum secundum, fossa ovalis, atrial septal aneurysm, right-to-left shunt, stroke, transient ischemic event, Valsalva maneuver, atrial septal aneurysm, cryptogenic stroke, paradoxical embolization ,percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty, PTCA, coronary artery disease, CAD, bare metal stent, BMS, coronary artery bypass surgery, CABG, unstable angina, drug-eluting stents, DES, myocardial infarction, MI, percutaneous coronary interventions, PCI, target vessel revascularization, TVR, rotational atherectomy, directional coronary atherectomy, laser atherectomy, balloon angioplasty, intracoronary stents, stable angina, surgical revascularization, coronary angioplasty, fibrinolytic therapy, primary angioplasty, primary PCI ,pericardial effusion, pericardial sac, dropsy of pericardium, pericarditis, pericardial tamponade, pericardiocentesis, pericardioscopy, malignant pericardial effusion, leukemia, lymphoma, idiopathic effusions, Beck triad of pericardial tamponade, hypotension, muffled heart sounds, jugular venous distension, pulsus paradoxus, pericardial friction rub, hepatojugular reflux, Ewart sign, hepatosplenomegaly, cyanosis, hydropericardium, congestive heart failure, valvular disease, mediastinal lymphoma, Hodgkin disease, metastatic breast cancer, bacterial pericardial effusion, viral pericardial effusion, tuberculous pericardial effusion, parasitic pericardial effusion, HIV-related pericardial effusion, fungal pericardial effusion, systemic lupus erythematosus, rheumatoid arthritis, systemic sclerosis, vasculitides, uremia, postpericardiotomy syndrome, chylopericardium, myxedema, radiation-induced pericardial effusion ,pericardiocentesis, percutaneous pericardiocentesis, echo-guided pericardiocentesis, pericardial tap, pericardial disease, heart disease, cardiac disease, cardiac procedure, pericardial effusion, pericardial fluid, hemopericardium, chylopericardium, pneumopericardium, tension pneumopericardium ,acute pericarditis, pericardial disease, pericardium, heart disease, cardiac disease, inflamed pericardium, pericardial inflammation, chest pain, pericardial friction rub, heart infection, cardiac infection, pericardial infection, tuberculosis, bacterial heart infection, viral heart infection, rheumatoid arthritis, systemic lupus erythematosus, lupus erythematosus, SLE, scleroderma, sarcoidosis, rheumatic fever, renal failure, kidney failure, hypothyroidism, cholesterol pericarditis, myocardial infarction, Dressler syndrome, cardiac neoplasm, pericardiocentesis ,constrictive pericarditis, pericardium, acute pericarditis, chronic pericarditis, pericarditis, diastolic filling, restrictive cardiomyopathy, calcific constrictive pericarditis, pericardial effusion, pericardial organization, chronic fibrotic scarring, calcification, restricted cardiac filling, idiopathic pericarditis, infectious pericarditis, radiation-induced pericarditis, postsurgical pericarditis, post–myocardial infarction pericarditis, Kussmaul sign, tuberculosis, tuberculous pericarditis, postradiation constrictive pericarditis, cardiac surgery, pericardiectomy, pericardial constriction, viral pericarditis, coxsackievirus A, Coxsackievirus B, echoviruses, adenoviruses, purulent pericarditis, coronary artery bypass grafting, neoplasms, uremia, connective tissue disorders, drug-induced pericarditis, chylopericardium, bacterial pericarditis, fungal pericarditis ,transudative pericardial effusion, exudative pericardial effusion, sanguineous pericardial effusion, chylous pericardial effusion, chronic effusive pericarditis, visceral pericardial constriction, constrictive pericarditis ,programmed electrical stimulation, electrophysiologic studies, electrophysiologic study, EPS, EP studies, electrophysiological studies, electrophysiological study, PES, noninvasive programmed electrical stimulation, NIPS, electrophysiology study, electrophysiology, cardiac electrophysiology, cardiac rhythm disturbance, rhythm disturbance, arrhythmia, acute myocardial ischemia, electrolyte disturbance, Wolff-Parkinson-White syndrome, WPW syndrome, long QT syndrome, MI, myocardial infarction, cardiac conduction system, cardiac workup, cardiac evaluation, heart workup, heart work up, cardiac work up ,swan-ganz catheterization, pulmonary artery catheterization, PAC, SGC, right heart catheterization, hemodynamic monitoring, pulmonary artery catheter, PA catheter, acute myocardial infarction, AMI, flow-directed balloon-tipped pulmonary artery catheter, primary pulmonary hypertension, PPH, valvular disease, intracardiac shunts, cardiac tamponade, pulmonary embolus, PE, multiorgan system failure, severe burns, aspiration of air emboli, heart pressure, pulmonary artery pressure, pulmonary artery occlusion pressure, wedge pressure, left ventricular end-diastolic pressure, positive end-expiratory pressure, hypovolemic shock, cardiogenic shock, cardiomyopathy, acute mitral regurgitation, acute ventricular septal defect, septic shock, pericardial tamponade, cardiac tamponade, constrictive pericarditis, mitral stenosis, aortic stenosis, aortic regurgitation, cardiac output ,PE, pulmonary edema, cardiogenic pulmonary edema, pulmonary edema cardiogenic, CPE, congestive heart failure, CHF, decompensated heart failure, heart failure, increased capillary hydrostatic pressure, increased capillary permeability, decreased plasma oncotic pressure, lymphatic obstruction, noncardiogenic pulmonary edema, NCPE ,pulmonary regurgitation, tricuspid regurgitation, pulmonic insufficiency, pulmonary insufficiency, right ventricle, right ventricular outflow, retrograde flow, right-sided volume overload, heart failure, pulmonary hypertension, dilated cardiomyopathy, connective-tissue disease, infective endocarditis, carcinoid heart disease, rheumatic heart disease, pulmonary hypertension, Graham Steell murmur, Marfan syndrome ,pulmonic stenosis, pulmonary valve stenosis, PS, peripheral pulmonic stenosis, PPS, congenital heart anomalies, valvular PS, atrial septal defect, ASD, ventricular septal defect, VSD, patent ductus arteriosus, congenital heart disease, congenital heart defect ,electromechanical dissociation, EMD, PEA, pseudo-PEA ,RFCA, radiofrequency ablation, catheter ablation, tachyarrhythmias, tachycardias, supraventricular tachycardia, SVT, orthodromic reciprocating tachycardia, ORT, unifocal atrial tachycardia, ventricular tachycardia, VT, Wolff-Parkinson-White syndrome, WPW syndrome, atrial flutter, atrial fibrillation, atrioventricular nodal reentrant tachycardia, AVNRT, polymorphic ventricular tachycardia, ventricular fibrillation, paroxysmal atrial fibrillation, idiopathic ventricular tachycardia,right ventricle infarction, RVI, myocardial infarction, MI, right ventricular dysfunction, right coronary artery occlusion ,saphenous vein graft aneurysm, SVGA, aortocoronary saphenous vein graft aneurysms, saphenous vein graft aneurysm disease, coronary artery disease, CAD, atherosclerosis, aneurysm, coronary artery revascularization, saphenous vein graft aneurysmal dilatation, myocardial infarction, ischemia, mediastinitis, angina, beta-blockers ,second-degree atrioventricular block, heart block, 2nd degree heart block, second-degree AV block, 2nd degree AV block, AV block, Mobitz AV block, Mobitz heart block, Mobitz type I, Mobitz type II, Wenckebach phenomenon, Wenckebach heart block, high-grade AV block, complete heart block, third-degree AV block, Stokes-Adams syncopal attack, heart failure, angina, acute myocardial infarction, sinus slowing, cardioactive drugs, endocarditis, myocarditis, Lyme disease, acute rheumatic fever, amyloidosis, hemochromatosis, sarcoidosis, hyperkalemia, hypermagnesemia, Addison disease, ankylosing spondylitis, dermatomyositis, rheumatoid arthritis, scleroderma, lupus erythematosus, Reiter syndrome, progressive idiopathic fibrosis of the cardiac skeleton, aortic stenosis, aortic valve replacement surgery, muscular dystrophies, corrective congenital heart surgery ,SND, sinoatrial disease, sinoatrial dysfunction, sick sinus syndrome, sluggish sinus syndrome, sinus nodal dysfunction, Valsalva maneuver, carotid sinus massage, idiopathic degenerative disease, coronary artery disease, autonomic hyperactivity, intrinsic sinus nodal dysfunction, infiltrative diseases, cardiomyopathy, hypertension, collagen vascular diseases, congenital heart disease, heart transplant, musculoskeletal disorders, myocarditis, pericarditis, beta-blockers, nondihydropyridine calcium channel blockers, cardiac glycosides, sympatholytic antihypertensives, membrane-active antiarrhythmics, autonomic dysfunction, vasovagal syncope, carotid sinus syndrome, extrinsic sinus nodal dysfunction, electrolyte imbalance, hypothyroidism, hyperthyroidism, hypothermia, sepsis ,sinus of Valsalva aneurysm, SVA, Marfan syndrome, supracristal perimembranous ventricular septal defect, perimembranous ventricular septal defect, bicuspid aortic valve, aortic regurgitation, pulmonary stenosis, coarctation, atrial septal defects, Gerbode defect, cardiac tamponade, aortic media, annulus fibrosus, atherosclerotic aneurysm, syphilis, endocarditis, cystic medial necrosis, chest trauma, deficiency of normal elastic tissue, abnormal development of the bulbus cordis, heart failure syndrome, infective endocarditis, atherosclerosis, ventricular septal defect, aortic insufficiency, coarctation ,cardiac arrest, cardiovascular collapse, sudden death, sudden cardiac death, SCD, cardiac arrhythmias, heart attack, cardiac disease, heart failure, coronary artery disease, coronary heart disease, congestive heart failure, CAD, CHF, ventricular fibrillation, bradyarrhythmia, hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, HCM, cardiomyopathy, Brugada syndrome, ischemic heart disease, ischemia, myocardial infarction, myocardial ischemia, MI ,synchronized electrical cardioversion, defibrillation, ventricular dysrhythmia, atrial fibrillation, ventricular fibrillation, synchronized direct current shocks, VF, paroxysmal supraventricular tachycardia, PSVT, ventricular tachycardia, VT, defibrillators, implanted cardioverter/defibrillators, ICDs, transesophageal echocardiography, TEE, radiofrequency catheter ablation ,syncope, loss of consciousness, loss of postural tone, decreased cerebral perfusion, brainstem hypoxia, carotid sinus pressure, coronary artery disease, nonischemic cardiomyopathy, non-ischemic cardiomyopathy, ventricular tachyarrhythmia, congenital long QT syndrome, Wolff-Parkinson-White syndrome, WPW syndrome, Brugada syndrome, hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, syncopal episode, blackout, dizzy spell, seizure, dizziness, aortic stenosis, pulmonary embolus, pulmonary hypertension, acute myocardial infarction, acute MI, tamponade, aortic dissection, atrial fibrillation, atrial flutter, supraventricular tachycardia, SVT, torsades de pointes, ventricular tachycardia, VT, ventricular fibrillation, AV block, atrioventricular block, A/V block, A-V block, sick sinus syndrome, implanted cardioverter/defibrillators, ICDs ,tetralogy of Fallot, TOF, Fallot tetrad, pink tetralogy, wooden-shoe heart, boot-shaped heart, coeur en sabot, sabot heart, congenital heart disorders, CHD, congestive heart failure, CHF, cyanosis, cyanotic heart disorder, congenital cardiac defects, ventricular septal defect, VSD, atrial septal defect, ASD, pulmonic valve atresia, pulmonic valve stenosis, infundibular stenosis, dextroposition of the aorta, right ventricular hypertrophy, pulmonary atresia, paradoxical emboli, stroke, pulmonary embolus, subacute bacterial endocarditis, right ventricle outflow tract obstruction, RVOTO, cardiopulmonary bypass, CPB, Blalock-Taussig shunt, pentad of Fallot, cleft lip, cleft palate, hypospadias, pentalogy of Fallot ,third-degree atrioventricular block, third-degree AV block, AV block, heart block, complete AV block, complete heart block, first-degree AV block, 3rd degree heart block, third-degree heart block, cardiomyopathy, mitral calcification, aortic calcification, endocarditis, sudden cardiac death, SCD, Lenègre disease, Lev disease, rheumatic fever, myocarditis, Chagas disease, Lyme borreliosis, Aspergillus myocarditis, ankylosing spondylitis, Reiter syndrome, relapsing polychondritis, rheumatoid arthritis, scleroderma, amyloidosis, sarcoidosis, tumors, Hodgkin disease, multiple myeloma, Becker muscular dystrophy, myotonic muscular dystrophy, myocardial infarction, MI, hypoxia, hyperkalemia, AV dissociation, atrioventricular dissociation, pacemaker, implantable cardioverter-defibrillator, implantable cardioverter/defibrillator, ICD, neuromuscular disease, myotonic dystrophy, Duchenne muscular dystrophy, iatrogenic heart block ,torsade de pointes, quinidine syncope, polymorphic ventricular tachycardia, VT, prolonged QT interval, arrhythmia, TdP, torsade de pointes ventricular tachycardia, TdPVT, ventricular fibrillation, early after depolarization, EAD, afterdepolarization, arrhythmia, torsades de pointes, torsades, torsade, sudden cardiac death, SCD, sudden death, ventricular fibrillation, tachyarrhythmia ,preoperative testing, diagnostic testing, stress test, exercise stress test, cardiovascular testing, cardiovascular disease, coronary artery disease, CAD, standardized exercise protocol, functional capacity, hemodynamic response, diagnostic exercise variables, prognostic exercise variables, ischemic heart disease, IHD, stable chest pain, adenosine, dobutamine, dipyridamole, cardiopulmonary exercise testing, CPET, pharmacologic stress testing, pharmacologic stress test, stress test post-MI, postmyocardial infarction stress test ,tricuspid atresia, TA, cyanotic congenital heart disease, tricuspid valve, right atrium, right ventricle, ventricular septal defects, atrial septal defects, cyanosis, hypoxemia, congestive heart failure, bacterial endocarditis, brain abscess, digital clubbing, polycythemia, Blalock-Taussig shunt, Glenn shunt, Fontan procedure, Fontan operation, transposition of the great vessels, pulmonary obstruction, d-transposed great arteries, FOG2 gene, polycythemia ,tricuspid regurgitation, tricuspid valve, leaflets, chordae tendinea, annulus, papillary muscles, adjacent right ventricular muscle, intrinsic abnormality of the valve apparatus, tricuspid insufficiency, Ebstein's anomaly, Ebstein anomaly, tricuspid stenosis, chronic right atrial overload, right-sided congestive heart failure, CHF, hepatic congestion, peripheral edema, ascites, hypoxemia, cyanosis, polycythemia, rheumatic valvular disease, carcinoid, bacterial endocarditis, Marfan syndrome, osteogenesis imperfecta, Ehlers-Danlos syndrome, porcine heterograft, rheumatic heart disease, endocarditis, papillary muscle dysfunction, connective-tissue disease, dilatation of the right ventricular cavity, mitral stenosis, pulmonic stenosis, pulmonary hypertension, dilated cardiomyopathy, right ventricular failure, left-sided heart failure, organic disease of the tricuspid valve, mitral valve disease, pulmonary hypertension, tricuspid valve endocarditis ,tricuspid stenosis, tricuspid valve, rheumatic heart disease, mitral stenosis, carcinoid, Ebstein anomaly, tricuspid valve dysfunction, myocardium aberrations, stenotic tricuspid valves, rheumatic fever, carcinoid syndrome, endocarditis, endomyocardial fibrosis, lupus, congenital tricuspid atresia, rheumatic fever, congenital tricuspid stenosis, atrial fibrillation, peripheral edema, ascites, congenital abnormalities, metabolic abnormalities, enzymatic abnormalities, active infective endocarditis, rheumatic tricuspid stenosis, carcinoid heart disease, infective endocarditis, Fabry disease, giant blood cysts, supravalvular obstruction from congenital diaphragms, intracardiac tumor, extracardiac tumor, thrombosis, emboli, large endocarditis vegetations ,UA, acute coronary syndrome, ACS, preinfarction angina, intermediate coronary syndrome, accelerated angina, crescendo angina, myocardial infarction, MI, chest pain, heart attack, coronary disease, hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy, HOCM, microvascular disease, atherosclerotic plaque, atherosclerosis, cholesterol, new-onset angina, accelerating angina, rest angina, early postinfarct angina, early postrevascularization angina, non–Q-wave myocardial infarction, non–Q-wave MI, NQMI, non-STEMI, NSTEMI ,ventricular fibrillation, VFib, VF, sudden cardiac death, SCD, ventricular flutter, ventricular arrhythmia, automatic external defibrillators, AEDs, coronary artery disease, CAD, myocardial infarction, MI, premature ventricular contractions, PVCs, congestive heart failure, CHF, anoxic encephalopathy, smoking, dyslipidemia, hypertension, diabetes, obesity, sedentary lifestyle, atherosclerosis, dilated cardiomyopathy, DCM, hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, HCM, arrhythmogenic right ventricular dysplasia, valvular heart disease, aortic stenosis, cystic medial necrosis, sinus node artery obstruction, commotio cordis, torsade de pointes, syncope, Brugada syndrome, implantable cardioverter-defibrillator, ICD, right ventricular outflow tract tachycardia, RVOT tachycardia, exercise-induced ventricular tachycardia, adenosine-sensitive ventricular tachycardia, repetitive monomorphic ventricular tachycardia, radiofrequency catheter ablation, Marfan syndrome, Ehlers-Danlos syndrome, aortic cystic medial necrosis, wall-motionabnormalities, WMAs, revascularization, cardiopulmonary resuscitation, CPR, advanced cardiac life support, ACLS, coronary artery bypass grafting, CABG ,ventricular premature complexes, ventricular extrasystole, ventricular ectopic beats, benign ventricular arrhythmia, missed beats, VPC, PVC, premature ventricular complex, VPD, ventricular premature depolarization, VPB, ventricular premature beat, ventricular arrhythmia, beta-blockers, myocardial infarction, MI, postmyocardial infarction, post-MI, congestive heart failure, CHF, coronary artery disease, CAD, ventricular ectopy, ventricular tachycardia, VT ,ventricular septal defect, VSD, congenital cardiac anomalies, cardiac defects, cardiac malformations, Swiss cheese septum, pulmonary vascular resistance, PVR, ratio of pulmonary-to-systemic circulation, QP/QS, ventricular septum, pulmonary vascular disease, Eisenmenger complex, Eisenmenger syndrome, congestive cardiac failure, pulmonary vascular obstruction, right ventricular outflow tract obstruction, aortic regurgitation, infective endocarditis, congestive heart failure, CHF, exertional dyspnea, chest pain, syncope, hemoptysis, cyanosis, clubbing, polycythemia, holosystolic murmur, bacterial endocarditis, left heart failure, muscular hypertrophy, viral pneumonia, bacterial pneumonia ,VT, ischemic heart disease, ventricular fibrillation, VF, monomorphic VT, polymorphic VT, long QT syndrome, short QT syndrome, idiopathic VF, Brugada syndrome, familial adrenergic polymorphic VT, bradycardia, ischemic cardiomyopathy, dilated cardiomyopathy, hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, Chagas disease, right ventricular dysplasia, torsade de pointes, hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, right ventricular cardiomyopathy, myocarditis, coronary artery disease, hypokalemia, hyperkalemia ,Wolff-Parkinson-White syndrome, preexcitation syndrome, pre-excitation syndrome, atrio-ventricular re-entrant tachycardia, atrioventricular reentrant tachycardia, AVRT, AVNRT, atrioventricular nodal reentrant tachycardia, AV nodal reentrant tachycardia, WPW syndrome, paroxysmal supraventricular tachycardia, PSVT, supraventricular tachycardia, SVT, heart disease

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platelet refractoriness, refractoriness to platelet transfusion, diminished platelet survival following transfusion, alloimmune platelet refractoriness, delayed hemolytic transfusion reaction, DHTR, alloimmune hemolytic reaction,reactive airways disease, RAD, occupational asthma, reversible airway obstruction, increased bronchial reactivity, airway inflammation, passive smoke inhalation, allergic disease, aeroallergen exposure, viral respiratory illness, allergen-specific immunoglobulin E, allergen-specific IgE, airway hyperreactivity, AHR, airway remodeling, status asthmaticus, atopy, asthma triggers, nonallergic rhinitis, early allergic response, EAR, late allergic response, LAR, mite antigens, cockroach antigens, occupation-induced airway disease, occupation-induced asthma, industry-induced airway disease, industry-induced asthma, industrial asthma, occupational asthma, seasonal pollen allergens, mold spore allergens, dust mite allergens, animal allergens, food allergens, breath-actuated inhaler, BDI, dry-powder inhaler, DPI, metered-dose inhaler, MDI, breath actuated inhaler, dry powder inhaler, metered dose inhaler,systemic allergic reaction, anaphylactic reaction, anaphylactoid reaction, allergic reaction, allergies, peanut allergy, latex allergy, shellfish allergy, hypersensitivity reaction, food allergy, insect sting, Hymenoptera venom, wasp sting, bee sting, yellow jacket sting, hornet sting, penicillin allergy, radiocontrast medium allergy, contrast allergy, RCM allergy, cardiovascular collapse, laryngeal edema, atopy, atopic disease, fire ant bite, fire ant sting, immunotherapy,angioneurotic edema, oedema, laryngeal edema, hereditary angioedema, HAE, acquired angioedema, AAE, allergic reactions, hereditary angioneurotic edema, airway obstruction, swelling,cold agglutinin hemolytic anemia, CAD, acrocyanosis, cold-induced immune hemolytic anemia, mixed autoimmune hemolysis, Mycoplasma pneumoniae, M pneumoniae, infectious mononucleosis, Epstein-Barr virus, EBV, influenza, human immunodeficiency virus, HIV, cytomegalovirus, CMV, rubella, varicella, varicella zoster virus, mumps, hemolytic anemia, subacute bacterial endocarditis, syphilis, malaria, equestrian perniosis, lymphoma, Waldenström syndrome, chronic lymphocytic leukemia, CLL, lymphoproliferative disease, autoimmune disease, myeloma, Kaposi sarcoma, Kaposi's sarcoma, angioimmunoblastic lymphoma,C1qrs deficiency, C3 deficiency, C2-C4 deficiency, C5-9 deficiency, terminal membrane attack complex deficiency, MAC deficiency, mannan-binding lectin deficiency, MBL deficiency, immune system, bacterial infection, sepsis, host defense mechanism, immune complex disease, systemic lupus erythematosus, SLE, complement activation, disseminated meningococcal disease, Streptococcus pneumoniae, S pneumoniae, Haemophilus influenzae, H influenzae, Neisseria meningitidis, N meningitidis, meningococcemia,DiGeorge syndrome, DiGeorge anomaly, DGA, thymic hypoplasia, thymic aplasia, third and fourth pouch syndrome, third and fourth arch syndrome, cellular immunodeficiency, hypoparathyroidism, 22q11 deletion syndromes, velocardiofacial syndrome, VCFS, Shprintzen syndrome, conotruncal anomaly face syndrome, Cayler syndrome, Opitz-GBBB syndrome, CHARGE syndrome, coloboma, heart anomalies, atresia of choanae, retardation, genital hypoplasia, ear anomalies, hypocalcemia, fetal alcohol syndrome, FAS, FISH, FISH technique, fluorescent in situ hybridization, multiplex ligation-dependent probe amplification, MLPA,adverse immunologic reactions to foods, allergic reactions to foods, food hypersensitivity, food intolerance, adverse food reactions, lactose intolerance, bacterial food poisoning, peanut allergy, protein-induced enterocolitis syndrome, food hypersensitivity, allergen exposure, anaphylactic reactions, food-induced anaphylactic reaction, oral allergy syndrome, dietary protein enterocolitis, food-induced asthma, food-induced pulmonary hemosiderosis, Heiner syndrome, egg allergy, milk allergy, peanut allergy, soy allergy, fish allergy, shellfish allergy, tree nut allergy, wheat allergy,hereditary angioedema, C1 inhibitor deficiency, C1 esterase inhibitor deficiency, HAE, oedema, complement deficiency induced angioedema, angioneurotic edema, acquired angioedema, AAE, complement component 1 inhibitor deficiency, laryngeal edema, Quincke's disease,classic delayed-type hypersensitivity reaction, type IV hypersensitivity reaction, cell-mediated hypersensitivity reaction, delayed-type hypersensitivity, DTH, delayed hypersensitivity, allergic reaction, delayed allergic reaction, hypersensitivity, allergy, allergies, transplant rejection, tumor immunity, transplantation reaction, transplant reaction, transplantation rejection, contact dermatitis, allograft rejection, poison ivy, poison oak, poison sumac, tuberculin skin test reactions, granulomatous inflammation, sarcoidosis, Crohn disease, allograft rejection, graft-versus-host disease, GVHD, graft versus host disease, autoimmune hypersensitivity reaction, inflammatory response, allergic dermatitis, rash, skin rash, anergy, delayed hypersensitivity reactions,type I hypersensitivity reactions, allergic reactions, IgE-mediated reactions, immunoglobulin E-mediated reactions, atopy, immunopathology, immediate hypersensitivity reactions, cytotoxic hypersensitivity reactions, delayed hypersensitivity reactions, anaphylaxis, allergic asthma, urticaria, angioedema, allergic rhinitis, drug reaction, atopic dermatitis, inactivation antibody reactions, activation antibody reactions, cytotoxic antibody reactions, cytolytic antibody reactions, immune-complex reactions, T-cell cytotoxic reactions, granulomatous reactions, complement, immune complex diseases, membranoproliferative glomerulonephritis, nephritic factor, alternate pathway, classic pathway, membrane attack complex, lectin pathway, mannan-binding pathway, complement deficiency, complement disorders, primary complement disorders, secondary complement disorders, C1 inhibitor deficiency, C1 deficiency, C2 deficiency, C3 deficiency, C1-INH deficiency,B-cell disorders, T-cell disorders, humoral immunity deficiency, cellular immunity deficiency, antibody deficiency, immunoglobulins, Igs, common variable immunodeficiency, CVID, Bruton's disease, Bruton disease, intravenous immunoglobulin, IVIG, immunodeficiency, X-linked severe combined immunodeficiency, XSCID,immunoglobulin A deficiency, IgA deficiency, immunodeficiency, selective IgA deficiency, SIgAD, selective immunoglobulin A deficiency, sIgA, primary antibody deficiencies, primary antibody deficiency, antibody deficiency, IgAD, immunodeficiency disease, sinopulmonary infection, sinus infection, otitis media, stomach cancer, Giardia lamblia, G lamblia, Escherichia coli, E coli, Helicobacter pylori, H pylori, GI cancer, gastrointestinal disease, GI disease, Crohn disease, upper respiratory tract infection, lower respiratory tract infection, chronic diarrhea, transfusion complication, blood product reaction, adverse transfusion reaction,IgD deficiency, immunodeficiency syndrome, hypoimmunoglobulinemia D, hypogammaglobulinemia D, dysimmunoglobulinemia D, dysgammaglobulinemia D, selective IgD deficiency, common variable immunodeficiency,immune deficiency, immune globulin deficiency, IgG deficiency, IgG subclass deficiency, insufficient antibody production, gammaglobulin deficiency, hypogammaglobulinemia, immune deficiency, immunity, immunology, immune function, immunologic system interaction, autoimmune disorders, T-cell disease, B-cell dysfunction, complement deficiency, immunological disturbances, white blood cell diseases, WBC diseases, immunotherapy, intravenous immune globulin treatment, IVIG treatment, IV immunoglobulin treatment, common variable immunodeficiency, CVI, ataxia-telangiectasia, Sjogren syndrome, Sjogren's syndrome, X-linked agammaglobulinemia, congenital agammaglobulinemia, transient hypogammaglobulinemia of infancy, selective IgM deficiency, SIgMD, hypogammaglobulinemia, IgM, IgM deficiency,panhypogammaglobulinemia, agammaglobulinemia, hypogammaglobulinemia, immunoglobulin G deficiency, IgG deficiency, X-linked agammaglobulinemia, Bruton-type agammaglobulinemia, Bruton's agammaglobulinemia, congenital agammaglobulinemia, common variable immunodeficiency, CVI, CVID,RD, severe combined immunodeficiency, SCID, neutropenia, leukopenia, Escherichia coli, E coli, Pseudomonas, Klebsiella, Staphylococcus, Candida, cytomegalovirus, CMV, bilateral sensorineural deafness, hypogammaglobulinemia, graft versus host disease, GVHD,allergic rhinitis, rhinitis, nasal allergies, sneezing, nasal congestion, nasal itching, rhinorrhea,SCID, T-cell dysfunction, T cell dysfunction, B-cell dysfunction, B cell dysfunction, graft versus host disease, GVHD, graft-versus-host disease, graft-vs-host disease, severe infection, Swiss-type agammaglobulinemia, Janus-associated kinase 3 deficiency, JAK3 deficiency, adenosine deaminase deficiency, ADA deficiency, purine nucleoside phosphorylase deficiency, PNP deficiency, bare lymphocyte syndrome, interleukin-2 deficiency, IL-2 deficiency, ZAP-70 protein tyrosine kinase deficiency, PTK deficiency, reticular dysgenesis, Omenn syndrome, Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia, PCP, systemic candidiasis, generalized herpetic infections,hives, acute urticaria, chronic urticaria, chronic idiopathic urticaria, CIU, angioedema, welts, pruritus, dermographism, erythema, itching, delayed pressure urticaria, urticarial vasculitis, anaphylaxis,vocal cord dysfunction, VCD, paradoxical vocal cord motion, laryngeal dyskinesia, abnormal adduction of the vocal cords during the respiratory cycle, airflow obstruction, variable extrathoracic obstruction, inspiratory loop flattening, depression, obsessive-compulsive disorder, borderline personality disorder, neuroses induced by childhood sexual abuse, asthma,hypoimmunoglobulinemia M, hypogammaglobulinemia M, dysgammaglobulinemia M, dysimmunoglobulinemia M, dysgammaglobulinemia type V, gamma-M deficiency, selective IgM deficiency, selective immunoglobulin M deficiency, WAS, thrombocytopenia, eczema, autoimmune disease, hematologic malignancy